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CarPlay is an Apple standard that enables a car radio or head unit to be a display and a controller for an iOS device. It is available on all iPhone models beginning with iPhone 5 running iOS 7.1 or later.

CarPlay Apple CarPlay Logo.png
Screenshot of CarPlay running iOS 12
Screenshot of CarPlay running iOS 12
Original author(s)Apple Inc.
Developer(s)Apple Inc.
Initial release3 October 2014; 5 years ago (2014-10-03)
Stable release
iOS 13.1[1] / 19 September 2019; 2 months ago (2019-09-19)
Operating systemiOS
PlatformiPhone
Available inuses the same language as the connected iPhone
TypeTelematics
LicenseProprietary commercial software
Websitewww.apple.com/ios/carplay

According to Apple's website, all major vehicle manufacturers are licensing CarPlay.[2] Vehicles without CarPlay can have vehicle audio products from automotive aftermarket suppliers fitted.[2]

SoftwareEdit

Only a few of the hundreds of thousands of iOS apps work with CarPlay.

Apple's own CarPlay-enabled apps include:

Developers must request permission[3] from Apple to develop CarPlay-enabled apps.[4] Such apps fall into four categories:

  • Audio: primarily provide audio content, such as music or podcasts. Examples: Audible, iHeartRadio, QQ Music, Spotify, and Overcast.
  • Navigation: turn-by-turn guidance, including searching for points of interests and navigating to a destination, functions that were introduced in iOS 12. Examples: AutoNavi, Google Maps, and Waze.
  • Automaker: Introduced in iOS 9,[5] these automakers-made apps allow a user to control vehicle-specific features such as climate controls, gas levels, or radio via CarPlay.
  • Messaging/Voice over IP (VoIP): listen to new messages and reply using dictation in an audio-only interface, and was introduced in iOS 10.[6] Messaging apps on CarPlay integrate with third-party Siri support (known as SiriKit), while VoIP apps integrate with the iOS calling interface using CallKit.

To discourage distracted driving, Siri is used extensively, providing voice turn-by-turn navigation guidance and voice-input for text messages. Newscast-style weather and stock results are announced instead of displayed visually. Requests that bring up visual information may be blocked when CarPlay is in use; most native CarPlay Apps deliver audio content with minimal interaction.

CarPlay-enabled apps installed on the device also appear on the CarPlay home screen.

DashboardEdit

iOS 13 adds Dashboard, an alternative to the app home screen, that presents a split layout of maps, media information, calendar, or Siri Suggestions. It also adds Calendar to the home screen, allowing suggested events to link towards map directions to the event location. A new Settings app enables users to configure certain CarPlay specific settings, such as switching between light and dark modes, adjusting album art in CarPlay’s Now Playing screen, or enabling Do Not Disturb While Driving while in a CarPlay session.[7]

HardwareEdit

 
CarPlay in action

While most of the CarPlay software runs on the connected iPhone, the CarPlay interface provides the audio and display connection to the car's infotainment system. CarPlay adapts to various display sizes and control interfaces for each vehicle: touch screen, rotary dials, buttons, steering wheel controls, and hands free microphones.

Aftermarket head units may support CarPlay and/or Android Auto. Aftermarket head units can be purchased from Alpine, Clarion, Kenwood, Pioneer,[2] Sony, and JVC.[8]

Wireless CarPlayEdit

iOS 9 adds support for wireless connectivity. The iPhone exchanges network credentials with a supporting CarPlay receiver over Bluetooth, and then establishes a two-way Wi-Fi connection between the devices.

ManufacturersEdit

Most major automakers offer vehicles with CarPlay.[9] Manufacturers with no CarPlay models include Lada and Tesla Motors.[2]

Honda offers CarPlay on the Gold Wing, and will in 2020 offer it on the Africa Twin.

HistoryEdit

PredecessorEdit

The concept of CarPlay was based on the little-known (and -used) Apple iOS 4 feature called "iPod Out" that was produced through several years of joint development by Apple and the BMW Group's Technology Office USA.[10] iPod Out enabled vehicles with the necessary infrastructure to "host" the analog video and audio from a supporting iOS device while receiving inputs, such as button presses and knob rotations, from a car's infotainment system, to drive the "hosted" user interface in the vehicle's built-in display. It was announced during WWDC in 2010 and first shipped in BMW Group vehicles in early 2011. The BMW and Mini option was called "PlugIn" and paved the way for the first cross-OEM platforms, introducing the concept of requiring a car-specific interface for apps (as opposed to MirrorLink's simple and insufficient mirroring of what was shown on the smartphone's screen).[11]

DevelopmentEdit

CarPlay's codename was Stark.[12] Apple's Eddy Cue announced it as iOS in the Car at the 2013 WWDC.[13] In January 2014 it was reported that Apple's hardware-oriented corporate culture had led to release delays.[14] CarPlay was launched as "CarPlay" at the Geneva Motor Show in March 2014[15] with Ferrari, Mercedes-Benz, and Volvo among the first car manufacturers.[16]

AdoptionEdit

June 2013: BMW officials announced that their cars would not support CarPlay; they later changed their minds.[17]

November 2013: Siri Eyes Free mode was offered as a dealer-installed accessory in the US to some Honda Accord and Acura RDX & ILX models.[18] In December, Honda offered additional integration, featuring new HondaLink services, on some US and Canada models of the Civic and the Fit.[19]

September 2014: A Ferrari FF was the first car with a full version of CarPlay.[20]

November 2014: Hyundai announced the Sonata sedan will be available with CarPlay by the end of the first quarter of 2015.[21]

December 2015: Volvo implemented CarPlay in the 2016 XC90.[22]

January 2016: Apple released a list detailing the car models which support CarPlay.[23]

October 2017: The 2018 Honda Gold Wing became the first motorcycle to support CarPlay.[24]

January 2018: The 2019 Toyota Avalon became the first Toyota model with Apple CarPlay.[25]

July 2018: Mazda added CarPlay support to vehicles newer than 2013 and equipped with the MZD-Connect system.[26]

August 2018: Harley-Davidson CarPlay support was added to 2019 Touring models equipped with Boom! Box GTS radio.[27]

CompetitionEdit

The Open Automotive Alliance's Android Auto is a similar implementation used for Android devices.

Some vehicle manufacturers have their own systems for syncing the car with smartphones, for example: BMW Assist, Hyundai Blue Link, iLane, MyFord Touch, Ford SYNC, OnStar, and Toyota Entune.

General Motors has released an API to allow the development of apps that interact with vehicle software systems.[28]

MirrorLink is a standard for car-smartphone connectivity, currently implemented in vehicles by Honda, Volkswagen, SEAT, Buick, Skoda, Mercedes-Benz, Citroën, and Smart with phones by multiple manufacturers including Apple, HTC, Sony, and Samsung.[29][30]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "iOS 13 - Features". Apple. Retrieved 26 October 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d "CarPlay". Apple. Retrieved 16 November 2015.
  3. ^ "CarPlay - Apple Developer". Apple. Retrieved 5 November 2015.
  4. ^ "MPPlayableContentManager Class Reference". Apple. Retrieved 5 November 2015.
  5. ^ "Apple Teases Wireless CarPlay And Automaker Apps". TechCrunch. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  6. ^ Hall, Zac (14 June 2016). "CarPlay in iOS 10: Improved Apple Music, removing & rearranging apps, more". 9to5Mac. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  7. ^ Hall, Zac (13 June 2019). "Hands-on with CarPlay in iOS 13: New apps, light mode, more". 9to5Mac. Retrieved 18 June 2019.
  8. ^ Singleton, Micah. "JVC's first Apple CarPlay receiver is now available". Retrieved 16 July 2016.
  9. ^ "More than 200 models to choose from". Apple. Retrieved 28 May 2018.
  10. ^ "BMW supports iPod Out by Apple". YouTube. Retrieved 28 December 2015.
  11. ^ Kumparak, Greg. "iOS 4's hidden "iPod Out" feature brings iPhone support to your car without the messy third party UI". TechCrunch. Retrieved 28 December 2015.
  12. ^ Ritchie, Rene (19 February 2015). "CarPlay: The present and future of Apple automotive". iMore.
  13. ^ Cue, Eddy; Cook, Tim; Federighi, Craig; Ive, Jony et al. (10 June 2013). WWDC 2013 Keynote. Moscone West, San Francisco, California: Apple. Event occurs at 1:43:28.
  14. ^ Cole, Shane (28 January 2014). "Organizational strife said to bedevil Apple's iOS in the Car initiative". AppleInsider. Retrieved 28 January 2014.
  15. ^ "Apple unveils CarPlay iPhone system at Geneva show". BBC News. BBC. 4 March 2014. Retrieved 22 April 2014.
  16. ^ Dredge, Stuart (3 March 2014). "Apple CarPlay debuts with Ferrari, Mercedes-Benz and Volvo". The Guardian. Retrieved 22 April 2014.
  17. ^ Neff, John (12 June 2013). "Why BMW doesn't plan to integrate Apple's iOS in the Car [UPDATE]". Autoblog. Retrieved 27 June 2013.
  18. ^ Slivka, Eric (26 November 2013). "Siri Eyes Free Now Available for Select Honda and Acura Vehicles, Deeper Integration Coming Soon". MacRumors. Retrieved 12 December 2013.
  19. ^ Slivka, Eric (3 December 2013). "Honda Boosts iOS Car Integration with New HondaLink Services for 2014 Civic, 2015 Fit". MacRumors. Retrieved 12 December 2013.
  20. ^ Lynn, Walford (September 2014). "Ferrari wins iPhone race 1st CarPlay Connected Car". Auto Connected Car. Aproprose. Retrieved 12 September 2014.
  21. ^ "Hyundai expects CarPlay to be available in Sonata by end of quarter". Apple Carplay News and Owners Group. Mike Szostech. Retrieved 21 February 2015.
  22. ^ "Volvo brings Apple CarPlay to its XC90 crossover". Roadshow. CNET. 7 December 2015. Retrieved 12 January 2016.
  23. ^ "Apple finally put together a full list of cars with CarPlay". The Verge. Vox Media. 11 January 2016. Retrieved 12 January 2016.
  24. ^ "Honda's 2018 Gold Wing is the first motorcycle with CarPlay". Engadget. 26 October 2017. Retrieved 26 October 2017.
  25. ^ "2019 Toyota Avalon". Toyota. 15 January 2018.
  26. ^ "Mazda Adds Smartphone Control to MZD Connect". Mazda. 12 July 2018.
  27. ^ https://www.harley-davidson.com/us/en/owners/audio-navigation/boom-box-gts.html
  28. ^ "Developer Network". General Motors. Retrieved 16 November 2015.
  29. ^ "MirrorLink". Retrieved 16 November 2015.
  30. ^ "Members". Car Connectivity Consortium. Retrieved 9 August 2018.

External linksEdit