This article's tone or style may not reflect the encyclopedic tone used on Wikipedia. (October 2018) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
iOS 12 is the twelfth and current major release of the iOS mobile operating system developed by Apple Inc., being the successor to iOS 11. It was announced at the company's Worldwide Developers Conference on June 4, 2018. It was succeeded by iOS 13 which was announced on June 3, 2019. It is aesthetically similar to iOS 11 but contains numerous performance and battery life improvements, security updates, and additional functions within native applications. It was released to the public on September 17, 2018.
|A version of the iOS operating system|
iOS 12 running on an iPhone X
|Source model||Closed with open-source components|
|Initial release||September 17, 2018|
|Latest release||12.3.1 - all except iPhone 8 Plus (16F203 | 16F8202) (May 24, 2019 ) [±]|
12.3.2 - iPhone 8 Plus only (16F250) (June 10, 2019 ) [±]
|Latest preview||12.4 beta 7 (16G5077a) (July 16, 2019 ) [±]|
|Marketing target||Phones and Tablets|
|Update method||OTA iTunes|
|Kernel type||Hybrid (XNU)|
|License||Proprietary software with open-source components|
|Preceded by||iOS 11|
|Succeeded by||iOS 13|
iOS 12 focuses on performance and quality improvements
Introduction and initial releaseEdit
iOS 12 was introduced by Craig Federighi at the Apple Worldwide Developers Conference keynote address on June 4, 2018. The first developer beta version was released after the keynote presentation, with the first public beta releasing three weeks after on June 25, 2018.
iOS 12.1 was released on October 30, 2018. The update included new emoji, the Group FaceTime feature, L3/R3 button support for MFi controllers, updates to the Measure app, and the ability to use an eSIM on the iPhone XS Max, iPhone XS, and iPhone XR. 
iOS 12.1.1 was released on December 5, 2018. The update added support for HomePod in China and Hong Kong as well as haptic touch for the iPhone XR (Works like 3D Touch in the iPhone XS models) and bug fixes.
iOS 12.1.3 was released on January 22, 2019, and featured important bug fixes patching all known kernel vulnerabilities.
iOS 12.2 was released on March 25, 2019, and contained an updated News app and 51 security fixes. This update also patched the hyphen bug and added support for the 2nd Generation AirPods.
iOS 12.3 was released on May 13, 2019, and featured the new Apple TV app, which made a modernized improvement to the app itself.
iOS 12.3.2 was released on June 10, 2019, exclusively for the iPhone 8 Plus due to a bug in the Portrait mode.
Performance optimizations were made in order to speed up common tasks across all supported iOS devices. Tests done by Apple on an iPhone 6 Plus showed apps launching 40 percent faster, the system keyboard activating 50 percent faster, and the camera opening 70 percent faster.
Screen Time is a new feature in iOS 12 that records the amount of time a user spent on the device. The feature also displays the amount of time the user used particular apps, the amount of time the user used particular categories of apps (such as games), and the number of notifications the user received.
Screen Time also provides blocking features to limit usage of apps (with time limits) or set other restrictions such as on purchases or explicit content. It replaces Parental Controls in the iOS Settings app, but can also be used by adults to limit their own usage. These features can be used with or without a passcode. Without setting a passcode, the limits can easily be bypassed but may serve as a useful reminder of usage goals.
A dedicated application in iOS 12 allows users to set up Shortcuts, automated actions that the user can ask Siri to perform. Using the Shortcuts app, you can create phrases and type in the action you want Siri to do for you. Once you say the phrase to Siri, Siri will automatically do the task you set for it in the Shortcuts app. The Shortcuts app replaces the Workflow app that Apple acquired in March 2017.
The Voice Memos and Stocks apps are now available for iPads.
Control Center is separated from the app switcher on iPad and can be opened with a swipe down on the top right corner. In addition, iPhone X-style gestures are introduced across all iPads running iOS 12.
For devices with gesture navigation and no home button (iPhone X and later), users can now force quit applications by swiping up from the bottom of the screen (without having to press and hold on them when in the app switcher).
Messages in iOS 12 introduces a new type of customizable Animoji called "Memoji" which allows a user to create a 3D character of themselves. Apple also introduced Koala, Tiger, Ghost and T-Rex Animojis. In addition, Apple added new text and GIF effects similar to those found on other social media applications.
iOS 12.1, released on October 30, 2018, adds the ability to include up to 32 people in a FaceTime conversation. This feature is only supported with video by devices with the Apple A8X or Apple A9 chip or later; it is only supported for audio on iPhone 5S, iPhone 6, and iPhone 6 Plus, and is not available at all on iPad Mini 2, iPad Mini 3, and iPad Air. Group FaceTime was disabled on January 28, 2019 due to a software bug that allowed calls to be answered by the caller rather than the recipient, allowing video and audio to be transmitted unless the call was declined. The functionality was restored on February 7, 2019 with the release of iOS 12.1.4. Group FaceTime remains disabled on devices running iOS 12 that are affected by the bug.
Apple Photos has been completely redesigned with four new tabs, including "Photos", "For You", "Albums", and "Search". The new "For You" tab replaces the "Memories" tab previously found in iOS 11 and makes sharing recommendations, creates short length video collages, photo editing suggestions, as well as featured photos from a specific day.
While the "Photos" and "Albums" tabs received only a few cosmetic changes, the "Search" tab includes new Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning features which show the user photos by place and categories (e.g. animals, cars, objects).
Notifications are now grouped by application and have a "manage" button to turn off notifications for that app or to deliver them quietly right from the notification center without having to go into the Settings application.
Do Not DisturbEdit
Do Not Disturb gives users more options for automation. Users can hide notifications indefinitely or scheduled like previously, but can also hide notifications for 1 hour, until a time of day, until leaving a location, or until the end of a scheduled event in Calendar.
Voice Memos and StocksEdit
iBooks was renamed Apple Books, and the app was redesigned, with five new tabs, including "Reading Now", "Library", "Book Store", "Audio Books", and "Search". The new app design is similar to that of Apple Music, and has been praised for its simplicity in allowing users to easily navigate their book library.
Apple Maps has started to be rebuilt from the ground up by relying on first-party map data instead of using map data provided by third parties. This allows for more accurate directions and predictions on the fastest routes. The new maps will be rolled out in sections and Apple expects to have the entire US completed by the end of 2019. As of April 2019, Arizona, California, Hawaii and New Mexico are the only states to have completely first party map data.
Rainbow flag emojiEdit
After a rainbow flag emoji with an interdictory sign over it appeared on Twitter, several users accused Apple of encouraging anti-LGBT attitudes. However, Emojipedia has clarified that this occurs when a user tweets the two emojis together and is not an intended feature. This can be used with other emojis as well.
FaceTime eavesdropping issueEdit
Earlier this year Apple acknowledged a widespread eavesdropping FaceTime issue impacting several versions of iOS 12 (versions 12.1–12.1.3) that allowed users to call someone via FaceTime and hear the audio coming from their phone before answering the call.
- Juli Clover (May 24, 2019). "Apple Releases iOS 12.3.1 With Fixes for Messages and VoLTE Bugs". MacRumors. Retrieved May 24, 2019.
- "iOS 12.3.1 (16F203 | 16F8202) - Releases - Apple Developer". Apple Developer. Apple Inc. May 29, 2019. Retrieved May 29, 2019.
- Juli Clover (June 10, 2019). "Apple Releases iOS 12.3.2 With Portrait Mode Fix on iPhone 8 Plus". MacRumors. Retrieved June 10, 2019.
- "iOS 12.3.2 (16F250) - Releases - Apple Developer". Apple Developer. Apple Inc. June 10, 2019. Retrieved June 10, 2019.
- Juli Clover (July 16, 2019). "Apple Seeds Seventh Beta of iOS 12.4 to Developers and Public Beta Testers". MacRumors. Retrieved July 16, 2019.
- "iOS 12.4 beta 7 (16G5077a) - Releases - Apple Developer". Apple Developer. Apple Inc. July 16, 2019. Retrieved July 16, 2019.
- "Apple Releases iOS 12 With Faster Performance, Memoji, Siri Shortcuts, Screen Time, Revamped Maps App, ARKit 2.0, and More". MacRumors. Retrieved 2018-09-17.
- "Live From WWDC 2018: Coverage of Apple's Keynote with iOS 12, macOS 10.14, and More". Retrieved 2018-07-02.
- "First Beta of iOS 12 Now Available for Registered Developers". Retrieved 2018-07-02.
- "Apple Releases First Public Beta of iOS 12". Retrieved 2018-07-02.
- Clover, Juli (October 8, 2018). "Apple Releasing iOS 12.0.1 With Fixes for Wi-Fi 2.4GHz Bug, Lightning Charging Issue". MacRumors. Retrieved November 18, 2018.
- Kingsley-Hughes, Adrian. "Apple releases iOS 12.0.1 with iPhone XS charging fix". ZDNet. Retrieved 2019-06-04.
- Cross, Jason (October 30, 2018). "iOS 12.1 is released, adding with Group FaceTime, new emoji, dual-SIM, and more". Macworld. Retrieved November 18, 2018.
- Chowdhry, Amit. "Apple Releases iOS 12.1.1: Details About The New Features You Should Know About". Forbes. Retrieved 2019-06-04.
- Hall, Zac (2019-02-07). "Group FaceTime server restored following iOS 12.1.4 release, feature disabled on older versions". 9to5Mac. Retrieved 2019-03-14.
- You Need to Update to iOS 12.2 Right Now to Fix More Than 50 Security Holes Gizmodo Retrieved March 26, 2019
- Cunningham, Andrew (September 17, 2018). "iOS 12 on the iPhone 5S, iPhone 6 Plus, and iPad Mini 2: It's actually faster!". Ars Technica. Condé Nast. Retrieved September 18, 2018.
- "The 17 biggest new features coming to the iPhone with iOS 12". The Verge. Retrieved 4 June 2018.
- "Screen Time for iPhone and iPad in iOS 12: Everything you need to know!". iMore. Retrieved 2018-10-09.
- "Apple shows how iOS 12 will change your next iPhone". USA Today. Retrieved 4 June 2018.
- "How to use Apple's new Screen Time and App Limits features in iOS 12". The Verge. Retrieved 2018-11-25.
- Emery, Justin. "Review: Screen Time for iPhone / iPad (iOS 12)". mindful.technology. Retrieved 2018-12-01.
- Warren, Tom (September 17, 2018). "Apple's Siri Shortcuts app now available for iOS 12". The Verge. Vox Media. Retrieved September 17, 2018.
- Bohn, Dieter (March 22, 2017). "Apple bought the best utility app for the iPhone, Workflow". The Verge. Vox Media. Retrieved September 17, 2018.
- "Apple's Siri Shortcuts app now available for iOS 12". The Verge. Retrieved 2018-12-01.
- Kelly, Heather. "iOS 12 highlights: Memoji, tech addiction tool, group FaceTime". CNN Money.
- "ARKit - Apple Developer". developer.apple.com. Retrieved 2018-07-09.
- Thompson, Ashlee Clark (June 4, 2018). "Apple's Stocks, Voice Memo apps will be available for iPad, Mac".
- Zibreg, Christian (June 5, 2018). "New iPad Gestures in iOS 12".
- Mayo, Benjamin (2018-09-17). "How to use keyboard trackpad mode on every iPhone and iPad with iOS 12". 9to5Mac. Retrieved 2018-12-20.
- Miller, Chance (2018-06-05). "iOS 12 makes closing applications on the iPhone X much easier". 9to5Mac. Retrieved 2019-03-14.
- Dolcourt, Jessica (4 June 2018). "iOS 12: Siri shortcuts, group FaceTime and 'Memoji' Animoji of you". CNET.
- "Apple Releases iOS 12.1 With eSIM Support, Real-Time Depth Control, Group FaceTime, New Emoji and More". MacRumors. October 30, 2018.
- Warren, Tom (January 29, 2019). "Apple disables Group FaceTime following major security flaw". The Verge.
- Symons, Mick (September 1, 2016). "How to use the Compass on iPhone". iMore. Retrieved 2019-03-11.
How do you find your direction and level surfaces using your iPhone? With the built-in Compass app!
- Snell, Jason (September 17, 2018). "iOS 12 adds powerful search to Photos". Six Colors. Retrieved 2019-03-11.
- "How Do Not Disturb and Notifications will change in iOS 12". iMore. Retrieved 2018-06-11.
- "iOS 12". Apple. Retrieved 2019-07-08.
- "Apple's Stocks, Voice Memo apps will be available for iPad, Mac". CNET. 2018-06-04. Retrieved 2018-06-07.
- "iBooks gets a redesign and new Apple Books branding in iOS 12". The Verge. Retrieved 2018-06-23.
- Keizer, Gregg. "Apple pushes privacy theme in Safari for iOS 12, 'Mojave'". Computerworld. Retrieved 2018-06-23.
- "Apple is rebuilding Maps from the ground up". TechCrunch. Retrieved 2018-08-13.
- Young, Sarah (20 February 2019). "'Anti-LGBT' emoji sparks outrage on Twitter". Retrieved 20 February 2019.
- Guthrie Weisman, Cale (20 February 2019). "No, there's not a new anti-LGBT emoji". Fast Company. Retrieved 20 February 2019.
- Dalbey, Alex (20 February 2019). "The truth behind the anti-LGBTQ emoji controversy". The Daily Dot. Retrieved 20 February 2019.
- Woods, Kelly (24 May 2019). "'FaceTime Eavesdropping Issue' in iOS 12". Retrieved 24 May 2019.
- Keizer, Gregg (June 19, 2018). "Which iPhones, iPads support Apple's iOS 12?". Computerworld. Retrieved March 11, 2019.