The Ferrari FF (FF meaning "Ferrari Four", for four seats and four-wheel drive) (Type F151) is a grand tourer presented by Italian automobile manufacturer Ferrari on March 1, 2011 at the Geneva Motor Show as a successor to the 612 Scaglietti grand tourer. It is Ferrari's first production four-wheel drive model. The body style has been described as a shooting-brake, a type of sporting hatchback/estate car with two doors. The FF has a top speed of 335 km/h (208 mph) and it accelerates from 0 to 100 km/h (62 mph) in 3.7 seconds. Ferrari states that the FF was the world's fastest four-seat automobile upon its release to the public. The FF costs US$300,000, with 800 being produced during the first year.
|Designer||Pininfarina  and Ferrari Styling Centre under Flavio Manzoni|
|Body and chassis|
|Class||Grand tourer (S)|
|Body style||3-door shooting-brake|
|Layout||Front mid-engine, four-wheel-drive|
|Engine||6.3 L F140 EB V12|
|Wheelbase||2,990 mm (117.7 in)|
|Length||4,907 mm (193.2 in)|
|Width||1,953 mm (76.9 in)|
|Height||1,379 mm (54.3 in)|
|Kerb weight||1,880 kg (4,145 lb)|
|Predecessor||Ferrari 612 Scaglietti|
At the time of its introduction, the Ferrari FF had the largest road-going Ferrari engine ever produced: a F140 EB 6,262 cc (6.3 L; 382.1 cu in) naturally aspirated direct injected 65° V12, which is rated at 660 PS (485 kW; 651 hp) at 8,000 rpm and 683 N⋅m (504 lb⋅ft) of torque at 6,000 rpm.
Four wheel drive systemEdit
The new four-wheel drive system, engineered and patented by Ferrari, is called 4RM: it is around 50% lighter than a conventional system, and provides power intelligently to each of the four wheels as needed. It functions only when the manettino dial on the steering wheel is in the "comfort" or "snow" positions, leaving the car most often in the traditional rear wheel drive layout.
This system is based around a second, simple, gearbox (gears and other components built by Carraro Engineering), taking power from the front of the engine. This gearbox (designated "power take off unit", or PTU) has only two forward gears (2nd and 4th) plus reverse (with gear ratios 6% taller than the corresponding ratios in the main gearbox), so the system is only active in 1st to 4th gears. The connection between this gearbox and each front wheel is via independent Haldex-type clutches, without a differential. Due to the difference in ratios "the clutches continually slip" and only transmit, at most, 20% of the engine's torque. A detailed description of the system (based on a conversation with Roberto Fedeli, Ferrari's technical director) has been published.
The FF shares the design language of contemporary Ferrari automobiles, including the pulled-back headlights of the 458 Italia, and the twin circular taillights seen on the 458 as well as the 599 GTB Fiorano. Designed under the direction of Lowie Vermeersch, former Design Director at Pininfarina, and Flavio Manzoni, Ferrari’s Styling Centre, work on the shooting brake concept initially started following the creation of the Sintesi show car of 2007. Distinctive styling elements include a large "egg-crate" grille, defined side skirts, and four exhaust tips. The shooting brake configuration is a departure from the conventional wedge shape of modern Ferrari automobiles, and the FF has been likened to the similarly-shaped 1962 Ferrari 250 GT SWB Drogo race car.
The combination of hatchback-like shooting-brake design and collapsible rear seats gives the Ferrari FF a boot capacity of between 450 to 800 litres (16 to 28 cu ft). Luxury is the main element of the interior and the use of leather is incorporated throughout, just like the predecessors of the FF. Creature comforts like premium air conditioning, GPS navigation system, carpeting and sound system are also used.
- Car and Driver China magazine gives the FF the title of “Most Beautiful Super Car 2011” at the Shanghai Auto Show.
- Oriental TV nominated the FF “Most Popular Imported Car Model at 2011 Shanghai Auto Show”.
- The FF won Top Gear magazine's "Estate Car of the Year 2011" award.
- The FF won Top Gear Indian magazine's "Luxury Car of The Year 2012" award.
- According to Friday, 31 May 2013 US Department of Energy, Ferrari FF, 12 cyl., 6.3 L, Auto (AM7) is 2013 Least Fuel Efficient Car in the midsize class (the same position as the Bentley Mulsanne 8 cyl., 6.8 L, Auto (S8)), with 13 mpg‑US (18 L/100 km) 
One-offs and specialsEdit
Ferrari SP FFXEdit
The Ferrari SP FFX, introduced in 2014, is a one-off based on the FF. Its most notable feature is its custom body that features a more traditional coupé rear end in place of the FF's shooting-brake tail. The car was commissioned by a customer in Japan and was built by Ferrari's special vehicles division. Originally, when patent drawings surfaced online many sources thought the SP FFX was the design for the next generation Ferrari California.
- "21.01.2011 Ferrari offers a first look at its shock new four seater". italiaspeed.com. Retrieved 2011-01-22.
- "Four-wheel-drive Ferrari shooting brake revealed". topgear.com. BBC Top Gear. Retrieved 2011-01-21.
- "Ferrari FF specification". Retrieved 2014-05-02.
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- Jonathon Shultz (21 January 2011), "Ferrari FF, an All-Wheel-Drive Shooting Brake", New York Times,
Its shooting brake body style, distinguished by a slightly squared-off rear end, casts the FF’s rear quarters in closer stylistic company with cars like the Alfa Romeo Brera hatchback or the BMW Z3 Coupe
- William Diem (26 November 2006), "The Shooting Brake makes a comeback", New York Times,
The car is a shooting brake, which was conceived to take gentlemen on the hunt with their firearms and dogs. While the name has been loosely applied to station wagons in general, the most famous shooting brakes had custom two-door bodies fitted to the chassis of pedigreed cars from the likes of Aston Martin, Bentley, Jaguar and Rolls-Royce.
- "Ferrari FF Powertrain". Retrieved 2015-12-03.
- Vettraino, J.P. (May 2, 2011). "Shout it from the Mountaintops". AutoWeek. 61 (9): 27–30.
- Neil, Dan (April 2, 2011). "The Coolest Ferrari Ever—Drive Carefully". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved April 30, 2011.
- DeLorenzo, Matt (June 2011). "2012 Ferrari FF: A Ferrari for all seasons". Road & Track. 62 (10): 32, 34. Archived from the original on 2011-03-26.
- "Ferrari FF". Retrieved 2015-12-03.
- "FF 4RM". Retrieved 2015-12-04.
- Jason Kavanagh (March 11, 2011). "IL Geek-Out: Ferrari FF 4RM All Wheel-Drive System". Edmund's Inside Line. Archived from the original on 13 April 2011. Retrieved 2 April 2011.
- "408 4RM". ferrari.com. Retrieved 22 October 2012.
- "Revealed! The 2012 Ferrari FF - First Look". roadandtrack.com. Archived from the original on 28 August 2012. Retrieved 22 October 2012.
- Andrew English (24 March 2011). "Ferrari FF review". The Telegraph. Retrieved 14 March 2011.
- Dan Strong (March 2011). "Ferrari FF". Autoexpress. Retrieved 14 March 2011.
- Designboom. "ferrari FF production line tour + flavio manzoni interview". Designboom. Retrieved 27 January 2016.
- "Ferrari’s new FF shooting brake". Car Design News Live. Retrieved 2012-06-04.
- "FF Shangai". Retrieved 2015-12-04.
- "Top Gear India". Retrieved 2015-12-03.
- "2017 Best and Worst MPG Cars". Retrieved 29 December 2016.
- "One-off Ferrari SP FFX unveiled | Autocar". www.autocar.co.uk. Retrieved 2018-03-23.
- "First Look At Latest One-Off Ferrari, The SP FFX". Motor Authority. Retrieved 2018-03-23.