Scania PRT-range

The Scania PRT-range (also known as Scania LPGRS-range or Scania PGRT-range),[1] also referred to as new truck range or Scania's truck range, is the current range of trucks produced by the Swedish commercial vehicle manufacturer Scania. It was first introduced as the successor to the 4-series in spring 2004 with the high forward control cab Scania R-series, followed by the low forward control cab Scania P-series and bonneted cab Scania T-series later in the year. The bonneted model was discontinued in 2005. In 2007 the Scania G-series, a medium forward control cab was introduced and was derived from the R-series. The entire range is modular, giving a wide range of different configurations for different types of trucks. The trucks are available with engines ranging from a 9-litre I5 to a 16-litre V8, with the V8 only being available in the higher model. A second generation launched in August 2016, first was the Scania S-series being the first flat-floor model. In December 2017, a low-end version of the second generation, the Scania L-series, also launched.

Scania PRT-range
ScaniaTrucks.jpg
Scania G 420, P 380, R 420 and more.
Overview
ManufacturerScania
Also called
  • Scania PRT-range
  • Scania PGRT-range
Production2004–present
Assembly | Malaysia: Kuala Lumpur
Body and chassis
ClassCommercial vehicle
Body style
Powertrain
Engine
  • 6.7 L DC07 I6
  • 8.9 L DC9 I5
  • 9.3 L DC09 I5
  • 10.6 L DC11 I6
  • 11.7 L DC12 I6
  • 12.7 L DC13 I6
  • 15.6 L DC16 V8
  • 16.4 L DC16 V8
Power output230-730 hp
Transmission
  • Manual (standard)
  • Scania Opticruise
Chronology
PredecessorScania 4-series

First generation (2004–2018)Edit

The range was first launched with the R-series on 31 March 2004, replacing the R94, R114, R124, R144, and R164 of the 4-series. It had 65 percent of the same components as its predecessors, but with a new cab design, new interior and other technical improvements. Full-scale production started in Södertälje (Sweden) in April, Zwolle (the Netherlands) in May and in Angers (France) in June. At launch it was available with Euro III engines, but with a 420 hp Euro IV engine available from September.[3] On 20 August, the P- and T-series were launched too, completing the new truck range and replacing the rest of the 4-series models. The new models made their public debut at the IAA commercial vehicle show in Hanover in late September.[4] Production of the 4-series was continued at the Scania Latin America plant in São Bernardo do Campo (Brazil), but was from October 2004 relaunched as the Série Evolução (Evolution Series), featuring the new engines of the PRT-range and the same new model designation, but with the old 4-series cabs.[5][6]

In October 2005, Scania decided to discontinue the bonneted T-series, having lost its market share over the years. Over the last decade the sales had been halved in Europe and gone down 90 percent in Latin America. In 2004, fewer than 1,000 bonneted Scania trucks were sold worldwide, meaning there was no longer a market for it.[7] In late 2006, Scania launched a new low-entry version of the P-series cab, known as the CP19E, specially intended for garbage trucks, where the driver needs to get in and out quickly.[8] This cab was targeted as a competitor to the Mercedes-Benz Econic.

On 5 September 2007, Scania launched the all-new G-series, with a cab height between the P-series and the R-series. It should not be confused with the old G cab of the 2- and 3-series, which was even lower than the P cab, nor with the G chassis of the 4-series (i.e. 94G).[9] On 9 October 2007, the new range was also launched in Latin America, featuring all three P-, G- and R-series from the start.[10] In April 2008, Scania unveiled their first ethanol-powered (ED95) trucks, having manufactured ethanol-powered buses for nearly two decades.[11]

On 17 September 2009, an upgraded R-series was launched with many new features including a sharper exterior styling with larger grille openings,[12] new interior details including the possibility of a factory-installed coffeemaker,[13] new version of the Scania Opticruise gear system with automatic clutch[14] and a driver support system.[15] The G-series received the upgrade shortly afterwards, and the P-series during 2011. In 2014 the front air filters G & R - Series were given a redesign

In April 2010, Scania launched a new version of its V8 engine, allowing a maximum output of 730 hp and 3500 N·m in trucks, and preparing for the future Euro VI emission requirements.[16] The new R 730 then became the most powerful large-scale production truck in the world,[citation needed] only to be surpassed by the Volvo FH16 750 (750 hp, 3550 N·m) in September 2011.

Second generation (2016–present)Edit

Since Scania signed a deal with Porsche Engineering in August 2010, a completely new truck cab has been in development, known as a next generation.[17] From early 2014, several masked prototypes have been spotted on roads in Sweden,[18][19] Spain[20] and Norway.[21][22] It was officially launched at the Grand Palais in Paris on 23 August 2016.[23] The launch included new R-series sleeper cab[24] and the all-new S-series sleeper cab[25] which offers a flat interior floor. Other cab heights, including R-series day cab, of the new generation will have a later launch. The first display of the new generation to a public audience occurred at the Elmia Lastbil fair in Jönköping, on 24 August.[26] The second generation range features two infotainment systems, consisted of a lower-packed 5-inch and a premium-packed 7-inch. Apple CarPlay support now became available in 2017.[27]

The low-end version called the L series was added to the lineup in December 2017.

Scania XTEdit

 
Scania R 500 XT

The Scania XT-range[28] is the first independently tailor-made construction model and is based on the second generation range. It was announced in September 2017. Apart from the standard model, the XT-range features a fully-rugged styling, new heavy duty bumper which extends up to 150 millimetres, and replaces the standard side mirrors with reinforced ribbed rear view mirrors. It provides an additional operational durability and combine to give a distinct and rugged visual identity. It also utilises an easily accessible towing device located behind the foldable registration plate holder. It is certified for 40 tonnes, while enabling to pull other vehicles and equipment as well as to be towed when needed. Other features include slip proof steps, a power-adjustable dual-tone front seats embossed with a black leather and an orange XT stitching, high-edge rubber mats, and further set apart from a number of exterior and interior options. Optional include an electronic braking system (EBS) with discs or drums, new two-leaf parabolic front springs and enlarged wheel housings to accommodate larger than normal wheel/tyre combinations, can be specified together with two different vertical exhaust stack options. The XT-range can also been optional with the Scania Infotainment Premium 7" touchscreen infotainment display. Deliveries of the XT-range began in late 2017.

Special editionEdit

  • The 1969–2019 V8 is a celebratory trim level based on the R-series and S-series, commemorating the 50th anniversary of the V8 engine in 1969. The limited edition (25 units) was revealed in the UK in September 2019.[29] While offering the same basic standard equipment as the V8 520-730 models, a range of unique features including a distinctive livery in a choice of three different anniversary colours, Ruby Red, Arctic Silver and Sapphire Blue, the anniversary logos on the rear mudflaps and wheel hubs, and exclusive puddle lamps. Other external features include chrome trim grille air intakes, side windows and door handles and a rectangular left-side exhaust pipe design. Additional luxury fitments in the 1969–2019 V8 edition include embossed leather seats with exclusive red V8 stitching, a microwave oven, coffee machine and an optional Scania Infotainment Premium 7" touchscreen infotainment display. It is now available for pre-order after its launch, and began deliveries in November 2019.

EnginesEdit

Diesel engine versions of the new generation currently available in selected truck models as of 2019. A liquefied natural gas (LNG) was added into the lineup in late 2017, alongside a compressed natural gas (CNG) version.

Diesel engines
Engine [Model] Production [Year] Displacement Cylinder
DC07 2017- 6,692 cc (408.4 cu in) I6
DC09 2017- 9,291 cc (567.0 cu in) I5
DC13 2016- 12,742 cc (777.6 cu in) I6
DC16 2016- 16,353 cc (997.9 cu in) V8

Model designationEdit

Scania use different model designations for different contexts. A simplified truck model designation is used for marketing and is visible in the grille. Another complete designation defines the characteristics of the chassis and the drivetrain, and a third designation defines the cab configuration.[30]

Truck modelEdit

The simplified truck model name consists of the cab type and horsepower, divided by a space. Examples: R 730, G 440, P 270.

Complete vehicleEdit

Cab type
  • L: Low-end forward control cab
  • P: Low forward control cab & crew cab
  • G: Medium forward control cab
  • R: High forward control cab
  • T: Bonneted cab
  • S: Highest forward control cab with flat floor
Power code

Approximation of the power rating in hp to the nearest ten. The power code has spaces on both sides.

Type of transport
  • L: Long-distance haulage
  • D: Distribution
  • C: Construction
Chassis adaption
Wheel configuration
  • 4x2: two-axle
  • 4x4: two-axle, all-wheel drive
  • 6x2: tri-axle, rigid tag axle
  • 6x2/2: tri-axle, rigid pusher axle
  • 6x2/4: tri-axle, steered pusher axle
  • 6x2*4: tri-axle, steered tag axle
  • 6x4: tri-axle, double drive axle
  • 6x6: tri-axle, all-wheel drive
  • 8x2: four-axle, double front axle, rigid tag axle
  • 8x2/4: four-axle, steered pusher axle, rigid tag axle
  • 8x2*6: four-axle, double front axle, steered tag axle
  • 8x4: four-axle, double front axle, double drive axle
  • 8x4*4: four-axle, double drive axle, steered tag axle
  • 8x8: four-axle, all-wheel drive
Duty class
  • M: Medium duty, for transport on even surfaces
  • H: Heavy duty, for transport on uneven surfaces
  • E: Extra heavy duty, for off-road transport
Chassis height
  • E: Extra low
  • L: Low
  • N: Normal
  • S: Semi high
  • H: High
Suspension
  • A: leaf-spring suspension front and air suspension rear
  • B: air suspension front and rear
  • Z: leaf-spring suspension front and rear

Examples:

  • P 230 DB4x2MNA: Low forward control cab, 230 hp, distribution truck
  • R 730 CA8x8EHZ: High forward control cab, 730 hp, four-axle all-wheel drive, off-road tractor unit
  • S 500 LA6x4HNB: High, flat-floor control cab, 500 hp, tri-axle RWD for two axles, long-distance transport unit

CabEdit

Cab type

The cab type consists of C and the corresponding letter for the main cab type; CP, CG, CR and CT.

Cab length

Interior distance between front and rear walls, measured in decimetres.

  • 14: Short cab
  • 16: Day cab
  • 19: Sleeper cab
  • 28: CrewCab (5−6 persons)
  • 31: Long CrewCab (6−8 persons)
  • 32: Extended sleeper cab
Roof height
  • N: Normal
  • L: Low
  • E: Low boarding step, normal roof height (Low entry)
  • H: High (Scania Highline)
  • T: Full height (Scania Topline)

Examples:

  • CP19E: Low entry cab, for garbage trucks
  • CP31: Long crew cab, for fire engines
  • CR19H: High-entry sleeper cab, for long-distance haulage trucks

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "2004: Launch of the R-series". Scania AB. Archived from the original on 14 April 2016. Retrieved 1 April 2016.
  2. ^ "Spacious all-wheel-drive heavy-haulage tractor – tailored solutions are standard from Scania" (PDF). Scania AB. 8 September 2011. Archived (PDF) from the original on 14 April 2016.
  3. ^ "Scania launches new truck range: Operating economy, driver appeal, Euro 4 engines". Scania AB. 31 March 2004. Archived from the original on 15 April 2004.
  4. ^ "Scania's new truck range complete" (PDF). Scania AB. 20 August 2004. Archived (PDF) from the original on 23 April 2016.
  5. ^ "Caminhões Scania têm nova identificação" [Scana trucks have new identification] (in Portuguese). Scania Latin America. 27 October 2004. Archived from the original on 7 April 2005.
  6. ^ "Caminhões Scania − Rodoviário" [Scana Trucks − On Road] (PDF) (in Portuguese). Scania Latin America. October 2004. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 February 2005.
  7. ^ "Scania's T-model says goodbye (extended version)". Scania AB. 21 April 2005. Archived from the original on 14 April 2016. Retrieved 2 April 2016.
  8. ^ "Scania launches refuse collection trucks with innovative low-entry cab" (PDF). Scania AB. 7 December 2006. Archived (PDF) from the original on 23 April 2016.
  9. ^ "Extended truck range: 50% broader choice with P-, G- and R-series" (PDF). Scania AB. 5 September 2007. Archived (PDF) from the original on 14 April 2016.
  10. ^ "Renovação completa da linha de caminhões Scania: Séries P, G e R com novas cabines e motores" [Complete renovation of Scania truck range: P-, G- and R-series with new cabins and engines] (in Portuguese). Scania Latin America. 9 October 2007. Archived from the original on 22 October 2007.
  11. ^ "World premiere for Scania's first ethanol-powered trucks − rapid transition to sustainable urban transport" (PDF). Scania AB. 15 April 2008. Archived (PDF) from the original on 23 April 2016.
  12. ^ "New Scania R-series: Sharper look with improved fuel economy". Scania AB. 17 September 2009. Archived from the original on 14 April 2016. Retrieved 2 April 2016.
  13. ^ "New Scania R-series: Improved truck driver station – and sleeping comfort". Scania AB. 17 September 2009. Archived from the original on 14 April 2016. Retrieved 2 April 2016.
  14. ^ "New Scania R-series: Faster gearchanges and precision clutch control". Scania AB. 17 September 2009. Archived from the original on 14 April 2016. Retrieved 2 April 2016.
  15. ^ "New Scania R-series: Real time advice saves fuel". Scania AB. 17 September 2009. Archived from the original on 14 April 2016. Retrieved 2 April 2016.
  16. ^ "Scania completes its changeover to Euro 6 technology with the world's most powerful truck" (PDF). Scania AB. 16 April 2010. Archived (PDF) from the original on 23 April 2016.
  17. ^ "Scania signs development agreement with Porsche" (PDF). Scania AB. 30 August 2010. Archived (PDF) from the original on 5 September 2010.
  18. ^ "Her er nye Scania" [Here is the new Scania]. Transportmagasinet (in Norwegian). Fagmedia AS. 12 February 2014. Archived from the original on 16 April 2016. Retrieved 2 April 2016.
  19. ^ "Ny anleggs-Scania på vei" [New construction Scania on its way]. Transportmagasinet (in Norwegian). Fagmedia AS. 4 March 2015. Archived from the original on 16 April 2016. Retrieved 2 April 2016.
  20. ^ "Scania avslørt i Spania" [Scania revealed in Spain]. Transportmagasinet (in Norwegian). Fagmedia AS. 3 September 2014. Archived from the original on 16 April 2016. Retrieved 2 April 2016.
  21. ^ "Her er den i Norge" [Here it is in Norway]. at.no (in Norwegian). Bjørgu AS. 24 April 2015. Archived from the original on 12 April 2016. Retrieved 2 April 2016.
  22. ^ "Spionbilder av Scania på norske skilter" [Spy photos of Scania on Norwegian plates]. Transportmagasinet (in Norwegian). Fagmedia AS. 12 January 2016. Archived from the original on 16 April 2016. Retrieved 2 April 2016.
  23. ^ "Grandiose birth of a new Scania". Scania AB. 23 August 2016. Archived from the original on 29 August 2016. Retrieved 26 August 2016.
  24. ^ "New R-series". Scania AB. Archived from the original on 29 August 2016. Retrieved 26 August 2016.
  25. ^ "Sseries". Scania AB. Archived from the original on 29 August 2016. Retrieved 26 August 2016.
  26. ^ "Solen sken över Scanias historiska premiär" [Sun was shining over Scania's historical premiere] (in Swedish). Elmia. 24 August 2016. Archived from the original on 24 August 2016. Retrieved 26 August 2016.
  27. ^ "Even Big Mercedes, Scania Trucks Getting Apple CarPlay Now". Archived from the original on 21 March 2020. Retrieved 5 April 2017.
  28. ^ "SCANIA XT RANGE". Archived from the original on 23 May 2018. Retrieved 22 May 2018.
  29. ^ "Special edition Scania V8 launched". Archived from the original on 21 March 2020. Retrieved 11 September 2019.
  30. ^ "Chassis information and model designations". Scania AB. 2011. Archived from the original on 14 April 2016.

External linksEdit