List of minor Hebrew Bible figures, A–K

(Redirected from Abinadab)

This article contains persons named in the Bible, specifically in the Hebrew Bible, of minor notability, about whom little or nothing is known, aside from some family connections. Here are the names which start with A-K; for L-Z see there.

Abagtha

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Abagtha (Hebrew אֲבַגְתָא)[1] was a court official or eunuch of king Ahasuerus who was commanded along with 6 other officials to parade queen Vashti to go before the king. (Esther 1:10)

Abda

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The name Abda (Hebrew עַבְדָּא)[2] means servant, or perhaps is an abbreviated form of servant of YHWH.[3] There are two people by this name in the Hebrew Bible.

Where the Masoretic Text has Abda, the Septuagint, depending on the location and manuscript, has names such as Abao, Ephra, Edram, Ioreb, Obeb, and Abdias.[5]

Abdeel

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Abdeel (Hebrew עַבְדְּאֵל "servant of God"; akin to Arabic عبد الله Abdullah[6]) is mentioned in Jeremiah 36:26 as the father of Shelemiah, one of three men who were commanded by King Jehoiakim to seize the prophet Jeremiah and his secretary Baruch.[7] The Septuagint omits the phrase "and Shelemiah son of Abdeel", probably a scribal error due to homoioteleuton.[8]

Abdi

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The name Abdi (Hebrew עַבְדִּי) is probably an abbreviation of Obediah, meaning "servant of YHWH", according to the International Standard Bible Encyclopedia.[9] Easton's Bible Encyclopedia, on the other hand, holds that it means "my servant". The name "Abdi" appears three times in forms of the Bible that are in use among Jews, Protestants, and Roman Catholics. There is also one additional appearance in 1 Esdras, considered canonical in Eastern Orthodox Churches.

  1. 1 Chronicles 6:29: "And on the left hand their brethren the sons of Merari: Ethan the son of Kishi, the son of Abdi, the son of Malluch."[10] This verse, in the King James Version and some other Bibles, is verse 44 of chapter 6.
  2. 2 Chronicles 29:12. "Then the Levites arose, Mahath the son of Amasai, and Joel the son of Azariah, of the sons of the Kohathites; and of the sons of Merari, Kish the son of Abdi, and Azariah the son of Jehallelel; and of the Gershonites, Joah the son of Zimmah, and Eden the son of Joah."[10]
  3. Ezra 10:26. "And of the sons of Elam: Mattaniah, Zechariah, and Jehiel, and Abdi, and Jeremoth, and Elijah."[10]
  4. 1 Esdras 9:27, where the name appears in the Hellenized form Oabd[e]ios.[11] "Of the sons of Elam: Matthanias and Zacharias and Iezrielos and Obadios and Ieremoth and Elias."[12]

According to Cheyne and Black (1899), the two occurrences in the Books of Chronicles refer to a single individual, and the references in Ezra and 1 Esdras are to a second individual.[13]

Abdiel

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Abdiel (Hebrew עַבְדִּיאֵל)[14] was the son of Guni and the father of Ahi according to 1 Chronicles 5:15. He came from the tribe of Gad; A Gadite who lived in Gilead or in Bashan, and whose name was reckoned in genealogies of the time of Jotham, king of Judah, or of Jeroboam II king of Israel.

Abdon

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Abdon (Hebrew עַבְדּוֹן from עָבַד "to serve") is the name of four biblical individuals. It is a diminutive form of the name Ebed.[15]

  1. An Abdon in the book of Judges: see the article Abdon (Judges).
  2. The first-born of Gibeon of the tribe of Benjamin, mentioned only in passing in genealogies (1 Chronicles 8:30, 9:36).
  3. Abdon the son of Micah. Josiah sent him, among others, to the prophetess Huldah, in order to discern the meaning of the recently rediscovered book of the law (2 Chronicles 34:20). He is referred to as Achbor in 2 Kings 22:12.
  4. Abdon son of Sashak. He is only mentioned as a name in a genealogy (1 Chronicles 8:23).[16]

In addition to its use as a personal name, the proper name "Abdon" is used for a Levitical city mentioned in Joshua 21:30 and 1 Chronicles 6:74 (6:59 in the New American Bible (Revised Edition)).[17][18]

See Abijah

Abiah

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See Abijah

Abialbon

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See Abiel

Abiasaph

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Abiasaph (Hebrew אֲבִיאָסָף "my father has gathered") was a son of Korah of the Tribe of Levi according to Exodus 6:24, born in Egypt. Ebiasaph is a spelling variation of Abiasaph.

Abida

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Abida, Abidah or Abeida[19] (Hebrew אֲבִידָע),[20] a son of Midian and descendant of Abraham and Keturah, appears twice in the Bible, in Genesis 25:4 and 1 Chronicles 1:33.[21] The sons of Abraham's concubines were sent away to the east with gifts from Abraham.[22] The father of Hudino, the great-grandfather of Jethro.

Abiel

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Abiel (Hebrew אֲבִיאֵל "my father is God") was the name of two individuals mentioned in the Bible:

Abiezer

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Abiezer or Abieezer is the name of three Biblical characters. The name means "father of help" i.e., helpful. The characters are:

Abihail

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Abihail (Hebrew אֲבִיחָ֑יִל, "my father is might")[23] may refer to one of five different people mentioned in the Bible:

  • Abihail the Levite lived during the time of the wandering of the Israelites in the wilderness. He was the head of the house of Merari and Levi's youngest son. (Numbers 3:35)
  • Abihail was the wife of Abishur of the tribe of Judah. (1 Chronicles 2:29)
  • Abihail, from Gilead of Bashan, was head of the tribe of Gad. (1 Chronicles 5:14)
  • Abihail was the daughter of David's brother Eliab. She was married to David's son Jerimoth and became mother of Rehoboam's wife Mahalath. (2 Chronicles 11:18)
  • Abihail was the father of Queen Esther and uncle of Mordecai. (Esther 2:15; Esther 9:29)

Abihud

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Abihud (Hebrew אֲבִיהֽוּד, "my father is majesty")[24] was a figure mentioned in 1 Chronicles 8:3 as the son of Bela the son of Benjamin. He is also called Ahihud. Another individual named Abihud is mentioned in the Gospel of Matthew as an ancestor of Jesus. But this Abihud is not listed in the Old Testament.

Abijah

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Abijah (Hebrew אֲבִיָּה "my father is YHWH") is the name of five minor biblical individuals:

  • Abijah,[25] who married King Ahaz of Judah. She is also called Abi.[26] Her father's name was Zechariah; she was the mother of King Hezekiah[27]
  • A wife of Hezron, one of the grandchildren of Judah[28]
  • A son of Becher, the son of Benjamin[29]
  • The second son of Samuel.[30] His conduct, along with that of his brother, as a judge in Beersheba, to which office his father had appointed him, led to popular discontent, and ultimately provoked the people to demand a monarchy.
  • A descendant of Eleazar, the son of Aaron, a chief of the eighth of the twenty-four orders into which the priesthood was divided by David and an ancestor of Zechariah, the priest who was the father of John the Baptist.[31] The order of Abijah is listed with the priests and Levites who returned with Zerubbabel son of Shealtiel and with Joshua.[32]

This name (possibly) appeared on the Gezer Calendar, a Paleo-Hebrew inscription dating to the 9th or 10th Century BC, making it one of the earliest if not the earliest Yahwistic theophoric names outside the Bible.[33]

Abimael

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In Genesis 10:28, Abimael (Hebrew אֲבִֽימָאֵ֖ל) is the ninth of the 13 sons of Joktan, a descendant of Shem. He is also mentioned in 1 Chronicles 1:22. Abimael means "God is a father."[34]

Abinadab

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Abinadab (Hebrew אֲבִינָדָב "my father apportions" or "the father [i.e. god of the clan] is munificent")[35] refers to four biblical characters. Where the Hebrew text reads Avinadav, Greek manuscripts of the Septuagint read Am(e)inadab or Abin.[35] but Brenton's translation of the Septuagint reads "Abinadab".

  1. A man of Kiriath-Jearim, in whose house on a hill the Ark of the Covenant was deposited after having been brought back from the land of the Philistines.[36] "It is most likely that this Abinadab was a Levite".[37] The ark remained in his care for twenty years, guarded by his son Eleazar, until it was at length removed by David.[38]
  2. The second of the eight sons of Jesse.[39] He was with Saul in the campaign against the Philistines in which Goliath was slain.[40]
  3. One of Saul's sons, who perished with his father in the battle of Gilboa.[41]

Abinoam

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Abinoam (Hebrew אֲבִינֹעַם) was the father of Barak the partner of Deborah. He is mentioned in the following passages: Judges 4:6,12 and Judges 5:1,12.

Abiram

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Abiram (Hebrew אֲבִירָם) was the firstborn of Hiel the Beth-elite mentioned in 1 Kings 16:34.

Abishua

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Abishua (Hebrew אֲבִישׁוּעַ) was the name of 2 minor biblical individuals found in the Hebrew Bible.

Abishur

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According to the Hebrew Bible, Abishur or Abishur ben Shammai (Hebrew אֲבִישׁוּר) was the spouse of Abihail, and the father of Molin and Ahban. He was directly from the tribe of Judah as the son of Shammai the son of Onam the great-great-grandson of Judah. (1 Chronicles 2:28–29)

Abital

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In 2 Samuel 3:4, Abital (Hebrew: אֲבִיטַל ’Ăḇîṭāl) is minor biblical character in the book of Samuel and one of King David's wives. Abital gave birth to David's fifth son, Shephatiah, a minor biblical character.[42][43]

Abitub

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The name Abitub or Abitob appears only once in the Hebrew Bible, in 1 Chronicles 8:11, where it is used for a character said to be the son of Shaharaim, in a section on the descendants of Benjamin.[44]

Achbor

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Achbor is the name of 2 biblical individuals.

  • In the King Lists in the books of Genesis and 1 Chronicles Achbor is the father of Baal-hanan, a king of Edom, but is not actually listed as being king himself although some commentaries assume that he was. See Genesis 36:38; 1 Chronicles 1:49.

In the Books of Kings

  • Son of Michaiah, is one of Josiah's officers, and one of the five men sent to the prophetess Huldah to inquire regarding the book of the law newly discovered in the Temple in Jerusalem (2 Kings 22:12, 14). This Achbor is also called Abdon (2 Chronicles 34:20).

This may be the same Achbor who is mentioned as the father of Elnathan in the Book of Jeremiah 26:20–23, and who lived in the reign of King Jehoiakim of Judah.

Achsa

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Achsa or Achsah (Hebrew עַכְסָה), was the daughter of Caleb or Chelubai the son of Hezron of the Tribe of Judah. (1 Chronicles 2:49) Though she is often identified as the Achsah the daughter of Caleb in the time of Joshua.[45]

Achsah

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See Achsa

Adah

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Hebrew: עָדָה, Modern: ʿAda, Tiberian: ʿĀḏā; adornment[46]

  1. the first wife of Lamech, and the mother of Jabal and Jubal. (Genesis 4:19–23)
  2. the first wife of Esau, the daughter of Elon the Hittite. It has been suggested by biblical scholars that she is the same person as "Basemath the daughter of Elon the Hittite", mentioned as a wife of Esau in Genesis 26.[47][48][49] See Wives of Esau. She bore Esau's firstborn Eliphaz, and became the matriarch of the Edomites. (Genesis 26:34, 36:2–4)

The Order of the Eastern Star considers Adah also to be the name of the daughter of Jephthah, although the Bible does not name her.

Adaiah

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Adaiah (Hebrew עֲדָיָה, /əˈdeɪjə/) was the name of 8 biblical individuals:

Adalia

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Mentioned only in Esther 9:8, Adalia (Hebrew אֲדַלְיָא) is the fifth of the Persian noble Haman's ten sons.[51] Adalia was slain along with his nine siblings in Susa. In various manuscripts of the Septuagint, his name is given as Barsa, Barel, or Barea.[51]

Adbeel

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Adbeel (Hebrew אַדְבְּאֵל "disciplined by God") Nadbeel or Idiba'ilu, was the third son of Ishmael out of twelve. (Genesis 25:13) The name Adbeel is associated with the personal name and northwest tribe in Arabia known as Idiba'ilu. (Kenneth A. Mathews, 2005, p. 361)

Addar

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Addar (Hebrew אַדָּר), according to the Hebrew Bible, was the son of Bela the son of Benjamin the eponymous founder of the tribe of Benjamin. He is briefly mentioned in 1 Chronicles 8:3.

Ader

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See Eder

Adiel

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Adiel (Hebrew עֲדִיאֵל) may refer to 3 people:

  1. The father of Azmaveth, who was treasurer under David and Solomon, mentioned only in 1 Chronicles 27:25.
  2. A family head of the tribe of Simeon, who participated in driving out the Meunim, mentioned only in 1 Chronicles 4:36.
  3. See Azareel

Adin

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Adin (Hebrew עָדִין) was the head of a family who returned from Babylon with Zerubbabel in Ezra 2:15 8:6. However, according to Nehemiah 7:20, his descendants were 655, that is, completely divergent from the descendants in Ezra as 454. He is also found in Nehemiah 10:16 as one who signed Nehemiah's covenant.

Adina

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In 1 Chronicles 11:42, Adina (Hebrew עֲדִינָא lit. Slender) is listed as one of the "mighty men" of David's army. Adina was the son of a chief of the Reubenites named Shiza.

Adino

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Adino (Hebrew עֲדִינוֹ) was an Eznite and one of David's mighty men. (2 Samuel 23:8) He is identified with Jashobeam and the name does not occur in other translations in the Bible. Ginsburg offers a corrected form taken substantially from the parallel passage in 1 Chronicles 11:11: "Jashobeam a son of a Hachmonite, chief of the captains; he lifted up his spear." This is plausible, and is very generally accepted, and eliminates the names Adino and Eznite, which do not occur elsewhere in the Bible. Some of the facts are against this. The Septuagint has the names Adino and Eznite. The Latin finds no proper names in the passage, but so translates the words as to presuppose the Hebrew text as we have it. It may be a case for suspended judgment.[52]

Adlai

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Adlai is in Hebrew עַדְלָי, meaning "refuge". In 1 Chronicles 27:29, he is the father of Shaphat. He is mentioned only in this verse.

Admatha

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Mentioned only in Esther 1:14, Admatha is an advisor to Ahasuerus of Persia.[53] According to one theory, the verse has suffered from scribal error, and as it originally stood Admatha was instead Hamdatha, not an adviser to Ahaseurus but the father of Haman.[53]

Adna

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Adna is the name of two biblical characters.[54]

  • One of the men in the Book of Ezra who took foreign wives.[55] And the son of Pahathmoab.[56]
  • A priest, named as the head of the priestly family Harim in the time of Joiakim.[57]

Adnah

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Adnah is the name of at least two individuals in the Hebrew Bible.[58]

  1. Adnah, called Ednaas or Ednas in Septuagint manuscripts, is credited with being a commander of 300,000 soldiers in the army of Jehoshaphat.[58] He is found in 2 Chronicles 17:14. His name is spelled with a final He.[58]
  2. Adnah, called Edna in the Septuagint, refers to a member of the Tribe of Manasseh who deserted Saul to support David.[58] His name is spelled with either a final He or else a Heth, depending on the manuscript.[58]

Adonijah

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Adonijah is the name of 2 minor biblical figures.

Adonikam

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Adonikam is a Biblical figure, one of those "which came with Zerubbabel" (Ezra 2:13). His "children," or retainers, numbering 666, came to Jerusalem (8:13). The name means, "the Lord is risen up."[59] In the Septuagint, depending on the manuscript and location, the name is given as Adon[e]ikam, Adonikan, Adeikam, Adenikam, Adaneikam or Adoniakaim.[59] In Nehemiah 7:18, his descendants were 667 instead of the previous number 666.

Adriel

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Adriel was the son of Barzillai the Meholathite, whom Saul gave in marriage his own daughter, Merab. The five sons that sprang from this union were put to death by the Gibeonites. (1 Samuel 18:19; 2 Samuel 21:8–9. Here it is said that Michal bare these five children either that she treated them as if she had been their own mother, or that for "Michal" we should read "Merab," in 1 Samuel 18:19.

Agee

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Agee was the father of Shammah, who was one of David's mighty men (2 Samuel 23:11). Based on interpretations of 1 Chronicles 11:34 and 2 Samuel 23:32–33 Agee was either the grandfather of Jonathan or his brother. According to Cheyne and Black, his name is a scribal mistake, and should read "Ela"; he is the same as the Ela mentioned in 1 Kings 4:18.[60]

Ahab

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Ahab (Hebrew: אָחאַב, which means "brother/father") is the name of at least one minor biblical figure:

  • Ahab, son of Koliah, who, according to Jeremiah 29:21, was labeled a false prophet by YHVH [61]

Aharah

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See Ehi

Aharhel

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In 1 Chronicles 4:8, Aharhel (Hebrew אֲחַרְחֵל "behind the rampart") is the son of Harum of the tribe of Judah.

Ahasai

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See Ahzai, and Meshullam

Ahasbai

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Ahasbai, the son of the Maachathite, was the father of Eliphelet, one of King David's Warriors (2 Samuel 23:34).

Ahaz

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Ahaz was a son of Micah, and great-grandson of Jonathan. (1 Chronicles 8:35, 9:42)

Ahban

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Ahban was the first son of Abishur and Abihail. He was also the brother of Molid and a Jerahmeelite. He is mentioned in the following passage: 1 Chronicles 2:29.

Aher

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Aher was a Benjamite and the father of Hushim. (1 Chronicles 7:12) He might be the same as Ahiram and Aharah.

(Hebrew אֲחִי "my brother")

Ahiah

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See Ahijah

Ahiam

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Ahiam is one of David's thirty heroes. He was the son of Sharar (2 Samuel 23:33) or according to 1 Chronicles 11:35 of Sacar, the Hararite.

Ahian

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Ahian is the name given to a descendant of Manasseh in the tribal genealogies of 1 Chronicles.[62] The name appears only in a single time in the Bible.[63]

Ahiezer

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Ahiezer is the name of 2 biblical figures:

Ahihud

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Ahihud is the name of 3 or 2 biblical individuals

  • See Abihud
  • A son of Ehud, of the tribe of Benjamin. He may be the same as the first but the text might be corrupt. (1 Chronicles 8:6–7)
  • Name different in Hebrew, meaning brother of Judah. Chief of the tribe of Asher; one of those appointed by Moses to superintend the division of Canaan among the tribe (Numbers 34:27).

Ahijah

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Ahijah is the name of 7 minor biblical individuals.

  1. One of the sons of Bela (1 Chr. 8:7, RV). In AV (KJV) called "Ahiah."
  2. One of the five sons of Jerahmeel, who was great-grandson of Judah (1 Chr. 2:25).
  3. A Pelonite, one of David's heroes (1 Chr. 11:36); called also Eliam (2 Sam. 23:34).
  4. A Levite having charge of the sacred treasury in the temple (1 Chr. 26:20).
  5. One of Solomon's secretaries (1 Kings 4:3).
  6. Son of Ahitub (1 Sam. 14:3, 18), Ichabod's brother; the same probably as Ahimelech, who was High Priest at Nob in the reign of Saul (1 Sam. 22:11) and at Shiloh, where the Tabernacle was set up. Some, however, suppose that Ahimelech was the brother of Ahijah, and that they both officiated as high priests, Ahijah at Gibeah or Kirjath-jearim, and Ahimelech at Nob.
  7. Father of King Baasha of Israel

Ahikam

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Ahikam (Hebrew אחיקם, "My brother has risen") was one of the five whom, according to the Hebrew Bible, Josiah sent to consult the prophetess Huldah in connection with the discovery of the book of the law.[64]

Ahilud

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Ahilud is the father of Jehoshaphat, who serves as court recorder to David (2 Samuel 8:16) and Solomon (1 Kings 4:3). In 1 Kings 4:12, Ahilud is the father of Baana, an official in Solomon's court sent to gather provisions in Taanach and Megiddo, and Beth Shan.

Ahimaaz

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Ahimaaz was the name of 2 or 1 biblical individuals.

Ahiman

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Ahiman is the name of 2 biblical individuals.

  • One of the three giant Anakim brothers whom Caleb and the spies saw in Mount Hebron (Numbers 13:22) when they went in to explore the land. They were afterwards driven out and slain (Joshua 15:14; Judges 1:10).
  • One of the guardians of the temple after the exile. (1 Chronicles 9:17)

Ahimelech

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Ahimelech is the name of 1 minor biblical individual which is referred in 1 Samuel 26:6 as a Hittite, and a companion and friend of David, when he was hiding from Saul in the wilderness.

Ahimoth

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See Mahath

Ahinadab

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Ahinadab (Hebrew: אחינדב Akhinadav "my brother Is noble" or "my brother has devoted himself"),[65] son of Iddo, is one of the twelve commissariat officers appointed by Solomon to districts of his kingdom to raise supplies by monthly rotation for his household. He was appointed to the district of Mahanaim (1 Kings 4:14), east of Jordan.

Ahinoam

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There are two references in the Bible to people; who bear that name;

  • A daughter of Ahimaaz; who became a wife of Saul[66] and the mother of his four sons and two daughters, one of whom is Michal, David's first wife.
  • A woman from Jezreel, who became David's second wife, after he fled from Saul, leaving Michal, his first wife, behind,[67] and the mother of Amnon, David's first-born.[68]

Ahio

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Ahio is the name of 3 biblical individuals.

Ahira

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Ahira was the leader of the tribe of Naphtali mentioned in recording of the census, and was the "hereditary" prince of his tribe who made tribal sacrifices to Yahweh, and commander of his tribe in the march. (Numbers 1:15; 2:29; 7:78,83; 10:27)

Ahiram

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Ahiram was a son of Benjamin according to Numbers 26:38.

Ahisamach

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Ahisamach or Ahisamakh, also Ahis'amach (Hebrew: אחיסמך "brother of support"), of the tribe of Dan, was the father of Aholiab according to Exodus 31:6, Exodus 35:34, and Exodus 38:23.

Ahishahar

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Ahishahar is the name given to a third-generation descendant of Benjamin (the eponymous forefather of the Tribe of Benjamin) in 1 Chronicles 7:10. This figure is mentioned nowhere else in the Hebrew Bible.[69]

Ahishar

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Ahishar (אחישר in Hebrew; meaning Brother of song, or singer), the officer who was "over the household" of Solomon (1 Kings 4:6).

Ahitub

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Ahitub is the name of several minor biblical figures:

  1. Ahitub, son of Phinehas, grandson of Eli, and brother of Ichabod. (1 Samuel 14:3,22:9–20, 1 Chronicles 9:11)
  2. Ahitub, son of Amariah and father of Zadok. (2 Samuel 8:15–17)
  3. Ahitub, a descendant through the priestly line of the first Zadok. He was an ancestor of later high priests who served during the fall of Jerusalem and after the exile. (2 Chronicles 6:11–12)
  4. Ahitub, a Benjamite. (1 Chronicles 8:11)

Ahlai

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Ahlai is a name given to two individuals in the Books of Chronicles. In the opinion of Thomas Kelly Cheyne, the name is probably derived from "Ahiel" or a similar name.[70]

Ahoah

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Ahoah was the son of Bela son of Benjamin. (1 Chronicles 8:4)

Aholibamah

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Aholibamah was the name of 2 biblical individuals.

  • Was the daughter of Anah and granddaughter of Zibeon the Hivite,[71] son of Seir the Horite.[72] She was one of two Canaanite women who married Esau, the son of Isaac, when he was in his forties. Isaac and his wife Rebecca, however, were greatly opposed to this union.[73] So, according to some Biblical scholars, Esau changed her name to the Hebrew name "Judith", as to pacify his parents.[74]
  • A duke of Edom. (Genesis 36:41)

Ahumai

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Ahumai was the son of Shobal or Jabath of the Tribe of Judah. He was head of one of the families of the Zorahites. (1 Chronicles 4:2)

Ahuzam

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See Ahuzzam

Ahuzath

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See Ahuzzath

Ahuzzah

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See Ahuzzath

Ahuzzam

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Ahuzzam or Ahuzam is the name of one of the sons of "Asshur, the father of Tekoa," in a genealogy describing the desceandants of the Tribe of Judah.[75] He is mentioned only in 1 Chronicles 4:6.[76]

Ahuzzath

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Ahuzzath or Ahuzzah[77] is the name given to an associate of Abimelech, king of Gerar, in Genesis 26:26. According to the Book of Genesis, Ahuzzath accompanied Abimelech when Abimelech went to make a treaty with Isaac. He is mentioned nowhere else in the Hebrew Bible.[78]

Ahzai

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Ahzai (KJV Ahasai) is a name which appears only in Nehemiah 11:13, where it is mentioned in passing.[79] The verse refers to a priest, called "Amashsai son of Azarel son of Ahzai son of Meshillemoth son of Immer." In the parallel name in 1 Chronicles 9:12, the name "Jahzerah" replaces "Ahzai."[79]

Aiah

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Aiah (איה "Falcon") was the father of Rizpah, mentioned in 2 Samuel 3:7

Ajah

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In Genesis 36:24 and 1 Chronicles 1:40, Ajah [איה] is a son of Zibeon. Ajah means hawk. Alternative spelling: Aiah.

Akan

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In Genesis 36:27 Akan is a son of Ezer and grandson of Seir the Horite. In 1 Chronicles 1:42 he is called Jaakan.

Akkub

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Akkub was the name of 3 or 4 biblical individuals.

Alameth

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Alameth is one of the sons of Becher the son of Benjamin. (1 Chronicles 7:8)

Alemeth

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Alemeth was the son of Jarah and the father of Azmaveth mentioned in 1 Chronicles 9:42.

Allon

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In 1 Chronicles 4:37, Allon is the son of Jedaiah, of the family of the Simeonites, who expelled the Hamites from the valley of Gedor.

Almodad

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Almodad is one of the sons of Joktan according to Genesis 10:26 and 1 Chronicles 1:20. While the Bible has no further history regarding Almodad, this patriarch is considered to be the founder of an Arabian tribe in "Arabia Felix".[80] This is based on the identification of Joktan's other sons, such as Sheba and Havilah, who are both identified as coming from that region.[81]

Alvah

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In Genesis 36:40, Alvah is a chief of Edom and a descendant of Esau. In 1 Chronicles 1:51 he is called Aliah.

Alvan

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In Genesis 36:23, Alvan is the eldest son of Shobal and a descendant of Seir the Horite. In 1 Chronicles 1:40 he is called Alian.

Amal

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Amal was the son of Helem of the tribe of Asher. (1 Chronicles 7:35)

Amariah

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Amariah is the name of 8 or 9 biblical figures.

Amasa

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In 2 Chr 28:1–4, Amasa is the son of Hadlai, and one of the leaders of Ephraim (2 Chr 28:12) during the reign of the most wicked King Ahaz.

Amasai

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Amasai was the name of 3 or 4 biblical figures.

Amashai

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See Amashsai

Amashsai

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Amashsai (Amashai in the King James Version) son of Azareel, was appointed by Nehemiah to reside at Jerusalem and do the work of the temple. He merits only one mention in the whole Bible, in Nehemiah 11:13.

Amasiah

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In 2 Chronicles 17:16, Amasiah (meaning burden of Jehovah) was the son of Zichri, a captain under King Jehoshaphat.

Amaziah

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Amaziah is the name of 3 minor biblical figures.

  • In Amos 7:10, Amaziah is a priest of Bethel who confronts Amos and rejects his prophesying against king Jeroboam II. As a result, Amos is led to prophesy the doom of Amaziah's family, the loss of his land and his death in exile. Jonathan Magonet has described Amaziah as 'a spiritual leader who believed in his own power and could not risk hearing the word of God'.[82]
  • A son of Hilkiah of the descendants of Ethan the Merarite (1 Chronicles 6:45).
  • The father of Joshah, the chief of the Simeonites in the time of Hezekiah (1 Chronicles 4:34).

See Amon

Aminadab

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See Amminadab

Amittai

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The father of Jonah the prophet, and a native of Gath-hepher (2 Kings 14:25; Jonah 1:1). Mentioned in Islam by Muhammad. When Muhammad was returning from preaching in Ta'if and decided to take shelter in the garden of two leaders, Addas, a lowly servant boy, was sent to offer grapes to Muhammad. When Addas came, Muhammad asked which land he came from. Addas replied he was from Nineveh. Upon receiving this answer, Muhammad exclaimed "The town of Jonah, son of Amittai!" Overjoyed, Muhammad then told Addas how Jonah and he (Muhammad) were prophetic brothers.

Ammiel

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Ammiel was the name of 4 biblical individuals.

Ammihud

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Ammihud may refer to a quantity of 5 people in the Hebrew Bible:

Amminadab

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Amminadab was the name of 3 biblical individuals.

Amminadib

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A person mentioned in the Old Testament in Song of Solomon 6:12, whose chariots were famed for their swiftness. It is rendered in the margin "my willing people," and in the Revised Version "my princely people."

Ammishaddai

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In the Book of Numbers, Ammishaddai (Hebrew: עַמִּישַׁדָּי ‘Ammīšadāy "people of the Almighty") was the father of Ahiezer, who was chief of the Tribe of Dan at the time of the Exodus (Numbers 1:12; 2:25).

This is one of the few names compounded with the name of God, Shaddai.

Ammizabad

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Ammizabad was the son of Benaiah, who was the third and chief captain of the host under David (1 Chronicles 27:6).

Amnon

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Amnon was one of the sons of Shammai, of the children of Ezra. (1 Chronicles 4:20)

Amok

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Amok was a chief priest who came to Jerusalem with Zerubbabel and the ancestor of Eber who was priest in the day of Joiakim. (Nehemiah 12:7,20)

Amon

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Amon was the name of 3 minor biblical individuals.

Amoz

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Amoz /ˈmɒz/ (Hebrew: אָמוֹץ, Modern: ʼAmōṣ, Tiberian: ʼĀmōṣ), also known as Amotz,[84] was the father of the prophet Isaiah, mentioned in Isaiah 1:1; 2:1 and 13:1, and in 2 Kings 19:2, 20; 20:1. The word "amoz" means strong

In Rabbinical Tradition, there is a Talmudic tradition that when the name of a prophet's father is given, the father was also a prophet, so that Amoz would have been a prophet like his son. The rabbis of the Talmud declared, based upon a rabbinic tradition, that Amoz was the brother of Amaziah (אמציה), the king of Judah at that time (and, as a result, that Isaiah himself was a member of the royal family). According to some traditions, Amoz is the "man of God" in 2 Chronicles 25:7–9 (Seder Olam Rabbah 20), who cautioned Amaziah to release the Israelite mercenaries that he had hired.

Amram

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Amram is minor individual who was one of the sons of Bani that married a foreign wife in Ezra 10:34.

Amzi

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Amzi ('am-tsee') is a masculine Hebrew name meaning "my strength" or "strong." Two individuals with this name are mentioned in the Bible:

Anah

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In the Book of Genesis, there are two men and one woman named Anah.

Anaiah

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Anaiah, a name meaning "Yahweh has answered," appears only twice in the Hebrew Bible, with both appearances in Nehemiah.[85]

  • Ezra, a Jewish reformer, standing up to give a speech, with thirteen other people standing beside him. Anaiah is listed as one of those standing by.[86]
  • The second appearance of the name is in a list of people who signed a covenant between God and the Jewish people.[87]

Anak

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Anak was the father of Ahiman, Sheshai, and Talmai in Numbers 13:22

Anamim

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Anamim (Hebrew: עֲנָמִים, ‘Ănāmīm) is, according to the Bible, either a son of Ham's son Mizraim or the name of a people descending from him. Biblical scholar Donald E. Gowan describes their identity as "completely unknown."[88]

The name should perhaps be attached to a people in North Africa, probably in the surrounding area of Egypt. Medieval biblical exegete, Saadia Gaon, identified the Anamim with the indigenous people of Alexandria, in Egypt.[89]

Anan

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Anan was one of the Israelites who sealed the covenant after the return from Babylon[90] (Nehemiah 10:26). While "Anan" (which means "Cloud") never became a very common name, a much later person so named – Anan Ben David (c. 715 – c. 795) is widely considered to be a major founder of the Karaite movement of Judaism.

Anani

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Anani is a name which appears in a genealogy in Chronicles.[91] It refers to a descendant of Zerubbabel. According to the Masoretic Text Anani was born six generations after Zerubbabel. For scholars, this six-generation span after Zerubbabel is the terminus a quo for the date of Chronicles—it implies that Chronicles could not have been written earlier than about 400 BCE.[92] In the Septuagint, Anani is listed as eleven generations removed from Zerubbabel. For scholars who believe that the Septuagint reading for Anani's genealogy is correct, this places the earliest possible date for the writing of Chronicles at about 300 BCE.[92]

Ananiah

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Ananiah was the father of Maaseiah the father of Azariah was mentioned in the Book of Nehemiah specifically Nehemiah 3:23.

Anath

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Anath, being described in the Hebrew Bible, was the father of Shamgar, a judge of Israel who slew the Philistines with just using an ox goad. He is mentioned Judges 3:31 and 5:6.

Anathoth

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Anathoth was the son of Becher the son of Benjamin in 1 Chronicles 7:8.

Aner

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Aner (/ˈnər/; Hebrew: עָנֵר ‘Ānêr ) refers, in the Hebrew Bible, to one of three Amorite confederates of Abram in the Hebron area, who joined his forces with those of Abraham in pursuit of Chedorlaomer (Gen. 14:13, 24).

Aniam

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Aniam according to 1 Chronicles 7:19, was one of the sons of Shemida, a Manassehite.

Antothijah

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See Anthothijah

Anthothijah

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Anthothijah is a name which appears only once in the Hebrew Bible, in a genealogical section listing descendants of Benjamin.[93][94] It is most likely an adjective used to describe a female person from the town of Anathoth.[94] Manuscripts of the Greek Septuagint give the name as Anothaith, Anathothia, Athein, or Anathotha.[94]

Anub

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Anub a'-nub (`anubh, "ripe") was the son of Hakkoz or Coz (1 Chronicles 4:8).

Aphiah

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Aphiah, of the tribe of Benjamin, was an ancestor of King Saul and of his commander Abner. According to Saul, his family was the least of the tribe of Benjamin.[95] A son of Shchorim, the son of Uzziel (descendant of Gera, son of Benjamin) and Matri (ancestor of Matrites and descendant of Belah, son of Benjamin).[citation needed]

Aphses

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See Happizzez

Appaim

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Appaim is a minor figure who appears in 1 Chronicles 2:30 and 31. He appears briefly in a genealogy of Jerahmeelites, in which he is the father Ishi, son of Appaim, son of Nadab, son of Shammai, son of Onam, son of Jerahmeel. In manuscripts of the Septuagint, he is called Ephraim, Aphphaim, or Opheim.[96]

Ara was one of the sons of Jether of the tribe of Asher (1 Chronicles 7:38).

Arad

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Arad was one of the sons of Beriah (1 Chronicles 8:15).

Arah

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Arah is the name of two minor biblical figures. The name may mean "wayfarer."[97]

Aram

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Aram is the name of 3 biblical individuals.

Aran

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Aran is a Horite, the son of Dishan and brother of Uz (Genesis 36;28; 1 Chronicles 1:42).

Araunah

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Araunah (Hebrew: אֲרַוְנָהʾǍrawnā) was a Jebusite mentioned in the Second Book of Samuel, who owned the threshing floor on Mount Moriah which David purchased and used as the site for assembling an altar to God. The First Book of Chronicles, a later text, renders his name as Ornan (אָרְנָןʾOrnān).

Arba

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Arba (Hebrew: ארבע - literally "Four") was a man mentioned in the Book of Joshua. In Joshua 14:15, he is called the "greatest man among the Anakites." Joshua 15:13 says that Arba was the father of Anak.

Ard (Hebrew ארד) was the tenth son of Benjamin in Genesis 46:21. It is relatively unusual among Hebrew names for ending in a cluster of two consonants instead of as a segholate.

He is either directly or more remotely a son of Benjamin. Numbers 26:38-40 mentions five sons of Benjamin, together with Ard and Naaman, the sons of Bela, Benjamin's oldest son, counting all seven as ancestors of Benjamite families. In 1 Chronicles 8:1-3 Addar and Naaman are mentioned, with others, as sons of Bela, Addar and Ard being apparently the same name with the consonants transposed. In Genesis 46:21 ten sons of Benjamin are counted, including at least the three grandsons, Ard and Naaman and Gera.[101]

Ardon

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Ardon (ארדון "Bronze") a son of Caleb by Jerioth, 1st Chronicles 2:18

Areli

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Areli was a son of Gad according to Genesis 46:16 and Numbers 26:17. He was one of the 70 souls to migrate to Egypt with Jacob.

Argob

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Argob was one of the men who came with Pekah to smite King Pekahiah mentioned in 1 Kings 15:25.

Aridai

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Aridai was one of the children of Haman, all of their relatives were slain by the Jews and destroyed five hundred men.[102]

Aridatha

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Aridatha was a child of Haman executed by the Jews along with his siblings.[102]

Arieh

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Arieh was the name of one of the officers of King Pekahiah of the house of Manahen when Pekah the son of Remaliah went against the king.

Ariel

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Ariel was one of the chief men sent by Ezra to procure Levites for the sanctuary according to Ezra 8:16.

Arioch

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Arioch was the name of 2 minor biblical individuals.

  • The king of Eliasar and served as an allie to king Chedorlaomer in his expedition in rebellious tributaries. The tablets recently discovered by Mr. Pinches show the true reading is Eri-Aku of Larsa. This Elamite name meant "servant of the moon-god." It was afterwards changed into Rimsin, "Have mercy, O moon-god."(Genesis 14:1)
  • The captain of Nebuchadnezzar's body-guard. (Daniel 2:4)

Arisai

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Arisai was one of the children of Haman in accordance to Nehemiah 9:9. The Jews would later slay them fearing for the rise of a new threat unto their people.[103]

Armoni

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Armoni was one of the two named sons of Saul by Rizpah. He was delivered by the Gibeonites by David and then hanged. (2 Samuel 21:8–9)

Arnan

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Arnan was a descendant of David, father of Obadiah, and son of Rephaiah.

Arod

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See Arodi

Arodi

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Arodi or Arod was a son of Gad according to Genesis 46:16 and Numbers 26:17. He was one of the 70 souls to migrate to Egypt with Jacob.

Arza

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Arza Ar'za (Heb. Artsa', אִרצָא, an Aramaean form, the earth; Sept. ᾿Ωρσά v. r. Α᾿ρσᾶ) was a steward or prefect of the palace at Tirzah to Elah king of Israel, whom Zimri assassinated at his banquet. (1 Kings 16:9) The text is not quite clear, and Arza might have been a servant of Zimri.

Asa, not to be confused with King Asa, was a son of Elkanah a Levite, who dwelt in one of the villages of the Netophathites. (1 Chronicles 9:16)

Asahel

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Asahel was the name of 3 minor biblical individuals.

Asahiah

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See Asaiah

Asaiah

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Asaiah was the name of 4 biblical individuals.

Asaph

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Asaph is the name of 3 minor biblical individuals.

  • One of the Levites who led the choir (1 Chronicles 6:39) and the 50th chapter of Psalms is attributed to him. He is mentioned along with David as skilled in music, and a "seer" (2 Chronicles 29:30). His so-called 'sons' mentioned in 1 Chronicles 20:14 and Ezra 2:41 were probably his descendants that were poets and musicians who looked upon him as their leader.
  • Hezekiah's recorder (2 Kings 18:18,37).
  • The "keeper of the king's forest," to whom Nehemiah willed from Artaxerxes a letter that he may give him timber at the temple in Jerusalem (Nehemiah 2:8).

Asareel

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Asareel, according to a genealogical passages in the Book of Chronicles, was the son of a figure named Jehaleleel or Jehallelel.[104] Asareel and Jehaleleel are mentioned only briefly, in a section of the genealogies adjacent to the descendants of Caleb, although the relationship between them and the descendants of Caleb is uncertain.[105][106]

Asarelah

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Asarelah, Asharelah or Jesharelah is one of the sons of Asaph, a musician. (1 Chronicles 25:2)

Asharelah

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See Asarelah

Ashbel

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Ashbel (Hebrew, אשבל) is the third of the ten sons of Benjamin named in Genesis. He founded the tribe of Ashbelites.[107]

Ashpenaz

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Ashpenaz was the chief of the eunuchs serving King Nebuchadnezzar, named in Daniel 1:3 and subsequently referred to later in Daniel 1 simply as "the chief of the eunuchs", who selected Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael and Azariah, sons of the Jewish royal family and nobility, to be taken to Babylon to learn the language and literature of the Chaldeans. It was Ashpenaz who gave Daniel and his companions the names Belteshazzar, Shadrach, Meshach and Abed-Nego.

Ashriel

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See Asriel

Ashur

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Ashur was the posthumous son of Hezron by his wife Abiah. He became the father or 'founder' of the town, Tekoa. (1 Chronicles 2:24; 4:5)

Ashvath

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Ashvath was of the tribe of Asher, of the family of Japhlet. (1 Chronicles 7:33)

Asiel

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Asiel is listed as one of the descendants of Simeon in 1 Chronicles 4:35. In the deuterocanonical Tobit 1:1, Tobit's family are descendants of Asiel, of the tribe of Naphtali.

Asnah

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Asnah was mentioned as the people of the province who came up from the captivity of the exiles, whom Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon had taken captive to Babylon as temple servants. His descendants were among the Nethinim. (Ezra 2:50)

Aspatha

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Aspatha was one of the ten sons of Haman executed by the Jews. (Esther 9:7)

Asriel

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Asriel was a son of Manasseh according to Numbers 26:31, Joshua 17:2, and 1 Chronicles 7:14.

Asshur

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Asshur or Ashur was the son of Shem. He went from the land of Shinar and built Nineveh. He probably gave his name to Assyria, which is the usual translation of the word, although the form Asshur is sometimes retained. (Genesis 10:11–12, 22; 1 Chronicles 1:17)

Asshurim

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Asshurim is mentioned in Genesis 25:3, as one of the sons of Dedan. It is likely that this was the term that refers to the descendants of Dedan. Specific identification is not possible, but some north Arabian tribe is probably meant. They should not be confused, however, with the Assyrians who were descendants of Shem's son Asshur.[108]

Assir

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There are 2 biblical individuals named Assir:

  • A son of Korah of the house of Levi according to Exodus 6:24, born in Egypt. It was also the firstborn son of Jehoiachin, King of Judah. Perhaps there is enough ambiguity here to assume that "Assir" is actually an adjective. The text is too vague to be certain... i.e. 1 Chronicles 3:17. Jehoiachin was the last free king of Judah before being led off to captivity... "prisoner" could be a more descriptive use of "Assir" as opposed to the name of a son. Maybe. According to 1 Chronicles 6 he was the son of Abiasaph instead of being the son of Korah.
  • The firstborn of King Jehoiachin from the tribe of Judah. He is mentioned briefly in 1 Chronicles 3:17 at the time of the Babylonian exile in 587/6 BC.

Atarah

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Atarah was the wife of Jerahmeel the son of Hezron according to 1 Chronicles 2:26, and was the mother of Onam, and the step-mother of Jerahmeel's firstborns.

Ater

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Ater was the name of 2 or possibly 1 biblical individual in the time of the Babylonian exile.

  • The head of his 98 descendants who came with Zerubbabel from Babylon. (Ezra 2:16; Nehemiah 7:21) The King James Version translates his name as Ater of Hezekiah while the Revised Edition of 1 Esdras 5:15 has Ater of Ezekias, margin, "Ater of Hezekiah." the King James Version has "Aterezias."[109] The name also appears in (Ezra 2:42; (Nehemiah 7:45), possibly another Ater, but could be the same of number 1. Ater is further mentioned in Nehemiah 10:17, who signed the covenant of Nehemiah.

Athaiah

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Athaiah the son of Uzziah is a person listed in Nehemiah as a Judahite inhabitant of Jerusalem.[110] The meaning of the name is uncertain.[111]

Athaliah

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Athaliah was the name of 2 minor biblical individuals.

Athlai

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Athlai, a descendant of Bebai, is listed in the book of Ezra[112] as one of the men who married foreign women. The name is a contraction of "Athaliah."[113] In the equivalent list in 1 Esdras,[114] the name "Amatheis" or "Ematheis" appears in the same place.[113]

Attai

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Attai was the name of 2 biblical individuals:

  • The son of Jarha and one of the daughters of Sheshan who had no sons but had daughters. He was the father of Nathan the Prophet mentioned in 1 Chronicles 2:36.
  • One of the sons of Maacah the daughter of Absalom mentioned in 2 Chronicles 11:20.

Azaliah

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Azaliah is mentioned in passing as the father of the scribe Shaphan in 2 Kings 22:3 and the copy of the same verse found in 2 Chronicles 34:8. The name means "Yahweh has reserved."[115]

Azaniah

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Azaniah is mentioned in passing in Nehemiah 10:9 (10 in some Bibles) as the name the father of Levite who signed the covenant of Nehemiah. The name means "Yahweh listened."[116]

Azarael

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See Azarel

Azarel

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Azarel (Hebrew: עֲזַרְאֵל), Azareel, or Azarael was the name of 6 biblical individuals found in the Hebrew Bible:

  • A Korahite individual who was one of the mighty men, helpers of the war who came to David to Ziklag. He along with other warriors were described as having armed with arrows. (1 Chronicles 12:6)
  • A musician who played in the temple (1 Chronicles 25:17)
  • The son of Jeroham and the leader over the Tribe of Dan of the hosts of David mentioned in 1 Chronicles 27:22
  • An individual who married "strange wives" (i.e. heathen women)[117] and the son of Bani according to Ezra 10:41.
  • The father of Amashai a priest after the exile and the son Ahzai in Nehemiah 11:13
  • An associate of the priest who played the trumpets in the procession when the walls were dedicated. (Nehemiah 12:36)

Azareel

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See Azarel

Azariah

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Azariah (Hebrew – עזריהו azaryahu "God Helped"). There are 20 minor biblical figures named Azariah

 
Uzziah getting driven out of the temple by the High Priest Azariah II by Paul Hardy.

Azaz

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Azaz was from the Tribe of Reuben. he was the father of Bela and son of Shema. (1 Chronicles 5:8)

Azaziah

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Azaziah was the name of 3 biblical individuals.

Azbuk

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Azbuk was the father of Nehemiah, the ruler of the half-district Beth Zur, and made repairs up to a point opposite the tombs of David, as far as the artificial pool and the House of the Heroes. (Nehemiah 3:16)

Azel

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Azel was the son of Eleasah and the father of 6 children: Azrikam, Bocheru, Ishmael, Sheariah, Obadiah and Hanan according to 1 Chronicles 9:43–44.

Azgad

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Azgad is the name of a Levite who signed Ezra's covenant.[122] The name means "Gad is strong."[123]

Aziel

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See Jaaziel.

Aziza

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Aziza was a layman who is from the family of Zattu that married a foreign wife. (Ezra 10:27) He is also called Zardeus in 1 Esdras 9:28.

Azmaveth

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Azmaveth was the name of 4 biblical individuals.

Azriel

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Azriel was the name of 3 biblical individuals.

Azrikam

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Azrikam was the name of 4 biblical individuals

Azubah

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Azubah was the name of 2 biblical individuals.

Azur

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See Azzur

Azzan

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Azzan (Hebrew עַזָּן "strong") was the father of Paltiel, a prince of the Tribe of Issachar. (Num. 34:26).

Azzur

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Azzur was the name of 3 biblical individuals named in the Hebrew Bible.

  • The father of the false prophet Hananiah, who disputes Jeremiah's prophecy. (Jeremiah 28:1) Hananiah's death was predicted by Jeremiah, and later, in 2 months the prediction was fulfilled. Also called Azur
  • One of the Israelites who signed Nehemiah's covenant in Nehemiah 10:17.
  • The father of Jaazeniah, one of the princes who gave a wicked counsel to the city of Jerusalem. (Ezekiel 11:1) His name may also be translated as Azur in the King James Version.

Baal

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Baal (Hebrew: בַּעַל baal) was the name of 2 minor biblical individuals.

Baal-hanan

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Baal-hanan was the name of 2 biblical individuals.

His native city is not given. For this and other reasons, Joseph Marqaurt supposes that "son of Achbor" is a duplicate of "son of Beor" in Genesis 36:2, and that "Baal-hanan" in the original manuscripts is given as the name of the father of the next king, Hadar.[124]

  • A gardener of "the olive trees and sycomore trees in the low plains" in the service of David. Of the city of Geder. (1 Chronicles 27:28)

Baana

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Baana was the name of 3 or 2 biblical figures:

Baanah

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(Hebrew: בַעֲנָא)

Baara

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Baara was one of the three wives of Shaharaim, according to 1 Chronicles 8:8.

Baaseiah

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Baaseiah (Hebrew:באשעיה Meaning: the Lord is bold) was a Gershonite Levite as the son of Michael and the father of Malkijah according 1 Chronicles 6:25. He was also an ancestor of Asaph the seer or poet.

Bakbakkar

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Bakbakkar, according to the Hebrew Bible, was a Levite dwelling in the villages of the Netophathites, and later carried captive into Babylon. (1 Chronicles 9:15) He is also one of the descendants of Asaph.

Bakbuk

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Bakbuk (meaning: "bottle" perhaps onomatopoetic), was the ancestor of the children of Bakbuk who were among the Nethinim and returned from Babylon (Ezra 2:51; Nehemiah 7:53).

Bakbukiah

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Bakbukiah was the name of 2 biblical figures.

Bakkuk

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See Bakbuk

Bani

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Bani was the name of 16 individuals in the Hebrew Bible.

Barachel

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Barachel was a Buzite, and was the father of Elihu, an antagonist of Job, according to Job 32:2.

Bariah

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Bariah was a descendant of the royal family of Judah, being one of the three sons of Shemaiah (1 Chronicles 3:22).

Barkos

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Barkos was a painter who was the father of some of the Nethinim, according to Ezra 2:53.

Baruch

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Baruch was the name of 3 minor biblical individuals.

Barzillai

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Barzillai [ברזלי "Iron-like"] was the name of 2 biblical individuals.

  • The Gileadite of Rogelim was 80 years old at the time of Absalom's revolt against King David. Barzillai supplied provisions for David's army at Mahanaim (2 Samuel 17:27–29). After the death of Absalom, being an old man, he was unable to accompany the king back to Jerusalem, but brought Chimham to David for the return journey (2 Samuel 19:31–37).
  • Another figure who married one of Barzillai's daughters was called Barzellai as a result (Ezra 2:61; Nehemiah 7:63). In 1 Esdras 5:38, he is called Zorzelleus.

Basemath

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Hebrew: Sweet-smelling or Sweet-smile

  1. Basemath, wife of Esau, and daughter of Elon the Hittite (Genesis 26:34). She is thought to be identical to or a sister to Adah who is mentioned in Genesis 36.[125]
  2. Basemath, another wife of Esau, daughter of Ishmael, sister to Nebajoth and mother of Reuel (Genesis 36:3). She is thought by some scholars to be the same as Mahalath of Genesis 28.
  3. Basemath, the daughter of Solomon; a wife of Ahimaaz. (1 Kings 4:15)

Bavai

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Bavai (bawway; Septuagint Codex Alexandrinus, Benei; Codex Vaticanus, Bedei; the King James Version Bavai, "wisher"), was mentioned as one of those who helped rebuilt the wall of Jerusalem.[126]

Bazlith

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Bazlith or Bazluth was the ancestor whose descendants were among the Nethinim, and returned with Zerubbabel (Nehemiah 7:54; Ezra 2:52)

Bazluth

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See Bazlith[127]

Bealiah

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Bealiah (בְּעַלְיָה, Be‘alyah) or Baalyah, a Benjamite, was one of David's thirty heroes who went to Ziklag, mentioned in 1 Chronicles 12:5. The name derives from Baal and Jah, and according to the International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915) means "Yahweh is Lord."[128]

Bebai

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Bebai was the name of 3 biblical individuals.

Becher

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Becher was the name of two individuals mentioned in the Bible:

Bechorath

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Becorath, son of Aphiah, of the tribe of Benjamin, was an ancestor of King Saul and of his commander Abner. According to Saul, his family was the least of the tribe of Benjamin. (1 Samuel 9)

Becorath

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See Bechorath

Bedad

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Bedad was the father of Hadad of Edom, (Genesis 36:35). In 1 Chronicles 1:46, either he, his son or both defeated the Midianites in Moab and their city was named Avith.

Bedan

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Bedan was the name of 2 biblical figures.

Bedeiah

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Bedeiah is a descendant of Bani who married a foreign wife (Ezra 10:35).

Beera

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Beera was a son of Zophah and from the tribe of Asher (1 Chronicles 7:37).

Beerah

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Beerah was one of the princes of Reuben whom Tiglath-Pileser III carried away (1 Chronicles 5:6). he was the son of Baal.

Beeri

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Beeri was the name of 2 biblical individuals.

  • The father of the prophet Hosea (Hosea 1:1). Jewish tradition says that he only uttered a few words of prophecy, and as they were insufficient to be embodied in a book by themselves, they were incorporated in the Book of Isaiah, viz., verses 19 and 20 of the 8th chapter. As such, Beeri is considered a prophet in Judaism.[130]
  • The father of Judith wife of Esau (Genesis 26:34).

Beker

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See Becher.

Bela

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Hebrew: בלע BeLa' "Crooked"

Bela was the name of three individuals mentioned in the Bible:

Belah

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See Bela

See Jaaziel

Ben Abinadab

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Ben Abinadab (Hebrew בנ אבינדב BeN ,'aḄYNaDaḄ "My Father is Liberal"), was one of King Solomon's twelve regional administrators; he was over Dor, and he was married to Taphath, a daughter of Solomon. 1 Kings 4:11 (RSV).

Ben-Ammi

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Ben-Ammi (Hebrew בן־עמי for "son of my people"[131]) was the son of Lot and his youngest daughter. He became the father of the Ammonites (see Genesis 19:36–38).

Ben Deker

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Ben Dekar (Hebrew בנ דקר BeN DeQeR "Son of Pick"), was one of King Solomon's twelve regional administrators; he was over Makaz, Shaalbim, Beth-shemesh, and Elon-beth-hanan. 1 Kings 4:9 (RSV).

Ben Geber

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Ben Geber (Hebrew בנ גבר BeN GeḄeR "Son of He-Man"), was one of King Solomon's twelve regional administrators; he was responsible for Ramoth-Gilead and Argob (1 Kings 4:13).

Ben-hail

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Ben-hail (Hebrew: Ben-Cha'yil, בֶּןאּחִיַל, son of strength, i.e. warrior; Sept. translates οἱ υἱοὶ τῶν δυνατῶν), was one of the princes sent by king Jehoshaphat throughout the Kingdom of Judah, as to fulfill the king's reformation.

Ben-hanan

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Ben-hanan was the son of Shimon in the line of Judah (1 Chronicles 4:20).

Ben Hesed

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Ben Hesed (Hebrew בנ חסד ben hesed "Son of Grace"), was one of King Solomon's twelve regional administrators; he was over Aruboth, Sochoh, and Hepher. 1 Kings 4:10 (RSV).

Ben Hur

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Ben Hur (Hebrew בנ חור Ben Hur "Son of Hur") was one of King Solomon's twelve regional administrators; he was over Ephraim. 1 Kings 4:8 (RSV).

Ben-Zoheth

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Ben-Zoheth was a descendant of Judah being a descendant of Ishi (1 Chronicles 4:20).

Benaiah

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Benaiah was the name of 12 minor biblical individuals.

Beninu

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Beninu was a Levite who sealed the covenant with Nehemiah (Nehemiah 10:13–14).

Benjamin

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Benjamin was the name of 2 minor biblical individuals.

  • A Benjamite being the son of Bilhan, and the head of the family of warriors (1 Chronicles 7:10).
  • One of the sons of Harim, who married a foreign wife (Ezra 10:32).

Beno

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Beno was the son of Merari and from Jaaziah 1 Chronicles 24:26–27.

Beor

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Beor was the name of 2 biblical figures.

Berachah

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Berachah was one of the Benjamite warriors who joined David in Ziklag (1 Chronicles 12:3).

Beraiah

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Beraiah was the son of Shimhi, chief man of Benjamin (1 Chronicles 8:21).

Berechiah

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Berechiah was the name of 7 biblical figures.

Beriah

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Beriah is the name of four different biblical individuals:

  • One of Asher's four sons, and father of Heber and Malchiel.[133]
  • A son of Ephraim (1 Chr. 7:20–23), born after the killing of Ephraim's sons Ezer and Elead, and so called by his father "because disaster had befallen his house."[134] He was the father of Rephah, the ancestor of Joshua son of Nun son of Elishama.
  • A Benjamite, son of Elpaal. He and his brother Shema expelled the Gittites, and were patriarchs to the inhabitants of Ajalon. His sons were Michael, Ishpah and Joha. (1 Chr. 8:13)
  • A Levite, the son of Shimei. He was jointly patriarch of a clan with his brother Jeush. (1 Chr. 23:10–11)

Bered

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Bered was the son of Shulethah, being the grandson of Ephraim (1 Chronicles 7:20).

Beri

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Beri was the son of Zophah of the tribe of Asher (1 Chronicles 7:36).

Besai

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Besai was the ancestor of the Nethinim who returned with Zerubbabel to Jerusalem (Ezra 2:49; Nehemiah 7:52).

Besodeiah

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Besodeiah was the father of another Meshullam, who was another builder (Nehemiah 3:6).

Beth-rapha

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Beth-rapha was a descendant of Judah being the son of Eshton (1 Chronicles 4:12).

Bethuel

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Bethuel was the youngest son of Nahor and Milcah. Nephew of Abraham and father of Rebecca and Laban (Genesis 22:21–23).

Beth Zur

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Beth Zur is mentioned in (1 Chr. 2:45) as the son of Maon the son of Shammai. He is also a Jerahmeelite.

Bezai

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Bezai was the name of 2 biblical individuals.

Bezalel

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Bezalel was an architect who constructed the ark in connection with the tabernacle in the wilderness, he was engaged principally in works of metal, wood, and stone; while Aholiab, who was associated with him and subordinate to him, had the charge of the textile fabrics (Exodus 31:2; 35:30; 36:1–2; 38:22).

Bezaleel

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Bezaleel was one of the descendants of Pahath-Moab guilty of intermarriage (Ezra 10:30).

Bezer

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Bezer was from the tribe of Asher being the son of Zophah (1 Chronicles 7:37).

Bichri

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Bichri was a Benjamite being the father of Sheba who led an insurrection against king David; whom Joab and his army pursued and lob his head over the town's wall (2 Samuel 20:1).

Bidkar

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Bidkar (Hebrew: בדקר) was an officer of the Israelite king Jehu. Jehu ordered Bidkar to throw the body of the king he usurped, Jehoram, into the field of Naboth, fulfilling prophecy. 2 Kings 9:25

Bigtha

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See Biztha

Bigthana

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Bigthana (Hebrew: בִּגְתָן, בִּגְתָנָא Bīgṯān, Bīgṯānāʾ) was a eunuch of king Ahasuerus who in the Greek Septuagint translation of the Bible, they were known as Gabatha (Koine Greek: Γαβαθά καὶ Θαρρα). Bigthan's name is also spelled "Bigtan" or "Bigthana". It is a Persian name which means "Gift of God".[135] He and Theresh were planning to kill the king whom Mordecai warned Ahasuerus of.

Bigvai

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The name Bigvai occurs several times in Ezra-Nehemiah (Ezra 2:2, 14, 8:14, Nehemiah 7:7, 19 and 10:16).[136] That refers to 3 people. In the last of these he is one of the "leaders of the people".[137] By 408 B.C. the Elephantine papyri show that Sanballat was the governor of Samaria, and Bigvai the governor of Jerusalem but Wright says that "it is not suggested that any of these [referred to in Ezra-Nehemiah] is the man who later became governor.[136]

Bilgah

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Bilgah was allocated the fifteenth division of priestly service when lots were drawn in 1 Chronicles 24.

Bilhan

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Bilhan was the name of 2 biblical individuals.

Bilshan

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Bilshan, one of the important men who came with Zerubbabel from Babylon. (Ezra 2:2;Nehemiah 8:7) In 1 Esdras 5:8 he is called Beelsarus. According to Rabbinical Literature, the name Bilshan is improper, but a surname to the preceding name Mordecai. The latter was given this epithet because of his linguistic attainments.[138]

Bimhal

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Bimhal was one of the sons of Japhlet in the tribe of Asher (1 Chronicles 7:33).

Binea

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Binea was the son of Moza and the father of Rephaiah or Rapha. He is mentioned in two passages: 1 Chronicles 8:37 and 1 Chronicles 9:43.

Binnui

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Binnui was the name of 4 biblical individuals.

  • A Levite, father of Noadiah and living in the time of Ezra (Ezra 8:33; Nehemiah 12:8).
  • One of the descendants of Pahath-Moab guilty of intermarriage and Balnuus of 1 Esdras 9:31 (Ezra 10:30). He was also called Bani who was also mentioned being intermarried (Ezra 10:38).
  • The son of Henadad who built the part of wall of Jerusalem; he also sealed the covenant with Nehemiah (Nehemiah 3:24; 10:9). He is identical with Bavvai son of Henadad mentioned in Nehemiah 3:18 which is either a corrupt version of Binnui. Or is a Levitical house which Bavvai was a chief. Nehemiah 10:9 supports this theory as Binnui is a leader and besides, the names in these verses are obviously of priests and Levites.
  • One of the heads who went with Zerubbabel (Nehemiah 7:15; Ezra 2:10).

Birsha

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Birsha is the king of Gomorrah in Genesis 14 who joins other Canaanite city kings in rebelling against Chedorlaomer.

Bishlam

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Bishlam was one of the three foreign colonists who wrote a complaint letter against the Jews to Artaxerxes (Ezra 4:7). The Septuagint renders Bishlam as en eirene, "in peace," as though it were a phrase rather than a proper name; this is clearly or possibly an error.

Biztha

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Biztha was the second of the seven eunuchs of Artaxerxes; it may be possible that the name is derived from the Persian besteh, "bound," hence, "eunuch" (Esther 1:10).

Bocheru

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Bocheru was one of the 6 sons of Azel. He is mentioned two times in the Hebrew Bible: 1 Chronicles 8:38 and 1 Chronicles 9:44.

Bohan

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Bohan was mentioned in Joshua 15:6; 18:17 as whose stone served as a boundary mark from Judah to Benjamin. He is neither mentioned in the lists of Reuben's sons. Some suggest he was the one who set that rock.[139]

Bukki

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Bukki was the name of 2 biblical individuals.

Bukkiah

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Bukkiah was a Kohathite Levite being one of the sons of Heman one of the musicians of the first temple (1 Chronicles 25:4,13).

Bunah

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Bunah is mentioned in 1 Chronicles 2:25 as a son of Jerahmeel.

Bunni

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Bunni was the name of 2 biblical individuals.

  • A Levite living in the time of described as "Standing on the stairs of the Levites were" (Nehemiah 9:4).
  • The father of Hashabiah whose descendant, Shemaiah the Levite inhabited the newly recovered city Jerusalem (Nehemiah 11:15).

Buz was the name of 2 biblical individuals.

Buzi

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Buzi (Hebrew: בּוּזִי, Būzī) was the father of Ezekiel and priest of Jerusalem (Ezekiel 1:3). Ezekiel, like Jeremiah, is said to have been a descendant of Joshua by his marriage with the proselyte Rahab (Talmud Meg. 14b; Midrash Sifre, Num. 78).

Calcol

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See Chalcol

Caleb

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This is about the Caleb mentioned only in 1 Chronicles 2:18. For the better-known Caleb son of Jephunneh, see Caleb.

Canaanitish Woman

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The Canaanitish Woman can refer to one unnamed biblical individual.

  • The mother of Shaul, son of Simeon. She was a Canaanite of Canaan whom Simeon was married to, it is unclear whether she was the mother of the other sons of Simeon (Genesis 46:10; Exodus 6:15).

Carkas

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Carkas or Carcas is one of the seven eunuchs whom Ahasuerus summoned to parade queen Vashti (Esther 1:10).

Carmi

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Carmi refers to two individuals mentioned in the Bible:

Carshena

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Carshena or Karshena is a name which appears in a list of high-ranking officials in the court of king Ahasuerus in Esther 1:14. It is derived from the Persian warkačīnā, meaning "wolfish".[140]

Chalcol

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Chalcol, the brother of Darda (Hebrew כלכל kalkol – the same consonants with different vowel points (kilkayl) mean "maintain") is listed in 1 Kings 4:31 as an example of a very wise man who is, nevertheless, not as wise as Solomon. Another person with the same Hebrew name (though spelled Calcol in the King James Version) is listed in 1 Chronicles as the son of Zerah, the son of Judah (son of Jacob).[141]

Chelal

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See Kelal.

Chelluh

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Chelluh, Cheluhi, or Cheluhu is the name given in Ezra 10:35 for one of the men who married foreign women.[142]

Chelub

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Two individuals by the name of Chelub are mentioned in the Hebrew Bible.

  • A descendant of Judah, called "brother of Shuhah" in 1 Chronicles 4:11, in a genealogical passage listing descendants of Judah. According to the Encyclopaedia Biblica (1899), this "Chelub" is the biblical figure better known as Caleb.[143]
  • An Ezri son of Chelub was an overseer of agricultural work in the time of king David according to 1 Chronicles 27:26.

Chelubai

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See #Caleb

Chesed

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See Kesed

Chenaanah

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Chenaanah is the name of two biblical figures.

  • In a genealogical section of Chronicles concerned with the Tribe of Benjamin, a Chenaanah son of Bilhan is mentioned.[144]
  • The false prophet Zedekiah is called "son of Chenaanah".[145]

Chenani

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Chenani was one of the men mentioned in Nehemiah 9:4, in connection with the constitution of "congregation." If the names represent houses or families, eight Levitical houses probably sang some well-known psalm on this occasion.

Chenaniah

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Chenaniah, according to Chronicles, was a Levite leader in the time of David.[146] The Hebrew text is unclear as to whether he was in charge of something to do with singing or with the carrying of the ark.[147]

Cheran

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Cheran or Keran was the son of Dishon the Horite (Genesis 36:26; 1 Chronicles 1:41).

Chileab

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Chileab (Hebrew: כִלְאָב, Ḵīləʾāḇ) also known as Daniel, was the second son of David, King of Israel, according to the Bible. He was David's son with his third wife Abigail, widow of Nabal the Carmelite, and is mentioned in 1 Chronicles 3:1, and 2 Samuel 3:3. Unlike the other of David's three elder sons, Amnon, Absalom, and Adonijah who were important characters in 2 Samuel, Chileab is only named in the list of David's sons and no further mention is made of him. Though being the second son,...

Chimham

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Chimham, Chimhan [148] or Kimham [149] was a servant nominated by Barzillai to accompany King David to Gilgal during his return to Jerusalem after the death of Absalom. (2 Samuel 19:37–40)

The name also refers to a place near Bethlehem where Johanan regrouped before departing to Egypt.[150]

Chislon

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Chislon was the father of Elidad, a prince of the Tribe of Benjamin. (Num. 34:21)

Col-hozeh

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Col-hozeh was the father of Shallum (Nehemiah 3:15), who was the official of Mizpah at the time, and head of the repairs to certain walls and fountains. He is further mentioned as the father of Baruch though it is not explicitly mentioned that Baruch's brother was Shallum, distinguishing this Col-hozeh from the previous (Nehemiah 11:5).

Conaniah

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Conaniah also called Konaniah may be the name of 2 individuals:

Concubine, Aramitess

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The concubine, Aramitess was the mother of Machir, the father of Gilead, she was the concubine of Ashriel (1 Chronicles 7:14).

Coz or Koz was the son of Helah and father of Anub and Hazzobebah (1 Chronicles 4:8).

Cushi

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Cushi was the name of 2 biblical individuals found in the Hebrew Bible.

  • The father of Shelemiah, and so as the great-grandfather of Jehudi who later joined Jeremiah and Baruch in the request of the men to read the scrolls of Jeremiah to the king's direct advisors. Some point afterwards, Jehoiachim demolishes the scroll by casting it to a pit of fire. (Jeremiah 36:14)
  • The father of the Prophet Zephaniah in Zephaniah 1:1; he was also the son of Gedaliah which was the son of Amariah the son of Hezekiah.

Another unnamed biblical figure called "the Cushite" is found in 2 Samuel 18:21 as a messenger from Joab who brought tidings to David, after the death of Absalom whom Joab killed. Shortly after David mourns for his beloved son. (2 Samuel 18:21–32) The King James Version translates his name as Cushi as a term for an Ethiopian descent.

Dalaiah

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See Delaiah

Dalphon

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Dalphon (Hebrew דַּלְפוֹן "to weep") was one of the ten sons of Haman, killed along with Haman by the Jews of Persia, according to Esther 9:7.

Dara

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See Darda

Darda

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Darda (Hebrew דַּרְדַּע) was one of the exemplars of wisdom than whom Solomon was wiser.[151] In 1 Chronicles 2:6, his name is misspelled as "Dara."[152]

Darkon

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Darkon was the ancestor of his descendants who were among the servants of Solomon who returned with Zerubbabel (Ezra 2:56; Nehemiah 7:58).

Dathan

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Dathan along with Korah and Abiram, being the son of Eliab rebelled against Moses (Numbers 16:1). He was sent to Sheol by Yahweh cause of his disobedience (Numbers 26:9).

Daughter of Machir

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The Daughter of Machir was an unnamed biblical figure mentioned in 1 Chronicles 2:21, she was the daughter of Machir the son of Manasseh and one of the wives of Hezron who bore him Segub which became the father of Jair.

Daughter of Meshullam

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The Daughter of Meshullam is an unnamed biblical individual whom Johanan, Tobiah's son married; her father was Meshullam (Nehemiah 6:18).

Daughter of Putiel

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The Daughter of Putiel is an unnamed biblical individual whom Eleazar the son of Aaron married and bore him Phinehas (Exodus 6:15).

Daughter of Shechaniah

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The Daughter of Shechaniah is a biblical figure unnamed and married to Tobiah, she was daughter to Shechaniah son of Arah, whom her father was widely respected; affecting her husband as feared (Nehemiah 6:18).

Daughter of Shuah

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The Daughter of Shuah is an unnamed figure married to Judah, son of Jacob; she was the daughter of Shuah who bore Judah, Er, Onan and Shelah (Genesis 38:2). The reference to Judah's wife in Genesis 38:12 refers to her as the "daughter of Shuah", or "bat-Shuah" in Hebrew. This has led some to take Bat-Shuah (and variants) as her actual name.[153] A midrashic tradition says her name was Aliyath.[154] Bat-Shuah is also an alternative name for Bathsheba, wife of Judah's descendant, King David.[155]

Debir

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Debir was a king of Eglon, slain by Joshua and his valiant men, he camped before Gibeon and warred against it with the other kings, they hid in a cave and was hunged later (Joshua 18:1–26).

Deborah

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Deborah appears in the Hebrew Bible as the wet nurse of Rebecca (Genesis 35:8). She is first mentioned by name in the Torah when she dies in a place called Alon Bachot (אלון בכות), "Tree of Weepings" (Genesis 35:8), and is buried by Jacob, who is returning with his large family to Canaan. According to Rashi, Deborah was sent by Laban to care for his sister Rebecca when the latter went to marry Isaac (Genesis 24:59).

Dedan

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Dedan (Hebrew:דְּדָן‎) may refer to 2 biblical characters.

  • A son of Raamah, son of Cush the son of Ham (Genesis 10:7; 1 Chronicles 1:9). His descendants is further mentioned in Isaiah 21:13, Ezekiel 27:15. They probably settled among the sons of Cush, on the northwest coast of the Persian Gulf (aka Arabian Gulf) and their descendants are likely among the Arabs of today.
  • The son of Jokshan, the son of Abraham through Keturah and his sons, Leummim, Letushim and Asshurim (Genesis 25:3; 1 Chronicles 1:32).

Delaiah

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Delaiah (דליהו "drawn out by YHWH").[156] is the name of several biblical persons:

  • Kohenic family, one of the Twenty-four Priestly divisions
  • Son of Shemaiah, and officer to King Jehoiakim of Judah. He was one of the officers present at the delivery of a scroll sent by Jeremiah, (Jer. 36:12) and one of those who asked the king not to burn the scroll. (ibid. 36:25)
  • The head of a family that came up from the Babylonian exile with Zerubbabel, that was unable to give its ancestral genealogy. (Ezr. 2:60, Neh. 7:62)
  • One of the sons of Elioenai, a descendant of the royal Davidic line through Jeconiah. (1 Chronicles 3:24). He lived after the exile and was a descendant of Zerubbabel as a 3x great-grandson.
  • Son of Mehetabel and father of Shemaiah. (Neh. 6:10) He is probably identical to the previous entry.

Deuel

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Deuel (Hebrew דְּעוּאֵל) was the father of Eliasaph the leader of the Tribe of Gad, as noted in four verses in the Book of Numbers: Numbers 1:14; 7:42,47; 10:20. However, in Numbers 2:14 this Eliasaph is called "the son of Reuel."

Diblaim

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Diblaim (Hebrew דִּבְלָיִם "cakes of pressed figs") was the father of the prophet Hosea's wife, Gomer. His name means 'doubled cakes'. (Hosea 1:3)

Dibri

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Dibri, a Danite, was the father of Shelomith, according to Leviticus 24:11. Shelomith's son was stoned to death by the people of Israel for blasphemy following Moses' issue of a ruling[157] on the penalty to be applied for blasphemy.

Diklah

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Diklah was a son of Joktan according to Genesis 10:27, 1 Chronicles 1:21.

Dishan

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Dishan (Hebrew דִּישׁוֹן dishon) was the youngest son of Seir the Horite. (Genesis 36:21)

Dishon

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Dishon may refer to 2 biblical individuals.

  • The fifth son of Seir (Genesis 36:21; 1 Chronicles 1:38). In the original of Ge 36:26, where his four sons are mentioned, the name is, by some transposition, DISHAN, which our translators (following the Sept. and the parallel passage 1Ch 1:41) have correctly changed to "Dishon."
  • A child of Anah (Genesis 36:25; 1 Chronicles 1:41).

Dodavahu

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Dodavahu or Dodavah, according to Chronicles, was the father of Eliezer, a prophet.[158]

Dodo

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Dodo (Hebrew דּוֹדוֹ dodo "his beloved" or "his uncle" from דּוֹד dod meaning "beloved" or "father's brother") is a name given to three persons in the Bible:

Dumah

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Dumah was one of the sons of Ishmael (Genesis 17:20; 1 Chronicles 1:30). Some scholars identify Dumah with the ancient city of Duma in modern Saudi Arabia.[159]

Ebal

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Ebal may refer to 2 biblical figures:

  • A son of Shobal, a descendant of Seir the Horite, he was a relative to the Esauites in Genesis 36:23.
  • See Obal

Ebed

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  • The father of Gaal, mentioned in Judges 9.
  • The son of Jonathan, one of the heads of household who returned from the Babylonian exile in the Book of Ezra (Ezra 1:6).

Ebed-melech

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Ebed-melech (Hebrew: עבד-מלך eved-melekh "servant of a king"[160]), an Ethiopian eunuch, intervened with king Zedekiah on behalf of Jeremiah[161]

Eber

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Eber was the name of 5 biblical individuals of the Hebrew Bible.

  • The third generation from Shem and the founder of the Hebrew race. The son of Salah and the father of Peleg. His named can be derived from the term Hebrew. (Genesis 10:24; 11:14)
  • One of the seven heads of the descendants of Gad in 1 Chr 5:13.
  • A benjaminite and the oldest of the three sons of Elpaal mentioned in 1 Chr 8:12.
  • A benjaminite and one of the heads of the families of the tribe in Jerusalem. v.22
  • A head of the family of Amok after the exile. (Nehemiah 12:20)

Ebiasaph

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See Abiasaph

Eden

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Eden may refer to the Garden of Eden or the singular person named Eden described in 2 Chr 29:12 as the son of Joah and one of the Levites who sanctified the Temple of the Lord by assisting in reforming the public worship of the sanctuary in the time of Hezekiah. In (2 Chronicles 31:15), Eden along with other people appointed, helped assisted Kore faithfully in the towns of the priests, distributing to their fellow priests according to their divisions, old and young alike.

Eder

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Eder was a Benjaminite chief (Ader in the King James Version) (1 Chronicles 8:15)

Eglah

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Eglah was one of David's wives and the mother of Ithream, according to 2 Samuel 3:4.

In Genesis 46:21, Ehi is the third son of Benjamin. In 1 Chronicles 8:1 he is called Aharah, and in Numbers 26:38 he is called Ahiram.

Ehud

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Ehud was one of the sons of Bilhan in a Benjamite clan (1 Chronicles 7:10).

Eker

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Eker was one of the sons of Ram the firstborn son of Jerahmeel the brother of Ram. He is mentioned in (2 Chronicles 2:27).

Eladah

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Eladah was the son of Tahath and father of another Tahath, a descendant of Ephraim (1 Chronicles 7:20).

Elah

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Elah is the name of 5 minor biblical individuals.

  • Elah was the father of King Hoshea of Israel (2 Kings 17:1, 18:1)
  • Elah was the name of an Edomite clan {the name of an eponymous chieftain} mentioned in Genesis 36:31–43.
  • Elah was the second son of Caleb the son of Jephunneh (1 Chronicles 4:15).
  • Elah was the father of Shimei comissary of Solomon (1 Kings 4:18).
  • Elah was a Benjamite and son of one of the chiefs, Uzzi (1 Chronicles 9:8) Of the tribes where the country was settled.

Elasah

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Elasah or Eleasah (Hebrew: אלעשה meaning 'made by God') was the name of four individuals mentioned in the Bible:

  • The son of Shaphan, who was chosen by King Zedekiah of Judah to be one of the two messengers to take Jeremiah's letter to Nebuchadnezzar (Jeremiah 29:3) He was probably the brother of Ahikam, who had taken Jermiah's part at the time of his arrest after the temple sermon [162]
  • One of the sons of Pashur who was rebuked for marrying a foreign woman (Ezra 10:18–19)
  • The son of Helez, a Jerahmeelite (1 Chronicles 2:39–40). He is called "Eleasah" in the King James Bible.[163]
  • A descendant of Saul according to 1 Chronicles 8:37. He is called "Eleasah" in the King James Bible.[163]

Eldaah

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Eldaah appears as one of the sons of Midian (son of Abraham) in Genesis 25:4 and 1 Chronicles 1:33.

Elead

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Elead appears in 1 Chronicles 7:21 as the name of a man who, along with his brother Ezer, is killed by farmers near Philistine the city of Gath. It is unclear whether Elead is intended by the Chronicler as the son or a later descendant of Ephraim, and it is likewise uncertain whether this Elead is the same figure as the Eleadah mentioned in the previous verse.[164]

Eleasah

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See Elasah.

Eliada

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Eliada (rendered once as Eliadah by the King James Bible) is the name of three individuals in the Hebrew Bible.

  • The son of David, who was originally called Beeliada.[165]
  • A Benjamite captain in the time of king Jehoshaphat.[166]
  • The father of Rezon the Syrian, spelled "Eliadah" in the King James Version.

Eliadah

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See Eliada.

Eliezer, son of Dodavahu

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See Dodavahu

Eliphal

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Eliphal son of Ur is listed as one of David's Mighty Warriors in 1 Chronicles 11:35. In the corresponding place in Samuel's version of the list (2 Samuel 23:34), he is called "Eliphelet son of Ahasbai the Maachathite." According to the Encyclopaedia Biblica, the name "Eliphal" (Hebrew 'lypl ) is copyist's error for "Eliphelet" ( 'lyplt ) caused by dropping the final letter in the name.[167][168]

Eliphelet

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Eliphelet is a Hebrew name meaning "God is a deliverance." [167] It is the name of several figures in the Hebrew Bible, and appears under several spellings.[167][169]

  • Eliphelet is the name given to a son of David in 2 Samuel 5:16, and 1 Chronicles 3:8 and 14:7. Due to a textual error, Chronicles records Eliphelet twice, as if it were the name of two different sons of David.[167]
  • Eliphal, son of Ur (2 Samuel 23:34) or Ahasbai (1 Chronicles 11:35), is listed as one of David's Mighty Warriors. The Encyclopaedia Biblica claims that "Eliphal" is likely a scribal error for "Eliphelet."[167]
  • Eliphal son of Eshek appears in a genealogy of the Tribe of Benjamin (1 Chronicles 8:39).
  • An Eliphelet is named among the "descendants of Adonikam," one of the groups that returned with Ezra from the Babylonian captivity according to Ezra 8:13.
  • An Eliphelet, one of the "descendants of Hashum," is listed as one of the men who married foreign women according to Ezra 10:33.

Eliasaph

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Eliasaph was the name of two individuals mentioned in the Bible:

Eliathah

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Eliathah is the name given in 1 Chronicles 25:4 to one of the "fourteen sons" of Heman. According to 25:27, he gave his name to one of the twenty-four classes of temple singers.

Elidad

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Elidad was a prince of the tribe of Benjamin; one of those appointed by Moses to superintend the division of Canaan amongst the tribe (Numbers 34: 21).

Elienai

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Elienai, one of the nine sons of Shimei, appears in a genealogical passage as a descendant of Benjamin in 1 Chronicles 8:20. The consonants which make up the Hebrew name are only in this one passage read as Elienai; elsewhere the pronunciation is Elioenai.[170]

Elihoreph

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Elihoreph (Hebrew אליחרף) was a scribe in King Solomon's court. He was a son of Shisha and brother of Ahiah. (1 Kings: 4:3) The name means "'my God repays,' or 'my God is the giver of the autumn harvest.'"[171]

Elijah

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Elijah (Hebrew: אליה) was the name of three minor biblical individuals beside from the famous prophet Elijah.

  • One of the sons of Jeroham according to 1 Chronicles 8:27.
  • One of the descendants of the Harim, of the tribe of Levi who had married strange wives in the guiltiness of intermarriage. (Ezra 10:21)
  • A descendant of Elam, of the priestly line who is also listed as being guilty of intermarriage in Ezra 10:26.

Elimelech

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Elimelech was the husband of Naomi. Together they had two sons, Mahlon and Chilion. He was originally a resident of Bethlehem before moving to Moab with his family, where he died (see Ruth 1:1–3). All of his property was later purchased by Boaz (see Ruth 4:9).

Elioenai

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Elioenai is the name of several minor persons found in the Hebrew Bible.

  • An Elioenai appears in 1 Chronicles 3:23–24: the son of Neariah, the son of Shemaiah, the son of Shecaniah, a descendant of king Jeconiah.
  • A clan leader in the Tribe of Simeon, according to 1 Chronicles 4:36.
  • Elioenai son of Becher, a descendant of the Tribe of Benjamin according 1 Chronicles 7:8.
  • A descendant of Pashhur, one of the priests listed as having married foreign women (Ezra 10:22).
  • A descendant of Zattu, also listed with those who had foreign wives (Ezra 10:27).
  • A priest involved in the dedication of the wall of Jerusalem according to Nehemiah 12:41. This may be the same as the descendant of Passhur (above).[172]
  • Elioenai or Elihoenai, son of Meshelemiah, son of Korah (1 Chronicles 26:3).
  • Elioenai or Elionenai was a descendant of David. He was the father of Akkub, and son of Neariah.

Elishama

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Elishama (Hebrew: אלישמע my God heard) was the name of several biblical characters, including:

Elishaphat

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Elishaphat, son of Zichri, was one of the "captains of hundreds" associated with Jehoiada in restoring king Jehoash to the throne 2 Chronicles 23:1.

Elisheba

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Elisheba ("God is my oath", cognate to the name Elizabeth) is the wife of Aaron and sister-in-law of Moses. Her sons were Nadab, Abihu, Eleazer and Ithamar. (Exodus 6:23).

Elizaphan

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Elizaphan was a prince of the tribe of Zebulun; one of those appointed by Moses to superintend the division of Canaan amongst the tribe (Num. 34:25).

Elizur

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Elizur was a son of Shedeur and a prince of the House of Reuben according to Numbers 1:5, and one of the leaders of the tribes of Israel. He appears only in the Book of Numbers, in five verses (1:5; 2:10; 7:30, 35; 10:18).[173]

Elnaam

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Elnaam, according to 1 Chronicles 11:46, was the father of Jeribai and Joshaviah, two of David's Mighty Warriors.

Elnathan

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Elnathan (Hebrew אלנתן Elnathan "God gave") is a Hebrew name found in 2 Kings, Jeremiah and Ezra.

According to 2 Kings 24:8, Elnathan of Jerusalem was the father of Nehushta. Nehushta was the mother of King Jeconiah, whose father was King Jehoiakim. Despite this close relationship to the king, Elnathan was one of those who, according to Jeremiah 36:25 opposed Jehoiakim when he cut up and burnt a scroll that had been brought to him, containing Jeremiah's prophesies of the forthcoming destruction of Judah. Elnathan's father Achbor was a strong supporter of the earlier reforms of King Josiah, which may have influenced Elnathan's behavior,[174] although according to Jeremiah 26:20–23 he had earlier been closely involved in the persecution of the prophet Uriah ben Shemaiah.

In Ezra 8:16, the name Elnathan occurs three times:

Then sent I for Eliezer, for Ariel, for Shemaiah, and for Elnathan, and for Jarib, and for Elnathan, and for Nathan, and for Zechariah, and for Meshullam, chief men; also for Joiarib, and for Elnathan, which were teachers. (Revised Version)

Donna Laird proposes that the repetition of "Elnathan", and the similarity between the names "Jarib" and "Joiarib", indicate a copyist's accidental repetition.[175]

Elon

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Elon (Hebrew: אֵילֹן, Modern: Elon, Tiberian: 'Êlōn, "Oak") was the name of two individuals mentioned in the Bible:

Elpaal

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Elpaal is a name mentioned briefly in 1 Chronicles 8, in a genealogy of the Tribe of Benjamin.[176] He is recorded as the son of a woman named Hushim, the wife of a man named Shaharaim. The relationship between Shaharaim and Benjamin is not spelled out by the Chronicler. Elpaal is recorded as the father of people who included the builders or ancestors of the towns of Ono, Lod, and Ajalon.

Elpalet

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See Eliphelet (biblical figure)

Elpelet

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See Elpelet

Eluzai

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Eluzai, in 1 Chronicles 12:6,[177] is the name of a Benjamite warrior who joined the forces of David at Ziklag. The name may have meant "God is my refuge."[178]

Elzabad

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Elzabad is the name of two biblical figures.

  • Elzabad appears ninth in a list of eleven warriors from the Tribe of Gad who, according to 1 Chronicles 12:12, joined forces with David "at the stronghold in the wilderness."
  • Elzabad, the son of Shemaiah, the son of Obed-edom, is listed as a Korahite porter in 1 Chronicles 26:7.

Elzaphan

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Elzaphan was a son of Uzziel of the house of Levi according to Exodus 6:22, born in Egypt. He was a nephew of Amram and a cousin of Aaron, Miriam, and Moses. He and Mishael were asked by Moses to carry away Nadab's and Abihu's bodies to a place outside the camp. (Leviticus 10:4). In the wilderness of Sinai he was named chief of the house of Kohath (Numbers 3:30).

Enan

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Enan is mentioned several by way of reference to his son, "Ahira the son of Enan," who according to the Book of Numbers was the tribal leader of the Tribe of Naphtali in the time of the wilderness wanderings following the Exodus.[179]

Enoch

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In Genesis 4:17–18, Enoch is the firstborn son of Cain and the father of Irad. Cain named the city of Enoch after his son.

Enan

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For the place-name containing Enan, see Hazar Enan.

Enan was a member of the house of Naphtali according to Numbers 1:15. He was the father of Ahira.

Ephlal

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Ephlal is the name given to a Jerahmeelite found a genealogy in 1 Chronicles.[180] He is identified as the son of Zabad, the son of Nathan, the son of Attai, the son of Jarha, the son-in-law of Sheshan, the son of Ishi, the son of Appaim, the son of Nadab, the son of Shammai, the son of Onam, the son of Jerahmeel. In various manuscripts of the Greek Septuagint, the name is found in the forms Aphamel, Aphamed, and Ophlad. Stanley Arthur Cook (1899) suggested that the name might originally have been either an abbreviated form of Eliphelet, or else the name "Elpaal."[181]

Ephod

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Ephod was the father of Hanniel, a prince of the Tribe of Manasseh. (Num. 34:23).

Ephron

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Ephron the Hittite, son of Zohar, lived in Mamre among the children of Heth. Abraham comes to the Hittites, which are strangers to him, and asks them to sell him a property that he can use as a burial site. The Hittites, flattering Abraham by calling him a mighty prince says that he can choose whichever tomb he wants (Genesis 23:1–8). Abraham then asks them to contact Ephron son of Zohar who owns the cave of Machpelah which he is offering to buy for "the full price". Ephron slyly replies that he is prepared to give Abraham the field and the cave within, knowing that that would not result in Abraham having a permanent claim on it.[182] Abraham politely refuses the offer and insists on paying for the field. Ephron replies that the field is worth four hundred shekels of silver and Abraham agrees to the price without any further bargaining.[182] He then proceeded to bury his dead wife Sarah there (Genesis 23:9–20).

Er (Hebrew: אה Observant) was the name of several biblical characters, including:

Eran

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Eran (Hebrew: עֵרָן, romanized: /ˌɛrˈɑːn/ err-AHN, lit.'vigilant') was a son of Shuthelah of the Tribe of Ephraim, according to Numbers 26:36.[citation needed]

In Genesis 46:16 Eri (עֵרי "watchful") is the son of Gad. He was the progenitor of the Erites. (Numbers 26:16)

Eshek

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Eshek is a name which appears only once in the Hebrew Bible, in a genealogy of the Tribe of Benjamin.[184][185] The text of Chronicles identifies him as the brother of Azel.

Ethnan

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Ethnan, the son of Ashur the father of Tekoa, is a figure who appears in a genealogy of the Tribe of Judah in 1 Chronicles 4:7. He may be included in the genealogy to represent Ithnan, a Judahite city mentioned in Joshua 15:23.[186]

Ethni

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See Ethni.

Evi was one of five Midianite kings killed during the time of Moses by an Israelite expedition led by Phinehas, son of Eleazar according to Numbers 31:8 and Joshua 13:21.

Ezbon

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Ezbon is the name of two people mentioned in the Bible:

Ezrah

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Ezrah is the father of Jether, Mered, Epher and Jalon, grandfather (through Mered) of Miriam, Shammai and Ishbah, and great-grandfather (through Ishbah) of Eshtemoa (1 Chr. 4:17)

Gaddi

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Gaddi, the son of Susi of the House of Manasseh, was a scout sent to Canaan prior to the crossing of the Jordan River according to Numbers 13:11.

Gaddiel

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Gaddiel, the son of Sodi of the house of Zebulun, was a scout sent to Canaan prior to the crossing of the Jordan River according to Numbers 13:10.

Gaham

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Gaham, was the second son of Nahor through his concubine, Reumah. Nothing else is known about this individual except for a certain genealogy in Genesis 22:24.

Gamaliel

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Gamaliel, son of Pedahzur was leader of the tribe of Manasseh, one of the leaders of the tribes of Israel, mentioned several times in the Book of Numbers.

Gamul

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Gamul (Hebrew: גָמוּל; "rewarded" or "recompense") was head of the twentieth of twenty-four priestly divisions instituted by King David.[187]

Gatam

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Gatam is a name which appears in Genesis and Chronicles in a genealogy of the Edomites. In Genesis 36:11 and 1 Chronicles 1:36, Gatam is described the "son" of Eliphaz, the son of Esau (who is according to the Bible the forefather of the Edomites). In the passages which describe Gatam as a "son" of Eliphaz, he is listed alongside his "brothers": Teman, Omar, Zepho, and Kenaz according to Genesis; a similar but slightly larger list of brothers in Chronicles (Chronicles includes Amalek as a brother of Gatam). However, in Genesis 36:16, Gatam and Amalek (along with a previously unmentioned Korah) are described not as individual sons but as "clans" of Eliphaz.[188]

Gazez

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In the Masoretic Text of the Hebrew Bible, two individuals by the name of Gazez appear in 1 Chronicles 2:46. However, the Peshitta includes only one Gazez, and at least one biblical scholar has suggested that the second Gazez may have been included in the Masoretic Text by mistake.[189]

1. Gazez was the son of Haran, grandson of Caleb, a descendant of Jacob. His paternal grandmother was Ephah, wife of Caleb. (1 Chronicles 2:46)

2. Gazez was a brother of Caleb, and uncle of 1. Gazez. (1 Chronicles 2:46)

Geber

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Geber (Hebrew: גבר, geber), son of Uri, was one of King Solomon's regional administrators; his territory was Gilead. (First Kings 4:19)

Gemalli

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Gemalli of the house of Dan was the father of Ammiel, a scout sent to Canaan prior to the crossing of the Jordan River according to Numbers 13:4.

Gemariah

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Gemariah (Hebrew: גמריה) is the name of at least two biblical characters:

  • Gemariah son of Shaphan in chapter 36 of Jeremiah. His own son Micaiah hears Jeremiah's secretary Baruch read Jeremiah's prophecies against the nation, and reports to a meeting of the court officials, including his father, nearby. This leads to the scroll being read before king Jehoiakim, who cuts it up and burns it despite the protestations of Gemariah and Elnathan ben Achbor.[190]
  • Gemariah son of Hilkiah, one of the envoys whom King Zedekiah sent to Babylonia (Jeremiah 29:3) Nothing else is known of him; he was hardly the brother of Jeremiah, whose father was also named Hilkiah.[162]

Genubath

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Genubath (Hebrew: גנבת genubat "Stolen" [191]) is mentioned in 1 Kings 11:20 as the son born to Hadad the Edomite and the sister of Queen Tahpenes, Pharaoh's wife.

Gera

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Hebrew: גרא Gera'

  • In Genesis 46:21 Gera is the fourth of ten sons of Benjamin.
  • Gera is also the name of the father of Shimei (2 Samuel 19:16)
  • Gera is also the name of two of the sons of Bela (see above), making both nephews of the earlier Gera. (1 Chronicles 8:3,5)
  • Gera is also the name of the father of Ehud, a "Benjamite, a man left-handed" – Book of Judges, 3:15.

Geuel

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Geuel, the son of Machi of the Tribe of Gad, was a scout sent to Canaan prior to the crossing of the Jordan River according to Numbers 13:16.

Ginath

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Ginath is a name which is mentioned only in passing in a narrative describing the struggle for kingship between Omri and Tibni.[192] Tibni is referred to in 1 Kings 16:21 and 22 as "son of Ginath," which taken literally, could be read as implying that a person named Ginath was Tibni's father.[192] However, the Encyclopaedia Biblica suggests that the term "Ginath" is a place-name or clan-name, so that "Tibni son of Ginath" has the meaning "Tibni of Ginath."[192]

Gideoni

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Gideoni (Hebrew: גִּדְעֹנִי) was a member of the tribe of Benjamin according to Numbers 1:11. He was the father of Abidan, a tribal chief. He is mentioned five times in the Book of Numbers, with each reference stating his relation to Abidan (Num 1:11, Num 2:22, Num 7:60, Num 7:65, Num 10:24.)[193] His name is variously understood as meaning "one with a disabled hand," "a youth," or "one who cuts down trees."[193]

Giddalti

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Giddalti was one of the sons of Heman the Levite (1 Chronicles 25:4), and chief of the twenty-two division of the temple musicians 1 Chronicles 25:29. He was also a Kohathite Levi.

Gilalai

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Gilalai is the name of a priest who participated as a musician in a procession led by Ezra.[194][195]

Ginnethoi

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Ginnethoi or Ginnethon (Hebrew גִּנְּתוֹן 'Ginnĕtôi' Meaning: gardener) was one of the priest who sealed the covenant according to Nehemiah 10:6 and perhaps the same as Nehemiah 12:16.

Gishpa

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Gishpa, (KJV Gispa) was one of two leaders of the Nethinim who lived in Ophel, according to Nehemiah 11:21. There are no other mentions of the name anywhere else in the Bible.[196]

Guni

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Guni was a son of Naphtali according to Genesis 46:24 and Numbers 26:48. He was one of the 70 souls to migrate to Egypt with Jacob.

Haahashtari

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Haahashtari or Ahashtari was one of the sons of Naarah, one of the two wives of Asshur (1 Chronicles 4:6). Because the name is used to refer to a family of Judahites who descend from Judah via Ashhur, Thomas Kelly Cheyne believed that the name "Haahashtari" arose from a confusion between Ha-Ashhuri ("the Ashhurite") with the obscure term ahashtranim which appears in Esther 8:10.[197]

Habaiah

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Habaiah (also called Hobaiah or Obdia) was the name given to a priestly family mentioned in Ezra 2:61: the b'ne habayah (literally "sons/descendants of Habaiah").[198][199] Along with the families Hakkoz and Barzillai, the Habaiah family were priests whose names were not registered in the official genealogical records.[200] As a result, Ezra ruled that their rights to serve as priests would be restricted until such time as a high priest could decide, using the oracular Urim and Thummim, whether they had divine approval to serve as priests.[201]

The name "Habaiah" means "Yahweh hides" or "Yahweh protects," and appears in manuscripts of the Greek Septuagint in the forms Labeia, Obaia, Odogia, Ebeia, Ab(e)ia, Obbeia, and Obdia. [199]

Habazziniah

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Habazziniah or Habaziniah was either the head of a family of Rechabites (Jeremiah 35:3), or else a place name for the location that a Rechabite lived.[202] According to Cheyne and Black, it may have been a scribal error where the name "Kabzeel," a place in the territory of Judah, was originally intended."[202]

Hachmoni

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Hachmoni or Hakmoni is mentioned in passing in 1 Chronicles 27:32, which records that his son Yechiel, a scribe, tutored David's sons.[203]

Hadadezer

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According to I Kings 11:23, Hadadezer (Hebrew: הדדעזר hadad'ezer "Hadad helps"[204]) was king of Zobah.

Haddad

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Haddad the Edomite was an adversary of Solomon (1 Kings 10:14).

Hadlai

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Hadlai is mentioned in 2 Chronicles 28:12 as an Ephraimite, and the father of Amasa. In manuscripts of the Greek Septuagint, his name is given as Choab, Addi, or Adli.[205]

Hagab

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Hagab (also Agaba, Accaba) is identified as the ancestor of a family of Nethinim, or temple assistants, who returned from the Babylonian exile.[206] They appear in a list with other returnees in Ezra 2:46, but are omitted in the corresponding place in Nehemiah 7:48. A Hellenized version of this name appears in a similar context in 1 Esdras 5:30.[206] In the New Testament, a prophet who appears in Acts 11:28 and 21:10 is named Agabus, a variant on the name Hagab.[206]

Hagab is a different character from Hagabah, which appears in the preceding verse.

Hagabah

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Hagabah (also Hagaba, Graba, or Aggaba) is identified as the ancestor of a family of Nethinim, or temple assistants, who returned from the Babylonian captivity. They appear in a list with other returnees in Ezra 2:45, Nehemiah 7:48, and 1 Esdras 5:29.[207]

Haggiah

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Haggiah, of the tribe of Levi through Merari, is described in 1 Chronicles 6:30 being the son of Shimea and the father of Asaiah, one of the last contemporaries of David.

Haggi

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Haggi was a son of Gad according to Genesis 46:16 and Numbers 26:15. He was one of the 70 persons to migrate to Egypt with Jacob.

Hajehudijah

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See Jehudijah.

Hakkatan

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Hakkatan (also Acatan, Akatan), meaning "the small one," is listed as the father of Johanan, a leader of the descendants of Azgad in Ezra 8:12 and 1 Esdras 8:38.[208] Other than these two verses, the name Hakkatan appears nowhere in the Bible.[208]

Hakkoz

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Hakkoz is the name of two or three biblical individuals:

  • Head of the seventh of twenty-four priestly divisions created by King David. (1 Chr. 24:10)
  • Head of a family of priests after the Babylonian exile. Unable to prove their lineage, the family lost its priesthood status. (Ezr. 2:61, Neh. 7:63)
  • Father of Uriah and grandfather of Meremoth, who assisted Nehemiah in rebuilding the walls of Jerusalem. (Neh. 3:4, 3:21) He is probably identical to the previous entry.

Hallohesh

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Hallohesh or Halohesh is a name which is used twice in the Bible.[209] In a list of workers building the wall of Nehemiah, a man named "Shallum son of Hallohesh" is mentioned as having a leadership role.[210] Also in the Book of Nehemiah, a person named Hallohesh is recorded as affixing his seal (an ancient form of signature) to Ezra's covenant between God and the people living around Jerusalem.[211]

Thomas Kelly Cheyne believed that the name Hallohesh was a miswritten version of the name Hash-shilhi, (Shilhi).[209]

Hammedatha

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Hammedatha was an Agagite and the father of Haman (see Esther 3:1).

Hammoleketh

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Hammoleketh or Hammolecheth is the sister of Machir, the eponymous ancestor of the tribe or clan of Machir (biblical region) Machir, which is reckoned as a part of the tribe of Manasseh in 1 Chronicles 7. The name appears to mean "she who reigns" if it is not a scribal error for some other name, such as Beth-Milcah.[212]

Hammelech

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Hammelech, in the King James Version is the name of the father of Jerahmeel (Jeremiah 36:26), and it is the name of the father of Malkijah (Jeremiah 38:6). In a number of more recent translations, the Hebrew ha-melekh is taken as the common noun "the king" instead of the proper noun "Hammelech."[213]

Hamor

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Hamor was the father of Shechem. Shechem defiled Dinah, according to Genesis 34

Hamul

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Hamul was a son of Pharez of the Tribe of Judah according to Genesis 46:12 and Numbers 26:21. He was one of the 70 souls to migrate to Egypt with Jacob.

Hamutal

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Hamutal was the daughter of Jeremiah of Libnah and, the wife of King Josiah who bore him Jehoahaz and Zedekiah. She is mentioned in the following passages: 2 Kings 23:31, 2 Kings 24:18 and Jeremiah 52:1.

Hanameel

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Hanameel or Hanamel (Hebrew: חנמאל, which means "Grace From God"),[214] a cousin of Jeremiah from whom the latter bought a field at Anathoth in Jeremiah 32:5–16.

Hananiah

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Hananiah (Hebrew: חנניה, which means "My Grace is the Lord")[214] is the name of several biblical characters:

  • Hananiah son of Zerubbabel, the father of Jeshaiah, was a descendant of David.
  • Hananiah son of Azur, a prophet in the time of king Zedekiah. He prophesied a return from the exile in Babylon within two years and was denounced by Jeremiah as a false prophet as a result. He died within a year of the denunciation.[215]
  • Hananiah, appointed by Nehemiah, jointly with Hanani, to be responsible for the security of Jerusalem after its walls had been rebuilt. Nehemiah described him as "a faithful man [who] feared God more than many".[216]

Hanniel

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Hanniel Prince of the tribe of Manasseh; one of those appointed by Moses to superintend the division of Canaan amongst the tribe (Num. 34:23).

Hanoch

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Hanoch is the name of two biblical figures:[217]

  1. A son of Midian, the eponymous forefather of the Midianites.[218]
  2. A son of Reuben, the eponymous forefather of the Tribe of Reuben.[219]

According to Cheyne and Black, the presence of this clan name in the genealogies of Reuben and Midian may indicate that the clan Hanoch was considered a part of the Tribe of Reuben but had a Midianite origin.[217]

Happizzez

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Happizzez or Aphses was a priest who fell on the eighteenth lot out of the twenty-four lots ordained by David for the temple service. (1 Chr 24:15)

Haran

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Haran or Aran refers to three minor characters in the Hebrew Bible:

  1. Haran (Hebrew: הָרָןHārān), son of Terah, from Ur of the Chaldees. He fathered Lot, Milcah and Iscah. (Genesis 11:27–29)
  2. Haran (Hebrew: חָרָןḤārān), son of Caleb, a descendant of Jacob, and Ephah his mother. Father of 1.Gazez, and brother of 2.Gazez. (1 Chronicles 2:46)
  3. Haran (Hebrew: הָרָןHārān), son of Shimei, a Levite who lived in the age of King David and played one of the important religious or political roles set out in 1 Chronicles 23:1–9.

Harbona

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Harbona or Harbonah is the name given for one of the eunuchs of king Ahasuerus in Esther 1:10 and 7:9.[220]

Hareph

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Hareph, according to 1 Chronicles 2:51, was a descendant of Caleb and the father of Beth-gader.[221] The name "Hareph" in this case may refer to a group of people otherwise referred to by the term Hariphite.[222]

Harhaiah

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Harhaiah, in the Masoretic Text of Nehemiah 3:8, is mentioned in passing, as being the father of Uzziel, a man responsible for the repair of part of the wall of Jerusalem. The awkward phrasing of the verse suggested to Stanley A. Cook (1899) that there had been some scribal mishandling of the verse, and that the verse originally did not contain the name "Harhaiah."[223]

Harhas

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Harhas, according to 2 Kings 22:14 and 2 Chronicles 34:22, was an ancestor of Shallum, the husband of the prophetess Huldah. However, where the Book of Kings has "Harhas," the Book of Chronicles reads "Hasrah."[224][225]

Harim

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Harim (Hebrew: חָרִם; "destroyed" or "dedicated to God") was the name of three biblical patriarchs:

  • Head of the third of twenty-four priestly divisions instituted by King David. (1 Chr. 24:8)
  • Head of a non-priestly family, with 320 members, which returned with Zerubbabel. (Ezr. 2:32, Neh. 7:35) Eight members of this family were found to have married gentile women, whom they divorced. (Ezr. 10:31) Harim's son Malchijah was one of those who helped repair the walls of Jerusalem, including the Tower of the Furnaces. (Neh. 3:11) His seal was on the renewed covenant with God made by the Babylonian returnees. (Neh. 10:28)
  • Head of a priestly family, with 1017 members, which returned with Zerubbabel. (Ezr. 2:39, Neh. 7:42) Five members of this family were found to have married gentile women, whom they divorced. (Ezr. 10:21) His seal was also on the renewed covenant. (Neh. 10:6) The head of his family at the time of the return was Adna. (Neh. 12:152)

Harnepher

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Harnepher appears only once in the Bible, in 1 Chronicles 7:36, in a passage which surveys the descendants of Asher.[226] The name may be of Egyptian origin, meaning "Horus is good."[226]

Harum

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Harum is recorded as the father of Aharhel in 1 Chronicles 4:8, which lists him as an ancestor of several clans in the Tribe of Judah.

Harumaph

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Harumaph is listed as the father of Jedaiah, a man responsible for making repairs to a part of Nehemiah's wall. He is only mentioned once in the Bible, in Nehemiah 3:10.[227]

Haruz

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Haruz (Hebrew: חרוז) was the father of Queen Meshullemeth. According to 2 Kings 21:19 he was a citizen who dwelt in the land of Jotbah.

Hasadiah

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Hasadiah is listed as one of the sons of Zerubabel in 1 Chronicles 3:20, and is therefore a member of the royal lineage of the Judahite kings.

Hashabiah

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Hashabiah is a biblical name which appears frequently for individuals mentioned both before and after the Babylonian captivity.[228]

Because the name often appears in lists without any detailed description, it is sometimes difficult to tell whether different verses that use the name are referring to the same Hashabiah or to distinct persons.[228] The following list of nine individuals is the number listed in the Encyclopaedia Biblica, although the encyclopedia does not claim that precisely nine people of this name are mentioned:

  1. A Levite of the Merarite group, mentioned 1 Chronicles 6:45 (verse 30 in some Bibles).
  2. Hashabiah son of Bunni, a Merarite Levite listed as living in Jerusalem in 1 Chronicles 9:14 and Nehemiah 11:15.
  3. A leader of a large group of people in the time of David.[229]
  4. A musician, one of the musicians appointed by David for the musical service of the Temple.[230]
  5. Hashabiah son of Kemuel, identified as the leader of the Levites in the time of David.[231]
  6. A Levite leader in the time of Josiah.[232]
  7. A Levite identified as having signed the covenant between Ezra and God.[233]
  8. A ruler listed as one of the people responsible for repairing the wall of Jerusalem in Nehemiah 3:17.
  9. The ruler of the clan of Hilkiah, according to Nehemiah 12:21.

Hashabnah

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Hashabnah is the name given for one of the men who signed the covenant between the people of Judah and God in Nehemiah 10:25 (verse 26 in some Bibles). According to Cheyne and Black, the name is likely a miswritten form of "Hashabniah."[234]

Hashub

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Hashub is mentioned in passing as the father of Shemaiah, a Levite who is listed among those living in Jerusalem after the end of the Babylonian captivity.[235]

Hashubah

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Hashubah is listed as one of the children of Zerubabel, the governor of Yehud Medinata.[236]

Hasrah

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Hasrah, according to 2 Chronicles 34:22, is the name of an ancestor of Shallum, the husband of the prophetess Huldah. However, where the Book of Chronicles has "Hasrah", 2 Kings 22:14 has "Harhas".[225]

Hassenaah

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The sons of Hassenaah built the Fish Gate during the reconstruction of the walls of Jerusalem under the repair programme led by Nehemiah.[237]

Hasupha

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Hasupha (Hashupha in the King James Version) is the name of a clan or family of Nethinim (temple assistants) listed in Nehemiah 7:46 and Ezra 2:43.

Hathach

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Hathach or Hatach is the name of one of the eunuchs of Ahasuerus in the Book of Esther. He acts as a messenger between Esther and Mordecai.[238]

Hathath

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Hathath is only mentioned in 1 Chronicles 4:13, in a genealogical passage where he is the son of Othniel, the son of Kenaz.[239]

Hattil

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The descendants of Hattil (also called Agia or Hagia) are listed in Ezra 2:57 and Nehemiah 7:59 as a group of people returning from the Babylonian captivity (see Ezra–Nehemiah). They are categorized by Ezra as being descendants of "Solomon's servants" (see Nethinim). In the Greek text of 1 Esdras 5:34, a closely related work, Hattil is referred to as Agia or Hagia.[240]

Hazaiah

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Hazaiah is a figure mentioned in passing in Nehemiah 11:5 as an ancestor Maaseiah, a notable leader of the Tribe of Judah in Yehud Medinata.[241]

Hazo

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Hazo was the fifth son of Nahor and Milcah (Genesis 22:22).

Heber

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Heber or Chéver (Hebrew: חֶבֶר / חָבֶר, Modern Ḥéver / Ḥáver Tiberian Ḥéḇer / Ḥāḇer, "friend", "connected") is a name referring to two persons.

Hebron

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Hebron: see 1 Chronicles 2:42–43

Hel was a son of Gilead of the Tribe of Manasseh according to Numbers 26:30 and Joshua 17:2.

Helah

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Helah was the one of the two wives of Ashur the son of Hezron mentioned in 1 Chronicles 4:5. Ashur's sons through Helah his wife were: Zereth, Jezoar and Ethnan.[242]

Heldai

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Heldai is the name of two biblical figures.[243] According to the Encyclopaedia Biblica, it should most likely be given alternate vowels as Holdai or Huldai.[243]

  1. Heldai son of Baanah the Netophathite is listed as one of David's Mighty Warriors, and also in a list of military leaders given in 1 Chronicles 27:15. He is called "Heled" in 1 Chronicles 11:30, and "Heleb" in 2 Samuel 23:29.[243]
  2. A Jew living in Babylonia, mentioned in Zechariah 6:10. He is called Helem in Zechariah 6:14.[243]

Helez

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There are two biblical figures named Helez:

Helkai

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Helkai is a name used in Nehemiah 12:15, in a list of priestly clan leaders in the "days of Joiakim."[244] The text refers to Helkai as leading a clan named Meraioth. According to the Encyclopaedia Biblica, the name is an abbreviated form of "Hilkiah."[245]

Helon

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Helon was a member of the house of Zebulun according to Numbers 1:9. He was the father of Eliab.

Hemam

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Hemam or Homam is the name of the son of Lotan and grandson of Seir the Horite, according to Genesis 36:22 and 1 Chronicles 1:39.

Henadad

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Henadad is a biblical name which appears only in Ezra–Nehemiah. In a passage which describes the rebuilding of the wall of Jerusalem, two "sons of Henadad", Bavai and Binnui, are named as taking responsibility for portions of the wall.[246] Binnui reappears later, where he is described as a Levite and as one of the signatories of the covenant between Ezra, God, and the people of Judah.[247] The "sons of Henadad," though without any specific individuals named, are mentioned in also in Ezra 3:9, a "difficult passage".[248]

Hepher

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Hepher was a son of Manasseh according to Numbers 26:32 and Joshua 17:2. See List of minor biblical places § Hepher.

Heresh

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Heresh, along with Galal, Mattaniah and Bakbakkar, was a Levite and a descendant of Asaph described in 1 Chronicles 9:15 as one who returned from Babylon.

Hezekiah

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Hezekiah is the name of three minor figures in the Hebrew Bible. In some Bibles the variant spellings Hizkiah and Hizkijah occur.

  • A son of Neariah and descendant of David mentioned in the royal genealogy of 1 Chronicles 3.[249]
  • A figure mentioned in passing in Ezra 2:16 and Nehemiah 7:21, as the ancestor of some of the exiles who returned from the Babylonian captivity.
  • An ancestor of the prophet Zephaniah.[250]

Hezir

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Hezir is the name of 2 biblical individuals in the Hebrew Bible.

Hezron

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Hezron or Hetzron (Hebrew: חֶצְרוֹן, Modern: Ḥetsron, Tiberian: Ḥeṣrôn, "Enclosed" [251]) is the name of two men in Genesis.

Hiel

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Hiel the Bethelite (Heb. אֲחִיאֵל, חִיאֵל; "the [divine] brother, or kinsman, is God")[252]) rebuilt Jericho during the reign of King Ahab. (1 Kings 16:34)

Hillel of Pirathon

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  • The father of Abdon, in the Book of Judges (Judges 12:13–15).

Hiram

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Hiram (Hebrew: חירם Ḥiram) of Tyre, son of a widow of the tribe of Naphtali whose father was a craftsman in bronze, was given the metal work of King Soloman's temple. 1 Kings 7:13–14. According to The Interpreter's Bible, Hiram is a shortened form of אחירם (aḥîrām, "brother of Ram [the lofty one].")[253]

Hobab

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Hobab was Moses' brother-in-law (Judges 4:11)[254] and the son of Moses's father-in-law (Numbers 10:29), Jethro. The relevant part of Numbers 10:29 reads: "And Moses said unto Hobab, the son of Reuel the Midianite, Moses' father-in-law". Reuel (or Raguel) and Jethro may have been different persons from different narratives.[255] That of Judges 4:11 reads: "Now Heber the Kenite had severed himself from the Kenites, even from the children of Hobab the brother-in-law of Moses". Moses invited Hobab to take part in the Exodus journey into the Promised Land, wanting to make use of his local knowledge, but Hobab preferred to return home to Midian (Numbers 10:29–31). Briefly, Hobab, Reuel/Raguel, and Jethro were all Moses' father-in-law,[256] due to different traditions (and possibly corruptions of the text) which were syncretized in the interpretations of later commentators.[257]

Hod is a biblical name which appears only in 1 Chronicles 7:37.[258] He appears as one character in a genealogy of the Tribe of Asher.

Hodaviah

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Hodaviah is the name of three individuals in the Bible.[259] The Revised Version and King James Version of the Bible sometimes spell it as Hodaiah, Hodevah, or Hodeiah.[259]

  • Hodaviah, a clan leader in the Tribe of Manasseh, according to 1 Chronicles 5:24.
  • Hodaviah son of Hassenuah appears as the ancestor of a Benjamite man living in Jerusalem after the Babylonian captivity.[260] This Hodaviah is called "Judah son of Hassenuah" in Nehemian 11:9.[259]
  • Hodaviah son of Elioenai is described as a descendant of Zerubbabel in 1 Chronicles 3:24

Hodesh

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Hodesh is a figure who appears in a genealogy of the Tribe of Benjamin in Chronicles.[261] The name might mean "born at the feast of the new moon," or else it may be a misspelling of Ahishahar.[262]

Hoham

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Hoham, according to the Book of Joshua, was the king of Hebron, defeated in Joshua's conquest.[263]

Homam

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See Hemam.

See On (biblical figure)

Hori

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Hori is the personal name of two biblical individuals, as well as being the Hebrew term for a Horite.

  • Hori of the house of Simeon was the father of Shaphat, a scout sent to Canaan prior to the crossing of the Jordan River according to Numbers 13:5.
  • Hori is recorded as the name of Lotan, the son of Seir the Horite, according to Genesis 36:22.

Hoshama

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Hoshama is the name of one of the seven sons of Jeconiah, according to 1 Chronicles 3:18, the only place in the Bible that refers to him.[264] It is a shortened version of the name "Jehoshama."[264]

Hotham

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Hotham is the name for two individuals found in the BIble.[265] A Hotham appears in a genealogy of the Tribe of Asher in 1 Chronicles 7:32, but this individual is referred to as "Helem" in verse 35.[265] Another Hotham, though the KJV calls him Hothan, can be found in 1 Chronicles 11:44, where his sons Shama and Jeiel are listed among David's Mighty Warriors. This second Hotham is called an Aroerite.[265]

Hothir

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Hothir is listed as a son of David's "seer" Heman in 1 Chronicles 25:4 and 28.

Hubbah

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See Jehubbah.

Huppah

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Huppah was a priest who was in charge of the 13th lot out of the twenty-four lots ordained by David. (1 Chronicles 24:13)

Huppim

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Huppim (חופים) or Hupham (חופם) was the ninth son of Benjamin in Genesis 46:21 and Numbers 26:39.

Hushim

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Hushim, according to Genesis 46:23, was the name of the sons of Dan, listed among the 70 souls to migrate to Egypt with Jacob. Numbers 26:42 calls Dan's son Shuham, and his descendants the Shuhamites. The Talmud names him as the murderer of Esau.[266]

Huzzab

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Huzzab is either a name or a word which appears in Nahum 2:7 (verse 8 in some Bibles). In a passage in which Nahum is predicting the fall of Nineveh, the prophet says, "Huzzab shall be led away captive" in the King James Version. However, a number of more contemporary versions since the late nineteenth century have interpreted the word as a verb, meaning "and it has been decreed."[267][268]

Ibhar

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Ibhar was one of the sons of David. The name Ibhar means "Chosen".[269][270]

Ibneiah

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Ibneiah is the name given in Chronicles to a leader of a clan in the Tribe of Benjamin which returned to Yehud Medinata after the Babylonian captivity.[271] The same character is referred to as "Gabbai" in the parallel passage in Nehemiah.[272][273]

Ibnijah

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Ibnijah is a figure who is mentioned indirectly in 1 Chronicles 9:8, by way of his descendant "Meshullam, son of Shephatiah, son of Reuel, son of Ibnijah." He was a Benjamite.[274]

Ibsam

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According to Chronicles, Ibsam was the son of Tola, who in turn was the son of Issachar.[275] He is called Jibsam in the King James Version.[276]

Idbash

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Idbash, according to 1 Chronicles 4:3, was one of the sons of Etham, a figure who appears in the Chronicler's genealogy of the Tribe of Judah.

Igal

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Igal (יגאל) is the name of three biblical figures.

  • Igal son of Joseph of Issachar, a scout sent to Canaan prior to the crossing of the Jordan River according to Numbers 13:7.
  • Igal son of Nathan of Zobah is mentioned only in 2 Samuel 23:36 in a list of David's Mighty Warriors.
  • Igal son of Shemaiah is listed as a descendant of Zerubbabel in 1 Chronicles 3:22. This last figure is called Igeal in the King James Version, although his name in Hebrew is the same as the other two Igals.[277]

Igdaliah

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Igdaliah (Hebrew yigdalyahu) is mentioned in passing as the father of a man named Hanan in Jeremiah 35:3. According to the Book of Jeremiah, the sons or descendants of Hanan son of Igdaliah had their own chamber in the temple at Jerusalem, which was the site of the famous object-lesson concerning Jeremiah and the Rechabites.[278] The Encyclopaedia Biblica claimed that the name Igdaliah was most likely a mistaken form of the name Gedaliah.[279]

Ikkesh

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Ikkesh the Tekoite was the father of Ira, one of King David's Warriors (2 Samuel 23:26, 1 Chronicles 11:28).

Ilai

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See Zalmon (biblical figure). Paul

Imla

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Imla (Hebrew – ימלא, "whom God will fill up" [251]), the father of Micaiah, which latter was the prophet who foretold the defeat of the allied kings of Judah and Israel against Ramoth-gilead (2 Chron 18:7–8). In the parallel passage (1 Kings 22:8–9) his name is written Imlah.

Immer

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Immer was a member of the priestly family whose sons, Hanani and Zebadiah, had both taken pagan wives but repented during the communal confession instigated by the biblical priest Ezra.[280]

Imna

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Imna is a biblical name which appears only in 1 Chronicles 7:35, in a genealogy of the Tribe of Asher.[281]

Imnah

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Imnah was a levite, the father of Kore, who was responsible for distributing the freewill offerings of the Temple in the time of King Hezekiah (2 Chronicles 31:34).

Imrah

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Imrah is a biblical name which appears only in 1 Chronicles 7:36, in a genealogy of the Tribe of Asher.[282]

Imri

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Imri is the name of two individuals mentioned in the Hebrew Bible.[283]

  • An Imri is mentioned in passing in the ancestry of a man named Uthai, who according to 1 Chronicles 9:4 lived in Jerusalem after the return from the Babylonian captivity.
  • A man named "Zakkur son of Imri" is recorded as taking responsibility for a section of the wall in the project of rebuilding the wall of Jerusalem, according to Nehemiah 3:2.

Iphdeiah

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Iphdeiah (KJV Iphediah) is a name which appears very briefly as that of "Iphdeiah son of Shashak," mentioned only in a genealogy of the Tribe of Asher according to Chronicles.[284][285]

See Iri (biblical figure).

Ira the Jairite

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Ira the Jairite was David's chief minister or priest after Sheba's rebellion.[286] While described as David's priest by the English Standard Version and New International Version, other translations describe Ira as David's chief ruler (King James Version) or his chief minister (New King James Version). The Hebrew word "כֹּהֵן" literally means "one officiating".[287]

Irad

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In Genesis 4:18, Irad (Hebrew: עִירָד – 'Īrāḏ), is the son of Enoch, the grandson of Cain and the father of Mehujael.

According to the Book of Moses (an LDS text), Irad discovers and publicises his great-grandson Lamech's (descendant of Cain) covenant with the Devil. As a result, Lamech kills Irad and subsequently suffers ostracization.

Iram

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Iram is a name which appears in Genesis 36:43. In the Masoretic Text as it now stands, Iram is identified as a "tribal leader" (Hebrew alluph) of Edom. However, Thomas Kelly suggests that originally the text may have identified Iram and the other "tribal leaders" as the names not of individuals, but of clans, using the Hebrew word eleph to mean "clan."[288]

Iri, according to 1 Chronicles 7:7, was one of the sons of Bela, who was the son of Benjamin, eponymous founder of the Tribe of Benjamin. In verse 12, he is referred to simply as Ir.[289]

Irijah

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Irijah (Hebrew יראייה yiriyyah) is an official who arrests Jeremiah on suspicion of desertion.[290]

Iru is a name mentioned only once in the Hebrew Bible.[291] In 1 Chronicles 4:15, Iru is listed as one of the sons of Caleb. The other two were Elah and Naam.

Iscah

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Iscah or Jesca (Jessica) was a daughter of Haran, sister of Lot and Milcah according to Genesis 11:29.

Ishbah

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For the "Ishbah, father of Eshtemoa" mentioned in 1 Chronicles, see List of minor biblical tribes § Ishbah.

Ishbi-benob

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Ishbi-benob is a name which appears in the Qere of the Masoretic Text at 2 Samuel 21:16.[292] Qere is the term for the version of the text traditionally read aloud in synagogues. The Ketiv, the version written but not read aloud, reads somewhat differently, in a manner that suggested to Thomas Kelly Cheyne that the opening words of the verse were not the name of the giant, but words that indicated that David and his soldiers stayed in (the city of) Nob.[292] Whatever the case with the Ketiv, the Qere as it now stands asserts that Ishbi-benob was the name of a Philistine giant, who was killed by Abishai son of Zeruiah.[292][293] Gesenius interprets his name as meaning "dweller upon the height".[294] In Brenton's Septuagint Translation, his name is given as Jesbi, the progeny of Rapha.[295]

Ishhod

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Ishhod (King James Version Ishod) is a figure mentioned only once in the Hebrew Bible.[296] 1 Chronicles 7:18 lists Ishod as a son of Hammoleketh in a genealogy of the Tribe of Manasseh.

Ishi

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Ishi is mentioned in Chronicles several times.[297][298][299][300]

Ishiah

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Ishijah

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Ishmael

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Ishmael was the name of 6 biblical individuals in the Hebrew Bible:

Ishmaiah

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Ishmaiah (KJV Ismaiah) is the name of two biblical figures.[301]

Ishmerai

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Ishmerai is a biblical figure mentioned only in 1 Chronicles 8:18, where he is called "the son of Elpaal" in a genealogy of the Tribe of Benjamin.[302] He may be the same character as the "Shemer" or "Shemed" mentioned in 1 Chronicles 8:12.[302]

Ishod

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See Ishhod.

Ishpah

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Ishpah (KJV Ispah) is a name which appears in a genealogy of the Tribe of Benjamin.[303][304] According to 1 Chronicles 8, Ishpah was the son of Beriah, the son of Elpaal, the son of Shaharaim.[305]

Ishpan

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Ishpan is a figure who appears only once in the Hebrew Bible, in a genealogical passage describing the people of the Tribe of Benjamin.[306] 1 Chronicles 8 calls him the son of Shashak, the son of Elpaal, the son of Shaharaim.[307]

Ishuah

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See Ishvah.

Ishuai

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See Ishvah.

Ishui

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See Ishvi.

Ishvah

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Ishvah (KJV Ishuah and Isuah) was one of the sons of Asher according to Genesis 46:17 and 1 Chronicles 7:30, although he is missing from the list of the sons of Asher found in Numbers 26:44.[308]

Ishvi

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Ishvi (KJV Ishui, Isui, Jesui, and Ishuai) is the name of two figures in the Hebrew Bible.[309]

  • Ishvi is the name given to a son of Asher, eponymous founder of the Tribe of Asher, in Genesis 46:17, Numbers 26:44, and 1 Chronicles 7:30. His descendants are called Ishvites in Numbers 24:44. Genesis 46 places him in the list of 70 persons who went down into Egypt with Jacob, the father of Asher and the other eleven Tribes of Israel.
  • Ishvi is the name of a son of Saul in 1 Samuel 14:49.

Ismaiah

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See Ishmaiah.

Ispah

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See Ishpah.

Isshiah

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Isshijah

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Isui

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See Ishvi.

Ithai

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See Ittai.

Ithmah

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Ithmah is a name which appears only once in the Hebrew Bible, in 1 Chronicles 11:46, where "Ithmah the Moabite" is listed as one of David's Mighty Warriors.[310]

Ithran

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Ithran is the name given for two figures in the Hebrew Bible.[311]

  • Ithran, son of Dishon, son of Anah, son of Zibeon, son of Seir the Horite.[312] This Ithran represents the name of a Horite clan.[311]
  • Ithran, son of Zophah, son of Helem appears in a genealogy of the Tribe of Asher.[313] The Encyclopaedia Biblica identifies the "Jether" of 1 Chronicles 7:38 as probably being identical to this Ithran.[311]

Ithream

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Ithream (יתרעם, "abundant people")[314] was the son of David and Eglah, David's sixth son, according to 2 Samuel 3:5.

Ittai

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Ittai (and once in Chronicles, Ithai) is the name given one or two biblical figures:

  • Ittai the Gittite appears alongside 600 soldiers as a Philistine ally of David in the time leading up to Absalom's rebellion.[315] Having only recently arrived in Jerusalem, David gives him an option to return home to Gath, but Ittai confirms his loyalty to David and helps him evacuate the city.[316] During the rebellion itself, he serves as commander of a third of David's army.[315]
  • Ittai "son of Ribai, from Gibeah, of the children of Benjamin" is listed as one of David's Mighty Warriors.[317] His association with Gibeah and the Tribe of Benjamin "probably" distinguish him from the Gittite Ittai, according to Stanley Arthur Cook.[315] This Benjamite Ittai is once called Ithai in 1 Chronicles 11:31.[315]

Izhar

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For the Levitical clan, see Izhar.

Izhar son of Hela is a figure who appears in a genealogy of the Tribe of Judah, in 1 Chronicles 4:7. He is called Izhar according to the variant reading known as Qere. According to the Ketiv his name is Zohar. The King James Version calls him Jezoar.

Izrahiah

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Izrahiah (Jezrahiah) is the name of two biblical figures.

  • Izrahiah son of Uzzi, son of Tola, son of Issachar appears in a genealogy of the Tribe of Issachar.[318]
  • Izrahiah (KJV Jezrahiah) is, according to Nehemiah 12:42, a leader of singers in a procession headed by Nehemiah.

Izri

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Izri (Zeri) appears in a list of persons responsible for liturgical music in the time of David, according to 1 Chronicles 25:11. In 1 Chronicles 25:3, he is called Zeri.[319]

Izziah

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Izziah (KJV Jeziah), a descendant of Parosh, is listed as one of the men who married foreign wives in the time of Nehemiah.[320]

Jaanai

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See Janai (biblical figure). See Djenne'.

Jaareshiah

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Jaareshiah (KJV Jaresiah) is a name which appears only 1 Chronicles 8:27, where Jaaresiah is identified as one of the sons of Jeroham.[321] The text does not identify any information about Jeroham's parentage, but the passage is part of a genealogy of the Tribe of Benjamin.[321]

Jaasai

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See Jaasu.

Jaasau

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See Jaasu.

Jaasiel

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Jaasiel (Jasiel) is the name of one of David's Mighty Warriors.[322] He is referred to in Hebrew as hammitsovayah, which has been variously translated as "the Mezobaite," "the Mesobaite," or "from Zobah."[323][324] A "Jaasiel son of Abner" is listed as a Benjamite leader in 1 Chronicles 27:21, who may be the same person.[323]

Jaasu

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Jaasu (also called Jaasau, Jaasai) is a name which appears in a list of men alleged to have married foreign women in the time of Nehemiah.[325]

Jaaziah

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Jaaziah is listed as one of the sons of Merari in a passage discussing the various divisions of Levites.[326]

Jaaziel

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Jaaziel is the name of a Levite musician who appears in 1 Chronicles 15:18. He reappears as "Aziel" in 15:20.[327]

Jacan

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Jacan (or Jachan) is a name which appears once in the Hebrew Bible, in a list of Gadites in Chronicles.[328][329]

Jachin

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Jachin was the fourth son of Simeon according to Genesis 46:10, Exodus 6:15, and Numbers 26:12, one of the 70 souls to migrate to Egypt with Jacob.

Jada

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Jada was one of the sons of Onam mentioned in 1 Chronicles 2:28, he had two sons Jonathan and Jether, and his brother was named Shammai. He was a descendant of Hezron.

Jahath

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Jahath is the name of several individuals in the Hebrew Bible.[330]

  • Jahath son of Reaiah, son of Shobal, descendant of Judah is mentioned in 1 Chronicles 4:2, in a genealogical passage describing the Tribe of Judah.
  • Jahath is a name applied to various Levites in 1 Chronicles 6:20 (verse 5 in some Bibles), 6:43 (verse 28 in some Bibles), 23:10, 24:22; and 2 Chronicles 34:12.[330]

Jahaziah

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See Jahzeiah.

Jahleel

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Jahleel was a son of Zebulun according to Genesis 46:14 and Numbers 26:26. He was one of the 70 persons to migrate to Egypt with Jacob.

Jahmai

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For the Jahmai of 1 Chronicles 7:2, see List of minor biblical tribes § Jahmai.

Jahzeel

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Jahzeel was a son of Naphtali according to Genesis 46:24 and Numbers 26:48. He was one of the 70 persons to migrate to Egypt with Jacob.

Jahzeiah

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Jahzeiah (KJV Jahaziah) son of Tikvah is one of the figures listed in the Book of Ezra as opposing Ezra's prohibition on marriages with foreign women.[331][332]

Jahzerah

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Jahzerah is a name which appears only in 1 Chronicles 9:12.[333] See Ahzai.

Jakeh

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Jakeh is a name that appears only in Proverbs 30:1, where part of the Book of Proverbs is ascribed to a man called "Agur son of Jakeh". Franz Delitzsch proposed that the name "Jakeh" means "scrupulously pious".[334]

Janai

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Janai (Jaanai) is a name that appears only 1 Chronicles 5:12, where Janai is listed as a descendant of Gad. According to the Encyclopaedia Biblica, the name represents the name of a clan within the Tribe of Gad.[335]

Jakim

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Jakim is the name of one individual mentioned in the Hebrew Bible, as well as one individual mentioned in some manuscripts of the New Testament's Gospel of Matthew. In a genealogy of the Tribe of Benjamin, in 1 Chronicles 24:12, a Jakim appears, as the son of Shimei (who is referred to as Shema in verse 13).[336] In some Greek manuscripts of Matthew, a Jakim appears between Josiah and Jechoniah in a genealogy of Jesus.[337][336]

Jalon

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Jalon was one of four sons of Ezrah, and the uncle of Miriam, Shammai and Ishbah (father of Eshtemoa). (1 Chr. 4:17)

Jamin

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The name Jamin means right hand. There are four different Jamins in the Bible:

  1. The second son of Simeon according to Genesis 46:10, Exodus 6:15, and Numbers 26:12. He was one of the 70 souls to migrate to Egypt with Jacob.
  2. Man of Judah, see 1 Chronicles 2:27
  3. Post exile Levite who interpreted the law, see Nehemiah 8:7,8
  4. The son of Ram the firstborn of Jerahmeel according to the book of 1 Chronicles.

Jamlech

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Jamlech is a figure who appears once in the Hebrew Bible, in list of kin group leaders in the Tribe of Simeon, who according to the Bible lived in the time of Hezekiah and exterminated the Meunim.[338][339]

Japhia

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Japhia was the king of Lachish, one of the five kings of the Amorites whose battle against the settling Israelites led by Joshua is reported in Joshua 10:1–15. Along with the other four kings, he was subsequently found in a cave at Makkedah, where he was killed and buried by Joshua and his forces (Joshua 10:26–27). Not to be confused with the ancient Jewish town of Japhia/Japha.

Jarah

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See Jehoaddah. meaning: honey, god gives honey, honeycomb, honeysuckle

Jareb

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Jareb is a name which appears in Hosea 5:13 and 10:6 in some translations of the Bible.[340] In both passages, the Hebrew text refers to a mlk yrb (KJV "King Jareb") in a way that implies that mlk yrb is the king of Assyria.[341] However, no Assyrian king by the name of "Jareb" is known to history, which has led to a variety of conjectures about what the phrase refers to.[342] According to W. F. Albright, the "definitive solution" to the problem is that the text should read mlk rb or mlky rb, meaning "the great king", a Hebrew translation of the common Assyrian royal title sharru rabu.[341] The proposed emendation to "great king" has been accepted in a number of biblical translations.[343]

Jarib

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Jarib is the name of three individuals in the Hebrew Bible, and a priest whose descendants are named in the First Book of Maccabees.

  • In 1 Chronicles 4:24, one of the sons of Simeon (son of Jacob) is called Jarib. In other passages, he is called Jachin.[344]
  • A Jarib appears in a list of leaders recruited by Ezra to find Levites for the resettlement of Jerusalem.[345]
  • A priest by the name of Jarib is mentioned in a list of men who married foreign women in Ezra 10:18.
  • In 1 Maccabees 2:1 and 14:29, Mattathias and his son Simon are described as being "of the posterity of Jarib". The New English Translation of the Septuagint transliterates the name as Ioarib, while the New American Bible reads Joarib and the Good News Translation reads Jehoiarib.[346]

Jaresiah

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See Jaareshiah.

Jarha

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Jarha was an Egyptian slave of Sheshan who was married to Sheshan's daughter according to 1 Chronicles 2:34–35.

Jasiel

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See Jaasiel.

Jasub/Jashub

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1. See Job, son of Issachar

2. See Shearjashub

3. A son of Bani in Ezra 10:29.

Jathniel

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Jathniel is a minor biblical figure who appears only in 1 Chronicles 26:2, in a list of Korahite porters.[347]

Jaziz

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Jaziz the Hagrite, according to 1 Chronicles 27:31, was in charge of king David's flocks of sheep and goats.

Jeatherai

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See Ethni.

Jecamiah

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See Jekamiah.

Jecholiah

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Jecholiah (Hebrew: יכליהו, yekhalyahu) of Jerusalem was the wife of the King of Judah, Amaziah, and the mother of King Azariah.[348] Depending on translation used, her name may also be spelled Jechiliah, Jecoliah, or Jekoliah. Also 2 Chronicles 26:3

Jediael

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There are three individuals in the Hebrew Bible named Jediael.[349]

  • Jediael son of Shimri is listed as one of David's warriors in 1 Chronicles 11:45.
  • Jediael, a man from the Tribe of Manasseh, appears in a list of warriors said to have deserted David when he went to Ziklag.[350]
  • Jediael son of Meshelemiah appears in a list of Korahite porters in the time of David.[351]

Jeezer

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Jeezer was a son of Gilead of the Tribe of Manasseh according to Numbers 26:30.

Jehallelel

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Jehallelel (KJV Jehaleleel or Jehalelel) is the name of two individuals in the Hebrew Bible.[352]

  • A Jehallelel appears in 1 Chronicles 4:16, in a genealogy of the Tribe of Judah.
  • Another Jehallelel appears in a list of Levites in 2 Chronicles 29:12.

Jehdeiah

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Jehdeiah is the name of two individuals in the Hebrew Bible.[353]

  • A Levite mentioned in 1 Chronicles 24:20.
  • Jehdeiah the Meronothite, who according to 1 Chronicles 27:30 was in charge of king David's donkeys.

Jehezkel

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Jehezkel was the head of the twentieth lot out of the twenty-four lots ordained by David for the temple service in 1 Chronicles 24:16.

Jehiah

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Jehiah is a figure who is only mentioned once in the Bible, in 1 Chronicles 15:24, which describes him as a gatekeeper for the Ark of the Covenant in the time of David.[354]

Jehiel

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This entry contains close paraphrases and borrowing of wording found in entries entitled "Jehiel" in the Encyclopaedia Biblica, a work which is now in the public domain.

Jehiel is the name of fourteen figures in the Hebrew Bible.[355]

For eleven of these the English spelling "Jehiel" reflects the Hebrew name יחיאל:[355]

  • A Levite musician in the time of David (1 Chronicles 15:18, 20; 16:5).
  • The leader of a family of Gershonite Levites in the time of David, custodian of "the treasury of the house of the Lord" (1 Chronicles 23:8; 29:8).
  • Jehiel the son of Hachmoni, who was with David's sons (1 Chronicles 27:32).
  • Jehiel the son of king Jehoshaphat (2 Chronicles 21:2).
  • A Hemanite Levite in the time of Hezekiah, called Jehuel in the Revised Version (2 Chronicles 29:14).
  • A Levitical or priestly oversees of the temple in the time of Hezekiah (2 Chronicles 31:13).
  • A person referred to as "ruler of the house of God" in the time of Josiah (2 Chronicles 35:8).
  • The father of Obadiah in a post-exilic list of kin groups (Ezra 8:9).
  • The father of Shechaniah (Ezra 10:2).
  • Jehiel the son of Harim, a priest (Ezra 10:21).
  • Jehiel the son of Elam, a layman (Ezra 10:26).

For the other three, the name Jehiel (or Jeiel) reflects the Hebrew spelling יעיאל:

  • One of the sons of Elam (Ezra 10:2).
  • A Gibeonite described as the "father of Gibeon" in 1 Chronicles 9:35.
  • A son of Hothan the Aroerite, who along with his brother Shama was listed as one of David's Mighty Warriors in 1 Chronicles 11:44.

Jehizkiah

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Jehizkiah son of Shallum is mentioned in a list of Ephraimite leaders who, according to 2 Chronicles 28, intervened along with the prophet Oded to prevent the enslavement of 200,000 people from the Kingdom of Judah during the time of the king Ahaz.[356]

Jehoaddah

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Joehoaddah (or Jehoadah, Jarah) was one of the descendants of King Saul, according to 1 Chronicles 8:33–36. In 1 Chronicles 9:42, which contains a copy of the same genealogy of Saul, his name is given as "Jarah."[357]

Jehoaddan

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Jehoaddan (Hebrew: יהועדן, Yehōaddān; "YHWH delights") was a native of Jerusalem, the wife of King Joash of Judah, and mother of his successor, King Amaziah. 2 Kings 14:2

Jehoiada

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Jehoiada (Hebrew: יהוידע,Yehoyada "The LORD Knows"[358]) was the name of at least three people in the Hebrew Bible:

  • Jehoiada, a priest during the reigns of Ahaziah, Athaliah, and Joash (q.v.)
  • Jehoiada, father of Benaiah (cf. Benaiah)
  • Jehoiada, a priest in the time of Jeremiah (Jeremiah 29:26)

Jehoshaphat

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Jehoshaphat (Hebrew: יהושפט, yehoshaphat, God Judges), son of Paruah, was one of King Solomon's twelve regional administrators: his jurisdiction was Issachar (1 Kings 4:17).

Jehosphaphat, son of Ahilud, was King Solomon's recorder (1 Kings 4:3).

Jehozabad

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Jehozabad (Hebrew: יהוזבד, yehozabad) is the name of three figures in the Hebrew Bible.[359]

  • Jehozabad son of Shomer was one of the assassinators of King Joash of Judah. 2 Kings 12:21. "This person is called Zabad, in 2 Chron. xxiv.26..." [360]
  • Jehozabad, according 2 Chronicles 17:18, was a leader of 180,000 Benjamite warriors in the time of king Jehoshaphat.
  • Jehozabad is listed as one of the sons of Obed-edom according to 1 Chronicles 26:4.

Jehubbah

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Jehubbah (or Hubbah) is the name of an individual who appears in a genealogy of the Tribe of Asher. His name depends on which variant reading (see Qere and Ketiv) of the Masoretic Text one follows: the Ketiv reads yhbh ("Jehubbah") the Qere reads whbh ("and Hubbah").[361]

Jehudi

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Jehudi (Hebrew יהודי "Judahite") "the son of Nethaniah, the son of Shelemiah, the son of Cushi" (Jeremiah 36:14) was one of the delegates the princes sent to fetch Baruch, Jeremiah's scribe, to read his scroll.

Jehudijah

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Jehudijah (Hebrew: הַיְהֻדִיָּ֗ה), mentioned in 1 Chronicles 4:18, is the name given to the wife of Mered, and is listed as the mother of his children.[362] Some Rabbinic sources claim that Jehudijah, a feminine form of the Hebrew yehudi (Hebrew: יְהוּדִי), meaning "Jew," is to be used as a noun rather than a given name, interpreting the passage as "his wife, the Jewess" rather than "his wife, Jehudijah," and that it is referring to Pharaoh's daughter, Bithiah, who is mentioned in the same passage and is said to have converted to Judaism.[362] As Bithiah was an Egyptian, it would have been worth noting that she was a Jewess, especially given the importance of matrilineality in Judaism, though this was not the case in the Biblical era.

Jehush

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See Jeush.

Jeiel

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Jeiel is the name of ten individuals in the Hebrew Bible.[363]

  • Jeiel, according to 1 Chronicles 5:7, was a leader in the Tribe of Reuben.
  • Jeiel, referred to as the "father of Gibeon", was an ancestor of King Saul.[364] The King James Version calls him "Jehiel."[363] This figure's name is affected by variant readings preserved through the Qere and Ketiv system in the Masoretic Text: the Ketiv calls him "Jeuel," while the Qere calls him "Jeiel."[363]
  • Jeiel son of Hotham the Aroerite is listed as one of David's warriors in 1 Chronicles 11:44. The King James Version calls him "Jehiel." This figure's name is affected by variant readings preserved through the Qere and Ketiv system in the Masoretic Text: the Ketiv calls him "Jeuel," while the Qere calls him "Jeiel."[363]
  • A Jeiel is mentioned in passing in a list of gatekeepers for the Ark of the Covenant in 1 Chronicles 15:18.
  • A Jeiel is listed as one of the ancestors of a Levite named Jahaziel in 2 Chronicles 20:14.
  • A Jeiel was one of the scribes of Uzziah according to 2 Chronicles 26:11. This figure's name is affected by variant readings preserved through the Qere and Ketiv system in the Masoretic Text: the Ketiv calls him "Jeuel," while the Qere calls him "Jeiel."[363]
  • A Jeiel is recorded as a Levite in the time of Hezekiah. This figure's name is affected by variant readings preserved through the Qere and Ketiv system in the Masoretic Text: the Ketiv calls him "Jeuel," while the Qere calls him "Jeiel."[363] The Revised Version calls him Jeuel, following the Ketiv.[363]
  • A Jeiel is recorded as a leader in the Tribe of Levi in time of Uzziah according to 2 Chronicles 35:9.
  • In a list of returnees to Yehud Medinata after the end of the Babylonian captivity, a Jeiel is recorded as being the head of a group of relatives according to Ezra 8:13. The Revised Version calls him Jeuel.
  • A Jeiel, of the "descendants of Nebo," is listed as one of the people opposing marriage to foreign women in the time of Nehemiah.[365]

Jekameam

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Jekameam son of Hebron is mentioned in passing in two genealogical passages.[366]

Jekamiah

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Jekamiah (KJV spelling Jecamiah) is the name of two individuals in the Hebrew Bible.[367]

  • Jekamiah son of Shallum, son of Sismai, son of Eleasah, son of Helez, son of Azariah, son of Jehu, son of Obed, son of Ephlal, son of Zabad, son of Nathan, son of Attai, son of Jarha, the son-in-law and slave of Sheshan, son of Ishi, son of Appaim, son of Nadab, son of Shammai, son of Onam, son of Jerahmeel, the alleged ancestor of the Jerahmeelites.[368]
  • Jekamiah, a son of Jeconiah, the last king of Judah, who was taken captive by the Babylonians.[369]

Jekoliah

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See Jecholiah.

Jekuthiel

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Jekuthiel, father of Zanoah, appears in 1 Chronicles 4:18, in a genealogical passage concerning the Tribe of Judah.[370]

Jemima

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Jemimah, meaning "Dove" was a daughter of Job according to Job 42:14.

Jemuel

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Jemuel was the first son of Simeon according to Genesis 46:10, Exodus 6:15, and Numbers 26:12. He was one of the 70 souls to migrate to Egypt with Jacob.

Jephunneh

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Jephunneh (יְפֻנֶּה) is a biblical name which means "for whom a way is prepared", and was the name of two biblical figures:

Jerah

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Jerah was a son of Joktan according to Genesis 10:26, 1 Chronicles 1:20.

Jeremai

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Jeremai, one of the "descendants of Hashum," is a figure who appears only in Ezra 10:33, where he is listed among the men who married foreign women.[371]

Jeriah

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See Jerijah.

Jerioth

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Jerioth ירעות "Tent Curtains" was a wife of Caleb according to 1 Chronicles 2:18.

Jeriel

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Jeriel, son of Tola, son of Issachar, is found in a genealogy of the Tribe of Issachar in 1 Chronicles 7:2.

Jerijah

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Jerijah (sometimes Jeriah) is listed is one of the sons of Hebron in genealogical passages in 1 Chronicles 23:19, 24:23, 26:31.[372]

Jeroham

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There are 5 people in the Hebrew Bible named Jeroham.

  1. The Father of Elkanah, and grandfather of the prophet Samuel — in 1 Samuel 1:1.
  2. The father of Azareel, the "captain" of the tribe of Dan — in 1 Chronicles 27:22.
  3. A Benjamite mentioned in 1 Chronicles 12:7 and 1 Chronicles 9:12.
  4. The father of Azariah, one of the "commanders of the hundreds" who formed part of Jehoiada's campaign to restore the kingship to Joash in 2 Chronicles 23:1
  5. A priest mentioned in 1 Chronicles 9:12; (perhaps the same as in Nehemiah 11:12).

Jerusha

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Jerusha (or Jerushah) the daughter of Zadok was, according to the 2 Kings 15:33 and 2 Chronicles 27:1, the mother of king Jotham.

Jesbi

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See Ishbi-benob

Jeshaiah

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Jeshaiah may refer to multiple figures in the Bible:

  1. A descendant of David, the father of Rephaiah, and the son of Hananiah in 1 Chronicles 3:21.
  2. One of eight sons of Jeduthun in 1 Chronicles 25:3.
  3. For the man in 1 Chronicles 24 and 26 who is sometimes called Jeshaiah, see Jesiah.

Jeshebeab

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Jeshebeab was a descendant of Aaron, who was assigned priestly duties by David. Out of the twenty-four, Jeshebeab was the head of the fourteenth lot according to 1 Chronicles 24:13.

Jesher

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Jesher the son of Caleb is mentioned only in 1 Chronicles 2:18.

Jeshishai

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Jeshishai is a figure mentioned only once, in passing, in a genealogy of Gad.[373][374]

Jeshohaiah

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Jeshohaiah appears in a list of names of Simeonites. According to Chronicles these Simeonites took pasture-land from descendants of Ham and the Meunim during the time of king Hezekiah.[375] According to Thomas Kelly Cheyne, the name is a corruption of Maaseiah.[376]

Jesimiel

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Jesimiel appears in a list of names of Simeonites. According to Chronicles these Simeonites took pasture-land from descendants of Ham and the Meunim during the time of king Hezekiah.[375] According to Thomas Kelly Cheyne, the name is a corruption of Maaseel.[376]

Jesui

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See Ishvi.

Jether

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Jether was the name of 5 biblical individuals:

  • Gideon's firstborn mentioned in Judges 8:20 out of all the 70 children he had.
  • A father of Amasa which was the "captain" of the host of Judah.
  • A Jerahmeelite mentioned in 1 Chronicles 2:32 who had no children and ends up dying.
  • The son of Ezrah mentioned in 1 Chronicles 4:17.
  • The father of Jephunneh, Pispah and Ara.

Jetheth

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Jetheth is listed as one of the "chiefs" of Edom, in Genesis 36:41.

Jeuel

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Jeuel son of Zerah appears in a list of people living in Jerusalem after the end of the Babylonian exile. For four other individuals who are sometimes called "Jeuel" and sometimes "Jeiel," see Jeiel.

Jeush

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Jeush is the name of four or five individuals mentioned in the Hebrew Bible.[377]

  • Jeush son of Esau.[378] A variant manuscript reading, known as Ketiv, calls him Jeish.[377]
  • Jeush son of Bilhan, son of Jediael, the son of Benjamin, mentioned in a genealogy which describes the people of the Tribe of Benjamin.[144]
  • Jeush son of Eshek, who is mentioned in a genealogy of the Tribe of Benjamin.[184] According to the Encyclopaedia Biblica, this is likely a reference to the same person called Jeush son of Bilhan. The King James Version calls him Jehush.
  • Jeush son of Shimei represented a division of Levites according to 1 Chronicles 23:10–11.
  • Jeush, the first listed son of king Rehoboam in 2 Chronicles 11:19.

Jezer

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Jezer was a son of Naphtali according to Genesis 46:24 and Numbers 26:49. He was one of the 70 persons to migrate to Egypt with Jacob. According to Numbers he was the progenitor of the Jezerites.

Jeziah

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See Izziah.

Jezoar

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Jezoar was the one of the sons of Helah and Ashur mentioned in 1 Chronicles 4:7.

Jezrahiah

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See Izrahiah.

Jezreel

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One of the sons of the father of Etam according to 1 Chronicles 4:3

Jibsam

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See Ibsam.

Jidlaph

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Jidlaph was the seventh son of Nahor and Milcah (Genesis 22:22).

Jimnah

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Jimnah or Jimna was a son of Asher according to Genesis 46:17 and Numbers 26:44. He was one of the 70 souls to migrate to Egypt with Jacob.

Jishui

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Jishui was the second son of King Saul, mentioned in Saul's genealogy in 1 Samuel 14:49. He is called Abinadab in 1 Chronicles 8:33 and 9:39.

Joahaz

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For either of the biblical kings names Jehoahaz or Joahaz, see Jehoahaz of Israel or Jehoahaz of Judah.

Joahaz, according 2 Chronicles 34:8, was the name of the father of Josiah's scribe Joah.

Joarib

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See Jarib

Joash

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This entry is about the four minor biblical characters named Joash. For the kings named Joash or Jehoash, see Jehoash of Israel and Jehoash of Judah.

Joash, an abbreviated name of Jehoash, is the name of several figures in the Hebrew Bible.

  • Joash, an Abiezrite of the Tribe of Manasseh, was the father of Gideon according to Judges 6–8.[379] His family was poor and lived in Ophrah. After Gideon tore down the altar of Baal and cut down the grove, the men of Ophrah sought to kill Gideon. Joash stood against them, saying, "He that will plead for [Baal], let him be put to death whilst it is yet morning: if he be a god, let him plead for himself, because one hath cast down his altar."
  • A Joash is described as "the king's son" in the time of Ahab. According to Stanley Arthur Cook, it is uncertain whether he was the son of king Ahab, or whether "king's son" was a title used by high officers.[380]
  • Joash is described as one of the descendants of Shelah, son of Judah (son of Jacob) in a genealogy of the Tribe of Judah.[381]
  • A Joash is named as one of the Benjamite warriors to came to the aid of David when he went to Ziklag.[382]

Job or Jashub was a son of Issachar according to Genesis 46:13, Numbers 26:24 and 1 Chronicles 7:1. He was one of the 70 souls to migrate to Egypt with Jacob.

Jobab

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Jobab is the name of at least five men in the Hebrew Bible.

Joed

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Joed is the name of a man mentioned in passing as being an ancestor of Sallu, a Benjamite in the time of Nehemiah.[383]

Joel

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Joel, יואל,"YHVH God", is the name of several men in the Hebrew Bible:

  • A Hebrew Bible book of the prophet Joel, the main theme of which is the coming “Day of the Lord”. The prophet Joel cannot be identified with any of the 12 other figures in the Hebrew Bible who have the same name. He is not mentioned outside the books of Joel and Acts (Ac 2:16). His father, Pethuel (1:1), is also unknown. Judging from his concern with Judah and Jerusalem (see 2:32; 3:1,6,8,16-20), it seems likely that Joel lived in that area.

Joelah

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Joelah, in 1 Chronicles 12:7, is listed as one of the Benjamite warriors who went to David at Ziklag.

Joezer

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Joezer, according to 1 Chronicles 12:6, is the name of one of the Benjamite warriors who came to the aid of David when he went to Ziklag in Philistine territory due to the hostility of king Saul.

Jogli

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Jogli was the father of Bukki, a prince of the Tribe of Dan. (Num. 34:22)

Johanan

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Johanan (Hebrew: יוחנן "God is merciful") was the name of 6 minor biblical figures in the Hebrew Bible:

  • Ezra|8:12}}.

Joiarib

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Joiarib ("God will contend") is the name of two biblical persons:

  • Ancestor of Maaseiah the son of Barukh, who was one of those to resettle Jerusalem after the return from Babylonia. (Neh. 11:5)
  • The head of a family of priests at the time of the return from Babylonia. (Neh. 12:6) He was one of the "men of understanding" sent by Ezra to Iddo in order to procure men to minister in the Temple. (Ezr. 8:16) His son was Jedaiah, one of the priests to resettle Jerusalem. (Neh. 11:10) The head of the family at the time of Joiakim was Mattenai. (Neh. 12:19)

Jokim

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Jokim is listed as one of the descendants of Shelah, son of Judah (son of Jacob) in 1 Chronicles 4:22.

Jonathan

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Jonathan son of Kareah

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Jonathan (Hebrew: יונתן "God gave") son of Kareah was among the officers who survived the destruction of Jerusalem and exile of Judeans by the king of Babylon; he was brother to Johanan q.v. – Jeremiah 40:8

Josedech

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See Jehozadok

Joseph

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Joseph, father of Igal

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Joseph of the house of Issachar was the father of Igal, a scout sent to Canaan prior to the crossing of the Jordan River according to Numbers 13:7.

Joshah

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Joshah son of Amaziah is mentioned only once in the Bible, where is listed among Benjamite leaders in 1 Chronicles 4:34.[386] He is one of several clan leaders who, according to Chronicles, were involved in exterminating the descendants of Ham and the Meunim, and taking their pasture-lands.

Joshaviah

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Joshaviah son of Elnaam is a biblical figure who appears only in 1 Chronicles 11:46, in a listing of David's Mighty Warriors.[387]

Joshbekashah

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Joshbekashah appears as one of the sons of Heman in a passage which describes the musicians of the Jerusalem Temple in the time of David.[388]

Joshibiah

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Joshibiah (King James Version spelling Josibiah) is given in 1 Chronicles 4:35 as the father of Jehu, one of the Benjamite clan leaders in the time of Hezekiah who exterminated the descendants of Ham and the Meunim and took their farmland.[389]

Joshua

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Joshua the Bethshemite

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Joshua the Bethshemite was the owner of the field in which the Ark of the Covenant came to rest when the Philistines sent it away on a driverless ox-drawn cart. (1 Samuel 6:14)

Joshua the governor of the city

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Joshua (Hebrew: יהושע yehoshua "God saves") was a city governor in the time of King Josiah of Judah. 2 Kings 23:8

Josibiah

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See Joshibiah.

Josiphiah

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Josiphiah is a name which appears in a list of returnees from the Babylonian captivity, where "Shelomith son of Josiphiah" is listed as the leader of the 160 men of the "descendants of Bani" who returned to Yehud Medinata in the time of Nehemiah.[390]

Jozabad

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Jozabad is the name of several individuals mentioned in the Hebrew Bible. For three other individuals with a similar name, see Jehozabad.

  • Jozabad of Gederah is listed as one of David's warriors in 1 Chronicles 12:4.
  • Two men named Jozabad from the Tribe of Manasseh are listed as warriors of David in 1 Chronicles 12:20.
  • Jozabad, according to 2 Chronicle 31:13, was an overseer in the Temple at Jerusalem in the time of Hezekiah.
  • A Jozabad is described as a Levite leader in 2 Chronicles 35:9. This may be the same individual overseeing the Temple in the time of Hezekiah.[391]
  • Jozabad son of Joshua is listed as a Levite in the time of Ezra in the time of Ezra 8:33.
  • A Levite Jozabad is listed in Ezra 10:22 as having taken a foreign wife.
  • A Levite Jozabad is listed as having a foreign wife in Ezra 10:23. This man may be the same as Joshua son of Joshua mentioned above, and/or the same as the two individuals below.[391]
  • A Jozabad is listed in Nehemiah 8:7 as one of those who helped explain the law to the people of Yehud Medinata.
  • A Jozabad is listed as one of the inhabitants of Jerusalem in Nehemiah 11:16.

Jozachar

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Jozachar (Hebrew: יוֹזָכָר, yozakhar, "God Remembered") or Jozacar, son of Shimeath, was one of the assassins of king Joash of Judah. In 2 Kings 12:21 the Hebrew is יוזבד, yozabad.

Jushab-hesed

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Jushab-hesed is a name which appears in the Hebrew Bible only in 1 Chronicles 3:20, where he is said to be one of the sons of Zerubbabel.[392]

Kallai

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Kallai is named as ancestral head of the priestly house of Sallai in the time of Jehoiakim, according to Nehemiah 12:20.

Karshena

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See Carshena.

Kedar

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Kedar (Qedar): see Qedarites: Biblical

Kelal

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Kelal or Chelal is a person listed in Ezra as among those who married foreign women.[55]

Kelita

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Kelita ("maiming"[393]) was a Levite who assisted Ezra in expounding the law to the people. (Nehemiah 8:7,10:10) He was also known as Kelaiah. (Ezra 10:23)

Kesed

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Kesed was the fourth son of Nahor and Milcah mentioned in Genesis 22:22. The KJV calls him Chesed instead of Kesed.

Kemuel

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Kemuel was the name of 2 biblical individuals.

Keren-happuch

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Keren-happuch, sometimes spelled Kerenhappuch,[394] is the name of Job's third daughter (Job 42:14) who was born after prosperity had returned to him.[395]

Keziah

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Keziah ("Cassia") is the name of Job's second daughter.[396]

Kimham

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See Chimham

Kolaiah

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Kolaiah ("voice of Jehovah") is the father of the false prophet Ahab (Jeremiah 29:21). It is also the name of an ancestor of Sallu that settled in Jerusalem after returning from the Babylonian exile (Nehemiah 11:7).[397]

Kore

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Kore was responsible for distributing the freewill offerings of the Temple in the time of King Hezekiah (2 Chronicles 31:34).

See also

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References

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  1. ^ "תנ"ך מנוקד - אסתר פרק א". mechon-mamre.org. Retrieved 2024-07-08.
  2. ^ "תנ"ך מנוקד - נחמיה פרק יא". mechon-mamre.org. Retrieved 2024-07-08.
  3. ^ International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, (1915) "Abda"
  4. ^ Fretz, Mark J. (1992). "Abda". In David Noel Freedman (ed.). Anchor Bible Dictionary, Vol. 1: A-C. New York: Doubleday. p. 8. ISBN 0385193513.
  5. ^ Cheyne and Black (1899), Encyclopaedia Biblica, entry for "Abda."
  6. ^ Strong's Hebrew and Greek Dictionary
  7. ^ "ABDEEL". JewishEncyclopedia.com. Retrieved 2012-04-06.
  8. ^ Fretz, Mark J. (1992). "Abdeel (Person)". In Freedman, David Noel (ed.). The Anchor Bible Dictionary. Vol. 1. New York: Doubleday. p. 8. ISBN 9780300140811.
  9. ^ International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, "Abdi".
  10. ^ a b c Jewish Publication Society Bible of 1917.
  11. ^ Cheyne and Black (1899), Encyclopaedia Biblica, entry for "Abdi."
  12. ^ New English Translation of the Septuagint
  13. ^ Cheyne and Black (1899), Encyclopaedia Biblica, entry for "Abdi."
  14. ^ "תנ"ך מנוקד - דברי הימים א פרק ה". mechon-mamre.org. Retrieved 2024-07-08.
  15. ^ Cheyne and Black (1899), Encyclopaedia Biblica, second entry titled "Abdon."
  16. ^ This section on Abdon incorporates information from the 1897 Easton's Bible Dictionary.
  17. ^ Cheyne and Black (1899), Encyclopaedia Biblica, first entry for "Abdon."
  18. ^ 1 Chronicles 6:59
  19. ^ Genesis 25:4 in Brenton's Septuagint Translation
  20. ^ "תנ"ך מנוקד - בראשית פרק כה". mechon-mamre.org. Retrieved 2024-07-08.
  21. ^ T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Abida". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 1, A–D. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  22. ^ Genesis 25:6.
  23. ^ "BDB, אֲבִיחַ֫יִל 1". www.sefaria.org. Retrieved 2024-07-08.
  24. ^ "BDB, אֲבִיהוּד 1". www.sefaria.org. Retrieved 2024-07-08.
  25. ^ 2 Chronicles 29:1.
  26. ^ 2 Kings 18:2.
  27. ^ 2 Chronicles 29:1.
  28. ^ 1 Chronicles 2:24.
  29. ^ 1 Chronicles 7:8.
  30. ^ 1 Samuel 8:2; 1 Chronicles 6:28)
  31. ^ 1 Chronicles 24:10, Luke 1:5, Luke 1:13
  32. ^ Nehemiah 12:4; 17.
  33. ^ "Gezer Calender".
  34. ^ Cheyne and Black (1899), Encyclopaedia Biblica, entry for "Abimael."
  35. ^ a b Cheyne and Black (1899), Encyclopaedia Biblica, entry for "Abinadab"
  36. ^ 1 Samuel 7:1
  37. ^ Ellicott's Commentary for Modern Readers on 1 Samuel 7, accessed 26 April 2017.
  38. ^ 1 Samuel 7:1,2; 1 Chronicles 13:7; 2 Samuel 6:3
  39. ^ 1 Samuel 16:8
  40. ^ 1 Samuel 17:13
  41. ^ 1 Samuel 31:2; 1 Chronicles 10:2
  42. ^ 2 Samuel 3:4
  43. ^ "Abital (fl. 1000 BCE)". Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. Gale Research Inc. Archived from the original on 6 April 2016. Retrieved 6 January 2013.(subscription required)
  44. ^ See the entry for "Abitub" in Cheyne and Black (1899), Encyclopaedia Biblica.
  45. ^ "Achsah - Bible Definition and Scripture References".
  46. ^ International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915), "Adah."
  47. ^ Easton's Bible Dictionary entry on Adah
  48. ^ Cheyne and Black (1899), Encyclopaedia Biblica, entry on "Adah"
  49. ^ Klein, Reuven Chaim (2014). "the Wives of Esau" (PDF). Jewish Bible Quarterly. 42 (4): 211–220.
  50. ^ Thomas Kelly Cheyne and John Sutherland Black (1899). "Adaiah". Encyclopaedia Biblica.
  51. ^ a b Cheyne and Black (1899), Encyclopaedia Biblica, entry for "Adaliah." [1].
  52. ^ "Adino – Bible Definition and Scripture References". Bible Study Tools. Retrieved 2023-12-20.
  53. ^ a b Cheyne and Black (1899), Encyclopaedia Biblica, entry for "Admatha.
  54. ^ Cheyne and Black (1899), Encyclopaedia Biblica, entry for "Adna".
  55. ^ a b Ezra 10:30.
  56. ^ Ezra 2:6.
  57. ^ Nehemiah 12:15.
  58. ^ a b c d e Cheyne and Black (1899), Encyclopaedia Biblica, entries for "Adnah." [2].
  59. ^ a b Cheyne and Black, Encyclopaedia Biblica, entry for "Adonikam.".
  60. ^ T. K. Cheyne; J. Shutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Agee". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 2, E–K. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  61. ^ The New Jerome Biblical Commentary, 1991, pages 287288.
  62. ^ 1 Chronicles 7:19.
  63. ^ T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Ahian". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 1, A–D. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  64. ^ 2 Kings 22:12–14; 2 Chronicles 34:20
  65. ^ Chad Brand; Archie England; Charles W. Draper (1 October 2003). Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary. B&H Publishing Group. p. 101. ISBN 978-1-4336-6978-1.
  66. ^ Beecher, Willis J., "Ahinoam", International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (James Orr,ed.), Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1929
  67. ^ 1 Samuel 19:11
  68. ^ 2 Samuel 3:2
  69. ^ Thomas Kelly Cheyne (1901) [1899]. "Ahishahar". In T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black (eds.). Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 1, A–D. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  70. ^ a b c Thomas Kelly Cheyne (1901) [1899]. "Ahlai". In T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black (eds.). Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 1, A–D. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  71. ^ Genesis 36:2
  72. ^ Genesis 36:20
  73. ^ Genesis 26:35
  74. ^ Phillips, Exploring Genesis, p. 284, 285
  75. ^ 1 Chronicles 4:6.
  76. ^ T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Ahuzam". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 1, A–D. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  77. ^ Referred to as "Ahuzzah" in the New English Translation, but as "Ahuzzath" in most other sources.
  78. ^ T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Ahuzzath". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 1, A–D. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  79. ^ a b T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Ahasai". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 1, A–D. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  80. ^ Charles Forster (1844). "Section II: Settlements of Joktan". The Historical Geography of Arabia (Volume I). pp. 77–175. The family of this patriarch seems to have been correctly traced by Bochart, in the Almodaei, or Allumaeotae, a central people of Arabia Felix, noticed by Ptolemy; and whose geographical position can be pretty exactly ascertained, both by the statement of the Alexandrine geographer, and by the nature of the adjoining country.
  81. ^ Skinner, D.D., John, A Critical and Exegitical Commentary on Genesis, T&T Clark Ltd., 1910 (1980 ed.), p. 221. ISBN 0-567-05001-7.
  82. ^ Magonet, Jonathan (1992) Bible Lives (London, SCM), 116.
  83. ^ 1 Kings 22:26.
  84. ^ Strong's Concordance 531. Amots
  85. ^ On the etymology, see T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Anaiah". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 1, A–D. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  86. ^ Nehemiah 8:4.
  87. ^ Nehemiah 10:22.
  88. ^ Donald E. Gowan (1988). From Eden to Babel: A Commentary on the Book of Genesis 1–11. W.B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 112. ISBN 978-0-8028-0337-5.
  89. ^ Saadia Gaon (1984). Yosef Qafih (ed.). Rabbi Saadia Gaon's Commentaries on the Pentateuch (in Hebrew) (4 ed.). Jerusalem: Mossad Harav Kook. p. 33 (note 33). OCLC 232667032.
  90. ^ "Easton's Bible Dictionary".
  91. ^ 1 Chronicles 3:24.
  92. ^ a b Isaac Kalimi (January 2005). An Ancient Israelite Historian: Studies in the Chronicler, His Time, Place and Writing. Uitgeverij Van Gorcum. pp. 61–64. ISBN 978-90-232-4071-6.
  93. ^ 1 Chronicles 8:24.
  94. ^ a b c T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Antothijah". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 1, A–D. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  95. ^ 1 Samuel 9.
  96. ^ T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Appaim". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 1, A–D. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  97. ^ T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Arah". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 1, A–D. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  98. ^ 1 Chronicles 7:39.
  99. ^ Ezra 2:5 mentions 775 returnees of the sons of Arah, Nehemiah 7:10 mentions 652.
  100. ^ Nehemiah 6:18.
  101. ^ "Ard - Meaning and Verses in Bible Encyclopedia". Bible Study Tools. Retrieved 2023-12-22.
  102. ^ a b Nehemiah 9
  103. ^ Nehemiah 9:6–10
  104. ^ 1 Chronicles 4:16.
  105. ^ T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Asareel". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 1, A–D. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  106. ^ J. D. Douglas; Merrill C. Tenney (3 May 2011). "Jehallelel". Zondervan Illustrated Bible Dictionary. Harper Collins. p. 700. ISBN 978-0-310-49235-1.
  107. ^ 46:21
  108. ^ "Asshurim — Watchtower ONLINE LIBRARY". wol.jw.org. Retrieved 2024-01-05.
  109. ^ Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. "Entry for 'ATER'". "International Standard Bible Encyclopedia". 1915.
  110. ^ Nehemiah 11:4.
  111. ^ T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Athaiah". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 1, A–D. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  112. ^ Ezra 10:28.
  113. ^ a b T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Athlai". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 1, A–D. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  114. ^ 1 Esdras 9:29.
  115. ^ Holman Bible Dictionary (1991).
  116. ^ Holman Bible Dictionary (1991).
  117. ^ "Pharisees". Catholic Online. Archived from the original on 2 December 2023. Retrieved 7 June 2024.
  118. ^ 1 Kings 4:5
  119. ^ 2 Chronicles 21:2
  120. ^ Nehemiah 8:7
  121. ^ 2 Chronicles 23:1
  122. ^ Nehemiah 10:15.
  123. ^ T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Azgad". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 1, A–D. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  124. ^ Josef Markwart (Joseph Marquart), Fundamente Israelitischer und Judi's Here Gesch. 1896, pp. 10 et seq.
  125. ^ International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, "Basemath"
  126. ^ Nehemiah 3:17,18
  127. ^ Ezra 2:52
  128. ^ Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, "Bealiah" (1915). [3]
  129. ^ "Bedan - Bible Definition and Scripture References". Bible Study Tools. Retrieved 2024-01-10.
  130. ^ The Midrash: Leviticus Rabba
  131. ^ "The amazing name Ben-ammi: Meaning and etymology".
  132. ^ Baba Bathra 15b
  133. ^ Gen. 46:17, Num. 26:44–45, 1 Chr. 7:30
  134. ^ 1 Chronicles 7:23, New Revised Standard Version
  135. ^ David Mandel (1 January 2010). Who's Who in the Jewish Bible. Jewish Publication Society. p. 67. ISBN 978-0-8276-1029-3.
  136. ^ a b Wright, J. S.,The Date of Ezra's Coming to Jerusalem, Biblical Studies, accessed 19 September 2020.
  137. ^ Nehemiah 10:16
  138. ^ "BILSHAN - JewishEncyclopedia.com". www.jewishencyclopedia.com. Retrieved 2023-02-25.
  139. ^ "Bohan Hebrew Meaning - Old Testament Lexicon (KJV)". Bible Study Tools. Retrieved 2024-01-21.
  140. ^ T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Carshena". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 1, A–D. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  141. ^ 1 Chronicles 2:6.
  142. ^ T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Chelluh". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 1, A–D. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  143. ^ T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Chelub". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 1, A–D. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  144. ^ a b 1 Chronicles 7:10.
  145. ^ 1 Kings 22:11, 24; 2 Chronicles 18:10.
  146. ^ 1 Chronicles 15:22, 27; 26:29.
  147. ^ T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Chenaniah". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 1, A–D. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  148. ^ Masoretic Text at 2 Samuel 19:40.
  149. ^ 2 Samuel 19:40New International Version.
  150. ^ Jeremiah 41:17.
  151. ^ 1 Kings 4:31.
  152. ^ T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Darda". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 1, A–D. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  153. ^ Richard S. Chapin (1999). The Biblical Personality. Jason Aronson. p. 48. ISBN 9780765760333.
  154. ^ Sefer haYashar. Chapter 45:4,29
  155. ^ 1 Chronicles 3:5
  156. ^ "Dictionary.com – the world's favorite online dictionary!".
  157. ^ Lev. 24:15–16.
  158. ^ Thomas Kelly Cheyne (1901) [1899]. "Dodavah". In T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black (eds.). Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 1, A–D. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  159. ^ Dever, William G. (2001-05-10). What Did the Biblical Writers Know and When Did They Know It?: What Archeology Can Tell Us About the Reality of Ancient Israel. Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing. ISBN 978-0-8028-2126-3.
  160. ^ Strong's Hebrew Lexicon Number H5663.
  161. ^ Jeremiah 38:7ff.
  162. ^ a b The Interpreter's Bible, 1951, volume V, p. 1017.
  163. ^ a b T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Elasah". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 2, E–K. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  164. ^ Mark J. Boda (2010). 1–2 Chronicles. Tyndale House Publishers. p. 81. ISBN 978-0-8423-3431-0.
  165. ^ T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Eliada". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 2, E–K. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  166. ^ 2 Chronicles 17:17.
  167. ^ a b c d e T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Eliphelet". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 2, E–K. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  168. ^ Ancient Hebrew, in general, did not include vowels. For a more thorough description, see Hebrew alphabet.
  169. ^ The spellings Elpalet, Elpelet, Eliphal, Eliphalet, and Eliphalat appear in English Bibles. In manuscripts of the Greek Septuagint, the spellings Aleiphaleth, Aleiphat, Eleiphaath, Eleiphala, Eleiphalat, Eleiphalet, Eleiphaleth, Eleiphaneth, Eleiphal, Eliaphalet, Eliphaad, Eliphaal, Eliphaath, Eliphael, Eliphala, Eliphalad, Eliphalat, Eliphalatos, Eliphaleis, Eliphalet, Eliphath, Elphadat, Elphalat, Elphat, Emphalet, and Ophelli occur. For the exact manuscripts and passages where these names appear, see the Encyclopaedia Biblica article for "Eliphelet."
  170. ^ T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Elienai". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 2, E–K. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  171. ^ Holman Bible Dictionary.
  172. ^ T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Elioenai". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 2, E–K. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  173. ^ T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Elizur". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 2, E–K. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  174. ^ See for example Magonet, Jonathan (1992) Bible Lives (London, SCM), 107.
  175. ^ Donna Laird (3 October 2016). Negotiating Power in Ezra–Nehemiah. SBL Press. p. 295. ISBN 978-0-88414-163-1.
  176. ^ Verses 11 and 12.
  177. ^ Verse 5 in some Bibles.
  178. ^ T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Eluzai". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 2, E–K. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  179. ^ He is mentioned in Numbers 1:15, 2:29, 7:78, 8:3, and 10:27.
  180. ^ 1 Chronicles 2:37.
  181. ^ Stanley Arthur Cook (1901) [1899]. "Ephlal". In T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black (eds.). Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 2, E–K. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  182. ^ a b "A Burial Plot for Sarah (Genesis 23:1–20)".
  183. ^ "Luke 3:28". Elmadam, the son of Er, 29 the son of Joshua, the son of Eliezer
  184. ^ a b 1 Chronicles 8:39.
  185. ^ T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Eshek". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 2, E–K. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  186. ^ T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Ethnan". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 2, E–K. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  187. ^ 1 Chr. 24:17
  188. ^ T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Gatam". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 2, E–K. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  189. ^ T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Gazez". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 2, E–K. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  190. ^ Jeremiah 36:25.
  191. ^ Hitchcock's Bible Dictionary of Names
  192. ^ a b c T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Ginath". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 2, E–K. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  193. ^ a b Launderville, Dale F. (1992). "Gideoni (Person)". In Freedman, David Noel (ed.). The Anchor Bible Dictionary. Vol. 2. New York: Doubleday. p. 1015. ISBN 9780300140811.
  194. ^ Nehemiah 12:36.
  195. ^ T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Gilalai". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 2, E–K. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  196. ^ T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Gispa". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 2, E–K. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  197. ^ T. K. Cheyne (1901) [1899]. "Haahashtari". In T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black (eds.). Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 2, E–K. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  198. ^ This information comes from Ezra 2:59–62.
  199. ^ a b T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Habaiah". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 2, E–K. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  200. ^ Ezra 2:59–62.
  201. ^ Ezra 2:63.
  202. ^ a b T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Habaziniah". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 2, E–K. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  203. ^ Thomas Kelly Cheyne (1901) [1899]. "Hachmoni". In T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black (eds.). Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 2, E–K. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  204. ^ Easton's Bible Dictionary
  205. ^ T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Hadlai". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 2, E–K. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  206. ^ a b c T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Hagab". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 2, E–K. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  207. ^ T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Hagabah". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 2, E–K. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  208. ^ a b T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Hakkatan". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 2, E–K. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  209. ^ a b Thomas Kelly Cheyne (1901) [1899]. "Halohesh". In T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black (eds.). Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 2, E–K. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  210. ^ Nehemiah 3:12.
  211. ^ Nehemiah 12:24, or verse 25 in some Bibles.
  212. ^ T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Hammoleketh". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 2, E–K. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  213. ^ For example, NIV, ESV, NASB, HCSB, JPS (1917), and RV.
  214. ^ a b Hitchcock, Roswell D. "Entry for 'Hanameel'". "An Interpreting Dictionary of Scripture Proper Names", New York, N.Y., 1869.
  215. ^ Jeremiah chapter 28.
  216. ^ Nehemiah 7:2
  217. ^ a b T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Hanoch". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 2, E–K. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  218. ^ Genesis 25:4, 1 Chronicles 1:33.
  219. ^ Genesis 46:9, Exodus 6:14, Numbers 26:5, 1 Chronicles 5:3.
  220. ^ T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Harbona". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 2, E–K. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  221. ^ T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Hareph". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 2, E–K. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  222. ^ T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Hariph". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 2, E–K. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  223. ^ Stanley A. Cook (1901) [1899]. "Harhaiah". In T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black (eds.). Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 2, E–K. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  224. ^ 2 Chronicles 34:22.
  225. ^ a b T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Hasrah". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 2, E–K. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  226. ^ a b Stanley A. Cook (1901) [1899]. "Harnepher". In T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black (eds.). Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 2, E–K. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  227. ^ T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Harumaph". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 2, E–K. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  228. ^ a b T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Hashabiah". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 2, E–K. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  229. ^ 1 Chronicles 26:30.
  230. ^ 1 Chronicles 25:3, 19.
  231. ^ 1 Chronicles 27:17.
  232. ^ 2 Chronicles 35:9.
  233. ^ Ezra 8:19.
  234. ^ T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Hashabnah". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 2, E–K. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  235. ^ 1 Chronicles 9:14.
  236. ^ 1 Chronicles 3:20.
  237. ^ Nehemiah 3:3
  238. ^ Esther 4:5–10.
  239. ^ Thomas Kelly Cheyne (1901) [1899]. "Hathath". In T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black (eds.). Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 2, E–K. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  240. ^ T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Hattil". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 2, E–K. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  241. ^ Nehemiah 11:5.
  242. ^ 1 Chronicles 4:7
  243. ^ a b c d T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Heldai". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 2, E–K. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  244. ^ Nehemiah 12:12–21.
  245. ^ T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Helkai". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 2, E–K. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  246. ^ Nehemiah 3:18 and 24.
  247. ^ Nehemiah 10:9.
  248. ^ Stanley Arthur Cook (1901) [1899]. "TITLE". In T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black (eds.). Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 2, E–K. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  249. ^ Verse 22.
  250. ^ Zephaniah 1:1.
  251. ^ a b Smith's Bible Dictionary
  252. ^ "Hiel".
  253. ^ The Interpreter's Bible, Buttrick, 1954, Abingdon Press, Volume III, Snaith, p. 51.
  254. ^ "Judges 4 / Hebrew – English Bible / Mechon-Mamre".
  255. ^ Meyers, Carol (1 March 2018). Coogan, Michael D.; Brettler, Marc Z.; Newsom, Carol A.; Perkins, Pheme (eds.). The New Oxford Annotated Bible: New Revised Standard Version (Fifth ed.). Oxford University Press. pp. 81–83. ISBN 978-0-19-027605-8.
  256. ^ Harris, Stephen (20 January 2010). Understanding The Bible (8 ed.). McGraw-Hill Education. p. 69. ISBN 978-0-07-340744-9. J names Moses' father-in-law as Reuel or Hobab, whereas E knows him as Jethro, priest of Midian.
  257. ^ Gunther Plaut, The Torah: A Modern Commentary, Union of American Hebrew Congregations, New York, 1981, p. 390:
    "Reuel. In Exodus 3:1, 4:18, and ch. 18 he is called Jether and Jethro, and in Num. 10:29 we are told of 'Hobab, son of Reuel, Moses' father-in-law.' Tradition has attempted to harmonize these differences. Ibn Ezra, for instance, says that 'father' in V. 18 really means 'grandfather,' and that Hobab is another name for Jethro. Critical scholarship considers the divergences due to different traditions; thus, Jethro appears to be an older man with grown daughters, while Hobab is a potent wilderness guide (Num. 10:29–32)... It is also possible that the text originally read Hobab, son of Reuel."
  258. ^ T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Hod". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 2, E–K. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  259. ^ a b c Stanley Arthur Cook (1901) [1899]. "Hodaviah". In T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black (eds.). Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 2, E–K. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  260. ^ 1 Chronicles 9:7.
  261. ^ 1 Chronicles 8:9.
  262. ^ T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Hodesh". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 2, E–K. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  263. ^ Joshua 10.
  264. ^ a b T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Hoshama". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 2, E–K. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  265. ^ a b c T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Hotham". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 2, E–K. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  266. ^ Sotah 13a
  267. ^ Thomas Kelly Cheyne (1901) [1899]. "Huzzab". In T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black (eds.). Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 2, E–K. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  268. ^ See also the New International Version and New Living Translation.
  269. ^ 2 Samuel 5:15.
  270. ^ 1 Chronicles 3:6.
  271. ^ 1 Chronicles 9:8.
  272. ^ Nehemiah 11:8.
  273. ^ T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Ibneiah". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 2, E–K. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  274. ^ T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Ibnijah". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 2, E–K. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  275. ^ 1 Chronicles 7:2.
  276. ^ T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Jibsam". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 2, E–K. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  277. ^ T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Igal". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 2, E–K. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  278. ^ Jeremiah 35.
  279. ^ T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Igdaliah". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 2, E–K. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  280. ^ Ezra 10:20.
  281. ^ T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Imna". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 2, E–K. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  282. ^ T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Imrah". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 2, E–K. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  283. ^ T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Imri". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 2, E–K. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  284. ^ 1 Chronicles 8:25.
  285. ^ T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Iphediah". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 2, E–K. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  286. ^ 2 Samuel 20:26
  287. ^ "H3548 - kōhēn - Strong's Hebrew Lexicon (wlc)". Blue Letter Bible. Retrieved 2024-05-21.
  288. ^ Thomas Kelly Cheyne (1901) [1899]. "Iram". In T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black (eds.). Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 2, E–K. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  289. ^ T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Iri". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 2, E–K. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  290. ^ Jeremiah 37:13.
  291. ^ T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Iru". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 2, E–K. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  292. ^ a b c Thomas Kelly Cheyne (1901) [1899]. "Ishbi-benob". In T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black (eds.). Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 2, E–K. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  293. ^ 2 Samuel 21:16–17.
  294. ^ Pulpit Commentary on 2 Samuel 21, accessed 19 August 2017.
  295. ^ Brenton's Septuagint Translation, 2 Samuel 21:16.
  296. ^ Thomas Kelly Cheyne (1901) [1899]. "Ishod". In T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black (eds.). Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 2, E–K. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  297. ^ 1 Chronicles 2:30–31
  298. ^ 1 Chronicles 4:20
  299. ^ 1 Chronicles 4:42
  300. ^ 1 Chronicles 5:24
  301. ^ a b T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Ishmaiah". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 2, E–K. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  302. ^ a b T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Ishmerai". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 2, E–K. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  303. ^ 1 Chronicles 8:16.
  304. ^ T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Ispah". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 2, E–K. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  305. ^ 1 Chronicles 8:8–13, 16–17.
  306. ^ T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Ishpan". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 2, E–K. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  307. ^ See verses 8–11, 13–14, 22.
  308. ^ T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Ishvah". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. Vol. 2, E–K. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  309. ^ Thomas Kelly Cheyne (1901) [1899]. "Ishvi". In T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black (eds.).