Yosef Qafiḥ (Hebrew: יוסף קאפח pronounced [josef qafiħ], Arabic: يوسف القافح), widely known as Rabbi Yosef Kapach (27 November 1917 – 21 July 2000), was a Yemenite-Israeli authority on Jewish religious law (halakha), a dayan of the Supreme Rabbinical Court in Israel, and one of the foremost leaders of the Yemenite Jewish community in Israel, where he was sought after by non-Yemenites as well.[1] He is widely known for his editions and translations of the works of Maimonides, Saadia Gaon, and other early rabbinic authorities (Rishonim), particularly his restoration of the Mishneh Torah from old Yemenite manuscripts and his accompanying commentary culled from close to 300 additional commentators[2] and with original insights. He was the grandson of Rabbi Yiḥyah Qafiḥ, a prominent Yemenite leader and founder of the Dor Deah movement in Yemen. Qafih was the recipient of many awards, as well as an Honorary Doctorate from Bar-Ilan University.

Rabbi

Yosef Qafiḥ
Personal
Born(1917-11-27)27 November 1917
Died21 July 2000(2000-07-21) (aged 82)
ReligionJudaism

BiographyEdit

Yosef Qafiḥ was born 27 November 1917 in Sana’a in Yemen. His father was Rabbi David Qafiḥ, who died after being assaulted by an Arab man, when his son Yosef was less than one year old. At the age of five, Yosef also lost his mother and was raised by his grandfather Rabbi Yiḥyah Qafiḥ, under whom he studied Torah. In 1927, Yosef helped his grandfather retrieve the oldest complete Mishnah commentary from the Jewish community's genizah in Sana'a, containing Rabbi Nathan ben Abraham's elucidation of difficult words and passages in the Mishnah.[3] The commentary was later published in Israel. (Young children in Yemen were often employed as copyists of ancient manuscripts.) At the age of thirteen, Yosef wrote out a complete copy of Maimonides' Guide for the Perplexed in Judeo-Arabic.[4]

When Yosef was 14, his grandfather died. When he and two of his acquaintances went to visit the burial-site of Yosef's grandfather, and then his father, they were accused of having burnt the grave of his grandfather's chief disputant, and were arrested and held in bonds. Because of the rift in the community between those who adhered to kabbalah and the rationalists, the two informers told the Arab authority about the young Yosef being a Jewish orphan, and that under the laws of the state's Orphans' Decree he was required to be taken under the arms of the Islamic State and converted to Islam. The child was questioned about his father and upon the realization that his forced conversion to Islam was the informants' intent–with the arson accusation being a means to render him vulnerable to Muslim authority and attention–he did not answer his interrogator, and was released by the prison authority for no explained reason.[5] The Imam, Yahya Muhammad Hamid ed-Din, urgently requested that they find him a bride to bypass forced conversion to Islam as an orphaned child. Rabbi Yihye al-Abyadh (the king's physician) arranged for Yosef's marriage to Bracha Saleh (Tzadok) in the same year of his grandfather's passing. In his early years, he worked as a silversmith.

In 1943 he immigrated to Mandatory Palestine, where he studied at the Mercaz HaRav yeshiva and qualified as a dayan at the Harry Fischel Institute. In 1950 he was appointed as a dayan (rabbinic judge) in the Jerusalem district court. After Rabbi Ovadia Yosef was invited to serve on the Jerusalem beth din in 1958, in addition to Rabbi Qafih and Rabbi Waldenberg, rabbis Qafih and Yosef together would constitute a non-Ashkenazic majority in the beit din of three.[6] In 1970,[6] Qafih was appointed as a dayan in the Supreme Rabbinical Court. Throughout the course of more than half a century, numerous rabbis sat on various rabbinical courts with him, including Rabbis Tzvi Pesach Frank, Yosef Shalom Eliashiv,[7] Ovadia Yosef, Avraham Shapira, Mordechai Eliyahu, and the Tzitz Eliezer.[8]

Rabbi Yosef Qafiḥ was a member of the Chief Rabbinate Council of Israel and president of the Yemenite community in Jerusalem. He died on 21 July 2000 at the age of 82, and is buried in Jerusalem's Har HaMenuchot cemetery.

ScholarshipEdit

His main work in the field of Torah literature was his translation and publication of manuscripts of numerous works by Sephardic Rishonim, including HaNivchar BeEmunot u'va-Deot of Saadia Gaon, the Torat Chovot HaLevavot by Bahya ibn Pakuda, the Kuzari by Judah ha-Levi and many other works in Judaeo-Arabic. The prime place in his oeuvre is reserved for the writings of Maimonides: he translated the Guide for the Perplexed, Commentary on the Mishnah, Sefer Hamitzvot, letters and Beiur M'lekhet HaHiggayon and edited a 24-volume set of the Mishneh Torah (posthumously divided into 25). His works and translations received recognition from the academic and Rabbinic world alike. His edition of Maimonides' Commentary on the Mishnah in particular is a regularly cited source in ArtScroll's Yad Avraham Mishnah Series, with Rabbis Nosson Scherman and Meir Zlotowitz recognizing it as a "justly acclaimed translation of what is assumed to be Rambam's own manuscript."[9] Rabbi Ovadia Yosef wrote that the seven years he sat with "the great Gaon Rabbi Yosef Qafiḥ ZT"L" in the beth din were "seven good years"[10] and that Rabbi Qafiḥ toiled over his Torah day and night.[11]

Qafih wrote extensively about the heritage of Yemenite Jews, describing in a book, “Halichot Teman”, the Jewish life in Yemen, eclipsing even the renowned works of Amram Qorah and ethnographer, Yaakov Sapir. He published several works of Yemenite Jewish provenance, such as Meor ha-Afelah by Nethanel ben Isaiah (14th-century), and Garden of the Intellects by Natan'el al-Fayyumi (12th-century). He also published a book under the title of “Shivat Tzion” Tiklal, a Yemenite prayer book reflecting the views of Maimonides in three volumes. In 1993 he published a new version under the title of “Siaḥ Yerushalayim” in four volumes (posthumously edited to six). Qafiḥ's seminal work, however, was his commentary on Maimonides' Mishne Torah, where he highlighted textual variations based on the Yemenite handwritten manuscripts of Maimonides' Code of Jewish law. Qafiḥ identified with the Dor Dai tendency, except that he did not publicly express opposition to the Zohar beyond saying that it was preferable to draw sustenance from the teachings of Maimonides. In his leadership of the Yemenite community in Israel he endeavored to maintain peace between the main factions in the community and worked to preserve Yemenite customs. In matters pertaining to Yemenite customs, even where later customs conflict with the earlier custom, Rabbi Mordechai Eliyahu regarded the opinion of Rabbi Qafiḥ, who he called Mori Yusef (Hebrew: מארי יוסף),[12] to be decisive.[13]

The fruit of Rabbi Qafiḥ's scholarship remains, for the most part, untranslated and as such largely inaccessible to the English-speaking public. Examples of English translations based on his bilingual (Hebrew/Arabic) editions include Saadia on Job by Dr. Lenn E. Goodman,[14] Professor of Philosophy and Jewish Studies, and Maimonides' Sefer Hamitzvot[15] by Rabbi Berel Bell, Dayan of Kehilas Lubavitch on the Beth Din of Montreal and the founding dean of Chaya Mushka Seminary.

 
Halakhic responsa of Rabbi Yosef Qafih

LegacyEdit

Rabbi Qafih's followers observe halakhah as codified in Maimonides' Mishneh Torah with Qafih's commentary. Halakhic literature stemming from the rulings of Maimonides and Qafih has been published, often as essays. Although Rabbi Qafih had serious reservations about learning halakhah from halakhic compendiums and abridgments,[16] for the benefit of the general public his students have published books to aid in following the rulings of Maimonides and Qafih. Among these works, the following has been published:

  • ברכת משה על הלכות ברכות by Rabbi Aviad Ashwal,[17] on the laws of b'rakhoth;
  • מועדי משה: הלכות חנוכה by Rabbi Aviad Ashwal, on the laws of Chanukkah;
  • טהרת מש"ה by Rabbi Tzfanya Arusi,[18] on the laws of family purity;
  • שמטת משה על הלכות שביעית by Rabbi Aviad Ashwal,[16] on the laws of Shmitta.

Of note is an index volume of sorts, Lanhotam (Hebrew title: לַנְחֹתָם דרך 'משנה תורה'), by Yosi Seri[19] which is a reference guide for learners of the Mishneh Torah with Rabbi Qafih's commentary.

Written responsa of Rabbi Qafih have been printed (listed below in Published Works) and continue to be publicized on a monthly basis in Allon Or Hahalichot.[20] Responsa drawn from Rabbi Qafih in oral conversations have been put to writing in תשובות הרב יוסף קאפח לתלמידו תמיר רצון (edited by Rabbi Itamar Cohen)[21] and שו"ת טל יוסף: הרב יוסף קאפח of Rabbi Shmuel Tal.[22]

Alongside the written works, shiurim rooted in Maimonidean doctrine and the exposition of Rabbi Qafih's teachings are given on a regular basis by a number of Rabbis in Israel such as Rabbis Ratzon Arusi, Uri Melammed,[23] and Elyaqim Tzadoq. Shiurim of Rabbi Ratzon Arusi, Qafih's foremost student, are made freely available at net-sah.org.

Close to 10 volumes of the Masorah L'Yosef journal have been published which include essays by authors of various persuasions that deal with Maimonides' and Rabbi Yosef Qafih's teachings. Other publications of note, with essays relating to Qafih's teachings, include ספר זכרון לרב יוסף בן דוד קאפח,[24] From Yemen to Israel (Hebrew: מתימן לישראל),[25] and דברי שלום ואמת.[26]

Of special note among Rabbi Yosef Qafih's expounders is Rabbi Aharon Qafih who in addition to giving many weekly shiurim[27][28] has published, among numerous essays,[29] the books יריעות אהרן[30] and מנחת אהרן[31] devoted to Maimonidean doctrine and the teachings of Rabbi Yosef Qafih.

Published worksEdit

  • Saadia Gaon:
    • Sefer Yetzira, with Saadia Gaon's version of the text itself along with his Arabic commentary with facing Hebrew translation.[32]
    • Translations into Hebrew of Saadya Gaon's Arabic translation and commentary on Tanakh have included volumes on the Torah,[33] Megillot,[34] Tehillim,[35] Iyyov[36] (translated to English by Dr. L. E. Goodman),[14] Mishlei,[37] and Daniel.[38][39] (Although, on its own,[40] Saadia on Isaiah was not translated by Kafih, he sometimes translated portions that he quoted,[36] while at other times he referred[36] readers to Derenbourg's edition.[41][42][43])
    • Megillath Antiyuchas (Hebrew: מגלת אַנְטִיוּכַס) with Saadya Gaon's Arabic translation and the extant portion of his introduction[44] with facing Hebrew translation.[45]
    • HaNivchar BeEmunot U'va-Deot (Hebrew: הנבחר באמונות ובדעות) in original Arabic with facing Hebrew translation.[46]
  • Torat Chovot HaLevavot in original Arabic with facing Hebrew translation.[47]
  • Commentary on the entire six orders of the Mishnah by an early Yemenite ḥakham, translated into Hebrew from the original Arabic.[48]
  • The Rif on Tractate Chullin with a commentary by an early Jewish Yemenite ḥakham in original Arabic with facing Hebrew translation.
  • Kuzari in original Arabic with facing Hebrew translation.[49]
  • Gan HaSikhlim (Garden of the Intellects), written ca. 1147,[50] by Rabbeinu Nathanel Beirav Fayyumi, in original Arabic with facing Hebrew translation.[51]
  • Questions and Responsa of the Ra'avi (Abraham ben Isaac) Av Beth Din (Hebrew: שאלות ותשובות הראב"י אב"ד).[52]
  • Maimonides:
    • Beiur M'lekhet HaHiggayon, the first compilation of Maimonides, in original Arabic with facing Hebrew translation as well as various commentaries.[53]
    • Maimonides' Commentary on the Mishnah, in original Arabic with facing Hebrew translation (later editions have Hebrew only, in three volumes).
      • A selection from Pereq Ḥeleq (Maimonides' commentary on the tenth chapter of Sanhedrin) was translated to English per Rabbi Kafih's edition[54] by Charles E. Butterworth and Raymond L. Weiss in Ethical Writings of Maimonides (New York, 1975).[55][56]
      • Eight Chapters (Maimonides' Introduction to Tractate Avoth) was translated to English, primarily per Rabbi Kafih's edition,[54] by Charles E. Butterworth and Raymond L. Weiss in Ethical Writings of Maimonides (New York, 1975), p. 60-104.
    • Mishneh Torah (Hebrew: מִשׁנֵה תּוֹרָה) of the Rambam, published according to ancient Yemenite manuscripts, with his own commentary (23-25 volumes).
      Complete list of Mishneh Torah volumes
      • Sefer HaMadda` (Hebrew: סֵפֶר הַמַּדָּע): Volume 1:[57] הקדמת הרמב"ם. מנין המצוות. תוכן ההלכות של כל ספר משנה תורה. ספר המדע: הִלכּוֹת יסודי התורה, הלכות דעות, הלכות תלמוד תורה, הלכות עבודה זרה וחקות הגוים, הלכות תשובה
      • Sefer Ahavah (Hebrew: ספר אַהֲבָה): Volume 2:[58] ספר אהבה: הלכות קרית שמע, הלכות תפלה וברכת כהנים, הלכות תפלין ומזוזה וספר תורה, הלכות ציצית, הלכות ברכות, הלכות מילה. נוסח התפלה
      • Sefer Zemannim (Hebrew: ספר זְמַנִּים)
        • Volume 3:[59] הלכות שבת, הלכות ערובין, הלכות שביתת עשור
        • Volume 4a:[60] הלכות שביתת יום טוב, הלכות חמץ ומצה, נוסח ההגדה
        • Volume 4b:[61] הלכות שופר וסוכה ולולב, הלכות שקלים, הלכות קדוש החדש, הלכות תעניות, הלכות מגלה וחנוכה
      • Sefer Nashim (Hebrew: ספר נָשִׁים)
        • Volume 5:[62] הלכות אישות
        • Volume 6:[63] הלכות גרושין, הלכות יבום וחליצה, הלכות נערה בתולה, הלכות שוטה
      • Sefer Kedusshah (Hebrew: ספר קְדוּשָּׁה)
        • Volume 7:[64] הלכות אסורי ביאה
        • Volume 8a:[65] הלכות מאכלות אסורות
        • Volume 8b:[66] הלכות שחיטה
      • Sefer Hafla'ah (Hebrew: ספר הַפלָאָה): Volume 9:[67] הלכות שבועות, הלכות נדרים, הלכות נזירות, הלכות ערכים וחרמים
      • Sefer Zera'im (Hebrew: ספר זְרָעִים)
        • Volume 10:[68] הלכות כלאים, הלכות מתנות ענים, הלכות תרומות
        • Volume 11:[69] הלכות מעשרות, הלכות מעשר שני ונטע רבעי, הלכות בכורים עם שאר מתנות כהונה שבגבולין, הלכות שמטה ויובל
      • Sefer Avodah (Hebrew: ספר עֲבוֹדָה)
        • Volume 12:[70] הלכות בית הבחירה, הלכות כלי המקדש והעובדים בו, הלכות ביאת המקדש, הלכות אסורי מזבח, הלכות מעשה הקרבנות
        • Volume 13:[71] הלכות תמידין ומוספין, הלכות פסולי המוקדשין, הלכות עבודת יום הכפורים, הלכות מעילה
      • Sefer HaKarbanot (Hebrew: ספר הַקָּרבָּנוֹת): Volume 14:[72] הלכות קרבן פסח, הלכות חגיגה, הלכות בכורות, הלכות שגגות, הלכות מחוסרי כפרה, הלכות תמורה
      • Sefer Taharah (Hebrew: ספר טָהֳרָה)
        • Volume 15:[73] הלכות טומאת מת, הלכות פרה אדומה, הלכות טומאת צרעת, הלכות מטמאי משכב ומושב
        • Volume 16:[74] הלכות שאר אבות הטומאות, הלכות טומאת אוכלין, הלכות כלים, הלכות מקוות
      • Sefer Nezikin (Hebrew: ספר נְזִיקִין): Volume 17:[75] הלכות נזיקי ממון, הלכות גנבה, הלכות גזלה ואבדה, הלכות חובל ומזיק, הלכות רוצח ושמירת נפש
      • Sefer Kinyan (Hebrew: ספר קִניָן)
        • Volume 18:[76] הלכות מכירה, הלכות זכייה ומתנה
        • Volume 19:[77] הלכות שכנים, הלכות שלוחין ושותפין, הלכות עבדים
      • Sefer Mishpatim (Hebrew: ספר מִשׁפָּטִים)
        • Volume 20:[78] הלכות שכירות, הלכות שאלה ופקדון, הלכות מלוה ולוה
        • Volume 21:[79] הלכות טוען ונטען, הלכות נחלות
          • Appended to this is Rabbi Kapach's listing and explanation of "מפי השמועה" and "מפי הקבלה" in Mishneh Torah (34 pages).
      • Sefer Shofetim (Hebrew: ספר שׁוֹפְטִים)
        • Volume 22:[80] הלכות סנהדרין והעונשין המסורין להן, הלכות עדות
        • Volume 23:[81] הלכות ממרים, הלכות אבל, הלכות מלכים ומלחמות
  • המקרא ברמב"ם (index to the verses of the Bible in the Rambam).[121]
  • Halikhoth Teiman: Jewish Life in Sanà (first edition published in 1961; second edition[122] in 1963; third edition[123] in 1987 ISBN 965-17-0137-4).[124] Posthumously,[citation needed] a repaginated and newly typeset edition[125] has been published.
  • Shivath Tsiyyon (1950s), a new edition of the Baladi Yemenite prayer book.
  • Yemenite Passover Aggadta with four Yemenite commentaries, the Arabic among them translated into Hebrew.[126]
  • Siaḥ Yerushalayim (1993), the newest edition of the Baladi Yemenite prayer book.
  • First published posthumously:
    • Rabbi Yosef Kafiḥ's Notebook on the Plants of the Mishna (published by Dr. Zohar Amar).
    • קונדריס שיחת דקלים (published by Rabbi Dr. Uri Melammed).
    • In volume 8 of Masorah L'Yosef:[127] לתקופת הימים;[128] a paper that Rabbi Yosef Kapach wrote about Rabbi Moshe Tsarum; and speeches for Bar Mitzvahs.[129]
  • Responsa of Rabbi Yosef Qafih (posthumously published):
    • עדות ביהוסף (collected beth din rulings).[8]
    • שו"ת הריב"ד (with commentary by Rabbi Avraham Ḥamami) in multiple volumes.[130]
    • Responsa related to laws of family purity: appended to Taharath Moshe (2015) by Rabbi Tzfanya Arusi.
    • ספר תשובות הרב קאפח (with extensive commentary by Rabbi Shalom Nagar) in multiple volumes.[131]

Recorded LecturesEdit

Posthumously, Machon Mishnat HaRambam has, to date, put out the following CDs (in MP3 format) with Rabbi Yosef Kapach's recorded lectures (Hebrew: שיעורים מפי הרה"ג יוסף קאפח):

  • רס"ג
    • הנבחר באמונות ובדעות (four CDs)
  • רבנו בחיי
    • תורת חובות הלבבות (five CDs)
  • רבנו נתנאל בירב פיומי
    • גן השכלים (two CDs)
  • רמב"ם
    • הקדמה לפירוש המשנה (one CD)
    • פירוש המשנה
      • פירוש לפרק עשירי – מסכת סנהדרין - פרק "חלק" (one CD)
      • הקדמה למסכת אבות המכונה "שמונה פרקים" (one CD)
    • מורה הנבוכים (eleven CDs)
    • אגרות (one CD)

Based on the above, the following has been published in book form:

  • Lectures of Rabbi Yosef Qafih:
    • Volume 1: Maimonides' Introduction to the Mishnah Commentary[132]
    • Volume 2: Maimonides' Introduction to Perek Helek[133]

Awards and recognitionEdit

  • In both 1962 and 1973, Qafiḥ was awarded the Bialik Prize for Jewish thought.[134]
  • In 1969, he was awarded the Israel Prize for Jewish studies.[135] His wife, Rabbanit Bracha Qafih, was also awarded the Israel Prize for her special contributions to society and the State in 1999,[136][137] in recognition of her extensive charitable work (this was the only occasion on which a married couple have both been awarded the Israel Prize).[138]
  • Qafiḥ has also won the Rabbi Kook Prize, and was awarded an honorary doctorate by Bar Ilan University.

Further readingEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ (PDF) https://web.archive.org/web/20150201022550/http://www.ybz.org.il/_Uploads/dbsAttachedFiles/Article_84.11.pdf. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-02-01. Retrieved 2022-01-17. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. ^ "Kapach Intro". 2002-06-06. Archived from the original on 2002-06-06. Retrieved 2022-01-17.
  3. ^ Rabbi Yosef Qafih, recalling the event, describes it as follows: "There is a custom had among most of the people who assume oversight over the synagogues in Yemen that any book that has become worn-out or become very old they'd store it away in the vault situated beneath the hekhal (Ark) and this is its genizah. From time to time, when a sufficient quantity of books, fragments of books, pages and worn-out leaves [of books] has been amassed there, they collect them, place them inside earthenware jars and bury them in the cemetery, near one of the righteous men, and occasionally there are buried books, pages and leaves of valuable worth, which the same person who is meant to oversee [the affairs of the synagogue] has not fully appreciated their worth. To our happiness, many times the grave diggers are too lazy to dig deep, well beneath the earth. Wherefore, occasionally, after the rainy season, especially in the years that are blessed with plenty of rain, the heads of these jars are exposed because of rain erosion, where it eroded and made thin the upper layer of earth. My grandfather who is now deceased, the Rabbi Yihya Qafih, of blessed memory, would complain about the overseers of the synagogues and reprimand them over burying in the genizah things which contain pearls of great beneficial use, and of invaluable worth, without allowing for a man who is more adept [than he] and who knows how to examine them first and to determine what is worthy of being buried and what is still worthy of being used by the coming generations, so as to give some merit to the congregation. He commanded one of the caretakers of the cemetery that, in the event that the heads of the jars such as these should ever be exposed, he was to inform him, before he proceeded to dig deeper in order to bury them once more. I remember when I was about ten years old, the man came to inform my grandfather, of blessed memory, that such [a jar] that had been buried was now exposed. I remember that it was on a Thursday, before nightfall. On the next day, on Friday morning, my grandfather took me with him, and we went out together to the place of the genizah, according to where the informant had directed us. Now since my grandfather, of blessed memory, was already old, above eighty years in age, and it was difficult for him to bend down, I was the one who took out books and fragments of books, and ordinary pages that were wet and moldy, dusty and muddy, both hand-written manuscripts and printed texts; my grandfather, of blessed memory, sitting throughout all this time upon a stone, examining them and sorting them, one by one, until the early afternoon, and then we returned the rest inside the jar and covered it up. We took with us what we had sorted and returned to the city. At the departing of the Sabbath, my grandfather sat down to sort through his spoils, to take-apart the pages [of books] that had already stuck together because of the wetness from the rains that had penetrated within the jar. In this genizah we found hand-written pages from the Babylonian Talmud, and also fragments from Maimonides' Guide for the Perplexed, from Mishnah commentaries, from the commentaries of Rabbi Saadia Gaon, from the Midrash Hagadol, and many more. Whatsoever our hook brought up on that blessed day is today in my possession. Some of them still show upon them the vestiges of the soil and clay to this very day. Among the spoils, we found an old hand-written book, the majority of whose pages were already sticking together, clumps upon clumps. My grandfather sat a long time, slowly soaking them in water and with great patience, after he had checked and saw to his satisfaction that the letters were not being erased by soaking them in water. I still remember how the pages were strewn across the entire room of my grandfather's workshop, of blessed memory, so that they could dry. After drying and arranging the pages, it was clear that this was the very Mishnah commentary which we now present before our readers. This book was the only surviving sort of its kind in the world, which, had it not been for this action, it would have been lost to the world. The book was missing a few pages, in the Order known as Moed, at the introduction to Tractate Shabbat, it was missing perhaps one page, and in Tractate Pesahim it was again missing perhaps one page, as also in Tractate Yoma it was missing perhaps one page, but the remainder of the book, to our delight, was found altogether complete, from beginning to end" (Six Orders of the Mishnah - Commentaries of the Rishonim, vol. 1, pub. El ha-Meqorot: Jerusalem 1955, s.v. Appendix: Perush Shishah Sidrei Mishnah [Introduction], p. 6).
  4. ^ Maimonides' Guide for the Perplexed (ed. Yosef Qafih), Mossad Harav Kook: Jerusalem 1977, Introduction (p. 23)[Hebrew]; the year given for this was 5690 anno mundi, corresponding to 1930 CE.
  5. ^ Avivit Levi, Holekh Tamim: the Legacy, Life and Work of Rabbi Yosef Qafih, Netanya 2015, pp. 89–95.
  6. ^ a b "Yehuda Azoulay's Maran: The Life and Scholarship of Hacham Ovadia Yosef – The Seforim Blog". Retrieved 2022-01-17.
  7. ^ I.e., prior to his 1972 resignation from the rabbinate's Supreme Beit Din due to Rabbi Shlomo Goren (Of Books and Bans p. 5, https://www.nevo.co.il/law_html/law10/YALKUT-1875.pdf#page=5 p. 453 [Hebrew]) and the brother and sister verdict.
  8. ^ a b "אוצר החכמה". tablet.otzar.org. Retrieved 2022-01-17.
  9. ^ R' Nosson Scherman and R' Meir Zlotowitz in their Publisher's Preface (1981) to the third volume published in the Yad Avraham Mishnah Series (Seder Moed Vol. II [Pesachim / Shekalim]).
  10. ^ "קטגוריה:בראשית מא כו – ויקיטקסט". he.wikisource.org (in Hebrew). Retrieved 2022-01-17.
  11. ^ (PDF) https://web.archive.org/web/20140803160833/http://www.net-sah.org/files/OHH_Tamuz_htshst.pdf. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-08-03. Retrieved 2022-01-17. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  12. ^ Hebrew source: שתמיד הקפיד בלשונו לכנות את הגר"י קאפח בכינוי: "מארי", על אף שבפי אחינו הספרדים רגילים לומר "חכם"
  13. ^ "הייד פארק - מרכז פורומים ישראלי | 31 - עלון אור ההליכות גליון חודש תמוז התשע". 2014-08-03. Archived from the original on 2014-08-03. Retrieved 2022-01-17.
  14. ^ a b Saadiah, Ben Joseph Al-Fayyumi (1988-01-01). The Book of Theodicy: Translation and Commentary on the Book of Job. Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0-300-03743-2.
  15. ^ Albeit lacking Maimonides' Introduction and Principles.
  16. ^ a b "אוצר החכמה". tablet.otzar.org. Retrieved 2022-01-17.
  17. ^ "אוצר החכמה". tablet.otzar.org. Retrieved 2022-01-17.
  18. ^ 2015.
  19. ^ "לנחותם מהדורה 1 - דפי עדכונים". docs.google.com. Retrieved 2022-01-17.
  20. ^ "הייד פארק - מרכז פורומים ישראלי | רשימת עלוני אור ההליכות לפני התשע"ד". 2017-12-28. Archived from the original on 2017-12-28. Retrieved 2022-01-17.
  21. ^ "הייד פארק - מרכז פורומים ישראלי | תשובות הרב יוסף קאפח - לתלמידו תמיר רצון". 2017-12-28. Archived from the original on 2017-12-28. Retrieved 2022-01-17.
  22. ^ 2017.
  23. ^ "הרב ד״ר אורי מלמד - שיעורי ימי א' - רשימת הקלטות.xlsx". Google Docs. Retrieved 2022-01-17.
  24. ^ 2000.
  25. ^ Full title: From Yemen to Israel: Culture, Language, Literature, and Education (Israel, 2011; Hebrew: מתימן לישראל: תרבות, לשון, ספרות, חינוך)
  26. ^ Full title: דברי שלום ואמת: קובץ מאמרים לזכרו של ר' שלום ב"ר יוסף הכהן ז"ל. Three volumes thereof (5776; 5777; 2018) have been published to date.
  27. ^ "הרב אהרן קאפח - שיעורי ימי ב'-ג' במודיעין - רשימת הקלטות.xlsx". Google Docs. Retrieved 2022-01-17.
  28. ^ הרב אהרן קאפח בכנס לזכרו של הגאון הרב יוסף קאפח זצ"ל, retrieved 2022-01-17
  29. ^ "הייד פארק - מרכז פורומים ישראלי | מנהגי הנחת תפילין במנחה של תענית". 2018-01-01. Archived from the original on 2018-01-01. Retrieved 2022-01-17.
  30. ^ 5763.
  31. ^ 5767.
  32. ^ "אוצר החכמה". tablet.otzar.org. Retrieved 2022-01-17.
  33. ^ "אוצר החכמה". tablet.otzar.org. Retrieved 2022-01-17.
  34. ^ "HebrewBooks.org Sefer Detail: חמש מגילות – קאפח --". www.hebrewbooks.org. Retrieved 2022-01-17.
  35. ^ "אוצר החכמה". tablet.otzar.org. Retrieved 2022-01-17.
  36. ^ a b c "אוצר החכמה". tablet.otzar.org. Retrieved 2022-01-17.
  37. ^ "אוצר החכמה". tablet.otzar.org. Retrieved 2022-01-17.
  38. ^ "אוצר החכמה". tablet.otzar.org. Retrieved 2022-01-17.
  39. ^ a b "אוצר החכמה". tablet.otzar.org. Retrieved 2022-01-17.
  40. ^ "אוצר החכמה". tablet.otzar.org. Retrieved 2022-01-17.
  41. ^ Derenbourg, Joseph; Derenbourg, Hartwig (1896). Version arabe d'Isaïe de r. Saadia ben Iosef al-Fayyoûmî (in Hebrew). E. Leroux.
  42. ^ In a different context Kafih referred to Dr. N. [Naftali Joseph] Derenbourg as having satisfactorily translated and published, from and with the Judeo-Arabic, Maimonides' commentary to Taharot (Kafih edition of the Mishnah with Maimonides' commentary, Seder Zera'im, p. 10).
  43. ^ A few years prior to Rabbi Kafih's passing, Tafsir Yeshaʻyah, including the complete introduction, was translated into Hebrew by Professor Yehuda Ratzaby (https://www.virtualgeula.com/moshe/catd1.jpg, Machon MosHe 2003 Catalog List, https://hebrew-academy.org.il/2016/05/04/יהודה-רצהבי/).
  44. ^ "Vol. 14, 1944 of Proceedings of the American Academy for Jewish Research on JSTOR". www.jstor.org. Retrieved 2022-01-17.
  45. ^ Printed at the end of Rabbi Kapach's edition of Daniel (listed above).
  46. ^ "אוצר החכמה". tablet.otzar.org. Retrieved 2022-01-17.
  47. ^ "אוצר החכמה". tablet.otzar.org. Retrieved 2022-01-17.
  48. ^ "אוצר החכמה". tablet.otzar.org. Retrieved 2022-01-17.
  49. ^ "אוצר החכמה". tablet.otzar.org. Retrieved 2022-01-17.
  50. ^ במבואו לספר כתב הרב יוסף קאפח: מחברנו ר' נתנאל כתב ספרו זה סביבות שנת דתתק"ז ליצירה.
  51. ^ "אוצר החכמה". tablet.otzar.org. Retrieved 2022-01-17.
  52. ^ "אוצר החכמה". tablet.otzar.org. Retrieved 2022-01-17.
  53. ^ "אוצר החכמה". tablet.otzar.org. Retrieved 2022-01-17.
  54. ^ a b Maimonides (2012-06-07). Ethical Writings of Maimonides. Courier Corporation. ISBN 978-0-486-11934-2.
  55. ^ P. 166-168 (endnotes on p. 178-179).
  56. ^ Fred Rosner published an English translation of Maimonides' entire commentary on Tractate Sanhedrin (published as Maimonides Commentary on the Mishnah: Tractate Sanhedrin [New York, 1981]) for which Rabbi Kafaḥ's Hebrew translation was one of two major source works used, his second major source work being "the annotated Hebrew translation of Gottlieb (Hanover. 1906)" (p. xvi-xvii).
    In an earlier translation of his Rosner published Moses Maimonides' Commentary on the Mishnah: Introduction to Seder Zeraim and Commentary on Tractate Berachoth (New York, 1975), but Kapach's translation was not central to this with Al Harizi's Hebrew translation being the major source work used, although Rosner noted that "[c]onsultation with the new Hebrew translation of Kapach was very valuable in many instances" (p. 32-33).
  57. ^ "אוצר החכמה". tablet.otzar.org. Retrieved 2022-01-17.
  58. ^ "אוצר החכמה". tablet.otzar.org. Retrieved 2022-01-17.
  59. ^ "אוצר החכמה". tablet.otzar.org. Retrieved 2022-01-17.
  60. ^ "אוצר החכמה". tablet.otzar.org. Retrieved 2022-01-17.
  61. ^ "אוצר החכמה". tablet.otzar.org. Retrieved 2022-01-17.
  62. ^ "אוצר החכמה". tablet.otzar.org. Retrieved 2022-01-17.
  63. ^ "אוצר החכמה". tablet.otzar.org. Retrieved 2022-01-17.
  64. ^ "אוצר החכמה". tablet.otzar.org. Retrieved 2022-01-17.
  65. ^ "אוצר החכמה". tablet.otzar.org. Retrieved 2022-01-17.
  66. ^ "אוצר החכמה". tablet.otzar.org. Retrieved 2022-01-17.
  67. ^ "אוצר החכמה". tablet.otzar.org. Retrieved 2022-01-17.
  68. ^ "אוצר החכמה". tablet.otzar.org. Retrieved 2022-01-17.
  69. ^ "אוצר החכמה". tablet.otzar.org. Retrieved 2022-01-17.
  70. ^ "אוצר החכמה". tablet.otzar.org. Retrieved 2022-01-17.
  71. ^ "אוצר החכמה". tablet.otzar.org. Retrieved 2022-01-17.
  72. ^ "אוצר החכמה". tablet.otzar.org. Retrieved 2022-01-17.
  73. ^ "אוצר החכמה". tablet.otzar.org. Retrieved 2022-01-17.
  74. ^ "אוצר החכמה". tablet.otzar.org. Retrieved 2022-01-17.
  75. ^ "אוצר החכמה". tablet.otzar.org. Retrieved 2022-01-17.
  76. ^ "אוצר החכמה". tablet.otzar.org. Retrieved 2022-01-17.
  77. ^ "אוצר החכמה". tablet.otzar.org. Retrieved 2022-01-17.
  78. ^ "אוצר החכמה". tablet.otzar.org. Retrieved 2022-01-17.
  79. ^ "אוצר החכמה". tablet.otzar.org. Retrieved 2022-01-17.
  80. ^ "אוצר החכמה". tablet.otzar.org. Retrieved 2022-01-17.
  81. ^ "אוצר החכמה". tablet.otzar.org. Retrieved 2022-01-17.
  82. ^ "אוצר החכמה". tablet.otzar.org. Retrieved 2022-01-17.
  83. ^ See Rabbi Qafih's edition with the original Arabic (1971), p. 10 (p. 5 of linked Otzar HaHochma pagination).
  84. ^ Rabbi Berel Bell's Translator's Introduction, in the subsection "Qafih Translations: 5718 and 5731", p. 6-7. Viewable digitally at "Sefer HaMitzvos of the Rambam: Volume 1 by Rabbi Berel Bell | NOOK Book (eBook) | Barnes & Noble®". Retrieved 2022-08-28.
  85. ^ Chavel states "the present English translation, which covers the Negative Commandments also, is based throughout on the new Jerusalem Hebrew text" published by Mossad Harav Kook (Jerusalem, 5718), to whom Chavel states he is "greatly indebted for their permission to make use of their new text" (The Commandments, Volume One, foreword, p. xv).
  86. ^ Rabbi Berel Bell's Translator's Introduction, in the section "Translations into English."
  87. ^ Maimonides’ Seminal Work Receives New Translation
  88. ^ The first volume contains the Translator's Introduction, all of which can be freely accessed online in Amazon's sample; the second volume is available online. The complete 613 mitzvot are available online.
  89. ^ "אוצר החכמה". tablet.otzar.org. Retrieved 2022-01-17.
  90. ^ "אוצר החכמה". tablet.otzar.org. Retrieved 2022-01-17.
  91. ^ Rosner, Fred (1997-04-01). Moses Maimonides' Treatise On Resurrection. Jason Aronson, Incorporated. ISBN 978-1-4616-2963-4.
  92. ^ Responsa of the Rambam ed. Blau (Rubin Mass and Makhon Moshe, Jerusalem, 2014), volume one, Divrei b'rakhah of Rabbi Ratzon Arusi (Hebrew): "ואליבא דאמת, שהתרגום של מהרי"ק למספר תשובות אינו תרגום במלוא מובנה של המילה, כי יש והוא רק תמצית התשובה,"... "כך שתרגומיו של מהרי"ק לאותן תשובות הן קרובות לעיבוד מאשר לתרגום, ובהן השתמש מהרי"ק לצורך פירושו למשנה תורה."... "הנה נצא ונראה כיצד דקדקו חכמי התלמוד בביאור לשון המשנה, תוך השוואה עם ברייתות, אפילו ברייתות שאין בהן מחלוקת על המשנה אלא שינוי לשון, כי אין שני נביאים מתנבאים בסגנון אחד, וכל שכן המתרגמים, ושינויי לשון, יש בהם כדי לסייע ללומדים לעמוד על הכוונה היותר אמתית של המחבר."
  93. ^ "HebrewBooks.org Sefer Detail: תשובות הרמב"ם חלק א -- משה בן מימון". www.hebrewbooks.org. Retrieved 2022-01-17.
  94. ^ The reprint being three volumes only, with the original volumes 3 and 4 combined into a single "ג-ד" volume. Also appended to the last volume of this new edition is תשובת הרמב"ם בשאלת הקץ הקצוב לחיים (p. 57-82) and האגרת האלגורית ששלח ר' יוסף בן יהודה להרמב"ם ותשובת הרמב"ם (p. 83-84) which were, respectively, referenced (Hilkoth T'shuvah, chapter 3, note 4) and taught by Rabbi Qafih (Yosef Farchi, in vol. 3-4, p. 87, footnote 2-3).
  95. ^ "אוצר החכמה". tablet.otzar.org. Retrieved 2022-01-17.
  96. ^ "אוצר החכמה". tablet.otzar.org. Retrieved 2022-01-17.
  97. ^ "אוצר החכמה". tablet.otzar.org. Retrieved 2022-01-17.
  98. ^ "אוצר החכמה". tablet.otzar.org. Retrieved 2022-01-17.
  99. ^ Joshua, Judges (volume 1, 5759): https://www.otzar.org/wotzar/Book.aspx?149865&lang=eng.
    Samuel I (volume 2, 5760): https://www.otzar.org/wotzar/Book.aspx?149866&lang=eng.
    Samuel II (volume 3, 5762): https://www.otzar.org/wotzar/Book.aspx?149867&lang=eng.
    Kings I (volume 4, 5766): https://www.otzar.org/wotzar/Book.aspx?149868&lang=eng. (First 40 pages viewable for free.) Samuel II and Kings I volumes were published posthumously, edited for completion from translated, punctuated, and partially referenced manuscript that Rabbi Kapach drafted before his death.
  100. ^ "אוצר החכמה". tablet.otzar.org. Retrieved 2022-01-17.
  101. ^ "אוצר החכמה". tablet.otzar.org. Retrieved 2022-01-17.
  102. ^ "אוצר החכמה". tablet.otzar.org. Retrieved 2022-01-17.
  103. ^ "אוצר החכמה". tablet.otzar.org. Retrieved 2022-01-17.
  104. ^ Published in המאסף שנה ה' חוב' 6, תמוז תשמ"ג, pages 559-564.
  105. ^ Published in קול סיני, volume 3, תמוז התשכ"ד, p. 271.
  106. ^ Published in Kobez Al Yad, new series, book 7 (17), Jerusalem 1968, pages 81-100.
  107. ^ "אוצר החכמה". tablet.otzar.org. Retrieved 2022-01-17.
  108. ^ Published in ברקאי קובץ א' (קיץ תשמ"ג), pages 101-130.
  109. ^ 'קורות ישראל בתימן' לרבי חיים חבשוש (Hebrew) in Sefunot, volume 2 (Jerusalem 1958), Hebrew page numbers רמו-רפו (p. 254-294 in PDF pagination). English abstract on p. 14 (p. 387 in PDF pagination).
  110. ^ ספר "דופי הזמן" לרבי סעיד צעדי. קורות יהודי תימן בשנות תע"ז – תפ"ו (Hebrew) in Sefunot, volume 1 (Jerusalem 1956), Hebrew page numbers קפה-רמב (p. 204-263 in PDF pagination). English abstract on p. 13 (p. 345 in PDF pagination).
  111. ^ מצוקות תימן (Hebrew) in Sefunot, volume 5 (Jerusalem 1961), Hebrew page numbers שצז-תיג (p. 405-421 in PDF pagination). English abstract on pages 15-16 (pages 520 and 519, respectively, in PDF pagination).
  112. ^ Originally published circa 1967 in מחניים קי, pages פב-פח.
  113. ^ Originally published circa 1965 in מחניים צה?[צב], pages קל-קלג.
  114. ^ Originally published circa 1966 in מחניים קו, pages קנב-קנז.
  115. ^ Originally published circa 1965 in מחניים צח, pages 68-71.
  116. ^ "פעמים 11". www.ybz.org.il. Retrieved 2022-01-17.
  117. ^ "תהודה מס' 14". האגודה לטיפוח חברה ותרבות - מורשת יהודי תימן (in Hebrew). 2013-10-16. Retrieved 2022-01-17.
  118. ^ The following is not intended to be an all-inclusive listing of those papers listed in Collected Papers' Bibliography of Rabbi Yosef Kafih's Writings (at the end of volume 2, pages 1125-1139) that were not actually reprinted in Collected Papers. Rather, only material accessible online is listed here.
  119. ^ Published in לַמּוֹעֵד, שבועות ג, קובץ ז' (ירושלים תש"ז), pages 41-42.
  120. ^ Published in Mi-Yetzirot Sifrutiyyot Mi-Teman (Hebrew: מיצירות ספרותיות מתימן), Yehuda Levy Nahum, Holon, 1981, Hebrew page numbers א-מו (of which the first 20 pages are viewable for free, beginning from p. 21 of linked Otzar HaHochma pagination).
    Specifically, included is commentary to Shir Hashirim (Hebrew page numbers א-כז), Torah (Hebrew page numbers כח-לד), Nakh (Hebrew page numbers לה-מב), and Sefer Yetzira (Hebrew page numbers מג-מו).
  121. ^ "אוצר החכמה". tablet.otzar.org. Retrieved 2022-01-17.
  122. ^ Hebrew: מהדורה שניה
  123. ^ Hebrew: "הוצאה שלישית מתוקנת"
  124. ^ (PDF) https://web.archive.org/web/20030623182650/http://www.chayas.com:80/shabbothHC.pdf. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2003-06-23. Retrieved 2022-01-17. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  125. ^ Albeit with new errors.
  126. ^ "אוצר החכמה". tablet.otzar.org. Retrieved 2022-01-17.
  127. ^ Hebrew: מָסורה ליוסף. (The first few volumes were vowelized מְסורה ליוסף, but this was corrected in subsequent volumes.)
  128. ^ Paper that Rabbi Yosef Kapach edited, for the purposes of a radio broadcast (1949), about Rabbi Yichyei Kapach.
  129. ^ Written for the various speakers. Familial identifying information was censored from Masorah L'Yosef (p. 136).
  130. ^ Volume 1 relating to Sefer HaMadda' (2009).
    Volumes 2-3 relating to Sefer Ahavah (2020).
    Responsa relating to Maimonides' Introduction to the Mishnah Commentary and Maimonides' Introduction to Perek Helek appended in said volumes of the Lectures of Rabbi Yosef Qafih series.
  131. ^ Part 1 (תשל"ג – תשל"ו): https://www.otzar.org/wotzar/Book.aspx?172100&lang=eng (first 40 pages viewable for free).
    Part 2: (תשל"ג – תשל"ו): https://www.otzar.org/wotzar/Book.aspx?180041&lang=eng (first 40 pages viewable for free).
    Part 3: (תשל"ו).
  132. ^ 2017. Hebrew: שיעורי הרב יוסף קאפח על הרמב"ם: הקדמות לפירוש המשנה - א' (הקדמה לפירוש המשנה).
  133. ^ 2022. Hebrew: שיעורי הרב יוסף קאפח על הרמב"ם: הקדמות לפירוש המשנה - ב' (פרק חלק).
  134. ^ "List of Bialik Prize recipients 1933-2004 (in Hebrew), Tel Aviv Municipality website" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on December 17, 2007.
  135. ^ "Israel Prize Official Site - Recipients in 1969 (in Hebrew)".
  136. ^ "Israel Prize Official Site - Recipients in 1999 (in Hebrew)".
  137. ^ "Kedma | Social Action". Archived from the original on 2004-04-05.
  138. ^ "Rebbetzin aids Jerusalem poor | JTA - Jewish & Israel News". Archived from the original on June 3, 2012. Retrieved March 31, 2013.

External linksEdit