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According to the Hebrew Bible, Midian (Hebrew: מִדְיָן Miḏyān) is the fourth son of Abraham by Keturah,[1] the woman Abraham married after Sarah's death. His brothers are Zimran, Jokshan, Medan, Ishbak and Shuah. His sons are Ephah, Epher, Enoch, Abida, and Eldaah.

Josephus records that "Abraham contrived to settle them in colonies; and they took possession of Troglodytis and the country of Arabia the Happy, as far as it reaches to the Red Sea."[2]

He is generally considered ancestral to the Midianite people[3] found in later portions of the Hebrew scriptures.


  1. ^ 1 Chronicles 1.32
  2. ^ Josephus, Flavius, Antiquities, 1.15.1
  3. ^ Genesis 25:1-2.