2022 Commonwealth Games
The 2022 Commonwealth Games, officially known as the XXII Commonwealth Games and commonly known as Birmingham 2022, is an international multi-sport event for members of the Commonwealth that is scheduled to be held in Birmingham, England. This is due to be the third time England has hosted the Games, after London in 1934 and Manchester in 2002.
|Host city||Birmingham, England|
|Motto||Are you Game?|
|Nations participating||71 Commonwealth nations (expected)|
|Events||264 in 18 sports|
|Opening ceremony||27 July|
|Closing ceremony||7 August|
|Queen's Baton Final Runner||TBD|
|Main venue||Alexander Stadium|
The Games are expected to take place between 27 July and 7 August 2022. The city was announced as the host at a press conference at the Arena Academy in Birmingham on 21 December 2017.
- 1 Host selection
- 2 Organisation
- 3 Preparation
- 4 Sports
- 5 Marketing
- 6 Concerns and controversies
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Two cities initially launched bids for the games; Durban, South Africa and Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. Edmonton withdrew its bid in February 2015, leaving Durban as the only bid to go forward to CGF General Assembly in September 2015. The coastal South African city of Durban initially secured the right to host the games, as they were the sole bidder for the event. The city previously considered bidding for the 2020 or 2024 Summer Olympics.
Withdrawal of Durban as hostEdit
It was reported in February 2017 that Durban may be unable to host the games due to financial constraints. This was confirmed one month later on 13 March 2017 when the Commonwealth Games Federation (CGF) stripped Durban of their rights to host the games.
It would have marked the first time the games were held in Africa and the second time a Commonwealth republic would have hosted, following Delhi, India in 2010. The games were set to open on 18 July 2022, coinciding with the birthday of the late South African President, Nelson Mandela.
A new bidding process was launched, where Liverpool and Birmingham expressed their interests in hosting the games. On 14 March 2017, Manchester, who previously hosted the 2002 Commonwealth Games, expressed their interest in hosting the games. In September 2017, Birmingham beat Liverpool for the recommended bid for England. With Birmingham being the sole bidder for the event they won the right to stage the Games.
Birmingham awarded as replacement hostEdit
On 21 December 2017, Birmingham was awarded for the 2022 Games as Durban's replacement host. Louise Martin, president of the Commonwealth Games Federation, made the official announcement at a press conference at the Arena Academy in Birmingham.
|2022 Commonwealth Games bidding results|
The Birmingham 2022 Organising Committee is responsible for the planning and operational delivery of the Games. This includes sport, venue and competition management, ticket sales, all ceremonies and the Queen’s Baton Relay. In summer 2018, Prime Minister Theresa May appointed John Crabtree OBE as Chair of the Organising Committee. Crabtree is joined by board members:
- Ian Ward (Leader of Birmingham City Council)
- Ian Metcalfe (Chair of Commonwealth Games England)
- Simon Ball (Senior Independent Director, Commonwealth Games England)
- Dame Louise Martin (President of Commonwealth Games Federation)
- David Grevemberg CBE (CEO, Commonwealth Games Federation)
- Helen Judge (Director General, DCMS)
- Dame Julie Moore (formerly CEO, University Hospitals Birmingham)
- Jonathan Browning (Chairman of the Coventry and Warwickshire Local Enterprise Partnership)
- Zara Hyde Peters OBE (Director of Integration and Transformation at North Hampshire Clinical Commissioning Group and former Commonwealth Games triathlete)
- Ellie Simmonds OBE (Paralympic Swimmer)
- Lyndsey Jackson (Deputy Chief Executive of the Edinburgh Festival Fringe Society)
- Nick Timothy (Newspaper columnist and visiting Fellow at Wadham College, Oxford)
- Derrick Anderson (Member of the University of Birmingham Council)
With numerous existing sports venues, arenas and conference halls, 95% of the competition venues are already in place for the 2022 games. Alexander Stadium which is scheduled to host the ceremonies and athletics is planned to be renovated and the capacity increased to 40,000 seats. A new 400 metre warm up track is also planned.
Venues in Birmingham and the West Midlands areaEdit
|National Exhibition Centre||Boxing
|Resorts World Arena||Badminton||15,000||Existing|
|Arena Birmingham||Artistic and rhythmic gymnastics||15,000||Existing|
|University of Birmingham||Squash
|Sandwell Aquatics Centre||Swimming
|Edgbaston Cricket Ground||Cricket||25,000||Existing|
|Ricoh Arena||Rugby 7s||32,609||Existing|
|Victoria Square||Basketball 3x3||3,000||Existing|
|Ericsson Indoor Arena, Coventry||Judo
|Victoria Park, Leamington Spa||Bowls||2,000||Existing|
Venues outside West MidlandsEdit
|Lee Valley VeloPark, London||Cycling (track)||6,000||Existing|
At the time of submission of the bid to the CGF, the bid committee announced that the event would cost £750 million ($950 million). On 25 June 2019, the British Government announced that the event will cost £778 million (~$1 billion). It will be the most expensive sporting event in the UK since the 2012 Summer Olympics in London which costed £8.8 billion ($11 billion). The British Government will cover the 75% (£594 million) of the budget and the Birmingham City Council will cover the rest 25% (£184 million). The budget for the 2022 Commonwealth Games is lower than the £967 million ($1.2 billion) spent on the 2018 Commonwealth Games in Gold Coast, Australia. The Birmingham 2022 Organizing Committee paid £25 million ($35 million) to the CGF for the right to host the Games. The renovation for the Alexander stadium will cost £70 million ($90 million) and the construction of the new Aquatics Centre in Sandwell will cost £60 million ($75 million). Around £496 million ($620 million) is being spent on the construction of the Athletes' Village in Perry Barr. A £31 million ($39 million) funding package was announced to renovate Coventry city for the Games as the city is due to host netball event at the Ericsson Indoor Arena. The funding will also be used to help Coventry get ready for its role as the UK City of Culture 2021 and was approved by the West Midlands Combined Authority.
On 22 December 2017, the BBC Reported that the organisers of the games were in talks with the International Cricket Council (ICC) about the inclusion of women's cricket. It was also reported that shooting is likely to be excluded from the games citing a lack of facilities around Birmingham, if this is true it will be the first time since 1970 where shooting has not been included in the games. The dropping of shooting from the games programme was confirmed by the CEO of the Commonwealth Games Federation (CGF), David Grevemberg, in January 2018. In November 2018, the ICC confirmed that they have submitted a bid to include women's cricket in Birmingham. The CGF officially announced the inclusion of women's T20I cricket on 13 August 2019.
Meanwhile on 20 June 2019, the Birmingham 2022 Organizing Committee announced the confirmation of a women's cricket tournament, the return of beach volleyball after the success of the sport in Gold Coast 2018, and among the events for EAD the addition of more finals on the table tennis.
The official emblem was unveiled on 27 July 2019 at the Centenary Square during the Commonwealth Social festival to mark Three Years To Go. It was designed by local agency RBL, based in Royal Leamington Spa and the emblem is a jagged, triangular "B" shape formed by blue-yellow gradient lines representing the key connected venues of the Games throughout the West Midlands and bringing them together to form the "B" shape. This emblem is also the first to use the new branding for the Commonwealth Games Federation, now branded as Commonwealth Sport. It has mainly received positive reaction from locals in the city and on social media and some compared it to the emblem for the 2012 Summer Olympics in London.
Concerns and controversiesEdit
Exclusion of ShootingEdit
On 19 January 2018, CEO of CGF David Grevemberg confirmed that Shooting, which is an optional sport according to the CGF charter, would not feature at the 2022 Commonwealth Games as the organising committee of the Games decided to exclude the sport. This sparked an anger among the athletes from India and the Indian Olympic Association (IOA) as India performed well in shooting during the previous edition of the Games at Gold Coast in 2018 by winning 16 medals, including 7 golds. The National Rifle Association of India (NRAI) president Raninder Singh was unhappy with the decision of removal of shooting and wanted the Indian government to boycott the 2022 Commonwealth Games. Meanwhile, the IOA requested the CGF and the Organising Committee of the 2022 Commonwealth Games to include Shooting in the event. On 20 June 2019, during the CGF board meeting in Birmingham, the CGF confirmed that the Shooting sport has been excluded from the 2022 Commonwealth Games as no suitable venue has been found in the host city Birmingham and in the West Midlands region. On 27 July 2019, IOA president Narinder Batra wrote a letter to the Indian Sports Minister Kiren Rijiju to discuss about the boycott of the 2022 Games as the CGF did not add shooting in the Games. In regarding to protest, Batra said that the IOA has pulled out the upcoming CGF General Assembly to be held in Kigali, Rwanda in September 2020 and also the IOA had withdrawn the nomination of its secretary general Rajeev Mehta for the election of a regional vice-president as well as that of Namdev Shiragaonkar for sports committee member in CGF. Batra also commented that the CGF has an "India bashing mindset" and "try to change rules" whenever the country (India) does well in the Commonwealth Games.
On 30 July 2019, Ian Reid, CEO of Birmingham 2022 published a statement in the Games official website stating that shooting was not included in Birmingham's bid and in September 2018, five sports that were not included in the original bid – shooting, archery, beach volleyball, para table tennis and cricket – expressed their desire to be part of the Games. He also stated that the Birmingham 2022 Board committed to conducting a review, offering each sport a chance to be included and the process they conducted was fair, logical and transparent and the assessment panel included senior representatives from key Games Partners including Birmingham 2022, Department for Digital, Culture, Media & Sport; Commonwealth Games England and Birmingham City Council. Shooting scored highly on some of the key criteria and the Panel recognised the submission from the International Shooting Sport Federation (ISSF), the International Confederation of Fullbore Rifle Associations (ICFRA) and British Shooting (BS). But the Panel determined that the proposed location for shooting at Bisley in Surrey offered very little benefit to the West Midlands, in a Games with a significant proportion of funding coming from the region. The Panel did offer the opportunity for the sport to submit an alternative Birmingham based proposal – most likely two disciplines in one Birmingham venue – but the ISSF, ICFRA and BS were not ready to submit a proposal that did not include all four disciplines in a single Bisley-based venue. As a result of this review, Birmingham 2022 proposed adding three sports – women’s cricket, para table tennis and beach volleyball – all of which can be staged in venues in Birmingham or the West Midlands, which could bring additional benefits to a region that is providing substantial funding for the Games.
- Commonwealth Games celebrated in England
- Commonwealth Games celebrated in United Kingdom
- Olympic Games celebrated in Great Britain
- Paralympic Games celebrated in Great Britain
- Universiade celebrated in Great Britain
- 1991 Summer Universiade – Sheffield
- European Championships celebrated in Great Britain
- 2018 European Championships − Glasgow
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