2019 Belgian regional elections
In the regional elections, new representatives were chosen for the Flemish Parliament, Walloon Parliament, Brussels Parliament and the Parliament of the German-speaking Community. The Parliament of the French Community will be composed of all elected members of the Walloon Parliament (except German-speaking members) and 19 of the French-speaking members of the Brussels Parliament.
The regional parliaments have limited power over their own election; federal law largely regulates this and the federal government organises the elections, which occur per Article 117 of the Constitution on the same day as the European Parliament elections.
As such, all regional parliaments are elected using proportional representation under the D'Hondt method. Only Belgian citizens in Belgium have the right to vote, and voting is mandatory for them. Belgians living abroad are allowed to vote in European and federal elections, but not in regional elections.
The following timetable is fixed for the simultaneous European, federal and regional elections:
|26 January 2019||Start of the "waiting period" (sperperiode) running until the day of the election, during which political propaganda and expenses are strictly regulated|
|1 March 2019||The electoral roll is fixed by municipal authorities|
|11 May 2019||Final day for the official announcement of the election and the convocation letter to voters|
|26 May 2019||Polling day (from 8am until 2pm, or until 4pm where voting is done electronically)|
All 124 seats in the Flemish Parliament
63 seats needed for a majority
All 124 members of the Flemish Parliament will be elected. The five Flemish provinces (West Flanders, East Flanders, Antwerp, Flemish Brabant and Limburg) each are a constituency, plus the Brussels-Capital Region where those voting for a Dutch-language party can also vote in the Flemish election.
The incumbent Bourgeois Government is made up of a coalition of Flemish nationalists (N-VA), Christian democrats (CD&V) and liberals (Open Vld). The incumbent Minister-President is Geert Bourgeois (N-VA). The three-party centre-right government coalition has a comfortable majority.
In the October 2018 local elections, no major shifts occurred, although N-VA and sp.a lost some support while Vlaams Belang and Groen generally gained votes. CD&V and Open Vld remained stable.
Incumbent Minister-President Bourgois (N-VA) will contend in the simultaneous European Parliament elections; N-VA president Bart De Wever (N-VA) is their party's candidate to succeed him as head of the Flemish Government. Minister Hilde Crevits is CD&V's candidate for Minister-President. Open Vld explicitly did not put forward a candidate.
|Political party||Party leader||2014 seats||Current seats|
|New Flemish Alliance (N-VA)||Bart De Wever (since 2004)||43 (government)||42 (government)|
|Christian Democratic and Flemish (CD&V)||Wouter Beke (since 2010)||27 (government)||27 (government)|
|Open Flemish Liberals and Democrats (Open Vld)||Gwendolyn Rutten (since 2012)||19 (government)||19 (government)|
|Socialist Party Different (sp.a)||John Crombez (since 2015)||18 (opposition)||18 (opposition)|
|Green (Groen)||Meyrem Almaci (since 2014)||10 (opposition)||9 (opposition)|
|Flemish Interest (Vlaams Belang)||Tom Van Grieken (since 2014)||6 (opposition)||6 (opposition)|
|Union des Francophones (UF)||1 (opposition)||1 (opposition)|
The following candidates are the first on the respective party list (lijsttrekker) per constituency.
- Minister Jo Vandeurzen (CD&V, Limburg)
- Rob Beenders (sp.a, Limburg)
- Yamila Idrissi (sp.a, Brussels)
- Grete Remen (N-VA, Limburg)
- Johan Verstreken (CD&V, West Flanders)
|← 2014 • 2019 • 2024→|
|New Flemish Alliance (N-VA)||Bart De Wever||1,052,252||24.8||7.1||
35 / 124
|Flemish Interest (Vlaams Belang)||Tom Van Grieken||783,977||18.5||12.6||
23 / 124
|Christian Democratic & Flemish (CD&V)||Wouter Beke||652,766||15.4||5.1||
19 / 124
|Open Flemish Liberals and Democrats (Open Vld)||Gwendolyn Rutten||556,630||13.1||1.1||
16 / 124
|Socialist Party–Differently (sp.a)||John Crombez||438,616||10.3||3.7||
13 / 124
|Green (Groen)||Meyrem Almaci||428,696||10.1||1.4||
14 / 124
|Workers' Party (PTB–GO!/PVDA+)||Peter Mertens||225,593||5.3||2.8||
4 / 124
|Blank and invalid votes||220,790||5|
|Electorate and voter turnout||4.838.566||92.2||0.5|
All 75 members of the Walloon Parliament will be elected. The members are elected in multi-member arrondissement-based constituencies; the Walloon Parliament is the only parliament in Belgium still using this geographical level for constituencies. A January 2018 law however reduced the constituencies from 13 to 11, following a successful challenge by Ecolo to the Constitutional Court that constituencies with too few seats are unrepresentative. Both Luxembourg constituencies were merged and the Hainaut constituencies were redrawn.
After the 2014 elections, a government was formed with a coalition of the Socialist Party (PS) and Christian democrats (cdH). In 2017 however, following major scandals involving mainly PS, cdH opted to continue governing with MR as main party instead of PS. Willy Borsus (MR) succeeded Paul Magnette (PS) as Minister-President of Wallonia in July 2017. This is the first time a government majority changed during a legislative term of a Belgian regional government.
|Political party||Party leader||2014 seats||Current seats|
|Socialist Party (PS)||Elio Di Rupo (since 1999)||30 (government)||30 (opposition)|
|Reformist Movement (MR)||Charles Michel (since 2019)||25 (opposition)||25 (government)|
|Humanist Democratic Centre (cdH)||Maxime Prévot (since 2019)||13 (government)||13 (government)|
|Ecolo (Ecolo)||Zakia Khattabi & Patrick Dupriez (since 2015)||4 (opposition)||4 (opposition)|
|Workers' Party (PVDA-PTB)||Peter Mertens (since 2008)||2 (opposition)||2 (opposition)|
|People's Party (Parti Populaire)||Mischaël Modrikamen (since 2009)||1 (opposition)||N/A|
All 89 members of the Parliament of the Brussels-Capital Region will be elected. They are elected at-large, but there are separate Dutch-language party lists (electing 17 members) and French-language party lists (electing 72 members). Those voting for a Dutch-language party can also cast a vote for the Flemish Parliament election.
German-speaking Community ParliamentEdit
In the 2014–2019 period, the government is made up of regionalist ProDG, the socialist party and the liberal PFF, headed by Minister-President Oliver Paasch (ProDG).
|Christian Social Party (CSP)||7 (opposition)|
|Socialist Party (SP)||4 (government)|
|Party for Freedom and Progress (PFF)||4 (government)|
In the election, CSP and PFF each lost one seat, while Vivant and Ecolo each gained one seat.
Just three days after the election, the outgoing coalition agreed to continue governing. Oliver Paasch remains Minister-President.
- Article 117 of the Belgian Constitution
- Traditional parties hammered in Belgian local election
- Brussels turns Green in Belgian local elections
- "Vlaams minister Jo Vandeurzen (CD&V) stopt in 2019 met nationale politiek". De Morgen. 17 November 2018.
- "Ziekte dwingt me om te stoppen". Het Belang van Limburg. 5 December 2018.
- "Yamila Idrissi (SP.A) verlaat de politiek". De Standaard. 4 December 2018.
- "Grete Remen (N-VA) stapt uit de politiek: "Is er nu niemand in de politiek die ziet dat het zo niet verder kan?"". De Morgen. 23 January 2019.
- "Johan Verstreken (CD&V) stopt met politiek". VRTNWS. 28 January 2019.
- "Passation de pouvoir historique entre Paul Magnette et Willy Borsus". RTBF. 29 July 2017.