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The 2019 Belgian regional elections took place on Sunday 26 May, the same day as the 2019 European Parliament election[1] as well as the Belgian federal election.[2][3]

In the regional elections, new representatives were chosen for the Flemish Parliament, Walloon Parliament, Brussels Parliament and the Parliament of the German-speaking Community. The Parliament of the French Community will be composed of all elected members of the Walloon Parliament (except German-speaking members) and 19 of the French-speaking members of the Brussels Parliament.

The elections follow the 2014 elections and were shortly after the 2018 local elections, which indicated voters' tendencies after an unusually long period of time without any elections in Belgium.


Electoral systemEdit

The regional parliaments have limited power over their own election; federal law largely regulates this and the federal government organises the elections, which occur per Article 117 of the Constitution on the same day as the European Parliament elections.

As such, all regional parliaments are elected using proportional representation under the D'Hondt method. Only Belgian citizens in Belgium have the right to vote, and voting is mandatory for them. Belgians living abroad are allowed to vote in European and federal elections, but not in regional elections.

The following timetable is fixed for the simultaneous European, federal and regional elections:

26 January 2019 Start of the "waiting period" (sperperiode) running until the day of the election, during which political propaganda and expenses are strictly regulated
1 March 2019 The electoral roll is fixed by municipal authorities
11 May 2019 Final day for the official announcement of the election and the convocation letter to voters
26 May 2019 Polling day (from 8am until 2pm, or until 4pm where voting is done electronically)

Flemish ParliamentEdit

2019 Flemish parliamentary election
← 2014 26 May 2019 (2019-05-26) 2024 →

All 124 seats in the Flemish Parliament
63 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
Leader Bart De Wever Filip De Winter Hilde Crevits
Party N-VA VB CD&V
Leader's seat Antwerp Antwerp West Flanders
Last election 43 seats 6 seats 27 seats
Seats before 42 6 27
Seats won 35 23 19
Popular vote 1,052,252 783,977 652,766
Percentage 24.8 18.5 15.4

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
Party Open Vld sp.a GROEN
Last election 19 seats 18 seats 10 seats
Seats before 19 18 9
Seats won 16 13 14
Popular vote 556,630 438,589 428,696
Percentage 13.1 10.3 10.1

Flemish Government before election

Bourgeois Government
N-VACD&VOpen Vld coalition

Elected Flemish Government


Number of seats per constituency in Flanders

All 124 members of the Flemish Parliament will be elected. The five Flemish provinces (West Flanders, East Flanders, Antwerp, Flemish Brabant and Limburg) each are a constituency, plus the Brussels-Capital Region where those voting for a Dutch-language party can also vote in the Flemish election.

The incumbent Bourgeois Government is made up of a coalition of Flemish nationalists (N-VA), Christian democrats (CD&V) and liberals (Open Vld). The incumbent Minister-President is Geert Bourgeois (N-VA). The three-party centre-right government coalition has a comfortable majority.

In the October 2018 local elections, no major shifts occurred, although N-VA and sp.a lost some support while Vlaams Belang and Groen generally gained votes. CD&V and Open Vld remained stable.

Incumbent Minister-President Bourgois (N-VA) will contend in the simultaneous European Parliament elections; N-VA president Bart De Wever (N-VA) is their party's candidate to succeed him as head of the Flemish Government. Minister Hilde Crevits is CD&V's candidate for Minister-President. Open Vld explicitly did not put forward a candidate.

Parties in the Flemish Parliament
Political party Party leader 2014 seats Current seats
New Flemish Alliance (N-VA) Bart De Wever (since 2004) 43 (government) 42 (government)
Christian Democratic and Flemish (CD&V) Wouter Beke (since 2010) 27 (government) 27 (government)
Open Flemish Liberals and Democrats (Open Vld) Gwendolyn Rutten (since 2012) 19 (government) 19 (government)
Socialist Party Different (sp.a) John Crombez (since 2015) 18 (opposition) 18 (opposition)
Green (Groen) Meyrem Almaci (since 2014) 10 (opposition) 9 (opposition)
Flemish Interest (Vlaams Belang) Tom Van Grieken (since 2014) 6 (opposition) 6 (opposition)
Union des Francophones (UF) 1 (opposition) 1 (opposition)
Independents N/A 2 (opposition)

Main candidatesEdit

The following candidates are the first on the respective party list (lijsttrekker) per constituency.

Party   Antwerp   East Flanders   Flemish Brabant   Limburg   West Flanders   Brussels
CD&V Koen Van den Heuvel Joke Schauvliege Peter Van Rompuy Lode Ceyssens Hilde Crevits Benjamin Dalle
Groen Meyrem Almaci Bjorn Rzoska An Moerenhout Johan Daenen Jeremie Vaneeckhout Stijn Bex
N-VA Bart De Wever Matthias Diependaele Ben Weyts Steven Vandeput Bert Maertens Karl Vanlouwe
Open Vld Bart Somers Carina Van Cauter Gwendolyn Rutten Lydia Peeters Bart Tommelein Else Ampe
PVDA Jos D'Haese Tom De Meester Sander Vandecapelle Kim De Witte Natalie Eggermont Nele Vandenbempt
sp.a Caroline Gennez Conner Rousseau Bruno Tobback Els Robeyns Annick Lambrecht Bert Anciaux
Vlaams Belang Filip Dewinter Guy D'haeseleer Klaas Slootmans Chris Janssens Stefaan Sintobin Frédéric Erens

Retiring incumbentsEdit


Summary of the 26 May 2019 Belgian Flemish Parliament election results
2014 • 2019 • 2024→
Party Leader(s) Votes % +/– Seats +/–
New Flemish Alliance (N-VA) Bart De Wever 1,052,252 24.8 7.1  
35 / 124
Flemish Interest (Vlaams Belang) Tom Van Grieken 783,977 18.5 12.6  
23 / 124
Christian Democratic & Flemish (CD&V) Wouter Beke 652,766 15.4 5.1  
19 / 124
Open Flemish Liberals and Democrats (Open Vld) Gwendolyn Rutten 556,630 13.1 1.1  
16 / 124
Socialist Party–Differently (sp.a) John Crombez 438,616 10.3 3.7  
13 / 124
Green (Groen) Meyrem Almaci 428,696 10.1 1.4  
14 / 124
Workers' Party (PTB–GO!/PVDA+) Peter Mertens 225,593 5.3 2.8  
4 / 124
Valid votes 4,238,274 95
Blank and invalid votes 220,790 5
Totals 4,459,064 100.00 124/124 0
Electorate and voter turnout 4.838.566 92.2 0.5  

Walloon ParliamentEdit

All 75 members of the Walloon Parliament will be elected. The members are elected in multi-member arrondissement-based constituencies; the Walloon Parliament is the only parliament in Belgium still using this geographical level for constituencies. A January 2018 law however reduced the constituencies from 13 to 11, following a successful challenge by Ecolo to the Constitutional Court that constituencies with too few seats are unrepresentative. Both Luxembourg constituencies were merged and the Hainaut constituencies were redrawn.

After the 2014 elections, a government was formed with a coalition of the Socialist Party (PS) and Christian democrats (cdH). In 2017 however, following major scandals involving mainly PS, cdH opted to continue governing with MR as main party instead of PS. Willy Borsus (MR) succeeded Paul Magnette (PS) as Minister-President of Wallonia in July 2017. This is the first time a government majority changed during a legislative term of a Belgian regional government.[9]

Parties in the Walloon Parliament
Political party Party leader 2014 seats Current seats
Socialist Party (PS) Elio Di Rupo (since 1999) 30 (government) 30 (opposition)
Reformist Movement (MR) Charles Michel (since 2019) 25 (opposition) 25 (government)
Humanist Democratic Centre (cdH) Maxime Prévot (since 2019) 13 (government) 13 (government)
Ecolo (Ecolo) Zakia Khattabi & Patrick Dupriez (since 2015) 4 (opposition) 4 (opposition)
Workers' Party (PVDA-PTB) Peter Mertens (since 2008) 2 (opposition) 2 (opposition)
People's Party (Parti Populaire) Mischaël Modrikamen (since 2009) 1 (opposition) N/A
Independents N/A 1 (opposition)


Brussels ParliamentEdit

All 89 members of the Parliament of the Brussels-Capital Region will be elected. They are elected at-large, but there are separate Dutch-language party lists (electing 17 members) and French-language party lists (electing 72 members). Those voting for a Dutch-language party can also cast a vote for the Flemish Parliament election.


German-speaking Community ParliamentEdit

All 25 members of the Parliament of the German-speaking Community will be elected in one constituency (at-large).

In the 2014–2019 period, the government is made up of regionalist ProDG, the socialist party and the liberal PFF, headed by Minister-President Oliver Paasch (ProDG).

Outgoing members
Political party Members
  Christian Social Party (CSP) 7 (opposition)
  ProDG 6 (government)
  Socialist Party (SP) 4 (government)
  Party for Freedom and Progress (PFF) 4 (government)
  Ecolo 2 (opposition)
  Vivant 2 (opposition)
Total 25

In the election, CSP and PFF each lost one seat, while Vivant and Ecolo each gained one seat.

Just three days after the election, the outgoing coalition agreed to continue governing. Oliver Paasch remains Minister-President.


  1. ^ Article 117 of the Belgian Constitution
  2. ^ Traditional parties hammered in Belgian local election
  3. ^ Brussels turns Green in Belgian local elections
  4. ^ "Vlaams minister Jo Vandeurzen (CD&V) stopt in 2019 met nationale politiek". De Morgen. 17 November 2018.
  5. ^ "Ziekte dwingt me om te stoppen". Het Belang van Limburg. 5 December 2018.
  6. ^ "Yamila Idrissi (SP.A) verlaat de politiek". De Standaard. 4 December 2018.
  7. ^ "Grete Remen (N-VA) stapt uit de politiek: "Is er nu niemand in de politiek die ziet dat het zo niet verder kan?"". De Morgen. 23 January 2019.
  8. ^ "Johan Verstreken (CD&V) stopt met politiek". VRTNWS. 28 January 2019.
  9. ^ "Passation de pouvoir historique entre Paul Magnette et Willy Borsus". RTBF. 29 July 2017.

External linksEdit