The Flemish Government (Dutch: Vlaamse regering (help·info)) is the executive branch of the Flemish Community and the Flemish Region of Belgium. It consists of a government cabinet, headed by the Minister-President and accountable to the Flemish Parliament, and the public administration (civil service) divided into 13 policy areas, each with an executive department and multiple agencies.
Emblem of the Flemish government (pre-2014)
|Established||22 December 1981|
|Polity||Flanders (Community & Region)|
|Appointed by||Flemish Parliament|
|Responsible to||Flemish Parliament|
|Annual budget||€ 44.7 billion (2018)|
|Headquarters||Martyrs' Square, Brussels, Belgium|
The Flemish Government cabinet consists of up to a maximum of eleven ministers, chosen by the Flemish Parliament. At least one minister must come from Brussels. The ministers are drawn from the political parties which, in practice, form the governing coalition. The Government is chaired by the Flemish Minister-President. Ministers head executive departments of the government administration. Ministers must defend their policies and performance in person before the Flemish Parliament. The Flemish Government must receive and keep the confidence of the Flemish Parliament. Until 1993 the Flemish Government was called the Flemish Executive (Vlaamse Executieve).
Flemish Government - Bourgeois 2014-2019
|N-VA||Geert Bourgeois||Minister-President of the Flemish Government and Flemish Minister for Foreign Policy and Immovable Heritage|
|CD&V||Hilde Crevits||Vice minister-president of the Flemish Government and Flemish Minister for Education|
|Open Vld||Annemie Turtelboom (until April 29, 2016)||Vice minister-president of the Flemish Government and Flemish Minister for Finance, Budget and Energy|
|Open Vld||Bart Tommelein (from April 29, 2016 until November 30, 2018)||Vice minister-president of the Flemish Government and Flemish Minister for Finance, Budget and Energy|
|Open Vld||Lydia Peeters (from November 30, 2018)||Flemish Minister for Finance, Budget and Energy|
|N-VA||Liesbeth Homans||Vice minister-president of the Flemish Government and Flemish Minister for Public Governance, Civic Integration, Housing, Equal Opportunities and Poverty Reduction|
|CD&V||Jo Vandeurzen||Flemish Minister for Welfare, Public Health and Family|
|Open Vld||Sven Gatz (until November 30, 2018)||Flemish Minister for Media, Culture, Youth and Brussels|
|Open Vld||Sven Gatz (from November 30, 2018)||Vice minister-president of the Flemish Government and Flemish Minister for Media, Culture, Youth and Brussels|
|N-VA||Ben Weyts||Flemish Minister for Mobility and Public Works, the Brussels Periphery, Tourism and Animal Welfare|
|CD&V||Joke Schauvliege (until February 5, 2019)||Flemish Minister for Town and Country Planning, Environment and Nature|
|CD&V||Koen Van den Heuvel (from February 6, 2019)||Flemish Minister for Town and Country Planning, Environment and Nature|
|N-VA||Philippe Muyters||Flemish Minister for Work, Economy, Innovation, Scientific Policy and Sport|
Peeters II (2009-2014)Edit
|Flemish Government - Peeters II 2009-2014|
|CD&V||Kris Peeters||Minister-President of the Flemish Government and Flemish Minister for Economy, Foreign Policy, Agriculture and Rural Policy|
|SP.A||Ingrid Lieten||Vice minister-president of the Flemish Government and Flemish Minister for Innovation, Public Investment, Media and Poverty Reduction|
|N-VA||Geert Bourgeois||Vice minister-president of the Flemish Government and Flemish Minister for Public Governance, Local and Provincial Government, Civic Integration, Tourism and the Brussels Periphery|
|CD&V||Jo Vandeurzen||Flemish Minister for Welfare, Public Health and Family|
|CD&V||Hilde Crevits||Flemish Minister for Mobility and Public Works|
|SP.A||Freya Van den Bossche||Flemish Minister for Energy, Housing, Cities and Social Economy|
|N-VA||Philippe Muyters||Flemish Minister for Finance, Budget, Work, Town and Country Planning and Sport|
|CD&V||Joke Schauvliege||Flemish Minister for Environment, Nature and Culture|
|SP.A||Pascal Smet||Flemish Minister for Education, Youth, Equal Opportunities and Brussels Affairs|
Leterme I/Peeters I (2004-2009)Edit
- From 19 July 2004 to 26 June 2007, the Minister-President of Flanders was Yves Leterme (CD&V), leading a coalition of CD&V-N-VA, VLD-Vivant, and SP.A-Vl.Pro.
- On 26 June 2007, in the aftermath of the 2007 Belgian general elections, Yves Leterme and Inge Vervotte resigned as minister-president and minister in the Flemish Government to take their seats in the Belgian Parliament. On June 28, Kris Peeters was sworn in as new minister-president, taking over the responsibilities of Leterme, and Vanackere and Crevits replaced Vervotte and Peeters as Flemish ministers.
- On 10 October 2007 Fientje Moerman resigned due to the fallout of a hiring scandal; she was replaced as vice-minister-president by Dirk Van Mechelen and as minister by Patricia Ceysens.
- On 22 September 2008 Geert Bourgeois (N-VA) was forced to resign due to pressure by the SP.A-Vl.Pro and Open VLD coalition partners because of his party's no confidence vote in the federal government of Leterme and their lack of trust in further negotiations by the Regions regarding the state reform. His portfolios of Administrative Affairs, Foreign Policy, Media and Tourism were taken over by minister-president Peeters.
- On December 30, 2008 Steven Vanackere resigned to become federal Minister of Civil Service and Public Enterprises. He was replaced in the Flemish Government by Veerle Heeren.
The composition at the end of the legislature:
|Peeters I Flemish Government (2007-2009)|
|CD&V||Kris Peeters||Minister-President; Minister for Institutional Reform, Ports, Agriculture, Sea Fisheries and Rural Policy|
|SP.A||Frank Vandenbroucke||Vice-Minister-President; Minister for Work, Education and Training|
|VLD||Dirk van Mechelen||Vice-Minister-President; Minister for Finance and Budget and Town and Country Planning|
|SP.A||Bert Anciaux||Minister for Culture, Youth, Sport and Brussels Affairs|
|VLD||Marino Keulen||Minister for Home Affairs, Urban Policy, Housing and Civic Integration|
|SP.A||Kathleen Van Brempt||Minister for Mobility, Social Economy and Equal Opportunities|
|CD&V||Hilde Crevits||Minister for Public Works, Energy, the Environment and Nature|
|VLD||Patricia Ceysens||Minister for Economy, Enterprise, Science, Innovation and Foreign Trade|
|CD&V||Veerle Heeren||Minister for Welfare, Public Health and Family|
Dewael I (1999-2003)/Somers I (2003-2004)Edit
After the federal elections of June 2003, Patrick Dewael resigned as Minister-President and went to the federal political level. He was succeeded by Bart Somers as Flemish Minister-President until the end of term in 2004. Due to changes in political parties, the coalition was different:
- Volksunie (VU) fell apart. Instead, Spirit entered the coalition
- the SP was renamed to SP.a
- Agalev was renamed to Groen!
Van den Brande IV (1995-1999)Edit
|Minister-President, Foreign Policy, European Affairs, Science and Technology||Luc Van den Brande||CVP|
|Vice-Minister-President, Education and Public Administration||Luc Van den Bossche||SP|
|Environment and Labour||Theo Kelchtermans||CVP|
|Finance, Budget and Health Policy||Wivina Demeester||CVP|
|Public Works, Transport and Spatial Planning||Eddy Baldewijns||SP|
|Economy, SME, Agriculture and Media||Eric Van Rompuy||CVP|
|Home Affairs, Urban Policy and Housing||Leo Peeters||SP|
|Culture, Family Policy and Welfare||Luc Martens||CVP|
|Brussels Affairs and Equal en Equal Opportunities Policy||Anne Van Asbroeck||SP|
List of Flemish Minister-PresidentsEdit
|Rika De Backer||1974 – 1981||CVP||Only of Flemish Community|
|Gaston Geens||22 December 1981 – 21 January 1992||CVP|
|Luc Van den Brande||21 February 1992 – 1999||CVP|
|Patrick Dewael||13 July 1999 – 5 June 2003||VLD|
|Bart Somers||11 June 2003 – 20 July 2004||VLD|
|Yves Leterme||20 July 2004 – 28 June 2007||CD&V|
|Kris Peeters||28 June 2007 – 25 July 2014||CD&V|
|Geert Bourgeois||25 July 2014 – present||N-VA|
The Flemish administration (Dutch: Vlaamse overheid) denotes the Flemish civil service. With the 2006 reform program Better Administrative Policy (Dutch: Beter Bestuurlijk Beleid), the Flemish civil service is designed to make the Flemish public administration more efficient and transparent.
The tasks of the Flemish public administration are now organised in 13 policy areas. Each policy area comprises a department and a number of (semi-) independent government agencies. Only those with their own article are mentioned below.
The 13 policy areas are:
- Services for the General Government Policy (DAR)
- Administrative Affairs (BZ)
- Foreign Affairs (iV)
- Finance and Budget (FB)
- Education and Training (OV)
- Economy, Science and Innovation (EWI)
- Culture, Youth, Sport and Media (CJSM)
- Welfare, Public Health and Family (WVG)
- Agriculture and Fisheries (LV)
- Work and Social Economy (WSE)
- Mobility and Public Works (MOW)
- Environment, Nature and Energy (LNE)
- Flemish Energy Agency (VEA)
- Town and Country Planning, Housing Policy and Immovable Heritage (RWO)
Every year, the Minister-President presents the current state of affairs in Flanders and the Government's plans for next year during the September Declaration on the fourth Monday in September.
The below figures use the 2018 budget as example, which had €44.7 billion in expenses and €42.3 billion in revenue.
The revenue commes from the following sources:
- 56% – Special financing law: the so-called "shared taxes" and "merged taxes" which the federal government raises through income taxes and VAT and partially transfers to the communities and regions based on a complex formula
- 34% – Fiscal autonomy
- 10% – Other revenues
The expenses are as follows per policy area:
|€13.2 billion||Education and Training||Mostly wages of education personnel|
|€12.1 billion||Welfare, Public Health and Family||E.g. child benefits|
|€3.96 billion||Chancellery and Governance||Mostly funds for local governments (provinces, cities and other municipalities)|
|€3.69 billion||Work and Social Economy||Mostly service vouchers|
|€3.67 billion||Mobility and Public Works||Mostly the public transportation company De Lijn and road infrastructure and road safety|
|€2.52 billion||Finances and Budget||Mostly financial incentives for private property|
|€2.04 billion||Spatial||E.g. management of immovable heritage and sustainable energy|
|€1.66 billion||Economy, Science and Innovation||Supporting entrepreneurship, scientific research and innovation|
|€1.29 billion||Culture, Youth, Sports and Media||Mostly the public broadcaster VRT and sports|
|€0.19 billion||Agriculture and Fisheries||Mostly the Agriculture Investment Fund|
|€0.17 billion||international Flanders||Tourism, international entrepreneurship, development aid and international relations|
|€0.13 billion||Higher Entities||Operating costs of the ministerial cabinets and the Flemish Parliament|
The Flemish Government owns the rights to Flanders Today, an English-speaking online and print newspaper focused on current affairs in Flanders and Brussels. The project was launched in 2007 by Geert Bourgeois – then Minister of Foreign Affairs and Tourism -, for three main reasons:
- Facilitating the integration of expats living in the region by informing them of the region's current events.
- Informing international journalists about the region, as most foreign correspondents based in Brussels get their news from the French-speaking press because the majority cannot read Dutch. Flanders Today would act as a counterweight to that side of every story.
- Informing diplomats, investors, potential tourists and others outside of Belgium’s borders about the region.
- "De Vlaamse begroting in cijfers". Flemish government.
- "Save Flanders Today!". Save Flanders Today!. Retrieved 2017-08-09.
- "UPDATE: Flanders Today contract cancelled | Flanders Today". www.flanderstoday.eu. Retrieved 2017-08-09.