Luxembourg (French: Luxembourg [lyksɑ̃buʁ] ⓘ; Dutch: Luxemburg [ˈlyksəmˌbʏr(ə)x] ⓘ; German: Luxemburg [ˈlʊksm̩bʊʁk] ⓘ; Luxembourgish: Lëtzebuerg [ˈlətsəbuəɕ] ⓘ; Walloon: Lussimbork), also called Belgian Luxembourg, is the southernmost province of Wallonia and of Belgium. It borders on the country of Luxembourg to the east, the French departments of Ardennes, Meuse and Meurthe-et-Moselle to the south and southwest, and the Walloon provinces of Namur and Liège to the north. Its capital and largest city is Arlon, in the south-east of the province.
Province of Luxembourg
Luxemburg (Dutch, German)
(and largest city)
|• Governor||Olivier Schmitz|
|• Total||4,459 km2 (1,722 sq mi)|
(1 January 2019)
|• Density||64/km2 (170/sq mi)|
|ISO 3166 code||BE-WLX|
|Gross Regional Product||2021|
|- Total||€7.887 billion|
|- Per capita||€27,700|
very high · 10th of 11
It has an area of 4,459 km2 (1,722 sq mi), making it the largest Belgian province. With around 285,000 residents, Luxembourg is also the least populated province, with a density of 64/km2 (170/sq mi), making it a relatively sparsely settled part of a very densely populated region, as well as the lowest density in Belgium. It is significantly larger (71%) than, but has less than half the population of, the neighbouring Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. About eighty percent of the province is part of the densely wooded Ardennes region. The southernmost region of the province is called Gaume or Belgian Lorraine (main city: Virton).
The Arelerland or Arlon region (in red on the map of arrondissements, below) bordering the neighbouring Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg has the particularity that many of its residents have historically spoken Luxembourgish, a language closely related to German, rather than the French or Walloon spoken elsewhere in the province.
The province was separated from the neighbouring Luxembourg by the Third Partition of Luxembourg, de jure in 1830–31 by the Conference of London dealing with the consequences of the Belgian Revolution of 1830, de facto in 1839, after William I, King of the Netherlands and Grand Duke of Luxembourg, agreed to its decisions and thus the province was given to the newly created Kingdom of Belgium.
An unofficial flag of the province exists, with the actual[clarification needed] colours of Luxembourg (red, white, and blue), as well as the province's coat of arms on the foreground.
The gross domestic product (GDP) of the province was €7.0 billion in 2018, accounting for 1.5% of Belgium's economic output. GDP per capita adjusted for purchasing power was €21,800 or 72% of the EU27 average in the same year. Luxembourg was the province with the lowest GDP per capita.
See also edit
- "be.STAT". bestat.statbel.fgov.be.
- "Structuur van de bevolking | Statbel". statbel.fgov.be.
- "EU regions by GDP, Eurostat". Retrieved 18 September 2023.
- "Sub-national HDI – Area Database – Global Data Lab".
- "ARDENNE / BELGIAN LUXEMBOURG – Find 2018 Exhibitors – WTM London". london.wtm.com.
- "The Improbable Ales of Belgian Luxembourg". DRAFT. 18 August 2016.
- "Regional GDP per capita ranged from 30% to 263% of the EU average in 2018". Eurostat.