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2019 European Parliament election in Belgium

The European Parliament election of 2019 in Belgium was held on 26 May 2019 in the three Belgian constituencies: the Dutch-speaking electoral college, the French-speaking electoral college and the German-speaking electoral college.

European Parliament election in Belgium, 2019

← 2014 26 May 2019 2024 →

All 21 Belgian seats to the European Parliament
Turnout88.47%
  First party Second party Third party
  Geert Bourgeois.jpg Gerolf-annemans-1398165754.jpg Guy Verhofstadt EP press conference 3.jpg
Leader Geert Bourgeois Gerolf Annemans Guy Verhofstadt
Party N-VA VB Open Vld
Alliance ECR EAPN ALDE
Last election 4 seats, 16.79% 1 seat, 4.26% 3 seats, 12.84%
Seats won 3 3 2
Seat change Decrease 1 Increase 2 Decrease 1
Popular vote 954,048 811,169 678,051
Percentage 14.17% 12.05% 10.07%
Swing Decrease 2.62% Increase 7.79% Decrease 2.77%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Paul Magnette 2012.jpg Kris-peeters-1391318830.jpg
Leader Paul Magnette Kris Peeters Marc Botenga
Party PS CD&V PVDA-PTB
Alliance PES EPP GUE/NGL
Last election 3 seats, 10.68% 2 seats, 12.57% 0 seats, 3.51%
Seats won 2 2 1
Seat change Decrease 1 Steady 0 Increase 1
Popular vote 655,812 617,651 566,274
Percentage 9.74% 9.17% 8.42%
Swing Decrease 1.03% Decrease 3.39% Increase 4.91%

  Seventh party Eighth party Ninth party
  Petra de Sutter at ILGA conference 2018 Political Town Hall 06 (cropped).jpg Philippe-Lamberts.jpg Olivier chastel.jpg
Leader Petra De Sutter Philippe Lamberts Olivier Chastel
Party Groen ECOLO MR
Alliance Green Green ALDE
Last election 1 seat, 6.69% 1 seat, 4.26% 3 seats, 9.88%
Seats won 1 2 2
Seat change Steady 0 Increase 1 Decrease 1
Popular vote 525,908 492,330 475,338
Percentage 7.81% 7.31% 7.06%
Swing Increase 1.13% Increase 2.95% Decrease 2.92%

Map of the European Parliament election (2019) (Belgium).svg

A royal order of 15 June 2018 fixed the date of the European Parliament election in Belgium, following an agreement at European level.[1] Per the Belgian Constitution, the Belgian regional elections, and additionally the Belgian federal election because no snap election occurred, were automatically held on the same day.

Marianne Thyssen, who was re-elected Member of the European Parliament in 2014 as lijsttrekker for CD&V and who subsequently became European Commissioner, announced in July 2018 that she would quit politics in 2019.[2]

Electoral systemEdit

 
  Dutch-speaking electoral college (12 MEPs)
  French-speaking electoral college (8 MEPs)
  German-speaking electoral college (1 MEP)

As the reapportionment after Brexit did not impact the number of seats allocated to Belgium, 21 MEPs were elected in Belgium, as in the 2014 election. One of them is by law allocated to the German-speaking electoral college and the remaining ones are allocated to the Dutch-speaking and to the French-speaking electoral college in accordance with a population formula, giving them respectively twelve and eight seats, as in 2014.[3]

Voters could only vote on the lists depending on the language area they live in. This means that in the bilingual arrondissement of Brussels-Capital, voters could choose whether to vote for the Dutch-speaking or for the French-speaking electoral college. There was an exception to this rule for the six municipalities with language facilities in the Brussels Periphery, whose inhabitants could also opt to vote for French-speaking lists despite being in the Dutch language area.

Seats were allocated according to the D'Hondt method in each of the three electoral colleges; however, the German-speaking electoral college de facto used a first-past-the-post system, since it elected only one MEP. The electoral threshold was 5%, which was based off the vote share per electoral college rather than nationally.

All Belgian citizens aged 18 or over and residing in Belgium were obligated to participate in the election.

Other EU citizens residing in Belgium as well as Belgians living in another EU member state had the right to vote on Belgian lists in European Parliament elections. The law of 17 November 2016 extended this right to Belgians living in a non-EU member state, which was already possible for federal elections.

ResultsEdit

e • d Summary of the results of the 26 May 2019 Belgian election to the European Parliament
← 2014 2019 2024 →
Party European party Main candidate Electoral college Votes % +/– E.c. % Seats +/–
New Flemish Alliance (N-VA) ECR Geert Bourgeois Dutch-speaking 954,048 14.17 2.62   22.44
3 / 21
1  
Flemish Interest (VB) EAPN Gerolf Annemans Dutch-speaking 811,169 12.05 7.79   19.08
3 / 21
2  
Open Flemish Liberals and Democrats (Open VLD) ALDE Guy Verhofstadt Dutch-speaking 678,051 10.07 2.77   15.95
2 / 21
1  
Socialist Party (PS-SP)


PES



Paul Magnette
Matthias Zimmermann

French-speaking
German-speaking
655,812
651,157
4,655
9.74
9.67
0.07
1.03  
1.01  
0.02  

26.69
11.42
2 / 21


1  
1  
0  
Christian Democratic & Flemish (CD&V) EPP Kris Peeters Dutch-speaking 617,651 9.17 3.39   14.53
2 / 21
0  
Workers' Party of Belgium (PVDA-PTB)


GUE/NGL



Marc Botenga
Line De Witte

French-speaking
Dutch-speaking
566,274
355,883
210,391
8.42
5.29
3.13
4.91  
3.29  
1.62  

14.59
4.95
1 / 21


1  
1  
0  
Green (Groen) EGP Petra De Sutter Dutch-speaking 525,908 7.81 1.13   12.37
1 / 21
0  
Ecolo


EGP



Philippe Lamberts
Shqiprim Thaqi

French-speaking
German-speaking
492,330
485,655
6,675
7.31
7.21
0.10
2.95  
2.95  
0.00  

19.91
16.37
2 / 21


1  
1  
0  
Reformist Movement (MR)

Party for Freedom and Progress (PFF)
ELDR



Olivier Chastel
Yves Derwahl

French-speaking
German-speaking
475,338
470,654
4,684
7.06
6.99
0.07
2.92  
2.90  
0.02  

19.29
11.49
2 / 21


1  
1  
0  
Socialist Party Differently (sp.a) PES Kathleen Van Brempt Dutch-speaking 434,002 6.45 1.85   10.21
1 / 21
0  
Humanist Democratic Centre (cdH) EPP Claude Rolin French-speaking 218,078 3.24 0.90   8.94
1 / 21
0  
Christian Social Party (CSP) EPP Pascal Arimont German-speaking 14,247 0.21 0.03   34.94
1 / 21
0  
Democratic, Federalist, Independent (DéFI) None Benoît Cassart French-speaking 144,555 2.15 0.91   5.92
0 / 21
0  
People's Party (PP) None Yasmine Dehaene French-speaking 113,793 1.69 0.49   4.66
0 / 21
0  
Volt Europa (Volt) None Christophe Calis Dutch-speaking 20,385 0.30 New 0.48
0 / 21
0  
Pro German Speaking Community (ProDG) None Lydia Klinkenberg German-speaking 5,360 0.08 0.00   13.14
0 / 21
0  
Vivant None Alain Mertes German-speaking 4,550 0.07 0.02   11.16
0 / 21
0  
DierAnimal (fr) None Reiner Barczinski German-speaking 606 0.01 New 1.49
0 / 21
0  
Valid votes 6,732,157 93.68
Blank and invalid votes 454,520 6.32
Totals 7,186,677 100.00 21 0  
Electorate (eligible voters) and voter turnout 8,122,985 88.47
Source: Federal Public Services Home Affairs

Elected membersEdit

Party Elected members
Dutch-speaking electoral college (12)
New Flemish Alliance (3) Geert Bourgeois, Assita Kanko, Johan Van Overtveldt
Vlaams Belang (3) Gerolf Annemans, Filip De Man, Tom Vandendriessche[4]
Open Flemish Liberals and Democrats (2) Guy Verhofstadt, Hilde Vautmans
Christian Democratic & Flemish (2) Kris Peeters, Cindy Franssen
Groen (1) Petra De Sutter
Socialist Party Differently (1) Kathleen Van Brempt
French-speaking electoral college (8)
Socialist Party (2) Marie Arena, Marc Tarabella[5]
Ecolo (2) Philippe Lamberts, Saskia Bricmont
Reformist Movement (2) Olivier Chastel, Frédérique Ries
Workers' Party of Belgium (1) Marc Botenga
Humanist Democratic Centre (1) Benoît Lutgen
German-speaking electoral college (1)
Christian Social Party (1) Pascal Arimont

GroupsEdit

From 2019 European Parliament election#Groups

Alliance Seats
European People's Party (EPP) 4
Renew Europe (RE) 4
Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats (S&D) 3
Identity and Democracy (ID) 3
European Conservatives and Reformists (ECR) 3
Greens–European Free Alliance (Greens/EFA) 3
European United Left–Nordic Green Left (GUE/NGL) 1
Non-Inscrits 0

Outgoing delegationEdit

Belgian parties in the European Parliament in the eighth legislature (2014–2019)
Group 21 Dutch-speaking electoral college 12 French-speaking electoral college 8 German-speaking electoral college 1
ALDE 6 Open Flemish Liberals and Democrats (Open VLD) 3 Reformist Movement (MR) 3
ECR 4 New Flemish Alliance (N-VA) 4
S&D 4 Socialist Party Differently (sp.a) 1 Socialist Party (PS) 3
EPP 4 Christian Democratic & Flemish (CD&V) 2 Humanist Democratic Centre (cdH) 1 Christian Social Party (CSP) 1
Greens-EFA 2 Groen 1 Ecolo 1
ENF 1 Vlaams Belang (VB) 1

External linksEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 15 juni 2018. - Koninklijk besluit tot vastlegging van de datum van de verkiezing van het Europese Parlement
  2. ^ "Marianne Thyssen stapt volgend jaar uit de politiek: "Er is ook een leven ernaast"". 12 July 2018.
  3. ^ 30 JULI 2018. - Koninklijk besluit tot vaststelling van het aantal zetels dat toegekend wordt aan het Nederlandse kiescollege en het Franse kiescollege voor de verkiezing van het Europees Parlement
  4. ^ Patsy Vatlet resigned from her seat before inauguration.
  5. ^ Paul Magnette resigned from his seat before inauguration.