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2018 G20 Buenos Aires summit

The 2018 G20 Buenos Aires summit, was the thirteenth meeting of Group of Twenty (G20), which was held on 30 November and 1 December 2018 in the city of Buenos Aires, Argentina.[1][2] It was the first G20 summit to be hosted in South America.

2018 G20 Buenos Aires Summit
G20 2018 logo.svg
G20 Argentina 2018.jpg
2018 G20 summit attendees
Host countryArgentina
Date30 November – 1 December 2018
CitiesBuenos Aires, Argentina
ParticipantsG20 members
Guest invitees: Chile, Jamaica, Netherlands, Rwanda, Singapore, Spain
ChairMauricio Macri, President of Argentina
Follows2017 G20 Hamburg summit
Precedes2019 G20 Osaka summit
WebsiteG20.org

Contents

PreparationsEdit

President Mauricio Macri of Argentina assumed the one-year G20 presidency on 30 November 2017, during an official ceremony at the Kirchner Cultural Centre in Buenos Aires. President Xi Jinping of China (2016 host), Chancellor Angela Merkel of Germany (2017 host), and Prime Minister Shinzō Abe of Japan (2019 host) all sent messages of support, which were shown at the ceremony.[3]

The first G20 meetings of the Argentine Presidency began in Bariloche in early December 2017. They were attended by central bank deputy governors and deputy ministers of finance, as well as the sherpas. During the buildup to the G20 Summit between world leaders on 30 November 2018, Argentina hosted over 45 meetings at various government levels and areas in 11 different cities throughout the country.[4]

Participating leadersEdit

List of leaders who took part in the 2018 G20 Buenos Aires summit:

Participating guestsEdit

As the host nation, Argentina invited additional guest countries and international organizations at its discretion to participate in 2018 G20 meetings. The countries invited by Argentina are Chile and the Netherlands. International organizations invited by Argentina are the Caribbean Community (represented by Jamaica), the Inter-American Development Bank, and the Development Bank of Latin America (CAF).[6]

 
G20 family photo at the Teatro Colón in Buenos Aires.

Most of the leaders were accompanied by their spouses.

Agenda prioritiesEdit

G20 Argentina has put forth three agenda priorities for the G20 dialogue in 2018: the future of work, infrastructure for development and a sustainable food future.

A number of attending countries have said they focus on the regulation of crypto-currencies at this meeting.[7]

Talks between the U.S. and China related to resolving the escalating 2018 China–United States trade war were a central issue of the summit.

OutcomesEdit

 
President Enrique Peña Nieto, President Donald Trump, and Prime Minister Justin Trudeau signed the USMCA agreement.

On Friday 30 November, ahead of the formal start of the summit, Presidents Peña Nieto and Trump and Prime Minister Trudeau signed the United States–Mexico–Canada Agreement (USMCA), the successor treaty to the 1994 North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).[8]

Counter-summitEdit

The Latin American Council of Social Sciences [es] (CLACSO) and organized a counter-summit, called the First World Forum of Critical Thinking, which took place in the week leading up to the G20 event.[9] It was attended by other politicians such as former Brazilian president Dilma Rouseff, Bolivian vice president Álvaro García Linera, former Colombian president Ernesto Samper, and human rights activist Estela de Carlotto. At the event, former Argentine president Cristina Fernández de Kirchner criticised the economic policies of Mauricio Macri and the IMF loans that he has received.[10] Former Uruguayan president José Mujica was also invited, but declined to take part in the counter-summit to avoid damaging Argentina–Uruguay relations.[11]

SecurityEdit

The previous summit in Hamburg, Germany, met with huge protests, with cars set on fire and roads blocked by protesters. The 2018 summit has reinforced security, to prevent a repeat of those protests. Local left-wing organizations are planning protests and have called for foreign activists to join them.[12] The Argentine government, working alongside the others, is attempting to prevent the entry of troublemakers into the country, such as people with criminal charges or who have advocated for violent actions. Only peaceful protests will be allowed. Federal Security Minister Patricia Bullrich said that "We will not permit illegal acts. Those who want to cross the line will have to face the legal consequences".[12] 22,000 police and 700 security ministry agents will guard the event, working alongside the security services of the United States, the United Kingdom, Brazil, Italy, Spain and others. An area of 12 square kilometres (4.6 sq mi) around the Costa Salguero Convention Centre [es] will be cordoned off, the public transportation network – including the metro – will be shut down, and traffic along the River Plate will be halted. Friday, 30 November was declared a one-time public holiday day in the city of Buenos Aires, to prevent the traffic caused by people's daily activities, and residents were urged to leave the city for the long weekend.[13] Media Minister Hernán Lombardi [es] reported that no infiltration by international terrorist groups had been detected, and the US government said that the remote location of Argentina would discourage international protesters from travelling to the country.[12]

Two bomb attacks took place in the days before the summit. Judge Claudio Bonadío [es], who is investigating former president Cristina Fernández de Kirchner for embelezzment charges, was attacked in his home; his bodyguards stopped Marco Viola, who was arrested, and the bomb was dismantled by a police bomb squad. Anahi Esperanza Salcedo, who identifies as an anarchist and a radical feminist, tried to bomb the tomb of the late chief of police Ramón Lorenzo Falcón at La Recoleta Cemetery, but her bomb went off early and she was hospitalized with injuries to her hand and face. Both attacks were made with improvised explosive devices.[14] After those events, the United Kingdom government lowered its terrorism alert for Buenos Aires from "very likely" to "likely".[15]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Argentina to chair the G20 in 2018". Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Worship. Retrieved 10 July 2017.
  2. ^ "Argentina fue elegida sede del G-20 para 2018" (in Spanish). Clarín. 27 June 2016.
  3. ^ "Argentine G20 presidency gets a boost from foreign leaders". 30 November 2017. Retrieved 19 January 2018.
  4. ^ "Argentina to host over 45 G20 meetings in 2018". 2 January 2018. Retrieved 19 January 2018.
  5. ^ Yong, Charissa (7 December 2017). "Argentina invites Singapore to next year's G-20 summit in Buenos Aires". The Straits Times. Retrieved 7 December 2017.
  6. ^ "G20 Participants". g20.org. Retrieved 19 January 2018.
  7. ^ "There's a big threat looming over bitcoin". The Independent. 26 January 2018. Retrieved 27 January 2018.
  8. ^ "Trump signs trade deal with Mexico and Canada". BBC News. 30 November 2018. Retrieved 30 November 2018.
  9. ^ https://www.clacso.org.ar/conferencia2018/presentacion.php?s=1&idioma=en
  10. ^ "CFK: Macri merely a manager of policies imposed from abroad". Merco Press. 20 November 2018. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  11. ^ "José 'Pepe' Mujica cancels BA speaking event alongside CFK, Dilma". Buenos Aires Times. 21 November 2018. Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  12. ^ a b c "G20 host Argentina's security nightmare - unrest and anarchists". Channel News Asia. 21 November 2018. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  13. ^ "Argentinian government urges Buenos Aires residents to leave city for G20". The Guardian. 28 November 2018. Retrieved 29 November 2018.
  14. ^ "Buenos Aires hit by two bomb attacks". Merco Press. 15 November 2018. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  15. ^ "G20: Ahora Reino Unido bajó el riesgo de alerta terrorista" [G20: the United Kingdom lowered the terrorist alert] (in Spanish). El Día. 16 November 2018. Retrieved 21 November 2018.

External linksEdit