Andrew Holness

Andrew Michael Holness, ON, MP (born 22 July 1972) is a Jamaican politician who has been the Prime Minister of Jamaica since 3 March 2016, following the 2016 Jamaican general election.[1] Holness previously served as prime minister from October 2011 to 5 January 2012. He succeeded Bruce Golding as prime minister, and decided to go to the polls in the 29 December 2011 general election in an attempt to get his own mandate from the Jamaican electorate. He failed in that bid, however, losing to the People's National Party led by Portia Simpson-Miller, with the PNP gaining 42 seats to the Jamaica Labour Party's 21. Following that defeat, Holness served as Leader of the Opposition from January 2012 to March 2016, when he once again assumed the position of prime minister.[2] In 2020, The Labour Party won a landslide in another general election, and on 7 September Holness was sworn in for another term as prime minister.[3]


Andrew Holness

Prime Minister Holness in Kingston (40140379431) (cropped).jpg
Holness in 2020
Prime Minister of Jamaica
Assumed office
3 March 2016
MonarchElizabeth II
Governor GeneralPatrick Allen
Preceded byPortia Simpson-Miller
In office
23 October 2011 – 5 January 2012
MonarchElizabeth II
Governor GeneralPatrick Allen
Preceded byBruce Golding
Succeeded byPortia Simpson-Miller
Leader of the Jamaica Labour Party
Assumed office
20 November 2011
Preceded byBruce Golding
Minister of Education
In office
11 September 2007 – 1 January 2012
Prime MinisterBruce Golding
Himself
Preceded byMaxine Henry-Wilson
Succeeded byRonald Thwaites
Personal details
Born
Andrew Michael Holness

(1972-07-22) 22 July 1972 (age 48)
Spanish Town, Jamaica
Political partyJamaica Labour Party
Spouse(s)
(m. 1997)
Children2
Alma materUniversity of the West Indies

Holness is the youngest person to have been elected and reelected prime minister in Jamaica's history. He is also the first prime minister to have been born after Jamaica gained independence in 1962.[4]

Early lifeEdit

Andrew Holness is a graduate of St. Catherine High School and of the University of the West Indies, where he pursued a Bachelor of Science in Management Studies and a Master of Science in Development Studies.[5] In 1997 he married Juliet Holness (née Landell), an accountant, whom he had met as a student at St. Catherine High School during the 1980s.[6][7] The couple have two children, Adam and Matthew.[8]

Holness served as Executive Director at the Voluntary Organization for Uplifting Children from 1994 to 1996 and then joined the Premium Group of Companies, acting as a special assistant to Edward Seaga.

He is a member of the Seventh-day Adventist Church.[9]

Political careerEdit

In 1997 he became Member of Parliament for West Central St. Andrew and served as Opposition Spokesperson on Land and Development from 1999 to 2002. In 2002 he switched portfolio to Housing and then Education in 2005. He was sworn in as Minister of Education in September 2007.

Prime Minister of JamaicaEdit

He succeeded Bruce Golding as both leader of the JLP and prime minister on 23 October 2011, making him the ninth person to hold this office. As prime minister, he chose to retain the education portfolio.

2011 electionsEdit

On 5 December 2011, Mr Holness called the next election for 29 December 2011. The JLP campaigned in their strongholds and Holness highlighted the four years of JLP government with accomplishments, such as economic growth and crime reduction which the JLP says the PNP failed to do during their eighteen years rule of the country.

The JLP, however, lost the 2011 Jamaican general election to the PNP, which gained a large majority of 42 to the JLP's 21 parliamentary seats. Portia Simpson-Miller and the PNP returned to power. The voter turnout was 53.17%.[10]

2016 elections and re-appointment as Prime MinisterEdit

On 25 February 2016, the JLP, led by Andrew Holness, won the 2016 Jamaican general election winning 32 seats compared to 31 seats for the incumbent PNP. His wife Juliet also won a seat in parliament, the first time a prime minister or opposition leader and their spouse sat in the Parliament of Jamaica together.[11] As a result, Simpson-Miller became Opposition Leader for a second time. The voter turnout dipped below 50% for the first time, registering just 48.37%.[12]

2020 electionsEdit

On 3 September 2020, Holness led the JLP to a second consecutive general election victory, but this time by a much larger margin. The JLP won 49 seats, as compared to the 14 seats for the PNP. However, the turnout was just 37%, probably affected by the coronavirus pandemic.[13] He was sworn in for another term on 7 September 2020.[14][15][16]

HonoursEdit

National honoursEdit

Foreign honoursEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Holness Sworn In As PM, Takes 'The Most Honourable' Title Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine. 3 March 2016. Accessed 3 March 2016.
  2. ^ "Journey Begins - Portia Sworn In". Archived from the original on 7 January 2012. Retrieved 6 January 2012.
  3. ^ "Holness to be sworn in as prime minister on Monday afternoon". www.loopjamaica.com. Retrieved 12 September 2020.
  4. ^ Robinson, Claude (23 October 2011). "When Andrew Holness becomes prime minister today". Jamaica Observer. Archived from the original on 7 April 2012. Retrieved 4 December 2011.
  5. ^ "The Honourable Andrew Holness". Archived from the original on 8 November 2011. Retrieved 10 November 2011.
  6. ^ Husey-Whyte, Donna (13 November 2011). "The PM's wife Juliet Holness speaks of life, love and family". Jamaica Observer. Archived from the original on 25 January 2016. Retrieved 9 August 2015.
  7. ^ Ellington, Barbara (20 November 2011). "Juliet Holness; Jamaica is safe in Andrew's hands". The Gleaner. Archived from the original on 2 December 2015. Retrieved 9 August 2015.
  8. ^ "Mr. Andrew Michael Holness, M.P. Opposition Leader". Jamaica Information Service. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 8 January 2016.
  9. ^ "Andrew Holness 'sworn-in' as Jamaica's new Prime Minister – Dominica News Online". Dominicanewsonline.com. 24 October 2011. Archived from the original on 11 March 2016. Retrieved 2 March 2016.
  10. ^ Caribbean Elections: Jamaican Election Centre, "Jamaican general election results 29 December 2011" http://www.caribbeanelections.com/jm/elections/jm_results_2011.asp Retrieved 24 December 2020.
  11. ^ "Juliet joins husband Andrew in Parliament - News". JamaicaObserver.com. 26 February 2016. Archived from the original on 1 March 2016. Retrieved 2 March 2016.
  12. ^ Caribbean Elections: Jamaican Election Centre, "Jamaican general election results 25 February 2016" http://www.caribbeanelections.com/jm/elections/jm_results_2016.asp Retrieved 24 December 2020.
  13. ^ Charles, Jacqueline (3 September 2020). "Prime Minister Andrew Holness and Jamaica Labor Party retain power in 'tsunami victory'". Miami Herald. Archived from the original on 5 September 2020. Retrieved 9 September 2020.
  14. ^ "Swearing in ceremony for Holness set for Monday". jamaica-star.com. 5 September 2020. Archived from the original on 6 September 2020. Retrieved 8 September 2020.
  15. ^ "Holness to be sworn in as prime minister on Monday afternoon". www.loopjamaica.com. Archived from the original on 10 September 2020. Retrieved 9 September 2020.
  16. ^ "WATCH: Holness sworn in as prime minister for a third time". Loop News Jamaica. 7 September 2020. Archived from the original on 10 September 2020. Retrieved 8 September 2020.
  17. ^ Andrew Holness appointed Prime Minister
  18. ^ PM Holness and Dominican Republic President conferred national honours

External linksEdit

Political offices
Preceded by
Maxine Henry-Wilson
Minister of Education
2007–2012
Succeeded by
Ronald Thwaites
Preceded by
Bruce Golding
Prime Minister of Jamaica
2011–2012
Succeeded by
Portia Simpson-Miller
Preceded by
Portia Simpson-Miller
Leader of the Opposition
2012–2016
Prime Minister of Jamaica
2016–present
Incumbent
Party political offices
Preceded by
Bruce Golding
Leader of the Jamaica Labour Party
2011–present
Incumbent