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2018–2019 Sudanese protests

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The Sudanese protests (2018–19) are a series of protests that erupted on December 19, 2018 in Atbara where the National Congress Party headquarters was burned down. Fuel & bread costs, high inflation, and a shortage of cash in the economy have contributed to public discontent and to calls for President Omar al-Bashir to step down.[2][3]

Sudanese protests (2018–19)
Date19 December 2018 (2018-12-19)ongoing
(1 month and 2 days)
Most cities in Sudan in general
Caused by
Resulted inPromises of urgent economic and political reforms without any change in power
Parties to the civil conflict
Different groups of civil movements and individual people
Lead figures
Non-centralized leadership
Death(s)37 [1]



In January 2018, the elimination of government wheat subsidies led to protests in Khartoum.[4] In August 2018, the National Congress party backed Omar al-Bashir's 2020 presidential run, despite his increasing unpopularity.[5] The devaluing of the pound in October 2018 led to wildly fluctuating exchange rates and a shortage of cash in circulation.[3] Sudan has around 70% inflation, second only to Venezuela.[6]


The most recent waves of protests began in response to the tripling of the price of bread in Atbara and quickly spread to Port Sudan and the capital Khartoum. Authorities used tear gas, rubber bullets and live ammunition to disperse demonstrators, causing dozens of deaths and injuries.[7] Social media access through the country's major service providers was cut on 21 December.[8]

By 7 January 2019 over 800 anti-government protestors were arrested and 19 people, including security officials, were killed during the protests.[9]

On 9 January, thousands of protesters gathered in the southeastern city of El-Gadarif.[10] Curfews have been issued across Sudan, with schools closed throughout the country.


Three days after the eruption of the protests, Emir of Qatar Tamim bin Hammad declared his support of Omar al-Bashir and the solidarity of his country with Sudan. According to the national news agency of Sudan, which assured that the president Omar al-Bashir got a phone call from prince Tamim assuring him his sympathy and willingness to introduce any help possible to Sudan to get through the current crisis. Bahrain also declared, through its ministry of foreign affairs, its solidarity with Sudan and the Sudanese leader's efforts[11] in surpassing the crisis.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "More than 800 detained in ongoing Sudan protests: Minister - News - Al Jazeera".
  2. ^ "Sudan political parties call for 'transitional council' to run country". Middle East Eye. 2 January 2019. Retrieved 2 January 2019.
  3. ^ a b Osha Mahmoud (25 December 2018). "'It's more than bread': Why are protests in Sudan happening?". Middle East Eye. Retrieved 2 January 2019.
  4. ^ Mohammed Amin (18 January 2018). "Protests rock Sudan's capital as bread prices soar". Middle East Eye. Retrieved 2 January 2019.
  5. ^ Mohammed Amin (14 August 2018). "Omar al-Bashir's nomination draws fire from all sides in Sudan". Middle East Eye. Retrieved 2 January 2019.
  6. ^
  7. ^ Ruth Maclean (30 December 2018). "Dozens have been killed by the regime. But Sudan's protesters march on". The Guardian. Retrieved 2 January 2019.
  8. ^ Yousef Saba; Nafisa Eltahir (2 January 2019). "Sudan restricts social media access to counter protest movement". Reuters. Retrieved 3 January 2019.
  9. ^ "Over 800 arrested in Sudan demos". Daily Nation. Retrieved 8 January 2019.
  10. ^ "Thousands protest al-Bashir's rule in eastern Sudanese city". News24. 9 January 2019.
  11. ^ "Bahrain Declares Solidarity with Sudan in Surpassing Crisis". Retrieved 2019-01-06.