Sennar (Arabic: سنار Sannār) is a city on the Blue Nile in Sudan and possibly the capital of the state of Sennar.[1] It remains publicly unclear whether Sennar or Singa is the capital of Sennar State. For several centuries it was the capital of the Funj Kingdom of Sennar.

Sennar
Sennar University Gate.JPG
Sennar is located in Sudan
Sennar
Sennar
Location in Sudan
Coordinates: 13°33′N 33°35′E / 13.550°N 33.583°E / 13.550; 33.583Coordinates: 13°33′N 33°35′E / 13.550°N 33.583°E / 13.550; 33.583
CountryFlag of Sudan.svg Sudan
StateSinnar State
Population
 (2007)
 • Total143,059

OverviewEdit

Sennar had an estimated population of 100,000 inhabitants in the early 19th century.[2] The modern town lies SSE of the ruins of the ancient capital of the Funj Kingdom, 300 kilometres (186 miles) southeast of Khartoum, the Capital of Sudan.

The city is home to Sinnar University, established in 1977.[3]

ClimateEdit

Despite receiving over 400 millimetres or 16 inches of rainfall per year, the extreme heat and high evaporation means Sennar still has a borderline hot arid climate (Köppen BWh) a little below a hot semi-arid climate (BSh).

Climate data for Sennar (1961-1990, extremes 1907-present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 44.0
(111.2)
45.9
(114.6)
45.4
(113.7)
47.0
(116.6)
46.4
(115.5)
46.5
(115.7)
42.7
(108.9)
41.5
(106.7)
41.3
(106.3)
42.0
(107.6)
41.5
(106.7)
40.3
(104.5)
47.0
(116.6)
Average high °C (°F) 33.5
(92.3)
35.5
(95.9)
38.9
(102.0)
41.3
(106.3)
41.1
(106.0)
38.7
(101.7)
35.2
(95.4)
33.9
(93.0)
35.3
(95.5)
37.5
(99.5)
36.4
(97.5)
34.1
(93.4)
36.8
(98.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 23.7
(74.7)
25.5
(77.9)
28.9
(84.0)
31.3
(88.3)
32.8
(91.0)
31.5
(88.7)
28.9
(84.0)
28.0
(82.4)
28.6
(83.5)
29.9
(85.8)
27.5
(81.5)
28.6
(83.5)
28.8
(83.8)
Average low °C (°F) 14.0
(57.2)
15.4
(59.7)
19.0
(66.2)
21.4
(70.5)
21.5
(70.7)
24.2
(75.6)
22.7
(72.9)
22.1
(71.8)
21.9
(71.4)
22.2
(72.0)
18.6
(65.5)
15.2
(59.4)
19.9
(67.8)
Record low °C (°F) 5.4
(41.7)
5.7
(42.3)
8.7
(47.7)
10.0
(50.0)
15.0
(59.0)
16.7
(62.1)
17.0
(62.6)
17.6
(63.7)
17.0
(62.6)
14.7
(58.5)
8.0
(46.4)
4.7
(40.5)
4.7
(40.5)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
20.5
(0.81)
66.1
(2.60)
99.2
(3.91)
135.9
(5.35)
84.5
(3.33)
13.7
(0.54)
0.2
(0.01)
0.0
(0.0)
420.1
(16.55)
Average rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm) 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.2 5.7 9.0 9.6 6.3 2.6 0.0 0.0 36.4
Average relative humidity (%) 34 28 23 21 30 44 58 64 60 48 34 36 40
Mean monthly sunshine hours 319.3 285.6 306.9 303.0 294.5 249.0 217.0 226.3 249.0 285.2 309.0 313.1 3,357.9
Percent possible sunshine 91 87 82 81 76 66 54 59 69 78 91 90 77
Source 1: NOAA[4]
Source 2: Meteo Climat (record highs and lows)[5]

DemographicsEdit

Year Population
1973 (Census) 28,546
1983 (Census) 42,803
1993 (Census) 72,187
2007 (Estimate) 143,059

Notable peopleEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Sudan tribune news site".
  2. ^ Walker, John (1810). "Sennar". The Universal Gazetteer. revised and improved by Arthur Kershaw (5th ed.). London: J. Johnson. OCLC 33422506.
  3. ^ "Sinar University". African Studies Center. Archived from the original on 2011-08-12. Retrieved 2011-09-17.
  4. ^ "Sennar Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 22 October 2016.
  5. ^ "Station Sennar" (in French). Meteo Climat. Retrieved 22 October 2016.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Sennar (town) at Wikimedia Commons