Yobe is a state located in northeastern Nigeria. A mainly agricultural state, it was created on August 27, 1991. Yobe State was carved out of Borno State. The capital of Yobe State is Damaturu; its largest city is Potiskum.

Tulutulu in yobe state Nigeria.jpg
Flag of Yobe State
Location of Yobe State in Nigeria
Location of Yobe State in Nigeria
Coordinates: 12°00′N 11°30′E / 12.000°N 11.500°E / 12.000; 11.500Coordinates: 12°00′N 11°30′E / 12.000°N 11.500°E / 12.000; 11.500
Country Nigeria
Date created27 August 1991
 • BodyGovernment of Yobe State
 • Governor
Mai Mala Buni (APC)
 • Deputy GovernorIdi Barde Gubana (APC)
 • LegislatureYobe State House of Assembly
 • SenatorsC: Ibrahim Gaidam (APC)
N: Ahmed Lawan (APC)
S: Ibrahim Mohammed Bomai (APC)
 • RepresentativesList
 • Total45,502 km2 (17,568 sq mi)
Area rank6th of 36
 (2006 census)
 • Total2,321,339[1]
 • Estimate 
4,000,000 Increase
 • Rank32nd of 36
 • Year2007
 • Total$2.01 billion[2]
 • Per capita$843[2]
Time zoneUTC+01 (WAT)
postal code
ISO 3166 codeNG-YO
HDI (2018)0.365[3]
low · 35th of 37


The state borders four states: Bauchi, Borno, Gombe, and Jigawa. It borders to the north the Diffa and Zinder Regions of Niger. Because the state lies mainly in the dry savanna belt, conditions are hot and dry for most of the year, except in the southern part of the state which has more annual rainfall.

Tulutulu in yobe state Nigeria
Nguru River bank Yobe State


Yobe State came into being on 27 August 1991. It was carved out of the old Borno State by the Babangida administration. Yobe State was created because the old Borno State was one of Nigeria's largest states in terms of land area and was therefore considered to be too large for easy administration and meaningful development. Ethnic rivalries within the old Borno State also contributed to the decision.[4]

Boko HaramEdit

On 14 May 2013, President Goodluck Jonathan declared a state of emergency in Yobe State along with nearby Borno and Adamawa States, due to the jihadist terrorist network Boko Haram's insurgency. Boko Haram's leader Abubakar Shekau was born in Shekau village of Yobe.[5]

Boko Haram's attacks in Yobe include those in Damaturu in November 2011, December 2011 and June 2012, Gadaka in December 2011, Potiskum in December 2012, November 2014 and July 2015, Mamudo in July 2013, Gujba in September 2013, Buni Yadi in February and May 2014 and Dapchi in 2018.

Local Government AreasEdit

Yobe State consists of 17 local government areas (or LGAs). They are:


While Yobe state is an agricultural state, it also has rich mineral deposits, including gypsum and kaolin in Fune Local Government and very rich agricultural resources as well. The State's agricultural produce include gum arabic, groundnuts, beans, and cotton. The State also has one of the largest cattle markets in West Africa, located in Potiskum.

Ethnic groupsEdit

The major ethnic groups living in Yobe State are the Kanuri and Fulani, while other major ethnic communities include Bolewa, Ngizim, Karai-Karai, Bade, Hausa, Ngamo, Shuwa, Bura, Marghi and Manga.


Languages of Yobe State listed by LGA:[6]

LGA Languages
Bade Bade, Duwai, Kanuri
Bursari Kanuri, Bade
Damaturu Yerwa Kanuri
Fika Karai-Karai, Bolewa Ngamo
Fune Karai-Karai, Ngizim, Bura-Pabir
Geidam Kanuri, Karai-Karai
Gujba Kanuri, Karai-Karai
Gulani Maaka, Karai-Karai, Bura-Pabir, Kanuri
Jakusko Bade, Karai-Karai
Machina Manga
Nangere Karai-Karai
Nguru Kanuri
Potiskum Karai-Karai, Ngizim, Bolewa

Other languages of Yobe State are Duwai, Shuwa Arabs, and Zarma.[6]


Tertiary institutions in Yobe state include:


The population is mainly Muslim. Sharia law is valid. However, there are Christians in the State although no Roman Catholic diocese has its seat in the state.

Notable peopleEdit

  • Ibrahim Talba - a former permanent secretary to the office of the president of the Federal Republic of Nigeria.
  • Usman Albishir - (15 June 1945 – 2 July 2012) former senator and Senate Minority Leader
  • Mamman Bello Ali - (1958 – 26 January 2009) former senator Yobe Zone B and former governor of Yobe State.
  • Idris Alkali former chief of administration, army headquarters
  • Usman Alkali Baba (born 1 March 1963) current Nigerian inspector-general of police
  • Audu Bulama Bukarti- (1 January 1984) Senior Analyst in the Extremism Policy Unit of the Tony Blair Institute for Global Change
  • Mai Mala Buni - (born 11 November 1967) politician and the current Governor of Yobe State
  • Goni Modu Bura - former deputy governor, former senator, and current ambassador of Nigeria to Syria and Lebanon
  • Adamu Ciroma - (born 20 November 1934) former Minister and Governor of Central Bank of Nigeria
  • Ibrahim Gaidam, former governor and now Senator for Yobe Zone A
  • Buba Galadima - politician and National Secretary of the Congress for Progressive Change(CPC) party,
  • Bukar Ibrahim - (born October 1950) former governor of Yobe State and Senator in Nigeria
  • Khadija Bukar Abba Ibrahim - (born 6 January 1967) member of the House of Representatives and Minister of State for Foreign Affairs
  • Waziri Ibrahim first republic minister and presidential candidate of GNPP in the second republic
  • Alwali Kazir former chief of army staff
  • Ahmed Lawan - senator and Senate President of the 9th National Assembly
  • Zakariya Maimalari - a brigadier-general, who was killed in the 1966 Nigerian coup d'état while commanding the 2nd Brigade, Apapa, Lagos
  • Adamu Garba Talba - a politician and former senator Yobe south
  • Adamu Waziri - (born 14 September 1952) former minister of Police Affairs
  • Uwani Musa Abba Aji - CFR (born 7 November 1956) is a Nigerian Jurist and Justice of the Supreme Court of Nigeria

• Adamu Fika- Permanent Secretary in the following Ministries: Internal Affairs 1975, Commerce 1979, Public Service Department, Office of the Head of Civil Service of the Federation, 1981 – 1982; Communications 1982-1984.


  1. ^ "2006 PHC Priority Tables – NATIONAL POPULATION COMMISSION". population.gov.ng. Retrieved 2017-10-10.
  2. ^ a b "C-GIDD (Canback Global Income Distribution Database)". Canback Dangel. Retrieved 2008-08-20.
  3. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  4. ^ "Yobe State", Online Nigeria, Accessed here on 3 August 2007.
  5. ^ "Nigeria declares 'massive' military campaign on borders". BBC News. 15 May 2013. Retrieved 6 June 2013.
  6. ^ a b "Nigeria". Ethnologue (22 ed.). Retrieved 2020-01-10.
  7. ^ Blog, Real Mina (2019-03-04). "List of Courses in Federal College Of Education, Potiskum (FCEPOTISKUM)". Real Mina Blog. Retrieved 2021-11-22.
  8. ^ "List of Courses Offered by Federal Polytechnic Damaturu". www.myschoolgist.com. 2020-11-09. Retrieved 2021-11-22.
  9. ^ "Official List of Courses Offered in Federal University Gashua (FUGASHUA) - Myschool". myschool.ng. Retrieved 2021-07-25.
  10. ^ Academy, Samphina (2019-06-15). "List of Courses Offered in Mai-Idris Alooma Polytechnic". Samphina Academy. Retrieved 2021-11-22.
  11. ^ "USCOEGA". www.uscoegaonline.com.ng. Retrieved 2021-11-22.
  12. ^ "An Analysis of University Courses Offered through AVU Satellite". dx.doi.org. 2001-01-01. Retrieved 2021-07-25.

External linksEdit