Yobe is a state located in northeastern Nigeria. A mainly agricultural state, it was created on 27 August 1991. Yobe State was carved out of Borno State. The capital of Yobe State is Damaturu, and its largest city by population is Potiskum. While by the largest by land area is Fune, Potiskum Local Government Area is a place of Farmers and marketers, the largest cattle market in Africa is located in Potiskum.

Flag of Yobe State
Seal of Yobe State
Location of Yobe State in Nigeria
Location of Yobe State in Nigeria
Coordinates: 12°00′N 11°30′E / 12.000°N 11.500°E / 12.000; 11.500
Country Nigeria
Date created27 August 1991
 • BodyGovernment of Yobe State
 • Governor
Mai Mala Buni (APC)
 • Deputy GovernorIdi Barde Gubana (APC)
 • LegislatureYobe State House of Assembly
 • SenatorsC: Ibrahim Gaidam (APC)
N: Ahmed Lawan (APC)
S: Ibrahim Mohammed Bomai (APC)
 • RepresentativesList
 • Total45,502 km2 (17,568 sq mi)
 • Rank6th of 36
 (2006 census)
 • Total2,321,339[1]
 • Estimate 
4,000,000 Increase
 • Rank32nd of 36
 • Year2021
 • Total$7.05 billion[2]
36th of 36
 • Per capita$1,797[2]
35th of 36
Time zoneUTC+01 (WAT)
postal code
Area code+234
ISO 3166 codeNG-YO
HDI (2021)0.363[3]
low · 35th of 37

Geography edit

The state borders four states: Bauchi, Borno, Gombe, and Jigawa. Yobe State shares borders with Borno State to the east, Gombe State to the south for 140 km (in the vicinity of Gongola River), Bauchi State for 188 km (117 miles) and Jigawa State for 193 km (120 miles) to the west and the Republic of Niger to the north for about 352 km.[4]It borders to the north the Diffa and Zinder Regions of Niger. Because the state lies mainly in the dry savanna belt, conditions are hot and dry for most of the year, except in the southern part of the state which has more annual rainfall.

Nguru River bank Yobe State

Climate edit

The climate condition of Yobe is warm with daily temperature of 37 °C (98.6 °F). November being the sunniest month and rainy day is between August and December[5]

History edit

Yobe State came into being on 27 August 1991. It was carved out of the old Borno State by the Babangida administration. Yobe State was created because the old Borno State was one of Nigeria's largest states in terms of land area and was therefore considered to be too large for easy administration and meaningful development. Ethnic rivalries within the old Borno State also contributed to the decision.[6]

Boko Haram edit

On 14 May 2013, President Goodluck Jonathan declared a state of emergency in Yobe State along with nearby Borno and Adamawa States, due to the jihadist terrorist network Boko Haram's insurgency.[7] Boko Haram's leader Abubakar Shekau was born in Shekau village of Yobe.[8]

Boko Haram's attacks in Yobe include those in Damaturu in November 2011, December 2011 and June 2012, Gadaka in December 2011, Potiskum in December 2012, November 2014 and July 2015, Mamudo in July 2013, Gujba in September 2013, Buni Yadi in February and May 2014 and Dapchi in 2018.

Local Government Areas edit

Yobe State consists of 17 local government areas (or LGAs). They are:

Economy edit

While Yobe state is an agricultural state, it also has rich mineral deposits, including gypsum and kaolin in Fune local government and very rich agricultural resources as well. The State's agricultural produce include gum arabic, groundnuts, beans, and cotton. The State also has one of the largest cattle markets in West Africa, located in Potiskum.[9]

Governor edit

On 29 May 2019, Mai Mala Buni assumed office as the governor of Yobe State under the Party APC ( All Progressive Congress) and Idi Barde Gubana is the Deputy-Gorvenor of the state[10][11]

Ethnic groups edit

Kanuri girl sitting behind a decorated wall

The major ethnic groups living in Yobe state are the Fulani, Karai-Karai and Kanuri, while other ethnic communities include Bolewa, Ngizim, Bade, Hausa, Ngamo, Shuwa, Bura, Marghi and Manga.

Languages edit

Languages of Yobe State listed by LGA:[12]

LGA Languages
Bade Bade, Duwai, Kanuri
Bursari Kanuri, Fulani
Damaturu Yerwa Kanuri
Fika Karai-Karai, Bolewa Ngamo
Fune Karai-Karai, Ngizim, Bura-Pabir
Geidam Kanuri, Karai-Karai, Fulani
Gujba Kanuri, Karai-Karai
Gulani Maaka, Karai-Karai, Bura-Pabir, Kanuri
Jakusko Bade, Karai-Karai
Machina Manga
Nangere Karai-Karai
Nguru Kanuri
Potiskum Karai-Karai, Ngizim, Bolewa

Other languages of Yobe State are Duwai, Shuwa Arabs, and Zarma etc.[12]

Tourist attractions edit

The tourist attractions sites in Yobe state include:

Education edit

Tertiary institutions in Yobe state include:

Transport edit

Federal Highways edit

One road to Niger edit

the Nguru-Gashua-Damask Rd across the north of the state via Baiomari and Geidem to Maine-Soroa.

Other major roads edit

  • the Gamawa Rd northwest from Potiskum to Bauchi State at Zindiwa,
  • the Jakusko-Potiskum Rd north from Potiskum, where the Gashua-Jakusko Rd continues north via Katamma,
  • the Dapchi-Damaturu Rd north from via Dapchi to Baiomari as the Damaturu-Gashua Rd,
  • the Damaturu Rd south to Borno State at Kamuya Wuru,
  • the Azare-Potisum Rd west to Bauchi State near Lele.

Railways edit

The 1067 mm Cape Guage Western Railway Line northeast from Kano via Jigawa State terminates at Nguru.

Airports edit

Potiskum Airstrip

Religion edit

The inhabitants of Yobe are mainly Muslims and Sharia law was established in the state in 2000 by governor Bukar Abba Ibrahim. However, there are Christians in the State although no Roman Catholic diocese has its seat in the state.

Politics edit

The state government is headed by a governor who is elected through a democratically process. The governor works closely with the State House of Assembly, which is the law making arm in the state.

Just like every other state in the Federal Republic of Nigeria, the electoral system of Yobe State is that of a modified two-round system. To be elected in the first round, a candidate must receive the plurality of the vote and over 25% of the vote in at least two -third of the State local government Areas. If no candidate passes this threshold, a second round will be held between the top candidate and the next candidate to have received a plurality of votes in the highest number of local government areas.[19]

Natural resources edit

Yobe State has deposits of trona and gypsum.[20]

Healthcare edit

The state's administration has improved healthcare delivery lifted a moratorium on hiring, and provided incentives for staff retention. The free-drugs policy and decentralised drug supply have increased access to healthcare, underscoring the state's dedication to renovating and building new primary healthcare facilities to make healthcare more widely available and reasonably priced.[21][22][23]

Desertification edit

Residents of Yobe State in northern Nigeria are worried about desertification because it could have a negative impact on their quality of life.[24][25][26]

Notable people edit

  • Uwani Musa Abba Aji - CFR (born 7 November 1956) is a Nigerian Jurist and Justice of the Supreme Court of Nigeria
  • Usman Albishir - (15 June 1945 – 2 July 2012) former senator and Senate Minority Leader
  • Mamman Bello Ali - (1958 – 26 January 2009) former senator Yobe Zone B and former governor of Yobe State.
  • Idris Alkali - former chief of administration, army headquarters
  • Usman Alkali Baba (born 1 March 1963) current Nigerian inspector-general of police
  • Ibrahim Mohammed Bomai - (born 10 February 1960) a politician and the Senator representing Yobe South Senatorial District in the 9th National Assembly
  • Imrana Alhaji Buba - (born 6 August 1992) activist, social entrepreneur, recipient of Queen's Young Leader Award
  • Audu Bulama Bukarti - (1 January 1984) senior analyst in the Extremism Policy Unit of the Tony Blair Institute for Global Change
  • Mai Mala Buni - (born 11 November 1967) politician and the current Governor of Yobe State
  • Goni Modu Bura - former deputy governor, former senator, and current ambassador of Nigeria to Syria and Lebanon
  • Adamu Ciroma - (born 20 November 1934) former Minister and Governor of Central Bank of Nigeria
  • Ibrahim Gaidam - former governor and now Senator for Yobe Zone A
  • Buba Galadima - politician and National Secretary of the Congress for Progressive Change(CPC) party
  • Bukar Ibrahim - (born October 1950) former governor of Yobe State and Senator in Nigeria
  • Khadija Bukar Abba Ibrahim - (born 6 January 1967) member of the House of Representatives and Minister of State for Foreign Affairs
  • Waziri Ibrahim - first republic minister and presidential candidate of GNPP in the second republic
  • Alwali Kazir - former chief of army staff
  • Ahmed Lawan - senator and Senate President of the 9th National Assembly
  • Zakariya Maimalari - a brigadier-general, who was killed in the 1966 Nigerian coup d'état while commanding the 2nd Brigade, Apapa, Lagos
  • Mahmoud Bukar Maina - (born 21 August 1986) a scientist, educator and science communicator
  • Adamu Garba Talba - a politician and former senator Yobe south
  • Ibrahim Talba - a former permanent secretary to the office of the president of the Federal Republic of Nigeria.
  • Adamu Waziri - (born 14 September 1952) former minister of Police Affairs

References edit

  1. ^ "2006 PHC Priority Tables – NATIONAL POPULATION COMMISSION". population.gov.ng. Retrieved 10 October 2017.
  2. ^ a b Okeowo, Gabriel; Fatoba, Iyanuoluwa, eds. (13 October 2022). "State of States 2022 Edition" (PDF). Budgit.org. BudgIT. Retrieved 7 March 2023.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: date and year (link)
  3. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 13 September 2018.
  4. ^ "Yobe State of Nigeria :: Nigeria Information & Guide". www.nigeriagalleria.com. Retrieved 6 March 2022.
  5. ^ "Climate: Yobe in Nigeria". Worlddata.info. Retrieved 25 November 2022.
  6. ^ "Yobe State", Online Nigeria, Accessed here on 3 August 2007.
  7. ^ "Nigeria declares state of emergency". BBC News. Retrieved 30 December 2022.
  8. ^ "Nigeria declares 'massive' military campaign on borders". BBC News. 15 May 2013. Retrieved 6 June 2013.
  9. ^ Jones, Chika (6 September 2016). "See the 5 cheapest cattle markets you can buy your ram for Eid-el-Kabir". Legit.ng - Nigeria news. Retrieved 30 September 2022.
  10. ^ "For The Record: Full text of Yobe governor's inaugural speech | Premium Times Nigeria". 30 May 2019. Retrieved 9 March 2022.
  11. ^ TODAY (3 February 2022). "Official: Insurgency claims 167 students, 3 teachers in Yobe". TODAY. Retrieved 9 March 2022.
  12. ^ a b "Nigeria". Ethnologue (22 ed.). Retrieved 10 January 2020.
  13. ^ Blog, Real Mina (4 March 2019). "List of Courses in Federal College Of Education, Potiskum (FCEPOTISKUM)". Real Mina Blog. Retrieved 22 November 2021.
  14. ^ "List of Courses Offered by Federal Polytechnic Damaturu". www.myschoolgist.com. 9 November 2020. Retrieved 22 November 2021.
  15. ^ "Official List of Courses Offered in Federal University Gashua (FUGASHUA) - Myschool". myschool.ng. Retrieved 25 July 2021.
  16. ^ Academy, Samphina (15 June 2019). "List of Courses Offered in Mai-Idris Alooma Polytechnic". Samphina Academy. Retrieved 22 November 2021.
  17. ^ "USCOEGA". www.uscoegaonline.com.ng. Retrieved 22 November 2021.
  18. ^ "An Analysis of University Courses Offered through AVU Satellite". 1 January 2001. doi:10.14217/9781848597426-7-en. Retrieved 25 July 2021. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  19. ^ Oguntola, Tunde (27 September 2022). "2023: Next President, Govs Must Get Two-thirds Spread, Says INEC". Retrieved 23 February 2023.
  20. ^ "Experts: 18 mineral resources untapped in Yobe | The Nation Newspaper". 8 September 2020. Retrieved 30 December 2022.
  21. ^ Hemba, Joe (1 January 2023). "Yobe rebuilding primary healthcare centres after Boko Haram carnage". Premium Times Nigeria. Retrieved 9 October 2023.
  22. ^ Idowu, Kayode (29 June 2022). "Yobe unveils free healthcare scheme for poor, vulnerable residents". Punch Newspapers. Retrieved 9 October 2023.
  23. ^ Nigeria, Guardian (18 July 2022). "Yobe enrols 50,000 vulnerable residents in healthcare scheme". The Guardian Nigeria News - Nigeria and World News. Retrieved 9 October 2023.
  24. ^ Musa, Aliyu (23 June 2022). "Desertification: Yobe Residents Overwhelmed By Sand Storms, As State Government Strengthens Plans For Preventive Measures". Retrieved 29 September 2023.
  25. ^ "A Woman's Focus On Desertification In Yobe State - Daily Trust". dailytrust.com. Retrieved 29 September 2023.
  26. ^ Nigeria, Guardian (23 August 2021). "UN, Yobe distribute 3m tree seedlings to fight desertification". The Guardian Nigeria News - Nigeria and World News. Retrieved 29 September 2023.

External links edit