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Yobe is a state located in Northeast Nigeria. A mainly agricultural state, it was created on August 27, 1991. Yobe state was carved out of Borno State. The capital of Yobe state is Damaturu.

Flag of Yobe State
Location of Yobe State in Nigeria
Location of Yobe State in Nigeria
Coordinates: 12°00′N 11°30′E / 12.000°N 11.500°E / 12.000; 11.500Coordinates: 12°00′N 11°30′E / 12.000°N 11.500°E / 12.000; 11.500
Country Nigeria
Date created27 August 1991
 • Governor
Mai Mala Buni (APC)
 • Deputy GovernorIdi Barde Gubana
 • Senators
 • Total45,502 km2 (17,568 sq mi)
Area rank6th of 36
 (2006 census)
 • Total2,321,339[1]
 • Estimate 
2,757,000 Increase
 • Rank32nd of 36
 • Year2007
 • Total$2.01 billion[2]
 • Per capita$843[2]
Time zoneUTC+01 (WAT)
ISO 3166 codeNG-YO
HDI (2016)0.325[3] · 33rd of 36


The state borders four states, which are Bauchi, Borno, Gombe, and Jigawa State. It borders the Diffa Region and the Zinder Region to the north of the Republic of Niger. Because the state lies mainly in the dry savanna belt, conditions are hot and dry for most of the year, except in the southern part of the state which has a milder climate.


Yobe State came into being on 27 August 1991. It was carved out of the old Borno State by the Babangida administration. Yobe State was created because the old Borno State was one of Nigeria's largest states in terms of land area and was therefore considered to be too large for easy administration and meaningful development. Ethnic rivalries within the old Borno State also contributed to the decision.[4]

On 14 May 2013, President Goodluck Jonathan declared a state of emergency in Yobe State along with neighboring Borno State and Adamawa State, due to the activities of the terrorist network Boko Haram. Abubakar Shekau, the leader of Boko Haram, was born in Shekau village of Yobe.[5]

Local government areasEdit


While Yobe state is an agricultural state it also has rich fishing grounds and mineral deposits of gypsum in Fune LGA, kaolin, and quartz. The state's agricultural products include gum arabic, groundnuts, beans, and cotton. The state is also said to have one of the largest cattle markets in West Africa, located in Potiskum.

Ethnic groupsEdit

The major ethnic groups living in Yobe State are Fulani and the Kanuri while other ethnic communities include BolewaNgizim, Karai-Karai, Bade, Hausa, Ngamo, Shuwa, Bura, Margi and Manga.


The population is mainly Muslim. Sharia law is valid. However, there are Christians in the State, with the bulk of them from the Karai-Karai ethnic group. No Roman Catholic diocese has its seat in the state.

Notable peopleEdit

  • Usman Albishir - (15 June 1945 – 2 July 2012) former senator and Senate Minority Leader,
  • Mai Mala Buni - (born 11 November 1967) politician and the Governor of Yobe State
  • Buba Galadima - politician and National Secretary of the Congress for Progressive Change(CPC) party,
  • Bukar Ibrahim - (born October 1950) former governor of Yobe State in Nigeria
  • Khadija Bukar Abba Ibrahim - (born 6 January 1967) member of the House of Representatives and Minister of State for Foreign Affairs
  • Ahmed Ibrahim Lawan - senator and Senate President of the 9th National Assembly
  • Abubakar Umar Suleiman - (born January 1962) 11th Emir of Bade
  • Adamu Waziri - (born 14 September 1952) former minister of Police Affairs


  1. ^ "2006 PHC Priority Tables – NATIONAL POPULATION COMMISSION". Retrieved 2017-10-10.
  2. ^ a b "C-GIDD (Canback Global Income Distribution Database)". Canback Dangel. Retrieved 2008-08-20.
  3. ^ "National Human Development Report 2018" (PDF).
  4. ^ "Yobe State", Online Nigeria, Accessed here on 3 August 2007.
  5. ^ "Nigeria declares 'massive' military campaign on borders". BBC News. 15 May 2013. Retrieved 6 June 2013.

External linksEdit