Potiskum (also Pataskuma, Pataskum) is a local government area and city in Yobe State, Nigeria. It's the most populous and fastest growing city in Yobe state. Of the native languages in Yobe State, Potiskum is a home to several major groups which include the Karai-Karai, Bolewa and Ngizim and Hausa-Fulani. It is on the A3 highway at . It has an area of 559 square kilometres (216 sq mi).
|Time zone||UTC+1 (WAT)|
|ISO 3166 code||NG.YO.PO|
During Colonial Era edit
The city of Potiskum is an abode to the most organised traditional and community administration known as Fika Emirate. Historically, what is known as Fika Emirate with headquarters in Potiskum was the creation of the British Colonialists. who harnessed the indigenous tribes in the area namely, Kare-Kare, Ngizim, Ngamo, Bolewa, Fulani and Hausa to form a Central Administration.
Traditional Emirate edit
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Potiskum has been a thriving trade hegemony in Yobe State because of its strategic position as a centre of commerce, learning, spiritual and cultural revival. People from neighbouring Borno, Jigawa, Kano, Bauchi and Gombe States, and numerous others from Niger, Chad, Cameroon, Benin and Central African Republic have stakes in the 'biggest cattle market in sub-Saharan Africa' there. It also has one of the largest correctional facilities in Nigeria.
Therefore, Potiskum is known for the following markets:
Potiskum Cattle Market edit
Potiskum is the largest city in Yobe State with booming business in the area. It has one of the largest cattle markets in Africa and the largest in West Africa. Most of the cattle are transported to other parts of the country.
Potiksum is projected to be the seventh fastest-growing city on the African continent between 2020 and 2025, with a 5.65% growth.
Potiskum airstrip edit
Potiskum Airstrip is located in city's GRA from the western part of the town along Kano road. The Nigerian Airspace Management Agency (NAMA) office in the field, which is supposed to be responsible for the transmission of air traffic information to aircraft flying over the airfield, is not fully functional as the Omni-Directional Range Equipment installed there was not equipped with computers to enable the workers to spot planes over Potiskum. The airport came into being during the scramble for Africa by the colonialists because Potiskum was a sprawling town in the north which was earlier annexed by Germany before the United Kingdom took over. The aim of constructing the airport was to make the movements of the white men in and out of Potiskum easy because the town was also the gateway to other nearby towns in the north, which had enhanced trading activities and other associated commercial services in the region.
Boko Haram attacks edit
On 25 December 2012, a mass shooting occurred at a church.
On 3 November 2014, at least 30 people were killed in a suicide bombing at a Shia Muslim religious procession at Faydia Islamic school. Yobe State Governor Ibrahim Gaidam promised members of the Islamic Movement in Nigeria (ISMN) that he would demand full investigation of allegations of shootings of its members by soldiers deployed to the scene of the attack.
On 11 January 2015, four people were killed and over 40 were injured at Kasuwar Jagwal GSM market after an attack by two female suicide bombers, one of whom appeared to be about 15 years old. A bombing involving a parked car also occurred that day, killing two people and injuring one, at the Divisional Police Station.
On 13 January 2015, Governor Ibrahim Gaidam condemned the attacks, and "proposed the establishment of an Emergency Response Centre at the General Hospital in Potiskum." He stated that the medical bills for those injured in the attack would be paid, including those injured who had been transferred to other hospitals for treatment.
From March 15 to May 23, the hot season, with an average daily high temperature exceeding 100°F, lasts for 2.2 months. With an average high of 103°F and low of 75°F, April is the hottest month of the year in Potiskum.
From July 18 to September 27, the cool season, which has an average daily high temperature below 90°F, lasts for 2.3 months. With an average low of 58°F and high of 90°F, January is the coldest month of the year in Potiskum.
See also edit
Notable people edit
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- Schiavenza, Matt. "Suspected Boko Haram Suicide Bomber Kills 50 in Government Science Technical College Potiskum" The Atlantic, 10 November 2014
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- "In Pictures: Aftermath of Bombing in Nigerian Town of Potiskum". BBC News, 12 January 2015
- Hamisu Kabir Matazu. "Nigeria: Fresh Bomb Blast Kills Two Policemen in Potiskum". Daily Trust - allAfrica.com, 11 January 2015
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- "Boko Haram attack caps week of bloodshed in Nigeria". BBC News. 2015-07-05. Retrieved 2023-02-28.
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- "Climate Change Potiskum". meteoblue. Retrieved 2023-09-29.
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