Potiskum (also Pataskuma, Pataskum) is a local government area and city in Yobe State, Nigeria.[1] It's the most populous and fastest growing city in Yobe state. Of the native languages in Yobe State, Potiskum is a home to several major groups which include the Karai-Karai, Bolewa and Ngizim and Hausa-Fulani.[2] It is on the A3 highway at 11°43′N 11°04′E / 11.717°N 11.067°E / 11.717; 11.067. It has an area of 559 square kilometres (216 sq mi).

Potiskum cattle market

Pataskuma, Pataskum
Country Nigeria
StateYobe State
 • TypeDemocracy
Time zoneUTC+1 (WAT)
ISO 3166 codeNG.YO.PO

History edit

During Colonial Era edit

The city of Potiskum is an abode to the most organised traditional and community administration known as Fika Emirate. Historically, what is known as Fika Emirate with headquarters in Potiskum was the creation of the British Colonialists. who harnessed the indigenous tribes in the area namely, Kare-Kare, Ngizim, Ngamo, Bolewa, Fulani and Hausa to form a Central Administration.[3]

Traditional Emirate edit

The current Emir of Pataskum is Mai Umar Ibn Wuriwa Bauya Lai-Lai.[4]

Government edit

Economy edit

Potiskum has been a thriving trade hegemony in Yobe State because of its strategic position as a centre of commerce, learning, spiritual and cultural revival. People from neighbouring Borno, Jigawa, Kano, Bauchi and Gombe States, and numerous others from Niger, Chad, Cameroon, Benin and Central African Republic have stakes in the 'biggest cattle market in sub-Saharan Africa' there.[5] It also has one of the largest correctional facilities in Nigeria.

Therefore, Potiskum is known for the following markets:

Potiskum Cattle Market edit

Potiskum is the largest city in Yobe State with booming business in the area. It has one of the largest cattle markets in Africa and the largest in West Africa. Most of the cattle are transported to other parts of the country.[6]

Population edit

As of 2006, the population of Potiskum was 156,859.[7] In 2022, the population of Potiskum stands at 483,346.[8]As of 2023, the population of Potiskum was 511,885 ref<wold population review

Demography edit

Potiksum is projected to be the seventh fastest-growing city on the African continent between 2020 and 2025, with a 5.65% growth.[9]

Potiskum airstrip edit

Potiskum Airstrip is located in city's GRA from the western part of the town along Kano road. The Nigerian Airspace Management Agency (NAMA) office in the field, which is supposed to be responsible for the transmission of air traffic information to aircraft flying over the airfield, is not fully functional as the Omni-Directional Range Equipment installed there was not equipped with computers to enable the workers to spot planes over Potiskum. The airport came into being during the scramble for Africa by the colonialists because Potiskum was a sprawling town in the north which was earlier annexed by Germany before the United Kingdom took over. The aim of constructing the airport was to make the movements of the white men in and out of Potiskum easy because the town was also the gateway to other nearby towns in the north, which had enhanced trading activities and other associated commercial services in the region.

Boko Haram attacks edit

In July 2009, Boko Haram members set a police station on fire during their uprising.[10]

A May 2012 attack on the cattle market killed over 34 people, but appeared to be an attack by criminals seeking revenge, and not Boko Haram.[11][12]

On 25 December 2012, a mass shooting occurred at a church.

On 3 November 2014, at least 30 people were killed in a suicide bombing at a Shia Muslim religious procession at Faydia Islamic school.[13] Yobe State Governor Ibrahim Gaidam promised members of the Islamic Movement in Nigeria (ISMN) that he would demand full investigation of allegations of shootings of its members by soldiers deployed to the scene of the attack.[14]

On 6 November 2014, sixteen men arrested by Nigerian Army soldiers were "found dead of bullet wounds hours later." (Another source puts the number at eighteen.)[15][14]

On 10 November 2014 at least 46 boys were killed and 79 wounded, by a suicide bomber during a student assembly at the Government Senior Science Secondary School."[16][17][18]

On 11 January 2015, four people were killed and over 40 were injured at Kasuwar Jagwal GSM market after an attack by two female suicide bombers, one of whom appeared to be about 15 years old.[19][20] A bombing involving a parked car also occurred that day, killing two people and injuring one, at the Divisional Police Station.[21]

On 13 January 2015, Governor Ibrahim Gaidam condemned the attacks, and "proposed the establishment of an Emergency Response Centre at the General Hospital in Potiskum." He stated that the medical bills for those injured in the attack would be paid, including those injured who had been transferred to other hospitals for treatment.[22]

On 22 and 24 February 2015, suicide bombers killed 22 people.[23]

On 5 July 2015, six people were killed in a suicide bombing.[24]

Climate edit

The wet and dry seasons are hot and unpleasant in Potiskum, with temperatures averaging 57°F to 104°F and infrequently dropping below 51°F or rising over 108°F.[25][26][27]

From March 15 to May 23, the hot season, with an average daily high temperature exceeding 100°F, lasts for 2.2 months. With an average high of 103°F and low of 75°F, April is the hottest month of the year in Potiskum.[28][25][26]

From July 18 to September 27, the cool season, which has an average daily high temperature below 90°F, lasts for 2.3 months. With an average low of 58°F and high of 90°F, January is the coldest month of the year in Potiskum.[29][30][26][25]

See also edit

Notable people edit

References edit

  1. ^ "Potiskum Local Government Area". www.manpower.com.ng. Retrieved 2023-06-03.
  2. ^ "Potiskum Town, Where most businesses are Involved In the Trailer transportation Business". Northpad Nigeria. 2022-06-20. Retrieved 2023-02-23.
  3. ^ "Dailytrust News, Sports and Business, Politics". Daily Trust. Retrieved 2022-05-08.
  4. ^ "Yobe governor speaks on fatal attack on Potiskum emir | Premium Times Nigeria". 2020-01-16. Retrieved 2022-05-08.
  5. ^ Ola Amupitan (August 2002). "Potiskum's Challenge to Damaturu as Yobe Capital". Fika Online. Archived from the original on 2011-07-11. Retrieved 2010-09-02.
  6. ^ "Potiskum".
  7. ^ http://nationalpopulation.gov.ng ›
  8. ^ https://populationstat.com › nigeria ›
  9. ^ "Ranked: The World's Fastest Growing Cities". virtual capitalist. 13 August 2021. Archived from the original on 13 August 2021. Retrieved 2021-08-17.
  10. ^ "Deadly Nigeria Clashes Spread". Al Jazeera English - Africa, July 27, 2009
  11. ^ "Nigeria's Potiskum Cattle Market Raid 'Kills Dozens.'" BBC News, May 3, 2012
  12. ^ A Resident Walks among Burnt Cattle Market in Northeast Nigerian Town of Potiskum on May 4, 2012. Getty Images. Accessed January 18, 2015
  13. ^ Musikilu Mojeed. "Nigeria: Car Bomb Explosion Kills 6 in Yobe". Premium Times - allAfrica.com, December 31, 2014
  14. ^ a b Njadvara Musa. "Nigeria: Yobe to Probe Potiskum Blast, Death Toll Rises to 30". The Guardian - allAfrica.com. 6 Nov 2014. Accessed January 18, 2015
  15. ^ Hamisu Kabir Matazu and Ibrahim Kabiru Sule. "Nigeria: Tension in Potiskum As Soldiers Kill 18". Daily Trust - allAfrica.com, November 7, 2014
  16. ^ "Nigeria School Blast in Potiskum Kills Dozens". BBC News - Africa, November 10, 2014.
  17. ^ Schiavenza, Matt. "Suspected Boko Haram Suicide Bomber Kills 50 in Government Science Technical College Potiskum" The Atlantic, 10 November 2014
  18. ^ Nossiter, Adam. "Bomb at School in Nigeria Kills Nearly 50 Boys". New York Times, November 10, 2014
  19. ^ Ndahi Marama with agency reports. "Nigeria: Female Suicide Bombers Kill 39 in Potiskum, Maiduguri Markets". Vanguard - allAfrica.com, 12 January 2015
  20. ^ "In Pictures: Aftermath of Bombing in Nigerian Town of Potiskum". BBC News, 12 January 2015
  21. ^ Hamisu Kabir Matazu. "Nigeria: Fresh Bomb Blast Kills Two Policemen in Potiskum". Daily Trust - allAfrica.com, 11 January 2015
  22. ^ "Gaidam Proposes Emergency Centre At Potiskum Hospital". Channels Television, 13 January 2015
  23. ^ "Al Jazeera Live | "Today's latest from al Jazeera"".
  24. ^ "Boko Haram attack caps week of bloodshed in Nigeria". BBC News. 2015-07-05. Retrieved 2023-02-28.
  25. ^ a b c "Potiskum Climate, Weather By Month, Average Temperature (Nigeria) - Weather Spark". weatherspark.com. Retrieved 2023-08-28.
  26. ^ a b c "Potiskum, Yobe, Nigeria 10-Day Weather Forecast". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2023-08-28.
  27. ^ "Potiskum". BBC Weather. 2023-08-27. Retrieved 2023-08-28.
  28. ^ "Simulated historical climate & weather data for Potiskum". meteoblue. Retrieved 2023-09-29.
  29. ^ "Climate Change Potiskum". meteoblue. Retrieved 2023-09-29.
  30. ^ "Potiskum, Yobe, NG Climate Zone, Monthly Averages, Historical Weather Data". weatherandclimate.com. Retrieved 2023-09-29.