Gombe State (Fula: Leydi Gombe 𞤤𞤫𞤴𞤣𞤭 𞤺𞤮𞤥𞤥𞤦𞤫) is a state in northeastern Nigeria, bordered to the north and northeast by the state of Borno and Yobe, to the south by Taraba State, to the southeast by Adamawa State, and to the west by Bauchi State. Named for the city of Gombe—the state's capital and largest city—Gombe State was formed from a part of Bauchi State on 1 October 1996.[4] Of the 36 states of Nigeria, Gombe is the 21st largest in area and 32nd most populous with an estimated population of about 3.25 million as of 2016.[5]

Gombe State
Flag of Gombe State
Seal of Gombe State
Location of Gombe State in Nigeria
Location of Gombe State in Nigeria
Coordinates: 10°15′N 11°10′E / 10.250°N 11.167°E / 10.250; 11.167Coordinates: 10°15′N 11°10′E / 10.250°N 11.167°E / 10.250; 11.167
Country Nigeria
Date created1 October 1996
 • BodyGovernment of Gombe State
 • GovernorMuhammad Inuwa Yahaya (APC)
 • Deputy GovernorManasseh Daniel Jatau (APC)
 • LegislatureGombe State House of Assembly
 • SenatorsC: Mohammed Danjuma Goje (APC)
N: Sa'idu Ahmed Alkali (APC)
S: Amos Bulus Kilawangs (APC)
 • RepresentativesList
 • Total18,768 km2 (7,246 sq mi)
 • Rank21st of 36
 (2006 census)1
 • Total2,365,040[1]
 • Rank33rd of 36
 • Ethnicity
Fulani others
 • Year2007
 • Total$2.50 billion[2]
 • Per capita$1,036[2]
Time zoneUTC+01 (WAT)
ISO 3166 codeNG-GO
HDI (2018)0.410[3]
low · 34th of 37
^1 Preliminary results

Geographically, the state is within the tropical West Sudanian savanna ecoregion. Important geographic features include Gongola River, which flows through Gombe's north and east into Lake Dadin Kowa, and part of the Muri Mountains, a small range in the state's far south. Among the state's nature are a number of snake species including carpet viper, puff adder, and Egyptian cobra populations along with hippopotamus, Senegal parrot, and grey-headed kingfisher populations.[6][7]

Ethnically, Gombe is inhabited by various ethnic groups, primarily the Fulani people living in the north and centre of the state along with the Bolewa, Kanuri, and Hausa peoples while the state's diverse eastern and southern regions are populated by the Cham, Dadiya, Jara, Kamo, Pero, Tangale, Tera, and Waja peoples. Religiously, the majority of the state's population (~75%) are Muslim with Christian and traditionalist minorities at about 20% and 5%, respectively.[8]

In the pre-colonial period, the area that is now Gombe State was split up between various states until the early 1800s, the Fulani jihad seized much of the area and formed the Gombe Emirate under the Sokoto Caliphate. In the 1910s, British expeditions occupied the Emirate and the surrounding areas, incorporating them into the Northern Nigeria Protectorate which later merged into British Nigeria before becoming independent as Nigeria in 1960.[9] Originally, modern-day Gombe State was a part of the post-independence Northern Region until 1967 when the region was split and the area became part of the North-Eastern State. After the North-Eastern State was split, Bauchi State was formed in 1976 alongside ten other states. Twenty years afterward, a group of LGAs in the Bauchi's west was broken off to form the new Gombe State.

Economically, Gombe State is largely based around agriculture, mainly of sorghum, groundnuts, millet, and tomatoes. Other key industries are services, especially in the city of Gombe, and the livestock herding of camels, cattle, goats, and sheep. Gombe has the fourth lowest Human Development Index and second lowest GDP in the country.[10]


The state has an area of 20,265 km2 and a population of around 2,365,000 people as of 2006.[1]

It was formed in October 1996, from part of the old Bauchi State by the Abacha military government. The state is located in Nigeria's Guinea savannah and Sudan savannah belts. Undulating hills, sandy rocks, and a few volcanic rocks make up the landscape. Its location in the north eastern zone, right within the expansive savannah, allows the state to share common borders with the states of Borno, Yobe, Taraba, Adamawa and Bauchi.[11]

Gombe has two distinct climates, the dry season (November–March) and the rainy season (April–October) with an average rainfall of 850mm.

The State is headed by the Executive Governor Muhammad Inuwa Yahaya and also has 24 State House Assembly members. Gombe has 11 Local Government Areas and 14 Emirates/chiefdoms. It has 3 Senators and 6 Members in the National Assembly (Nigeria).

Local Government AreasEdit

Gombe State consists of eleven (11) Local Government Areas. They are:

LGA Area (km2) Census 2006
Administrative capital Postal
Akko 2,627 337,853 Kumo 771
Balanga 1,626 212,549 Tallase 761
Billiri 737 202,144 Billiri 771
Dukku 3,815 207,190 Dukku 760
Funakaye 1,415 236,087 Bajoga 762
Gombe 52 268,000 Gombe (city) 760
Kaltungo 881 149,805 Kaltungo 770
Kwami 1,787 195,298 Mallam Sidi 760
Nafada 1,586 138,185 Nafada 762
Shongom 922 151,520 Boh 770
Yamaltu/Deba 1,981 255,248 Deba 761


Gombe State is a multi-ethnic society that consists of the majority Fulani tribe, who inhabit the Northern part of the Gombe State. They dominate 6 out of the 11 Local Government Areas of the state. This include Dukku, Kwami, Funakaye, Nafada, Akko, and Gombe LGAs. Apart from the Fulani, there are also the Tangale, found in Billiri and Kaltungo areas. Other ethnicities include the Hausa, Tula, Tera (Yamaltu-Deba), Waja, Bolewa, and Kanuri, with their different cultural as well as lingual affiliations.[12]


Languages of Gombe State listed by LGA:[13]

LGA Languages
Akko Fulani; Kanuri; Jukun; Tangale; Tera
Balanga Bangwinji; Centúúm; Dadiya; Dera; Dikaka; Dza; Kyak; Longuda; Moo; Tangale; Tso; Waja
Billiri Tangale
Dukku Fulani; Kanuri; Bolewa
Funakaye Fulani; Kanuri; Tera
Kaltungo Awak; Tangale; Tula; Kamo
Kwami Fulani; Bolewa; Kanuri; Tera
Nafada Fulani; Bolewa; Hausa
Shongom Tangale; Kushi; Moo; Loo; Wurkun
Yamaltu-Deba Tera; Fulani; Jara;


Higher institutions in Gombe State are:


This is a list of administrators and Governors of Gombe State.

Name Title Took Office Left Office Party
Group Captain Joseph Orji Administrator 7 Oct 1996 Aug 1998 Military
Abubakar Habu Hashidu Governor 29 May 1999 29 May 2003 APP
Mohammed Danjuma Goje Governor 29 May 2003 May 2011 PDP
Ibrahim Hassan Dankwambo Governor May 2011 29 May 2019 PDP
Muhammad Inuwa Yahaya Governor May 2019 Incumbent APC

Water boardEdit

The main entrance of Gombe State Waterboard, Gombe, Nigeria.

Gombe State Water Board is a Gombe State Government organisation that aims at providing water for the citizens of Gombe State for domestic, industrial and commercial purposes.[18]

The government's organisations is governed by a board of directors composed of a part-time chairman, the chief executive or chief manager and nine other members.[18]

All members of the organisation are being appointed by the Governor and are serving on part-time bases, except the General Manager.

Board MembersEdit

The Secretary/Legal AdviserEdit

The Secretary/Legal Adviser is a legal practitioner appointed by the Governor to render Legal Services to the Board.

The General ManagerEdit

The General Manager is responsible for the day-to-day management of the Board and assisted in the performance of his duties by five (5) Assistants.

The responsibilities of the General Manager cover Projects Management and Planning, Operation and Services, Finance and Supply and Commercial Departments.

Currently, the governor of Gombe state, Alhaji Muhammadu Inuwa Yahaya, has appointed Magaji Abubakar Difa as the general manager of the organisation.[19]

Notable peopleEdit

Tourist Attractions in Gombe[22]Edit

The state has a lot of attraction and they include:

The Tomb of Sultan Attahiru

Bubayero's Tomb

The famous Bima Hill

The Dadin Kowa Dam

The Killang Hill

The Tula Plateau

The Bulok Warm Spring

The Kalam Hill

The Cham Valley

The Ancient Binga Ruins

Major Mash Grave

LT Phillips Grave

Bace Hills

Tula Hideout Caves

Kanawa Forest


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