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The World Curling Championships are the annual world championships for curling, organized by the World Curling Federation and contested by national championship teams. There are men's, women's and mixed doubles championships, as well as junior and senior championships for each gender. There is also a world championship for wheelchair curling. The men's championship started in 1959, while the women's started in 1979. The mixed doubles championship was started in 2008. Since 2005, the men's and women's championships have been held in different venues, with Canada hosting one of the two championships every year: the men's championship in odd years, and the women's championship in even years. Canada has dominated both the men's and women's championships since their inception, although Switzerland, Sweden, Denmark, Germany (West Germany), Scotland, the United States, Norway and China have all won at least one championship.

World Curling Championships
Worldwomenschampionshiptrophy.JPG
World Women's Curling Championship trophy
SportCurling
Founded1959 (men)
1979 (women)
No. of teams13
Most recent
champion(s)
 Sweden (men)
  Switzerland (women)
Most titles Canada (men; 36 titles)
 Canada (women; 17 titles)

HistoryEdit

The World Curling Championships began in 1959 as the Scotch Cup. The Scotch Cup was created by Toronto public relations executive and former sports journalist Stanley D. Houston on behalf of the Scotch Whisky Association, a client of Houston's agency Public Relations Services Limited, which was looking to generate increased North American exposure for its products.[citation needed] The first three Cups were contested between men's teams from Scotland and Canada. The United States joined the Scotch Cup in 1961, and Sweden also joined the next year. Canada won the first six world titles, of which the legendary rink skipped by Ernie Richardson earned four. The United States was the first country to break Canada's streak, winning their first world title in 1965. By 1967, Norway, Switzerland, France, and Germany were added to the Scotch Cup, and Scotland won their first title, while Canada finished without a medal for the first time. The tournament was renamed the Air Canada Silver Broom the year after that, and Canada strung together five consecutive world titles starting in that year.

In 1973, the competing field was expanded to ten teams, and Italy and Denmark were introduced to the world stage. Sweden, Switzerland, and Norway won their first titles in the following years, and Canada continued to win medals of all colours. In 1979, the first edition of the women's World Curling Championships was held. The championships were held separately from the men's championships for the first ten years. During this time, Switzerland, Canada, Sweden, Denmark, and Germany won world titles.

Bronze medals were not awarded until 1985 for the women's tournament and 1986 for the men's tournament. Between 1989 and 1994, the bronze medal was shared by the semifinals losers.

Beginning in 1989, the men's and women's championships were held together. Norway won their first world women's title. In 1995, Ford Canada and the World Curling Federation reached an agreement to make Ford the sponsor of the World Curling Championships. Japan, the first nation from Asia to compete in the worlds, made their debut in 1990 at the women's championship, and later in 2000 at the men's championship. South Korea and China followed suit in the 2000s. Scotland won their first women's title in 2002, and the United States won their first women's title the next year.

In 2005, the men's and women's championships were separated, and an agreement was made between the World Curling Federation and the Canadian Curling Association that Canada would host one of the tournaments annually each year, all of which are title sponsored by Ford of Canada. Canada began a streak of top two finishes in the men's tournament, and China won their first world title in the women's tournament in 2009.

In 2008, a world championship for mixed doubles curling was created. Switzerland won the first world mixed doubles title, and proceeded to win four of the first five titles. Russia and Hungary won their first world curling titles in the mixed doubles championship, and New Zealand, France, Austria, and the Czech Republic won their first world curling medals.

In 2015, a world championship for mixed curling was created, replacing the European Mixed Curling Championship and supplanting the European Mixed and Canadian Mixed curling championships as the highest level of mixed curling in the world.[1]

In 2019, the World Qualification Event was introduced, to qualify the final two teams in the men's and women's championships.[2] A mixed doubles qualification event will also be added in the 2019–20 curling season, qualifying the final four teams of the twenty-team mixed doubles championship.[3]

Tournament namesEdit

The World Curling Championships have been known by a number of different names over the years.

Men

  • 1959–1967: Scotch Cup
  • 1968–1985: Air Canada Silver Broom
  • 1986–1988: IOC President's Cup (Hexagon)
  • 1989–1990: WCF Championships
  • 1991–1992: Safeway World Curling Championship
  • 1993–1994: WCF Championships
  • 1995–2004: Ford World Curling Championship
  • 2005–2017: Ford World Men's Curling Championship (odd years)
  • 2006–2018: World Men's Curling Championship (even years)
  • 2019: Pioneer Hi-Bred World Men's Curling Championship
  • 2020: LGT World Men's Curling Championship

Women

  • 1979–1981: Royal Bank of Scotland World Curling Championships
  • 1982: World Curling Championships
  • 1983: Pioneer Life World Curling Championships
  • 1984: World Curling Championships
  • 1985: H&M World Curling Championships
  • 1986–1990: World Curling Championships
  • 1991–1992: Safeway World Curling Championships
  • 1993–1994: World Curling Championships
  • 1995–2004: Ford World Curling Championships
  • 2005–2017: World Women's Curling Championship (odd years)
  • 2006–2018: Ford World Women's Curling Championship (even years)
  • 2019: LGT World Women's Curling Championship

Competition formatEdit

The first two world championships, held as competitions between Scotland and Canada, were held as five-game series between the two nations. Upon the addition of the United States in 1961, the format was changed to a double round robin preliminary round with a three-team knockout round at the conclusion of the round robin. The knockout round was removed for the next two championships. With the addition of more teams, a single round robin preliminary round with a four-team knockout round was implemented in 1971. The championships occurring from 1968 to 1970 included three-team knockout rounds instead of four-team knockout rounds. The knockout round format was adjusted from single-elimination to the Page playoff system in 2005.

In the championships held from 1971 to 1985, third place was awarded to either the team that lost in the semifinal of a three-team knockout round or the higher-seeded team among the losing teams of a four-team knockout round. A bronze medal game was added to the knockout round in 1986, but bronze medal games were not held from 1989 to 1994, during which bronze medals were awarded to the teams that lost in the semifinals.

Until 2017 format of the world championships used a twelve team round-robin preliminary round, after which the top four teams advance to a knockout round held using the Page playoff system.

Starting in 2018 there are 13 teams playing round-robin preliminary round with top six advancing to a single-elimination knockout with top two receiving bye to the semifinals.[4] This includes two teams from the Americas zone, eight from the European zone (via the European Curling Championships) and three from the Asia-Pacific zone (via the Pacific-Asia Curling Championships). For 2019, the number of teams from the Asia-Pacific zone will be reduced by one, and there will also be one less team from the zone of the bottom-placed team at the 2018 championships.[5]. The two slots will be allocated to teams from the new World Qualification Event. The qualification event will have eight teams: the host country, one team from the Americas, two from Pacific-Asia, and four from Europe.

ChampionshipsEdit

MenEdit

 
Scotsman David Murdoch is a two-time world champion.
Year Host Champion Finalist
1959   Falkirk, Perth, and Edinburgh, Scotland   Canada   Scotland
1960   Ayr, Edinburgh, and Glasgow, Scotland   Canada (2)   Scotland
1961   Ayr, Kirkcaldy, Perth, and Edinburgh, Scotland   Canada (3)   Scotland
1962   Falkirk and Edinburgh, Scotland   Canada (4)   United States
1963   Perth, Scotland   Canada (5)   Scotland
1964   Calgary, Canada   Canada (6)   Scotland
1965   Perth, Scotland   United States   Canada
1966   Vancouver, Canada   Canada (7)   Scotland
1967   Perth, Scotland   Scotland   Sweden
1968   Pointe-Claire, Canada   Canada (8)   Scotland
1969   Perth, Scotland   Canada (9)   United States
1970   Utica, United States   Canada (10)   Scotland
1971   Megève, France   Canada (11)   Scotland
1972   Garmisch-Partenkirchen, West Germany   Canada (12)   United States
1973   Regina, Canada   Sweden   Canada
1974   Berne, Switzerland   United States (2)   Sweden
1975   Perth, Scotland    Switzerland   United States
1976   Duluth, United States   United States (3)   Scotland
1977   Karlstad, Sweden   Sweden (2)   Canada
1978   Winnipeg, Canada   United States (4)   Norway
1979   Berne, Switzerland   Norway    Switzerland
1980   Moncton, Canada   Canada (13)   Norway
1981   London, Canada    Switzerland (2)   United States
1982   Garmisch-Partenkirchen, West Germany   Canada (14)    Switzerland
1983   Regina, Canada   Canada (15)   West Germany
1984   Duluth, United States   Norway (2)    Switzerland
1985   Glasgow, Scotland   Canada (16)   Sweden
1986   Toronto, Canada   Canada (17)   Scotland
1987   Vancouver, Canada   Canada (18)   West Germany
1988   Lausanne, Switzerland   Norway (3)   Canada
1989   Milwaukee, United States   Canada (19)    Switzerland
1990   Västerås, Sweden   Canada (20)   Scotland
1991   Winnipeg, Canada   Scotland (2)   Canada
1992   Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany    Switzerland (3)   Scotland
1993   Geneva, Switzerland   Canada (21)   Scotland
1994   Oberstdorf, Germany   Canada (22)   Sweden
1995   Brandon, Canada   Canada (23)   Scotland
1996   Hamilton, Canada   Canada (24)   Scotland
1997   Berne, Switzerland   Sweden (3)   Germany
1998   Kamloops, Canada   Canada (25)   Sweden
1999   Saint John, Canada   Scotland (3)   Canada
2000   Glasgow, Scotland   Canada (26)   Sweden
2001   Lausanne, Switzerland   Sweden (4)    Switzerland
2002   Bismarck, United States   Canada (27)   Norway
2003   Winnipeg, Canada   Canada (28)    Switzerland
2004   Gävle, Sweden   Sweden (5)   Germany
2005   Victoria, Canada   Canada (29)   Scotland
2006   Lowell, United States   Scotland (4)   Canada
2007   Edmonton, Canada   Canada (30)   Germany
2008   Grand Forks, United States   Canada (31)   Scotland
2009   Moncton, Canada   Scotland (5)   Canada
2010   Cortina d'Ampezzo, Italy   Canada (32)   Norway
2011   Regina, Canada   Canada (33)   Scotland
2012   Basel, Switzerland   Canada (34)   Scotland
2013   Victoria, Canada[6][7]   Sweden (6)   Canada
2014   Beijing, China   Norway (4)   Sweden
2015   Halifax, Canada   Sweden (7)   Norway
2016   Basel, Switzerland[8]   Canada (35)   Denmark
2017   Edmonton, Canada[9]   Canada (36)   Sweden
2018   Las Vegas, United States[10]   Sweden (8)   Canada
2019   Lethbridge, Canada[11]   Sweden (9)   Canada
2020   Glasgow, Scotland[12]

WomenEdit

Year Host Champion Finalist
1979   Perth, Scotland    Switzerland   Sweden
1980   Perth, Scotland   Canada   Sweden
1981   Perth, Scotland   Sweden   Canada
1982   Geneva, Switzerland   Denmark   Sweden
1983   Moose Jaw, Canada    Switzerland (2)   Norway
1984   Perth, Scotland   Canada (2)    Switzerland
1985   Jönköping, Sweden   Canada (3)   Scotland
1986   Kelowna, Canada   Canada (4)   West Germany
1987   Chicago, United States   Canada (5)   West Germany
1988   Glasgow, Scotland   West Germany   Canada
1989   Milwaukee, United States   Canada (6)   Norway
1990   Västerås, Sweden   Norway   Scotland
1991   Winnipeg, Canada   Norway (2)   Canada
1992   Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany   Sweden (2)   United States
1993   Geneva, Switzerland   Canada (7)   Germany
1994   Oberstdorf, Germany   Canada (8)   Scotland
1995   Brandon, Canada   Sweden (3)   Canada
1996   Hamilton, Canada   Canada (9)   United States
1997   Berne, Switzerland   Canada (10)   Norway
1998   Kamloops, Canada   Sweden (4)   Denmark
1999   Saint John, Canada   Sweden (5)   United States
2000   Glasgow, Scotland   Canada (11)    Switzerland
2001   Lausanne, Switzerland   Canada (12)   Sweden
2002   Bismarck, United States   Scotland   Sweden
2003   Winnipeg, Canada   United States   Canada
2004   Gävle, Sweden   Canada (13)   Norway
2005   Paisley, Scotland   Sweden (6)   United States
2006   Grande Prairie, Canada   Sweden (7)   United States
2007   Aomori, Japan   Canada (14)   Denmark
2008   Vernon, Canada   Canada (15)   China
2009   Gangneung, South Korea   China   Sweden
2010   Swift Current, Canada   Germany (2)   Scotland
2011   Esbjerg, Denmark   Sweden (8)   Canada
2012   Lethbridge, Canada[13]    Switzerland (3)   Sweden
2013   Riga, Latvia[14]   Scotland (2)   Sweden
2014   Saint John, Canada    Switzerland (4)   Canada
2015   Sapporo, Japan[15]    Switzerland (5)   Canada
2016   Swift Current, Canada[16]    Switzerland (6)   Japan
2017   Beijing, China[17]   Canada (16)   Russia
2018   North Bay, Canada[18]   Canada (17)   Sweden
2019   Silkeborg, Denmark[19]    Switzerland (7)   Sweden
2020   Prince George, Canada[20]
2021   Schaffhausen, Switzerland

MixedEdit

Year Host Champion Finalist
2015   Bern, Switzerland   Norway   Sweden
2016   Kazan, Russia[21]   Russia   Sweden
2017   Champéry, Switzerland[22]   Scotland   Canada
2018   Kelowna, Canada   Canada   Spain
2019   Aberdeen, Scotland

Mixed DoublesEdit

Year Host Champion Finalist
2008   Vierumäki, Finland    Switzerland   Finland
2009   Cortina d'Ampezzo, Italy    Switzerland (2)   Hungary
2010   Chelyabinsk, Russia   Russia   New Zealand
2011   St. Paul, United States    Switzerland (3)   Russia
2012   Erzurum, Turkey[23]    Switzerland (4)   Sweden
2013   Fredericton, Canada[24]   Hungary   Sweden
2014   Dumfries, Scotland[25]    Switzerland (5)   Sweden
2015   Sochi, Russia[26]   Hungary (2)   Sweden
2016   Karlstad, Sweden[27]   Russia (2)   China
2017   Lethbridge, Canada[28]    Switzerland (6)   Canada
2018   Östersund, Sweden    Switzerland (7)   Russia
2019   Stavanger, Norway   Sweden   Canada

WheelchairEdit

Year Host Champion Finalist
2002   Sursee, Switzerland    Switzerland   Canada
2004   Sursee, Switzerland   Scotland    Switzerland
2005   Braehead, Scotland   Scotland (2)   Denmark
2007   Sollefteå, Sweden   Norway    Switzerland
2008   Sursee, Switzerland   Norway (2)   South Korea
2009   Vancouver, Canada   Canada   Sweden
2011   Prague, Czech Republic   Canada (2)   Scotland
2012   Chuncheon City, South Korea   Russia   South Korea
2013   Sochi, Russia   Canada (3)   Sweden
2015   Lohja, Finland[29]   Russia (2)   China
2016   Lucerne, Switzerland[30]   Russia (3)   Norway
2017   Gangneung, South Korea[31]   Norway (3)   Russia
2019   Stirling, Scotland[32]   China   Scotland

National championshipsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "WCF Annual General Assembly 2014 - 7 September". World Curling Federation. 7 September 2014. Retrieved 7 September 2014.
  2. ^ "World Curling Championships to grow after Annual General Assembly". World Qualification Event. 17 September 2017. Retrieved 20 November 2018.
  3. ^ World Curling Federation (9 September 2018). "Resolutions put to the World Curling Annual General Assembly 2018". World Curling Federation. Retrieved 20 November 2018.
  4. ^ "World Curling Championships to grow after Annual General Assembly". World Curling Federation. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  5. ^ PDF from [1]
  6. ^ "Victoria, Canada awarded 2013 Ford World Men's Curling Championship". 18 October 2011.
  7. ^ "WCF and CCA deal on future of World Championships in Canada". 8 August 2010. Retrieved 26 September 2010.
  8. ^ "World Men's Curling Championship returns to Basel, Switzerland in 2016". World Curling Federation. 26 February 2014. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
  9. ^ "Edmonton to host Ford World Men's Curling Championship 2017". World Curling Federation. 19 January 2016. Retrieved 19 January 2016.
  10. ^ "Fabulous Las Vegas awarded World Men's Curling Championship 2018". World Curling Federation. 5 November 2015. Retrieved 5 November 2015.
  11. ^ "Lethbridge to host 2019 World Men's Curling Championship". Curling Canada. 14 March 2018. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  12. ^ "Scotland awarded four international curling championships". World Curling Federation. 23 December 2014. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
  13. ^ "Lethbridge Awarded 2012 WWCC". 6 December 2010. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
  14. ^ "Riga Latvia to host World Women's Curling Championship 2013". Worldcurling.org. Retrieved 18 February 2014.
  15. ^ "WCF Annual General Assembly 2013". World Curling Federation. 2 September 2013. Retrieved 2 September 2013.
  16. ^ "Swift Current to host 2016 Ford World Women's Curling Championship". Canadian Curling Association. 5 November 2014. Retrieved 6 November 2014.
  17. ^ "China to host first World Women's Curling Championship". World Curling Federation. 19 October 2015. Retrieved 19 October 2015.
  18. ^ http://www.worldcurling.org/north-bay-2018
  19. ^ "Silkeborg, Denmark to host World Women's Curling Championship 2019". World Curling Federation. 12 December 2017. Retrieved 25 February 2018.
  20. ^ "2020 World Women's Curling Championship to be played in Prince George, B.C." Canadian Curling Association. 5 February 2019. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  21. ^ "Russia to host second World Mixed Curling Championship". World Curling Federation. 29 October 2015. Retrieved 29 October 2015.
  22. ^ "World Mixed Curling Championship 2017". World Curling Federation. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  23. ^ "Erzurum Turkey to host World Mixed Doubles Championship 2012". Worldcurling.org. 13 February 2014. Retrieved 18 February 2014.
  24. ^ "Fredericton to Stage 2013 World Mixed Doubles and World Senior Curling Championships". Canadian Curling Association. 23 April 2012.
  25. ^ "Dumfries, Scotland to stage 2014 World Mixed Doubles and World Senior Curling Championships". World Curling Federation. 11 April 2013. Retrieved 11 April 2014.
  26. ^ "WCF Annual General Assembly 2014 - 7 September". World Curling Federation. 7 September 2014. Retrieved 7 September 2014.
  27. ^ "Karlstad, Sweden to host World Mixed Doubles and World Senior Curling Championships 2016". World Curling Federation. 25 April 2015. Retrieved 21 May 2015.
  28. ^ "Venue confirmed for World Mixed Doubles and Senior Curling Championships 2017". World Curling Federation. 1 October 2015. Retrieved 1 October 2015.
  29. ^ "Lohja, Finland to host World Wheelchair Curling Championship 2015". World Curling Federation. 29 January 2014. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
  30. ^ "World Wheelchair Curling Championship 2016 to be held in Lucerne, Switzerland". World Curling Federation. 3 January 2015. Retrieved 11 February 2015.
  31. ^ "World Wheelchair Curling Championship 2017 to be held in Gangnung". World Curling Federation. 15 November 2016. Missing or empty |url= (help)
  32. ^ "worldcurling.org/scotland-awarded-four-international-curling-championships". World Curling Federation. 23 December 2014. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
  33. ^ "Finnish Championships - Past seasons". Curling.fi. Retrieved 18 February 2014.

External linksEdit