List of watermills in the United Kingdom

  (Redirected from Watermills in the United Kingdom)

The use of water power in Britain was at its peak just before the Industrial Revolution. The need for power was great and steam power had not yet become established. It is estimated that at this time there were well in excess of ten thousand watermills in the country. Most of these were corn mills (to grind flour), but almost any industrial process needing motive power, beyond that available from the muscles of men or animals, used a water wheel, unless a windmill was preferred.

Today only a fraction of these mills survive. Many are used as private residences, or have been converted into offices or flats. A number have been preserved or restored as museums where the public can see the mill in operation.

Kingsbury Watermill Museum, St Albans

This is a list of some of the surviving watermills and tide mills in the United Kingdom.

"The Lesson of the Water Mill"
 

Listen to the water mill
Through the livelong day;
How the clicking of the wheel
Wears the hours away.
Languidly the autumn wind
Stirs the withered leaves;
On the field the reapers sing
Binding up the sheaves;
And a proverb haunts my mind
And as a spell is cast,
"The mill will never grind
With the water that has passed."

 

Sarah Doudney,


From "Puck's Song"
 

See yon our little mill that clacks
so busy by the brook,
She has ground her corn and paid her tax
ever since Domesday Book.

 

Rudyard Kipling,

EnglandEdit

BedfordshireEdit

 
Stotfold Mill, Bedfordshire

BerkshireEdit

 
Chamberhouse Mill, Berkshire

BuckinghamshireEdit

 
Hambleden Mill, Buckinghamshire

CambridgeshireEdit

 
Houghton Mill, Cambridgeshire

CheshireEdit

 
Quarry Bank Mill, Cheshire

CornwallEdit

 
Cotehele Mill, Cornwall

CumbriaEdit

 
Stott Park Bobbin Mill, Cumbria

DerbyshireEdit

 
Stainsby Mill, Derbyshire

DevonEdit

 
Otterton mill, Devon

DorsetEdit

 
King's Mill, Dorset

DurhamEdit

 
Killhope Wheel, Durham

East SussexEdit

 
Sheffield Mill, East Sussex

East YorkshireEdit

 
Stamford Bridge Mill, East Yorkshire

EssexEdit

 
Bourne Mill, Essex

GloucestershireEdit

 
Egypt Mill, Gloucestershire

Greater LondonEdit

 
Clock Mill, Greater London

HampshireEdit

 
Sadler's Mill, Hampshire

HertfordshireEdit

 
Redbournbury Mill, Hertfordshire

Isle of WightEdit

 
Yafford Mill, Isle of Wight

KentEdit

 
Bradley's Mill, Kent

LancashireEdit

 
Higher Mill, Lancashire

LeicestershireEdit

 
Cotes Mill, Leicestershire

LincolnshireEdit

 
Cogglesford Mill, Lincolnshire

NorfolkEdit

 
Caley Mill aka Heacham Mill, Norfolk

NorthamptonshireEdit

 
HardwaterMill, Northamptonshire

North YorkshireEdit

 
Gayle Mill, North Yorkshire

NorthumberlandEdit

 
Ridley Mill, Northumberland

NottinghamshireEdit

 
Warsop, Nottinghamshire

OxfordshireEdit

 
Mapledurham Watermill, Oxfordshire

ShropshireEdit

 
Daniel's Mill, Shropshire

SomersetEdit

South YorkshireEdit

 
Worsbrough Mill, South Yorkshire

StaffordshireEdit

 
Brindley Mill, Staffordshire

SuffolkEdit

 
Flatford Mill, Suffolk

SurreyEdit

 
Shalford Mill, Surrey

Tyne and WearEdit

 
Path Head Water Mill, Tyne and Wear

WarwickshireEdit

 
Wellesbourne Water Mill, Warwickshire

West MidlandsEdit

 
Sarehole Mill, West Midlands

West SussexEdit

 
Westhampnett Mill, West Sussex

West YorkshireEdit

 
Armley Mills, Leeds, West Yorkshire

WiltshireEdit

WorcestershireEdit

 
Forge Mill, Worcestershire

ScotlandEdit

AberdeenshireEdit

 
Mill of Benholm, Aberdeenshire

AngusEdit

 
Barry Mill, Angus

Dumfries and GallowayEdit

East AyrshireEdit

 
Aiket Mill, East Ayrshire

East LothianEdit

 
Preston Mill, East Lothian

East RenfrewshireEdit

HighlandsEdit

Click Mill, Kingussie

LanarkshireEdit

MorayEdit

North AyrshireEdit

 
Dalgarven Mill, North Ayrshire
 
Giffen Mill, North Ayrshire

OrkneyEdit

 
Dounby Click Mill, Orkney

PerthshireEdit

 
Stanley Mills, Perthshire

RenfrewshireEdit

 
Meikle Millbank Mill, Renfrewshire

Scottish BordersEdit

Robert Small’s Printing Works, Innerleithen

ShetlandEdit

South AyrshireEdit

 
Millmannoch Mill in the 18th century, South Ayrshire

Western IslesEdit

West LothianEdit

Livingston Mill, Livingston

Northern IrelandEdit

County AntrimEdit

County DownEdit

 
Coalisland Mill, County Down

County FermanaghEdit

County TyroneEdit

 
Ballynasaggart, County Tyrone

WalesEdit

ClwydEdit

 
King's mill, Clwyd

DyfedEdit

 
Y Felin, St Dogmaels, Dyfed

GwentEdit

 
Gelligroes Mill, Gwent

GwyneddEdit

Mid GlamorganEdit

PowysEdit

South GlamorganEdit

 
Esgair Moel, South Glamorgan

West GlamorganEdit

Channel IslandsEdit

GuernseyEdit

JerseyEdit

 
Le Moulin de Quétivel, Jersey

Isle of ManEdit

 
Groudle Glen, Isle of Man

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Watermills and Windmills". Hungerford Virtual Museum. Retrieved 21 May 2020.
  2. ^ "Eddington Mill". Hungerford Virtual Museum. Retrieved 21 May 2020.
  3. ^ Walk Mill Official Website
  4. ^ Boot Mill Official Website
  5. ^ Gleaston Watermill Official Website
  6. ^ Heron Corn Mill Official Website
  7. ^ Little Salkeld Watermill Official Website
  8. ^ "Hembury Mill Cottages". Bridport Holiday Cottages. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
  9. ^ Gayle Mill official website
  10. ^ Daniels Mill Official Website
  11. ^ Arrow Millofficial website
  12. ^ Charlecote Mill official website
  13. ^ New Hall Mill official website
  14. ^ Sarehole MillOfficial Website Archived 2010-04-03 at the Wayback Machine
  15. ^ Canmore Scottish national database record
  16. ^ Preston Mill Official Website
  17. ^ Talgarth Mill Official Website

BibliographyEdit

  • Martin Watts: Watermills, Shire Publications Ltd, UK, 2006
  • Jim Woodward-Nutt & Jenny West: Mills Open, Society for the Protection of Ancient Buildings, UK, 1997
  • Neil Wright (Ed), Lincolnshire's Industrial Heritage, Society for Lincolnshire History and Archaeology, UK 2004, ISBN 0 903582 20 1

External linksEdit