Lamberhurst (// is a village and civil parish in the borough of Tunbridge Wells in Kent, England. The parish contains the hamlets of The Down and Hook Green. At the 2001 Census it had a population of 1,491, increasing to 1,706 at the 2011 Census.
|Population||1,706 (2011 Census)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Post town||TUNBRIDGE WELLS|
|Ambulance||South East Coast|
|EU Parliament||South East England|
Prior to the Industrial Revolution, Lamberhurst was a centre for the Wealden iron industry, originally set up during Roman times. Since then it had some importance for the hop industry; was a weekend home to Margaret Thatcher; acquired an extensive golf course; has controversially been by-passed; and played a major role in English wine production.
Lamberhurst civil parish on formation when such parishes first became possible in the 19th century was in both Kent and East Sussex. The line of the county border was adjusted following the Local Government Act 1894, which required that parish boundaries be aligned with counties. The redrawing of county lines included transferring part of Bayham Lake so its entirety was in Kent.
The village lies in the valley of the River Teise, one of the main tributaries of the River Medway. The valley of one of its tributaries, the River Bewl, was dammed and flooded between 1973 and 1975 creating the Bewl Water reservoir. The village itself has a large conservation area with a large number of 17th and 18th century buildings. and the Strict Baptist Church, established in the village since the 18th century.
Historically Significant Buildings/GardensEdit
To the west of the high street, The Broadway are the ruins of Bayham Old Abbey opened up by English Heritage and its current replacement listed gardens and house and the 14th century Scotney Castle to the east; a property of the National Trust. The moat and lake in the grounds of the latter is the result of a dam on the Sweetbourne stream.
The village was bypassed to the east in 2005 by the A21, which previously ran through the village. The decision caused some controversy due to its location in the High Weald Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty.
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