Rowsley (/ˈrzli/) is a village on the A6 road in the English county of Derbyshire. The population as at the 2011 census was 507.[3]

Peacock Rowsley Geograph-3434237-by-Graham-Horn.jpg
The Peacock Hotel
Rowsley is located in Derbyshire
Location within Derbyshire
Population507 (2011)
OS grid referenceSK258659
Shire county
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townMATLOCK
Postcode districtDE4
AmbulanceEast Midlands
UK Parliament
List of places
53°11′24″N 1°36′50″W / 53.190°N 1.614°W / 53.190; -1.614Coordinates: 53°11′24″N 1°36′50″W / 53.190°N 1.614°W / 53.190; -1.614
Monsal Trail
to Buxton
Midland Railway
to Peak Forest
Topley Pike junction
Chee Tor No. 1 tunnel
Millers Dale
Millers Dale viaducts
Litton Tunnel (
516 yd
472 m
Cressbrook Tunnel (
471 yd
431 m
Monsal Dale
Headstone Viaduct
Headstone Tunnel (
533 yd
487 m
Great Longstone
Coombs Road viaduct
(end of trail)
Haddon Tunnel (
1058 yd
967 m
(proposed extension)
Rowsley South
Darley Dale
Matlock Riverside


It is at the point where the River Wye flows into the River Derwent and prospered from mills on both. The border of the Peak District National Park runs through the village west of the River Wye and immediately to the north of Chatsworth Road. The Peak District Boundary Walk goes through the village.[4]


The original Rowsley railway station

Notable features are the bridge over the River Derwent, St Katherine's Church, Rowsley and the Grade-II*-listed[5] Peacock hotel, originally built in 1652 as a manor house by John Stevenson, agent to Lady Manners, whose family crest bearing a peacock gives it its name. Both Longfellow and Landseer are said to have stayed there. Nearby is Chatsworth House, home of the Duke and Duchess of Devonshire.

It was the site of an extensive motive power depot and marshalling yard, the first being built by the Manchester, Buxton, Matlock and Midlands Junction Railway with a railway station designed by Joseph Paxton in 1849. This was replaced by a new station when the line was extended northwards in 1862. It was frequently used by King Edward VII when he visited Chatsworth House. The original station became a goods depot until 1968, when it was used as a contractor's yard. It then became the centrepiece of a shopping development known as Peak Village.

Railway stationsEdit

Rowsley SouthEdit

Rowsley South is the current northern terminus of the preserved heritage railway Peak Rail, and is located about a quarter-mile south of the village itself. Running for a length of four miles between Rowsley and Matlock, it is projected that the heritage railway will run into Rowsley proper in the near future. In the long term, the A6 presents the greatest challenge to the organisation, as a new bridge is required to be built over it in order to reach the viaduct which crosses the River Derwent and thence the trackbed that runs through the Duke of Rutland's estate to Bakewell.

Rowsley NorthEdit

Preceding station    Heritage railways Following station
Rowsley South   Peak Rail
Future Extension

Notable residentsEdit


  1. ^ "The Monsal Trail". A Taste of the Peak District. Retrieved 10 April 2020.
  2. ^ Bickerdike, Graeme (June 2009). "The story of structures of the Monsal Trail: A Week in the Peak". Retrieved 10 April 2020.
  3. ^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 30 March 2016.
  4. ^ McCloy, Andrew (2017). Peak District Boundary Walk: 190 Miles Around the Edge of the National Park. Friends of the Peak District. ISBN 978-1909461536.
  5. ^ Historic England. "Peacock Hotel, Rowsley  (Grade II*) (1045804)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 24 August 2013.
  6. ^ Philip Whitehead's obituary in The Times

Further readingEdit

  • The Peacock at Rowsley. (1869). A gossiping book about fishing and country life with a descriptive of a well-known resort of anglers at the junction of the Wye and River Derwent, by John Joseph Briggs, London: Bemrose and Sons

External linksEdit