Ballygawley, County Tyrone

Ballygawley or Ballygawly (from Irish: Baile Uí Dhálaigh, meaning 'Ó Dálaigh's town')[1][2] is a Village in County Tyrone, Northern Ireland. It is about 20 kilometres southwest of Dungannon, near the meeting of the A5 DerryDublin and A4 Dungannon–Enniskillen roads.[3]

Ballygawley
  • Irish: Baile Uí Dhálaigh
Ballygawley Co. Tyrone - geograph.org.uk - 62151.jpg
Picture taken on 29 September 2005
Ballygawley is located in Northern Ireland
Ballygawley
Location within Northern Ireland
Population711 (2011 Census)
Irish grid referenceH630574
• Belfast52 mi (84 km)
District
County
CountryNorthern Ireland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townDUNGANNON
Postcode districtBT71
Dialling code028, +44 28
UK Parliament
NI Assembly
List of places
UK
Northern Ireland
Tyrone
54°27′42″N 7°01′41″W / 54.4618°N 7.0280°W / 54.4618; -7.0280Coordinates: 54°27′42″N 7°01′41″W / 54.4618°N 7.0280°W / 54.4618; -7.0280

GeographyEdit

An American visitor in 1925 commented on the way the village was laid out: "...Ballygawley, which I found to be a village or settlement on two streets (or possibly on one street which turned at right angles to my left as I stood looking at the buildings when I came in sight of the place). It was a wide street, with excellent cement sidewalks not very wide, and the buildings came up flush with the sidewalks, and there were no alleys, driveways or paths between the buildings."[4]

It is a compact village around the ‘L’ shaped Main Street and Church Street, formerly Meeting House Street, with a second cluster of development to the southwest. The main cluster inholds most of the village's facilities; two primary schools, churches and a range of shops and services. The cluster of development to the southwest inholds a secondary school and housing.[3] Ballygawley had a population of 642 at the 2001 Census.

HistoryEdit

Ballygawley is also known as "Errigal-Kerogue" or "Errigal-Kieran", supposedly from the dedication of an ancient church to St. Kieran (Ciarán of Clonmacnoise). It was in the Clogher (barony), along the River Blackwater. Some of the remains of the old church were known, and an ancient Franciscan friary, founded by Conn O'Neill, 1st Earl of Tyrone. In the churchyard was a large stone cross, and a holy well.[5]

The TroublesEdit

For more information see The Troubles in Ballygawley, which includes a list of incidents in Ballygawley during the Troubles resulting in two or more fatalities, as well as:

PeopleEdit

  • Mickey Harte, the Gaelic football manager who led Tyrone to All Ireland glory in 2003,2005 and 2008, was born in Ballygawley in 1952.[6]
  • Michaela McAreavey, daughter of Mickey Harte, who was murdered in 2011 whilst on honeymoon in Mauritius.
 
Tirnaskea, Ballygawley.

DevelopmentEdit

Ballygawley is acquiring extensive development with the major upgrade to the A4 and the building of the new roundabout to accommodate the traffic congestion from the main Aughnacloy road. These road improvements many contractors have been submitting plans for extensive housing developments. The most exciting of all being the redevelopment of Main st leading onto Church Street, with plans for new bars and restaurants. There is speculation of the Stewart Arms hotel being reopened and other developments such as the health spa at 'Grangemount'. There are other developments such as the rebuilding of Loughrans Castle as a historical building to house historical items from the surrounding area. The Ballygawley River is a major tourist attraction supplying the finest of fresh water fishing in Ireland. The original hydro-electric station at the old Dungannon rd is being rebuilt to provide a large amount of the town's energy.

EventsEdit

Although having an Irish nationalist majority, Ballygawley is paraded through by the unionist loyal orders without any incident and last held the Orange Orders "Twelfth" celebrations in 2018,[7] and the Royal Black Institutions "Black Saturday" demonstration in 2011.[8]

Outdoor activity centre Todds Leap is located in Ballygawley hosting various events and outdoor activities.

TransportEdit

Ballygawley railway station (on the narrow gauge Clogher Valley Railway) opened on 2 May 1887 but was shut on 1 January 1942.[9]

EducationEdit

SportEdit

DemographyEdit

19th century populationEdit

The population of the village decreased during the 19th century:[10][11]

Year 1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891
Population 881 768 680 560 446 397
Houses 166 145 147 126 136 126

2011 CensusEdit

On Census Day (27 March 2011) the usually resident population of Ballygawley Settlement was 711, accounting for 0.04% of the NI total.[12] Of these:

  • 22.22% were aged under 16 and 13.22% were aged 65 and over
  • 46.55% of the population were male and 53.45% were female
  • 80.87% belong to or were brought up in the Catholic religion and 17.02% belong to or were brought up in a 'Protestant and Other Christian (including Christian related)' religion; and
  • 15.61% indicated that they had a British national identity, 44.59% had an Irish national identity and 36.43% had a Northern Irish national identity.

Ballygawley TownlandEdit

It is situated in the historic barony of Clogher and the civil parish of Errigal Keerogue and covers an area of 123 acres.[13]

The population of the townland declined during the 19th century:[14][15]

Year 1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891
Population 84 73 62 68 49 34
Houses 19 18 19 15 14 11

The townland contains one Scheduled Historic Monument: a Castle (grid ref: H6324 5749).[16]

See alsoEdit

BibliographyEdit

  • Ballygawley National School (Tyrone). 1990. Register of Ballygawley National School, 1893–1951. Salt Lake City, Utah: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah. Ballygawley is a town in Errigal Keerogue Parish. The school was under the jurisdiction of the Southern School Board. Microfilm of original records at the Public Record Office, Belfast. Includes indexes.
  • Errigal Keerogue. 1837. A Topographical Dictionary of Ireland.
  • Geological Survey of Ireland, J. Nolan, and E.T. Hardman. 1877. Sheet 34 Ballygawley. Dublin: Geological Survey of Ireland. Scale 1:63 360. Hand colored map.
  • Harris, Mary N.. 2004. MacRory, Joseph. Oxford: Oxford University Press. MacRory, Joseph (bap. 1861, d. 1945), cardinal, was born in Ballygawley, co. Tyrone, where he was baptized on 10 March 1861, one of ten children of Francis MacRory (d. 1867?), a small farmer, and Rose Montague.
  • Ingram, Brett. 1970. The Armavigil. Ballygawley: the Author. Produced for the Irish Church Independence Centenary pageant. 61 pages.
  • Ingram, Brett. 1960. The Ulstertide. Ireland: s.n. Ulster (Ireland) -- Emigration and immigration.
  • KIRKLAND, RICHARD. 2009. "Ballygawley, Ballylynn, Belfast: Writing about Modernity and Settlement in Northern Ireland". The Irish Review (1986-). (40/41): 18–32.
  • Latimer, W. T. 1900. "Interesting Find at Ballygawley". The Journal of the Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland. 10 (4): 368.
  • Ordnance Survey of Ireland. 2011. Mid Tyrone 1900. Dunston [u.a.]: Godfrey. Map: English: Surveyed in 1833–34, rev. in 1900 and publ. 1902, printed 1904. Scale: 1:63.360.
  • Pringle, Margaret. 1960. History of Pringle family. Salt Lake City, Utah: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah. Margaret Pringle was born in 1836, married a Presbyterian clergyman of Ballygawley, and died 1906.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Ballygawley". Place Names NI. Retrieved 18 March 2013.
  2. ^ A. D. Mills, 2003, A Dictionary of British Place-Names, Oxford University Press
  3. ^ a b "Ballygawley". Dungannon and South Tyrone Area Plan 2010. Retrieved 11 August 2010.
  4. ^ Hadden, John Alexander. 1956. Alexander Hadden: a short biography. Cleveland: Gates Legal Pub. Co. Pages 2-3. OCLC: 3375165.
  5. ^ Errigal Keerogue. 1837. A Topographical Dictionary of Ireland. Page 609.
  6. ^ Coyle, Cathal (27 September 2007). "Mickey Harte". www.culturenorthernireland.org. Retrieved 30 July 2021.
  7. ^ "Ballygawley: intimate Twelfth gets World Cup fever". The News Letter. 12 July 2018. Retrieved 30 July 2021.
  8. ^ "Ulster Gazette". Archived from the original on 26 October 2011. Retrieved 30 August 2011.
  9. ^ "Ballygawley station" (PDF). Railscot - Irish Railways. p. 6. Archived (PDF) from the original on 26 September 2007. Retrieved 10 September 2007.
  10. ^ "Census of Ireland 1851". Enhanced Parliamentary Papers on Ireland. Retrieved 22 March 2013.
  11. ^ "Census of Ireland 1891". Enhanced Parliamentary Papers on Ireland. Retrieved 22 March 2013.
  12. ^ "Census 2011 Population Statistics for Ballygawley Settlement". Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency (NISRA). Retrieved 2 May 2021.  This article contains quotations from this source, which is available under the Open Government Licence v3.0. © Crown copyright.
  13. ^ "Townlands of County Tyrone". IreAtlas Townland Database. Retrieved 28 December 2012.
  14. ^ "Census of Ireland 1851". Enhanced Parliamentary Papers on Ireland. Retrieved 28 December 2012.
  15. ^ "Census of Ireland 1891". Enhanced Parliamentary Papers on Ireland. Retrieved 28 December 2012.
  16. ^ "Scheduled Historic Monuments (to 15 October 2012)" (PDF). NI Environment Agency. Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 October 2013. Retrieved 28 December 2012.