Miners' Tribute, by Antony Dufort
Cinderford Baptist Chapel
|Population||8,494 (2011 Census)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Postcode district||GL14 2|
|EU Parliament||South West England|
The town came into existence in the 19th century, following the rapid expansion of Cinderford Ironworks and the Forest of Dean Coalfield. Cinderford's origins can be seen in the style and layout of the town, with long rows of identical terraced housing similar to those found in the mining villages of the South Wales Valleys. The decline of the coal industry in the 1950s and 1960s affected Cinderford as most of the male population was employed in mining.
The name Cinderford, used for a crossing-point, is recorded as early as 1258. The name reflects the site of early ironmaking which created deposits of cinders, sometimes in large mounds.
Following the construction of Cinderford Ironworks in the late 1700s, and the opening of large mines nearby, the town was laid out on a fairly conventional urban plan. In 1841 there were two inns and at least ten beerhouses in and around Cinderford. A new church was consecrated at Cinderford in 1844 and dedicated to St. John the Evangelist. By 1843 Cinderford also had a Baptist church which became by far the largest Baptist meeting in the Forest of Dean. Methodists and Primitive Methodists also had chapels in the area, and there was even an iron building which became known as the Ark, which was registered in 1886 by a group called the Blue Ribbon Gospel Army.
A coke-fired furnace was established in around 1797. It was situated 800 metres north of Cinderford bridge and used coke brought from Broadmoor, to the north, by a short canal. The furnace struggled to compete with iron furnaces elsewhere, and fell idle ten years later. It was revived in 1829 when new works on the old site were established by the Forest of Dean Iron Company, and in 1841 there were three furnaces producing 12,000 tons of iron a year and employing 100 men and boys. Only one furnace at the works was in blast in 1890 and the works closed in 1894.
By the 1840s Cinderford had a number of foundries and small engineering firms supplying the mining industry with machine parts, and it remained a centre for metal industries in the early 20th century.
For many years coal mining was the principal industry in the area. Lightmoor coal mine was being deepened in the late 1830s. Trafalgar colliery which was in production in 1860, was the only large mine in the coalfield run by free miners in the later 19th century. Trafalgar closed in 1925. A deep mine, called Northern United, was begun north-west of Cinderford in 1933, but Lightmoor, with a workforce of 600 in 1934, was the main colliery in the Cinderford area until it closed in 1940. There were still many smaller collieries in the Forest of Dean, employing 84.5 per cent of the adult male population in the Cinderford area, until the industry declined in the 1960s.
There are 2 electoral wards in Cinderford. Their total area and population equal that quoted above.
Education in CinderfordEdit
Cinderford has two primary schools, St. White's Primary School based on St. Whites Road, and Forest View Primary School based on Latimer Road. Forest View Primary School is an amalgamation of the Latimer Junior School and the Bilson Infants' School (formerly on Station Street), on the Latimer Road campus of the former. The town also has a Catholic (formerly private) primary school of St Anthony's School, and Steam Mills Primary on Steam Mills Road.
Cinderford has a single, relatively small secondary school on Causeway Road, currently called The Forest High School but previously known as Heywood Community School. The school existed as Double View Secondary Modern School on a previous campus, on Woodville Road, but moved to the Causeway Road campus, in the early-mid-1970s. Up until 1979 it was split between the two sites, in the mid-1980s it changed its name from Double View to Heywood Community School and in 2012 it became an academy called Forest E-ACT Academy. The name changed again to Forest Academy in 2014 and to the current name in 2015.
Opened in 2018, Gloucestershire College is situated beside the Forest Vale Industrial Estate.
Transport in CinderfordEdit
Cinderford's High Street and Belle Vue Road lie on the A4151, which links with the A48 (Gloucester-Chepstow road) to the east.
In former times, Cinderford had a railway station that was opened by the Severn and Wye Railway and later run by the Great Western Railway and Midland Railway as Cinderford Joint railway station, but this was axed in 1958.
A new Parkway station to serve the town is proposed for development at Newnham, and would be serviced by trains on the Maesteg-Cheltenham Spa services.
Cinderford is served by a regular bus service to Gloucester and Coleford, the bus station was dismantled in the late 1980s and no longer exists. Details of local bus destinations from Cinderford can be found here.
Religion in CinderfordEdit
Church of EnglandEdit
Cinderford is served by the Benefice of Cinderford with Littledean which consists of 5 churches in 3 Parishes. The Parish of St Stephen's with Bilson Mission covers the central town and northern parts of Cinderford. The Parish of St John the Evangelist covers the south of Cinderford, Ruspidge and Soudley with St Michael's Chapel of Ease in Soudley Village. The Parish of St Ethelbert's Littledean is further down the hill and serves the community there.
Cinderford sports clubsEdit
- "Parish population 2011". Retrieved 27 March 2015.
- Forest of Dean: Industry, Victoria County History
- Flaxley, Victoria County History
- Forest of Dean: Introduction, Victoria County History
- Forest of Dean: Social life, Victoria County History
- Forest of Dean: Churches, Victoria County History
- Forest of Dean: Protestant nonconformity, Victoria County History
- "Bridge Inn, Cinderford - another lost pub". www.closedpubs.co.uk. Retrieved 24 June 2017.
- Pope, Ian; Karau, Paul (1997). The Forest of Dean Branch - Volume 2. Didcot: Wild Swan Publications Ltd. p. 410. ISBN 1-874103-36-4.
- "Local bus, coach and rail information for Cinderford". www.carlberry.co.uk.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Cinderford.|