Haslemere

The town of Haslemere (/ˈhzəlmɪər/) and the villages of Shottermill and Grayswood are in south west Surrey, England, approximately 62 km (39 mi) south west of London. Together with the settlements of Hindhead and Beacon Hill, they comprise the civil parish of Haslemere in the Borough of Waverley. The tripoint between the counties of Surrey, Hampshire and West Sussex is at the west end of Shottermill.

Haslemere
Haslemere.JPG
High Street in 2008
Haslemere is located in Surrey
Haslemere
Haslemere
Location within Surrey
Area23.27 km2 (8.98 sq mi)
Population16,826 (Civil Parish 2011)[1] or 13,122 as to its contiguous Built-up Area[2]
• Density723/km2 (1,870/sq mi)
OS grid referenceSU9032
Civil parish
  • Haslemere
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townHASLEMERE
Postcode districtGU27
Dialling code01428
PoliceSurrey
FireSurrey
AmbulanceSouth East Coast
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Surrey
51°05′24″N 0°42′43″W / 51.090°N 0.712°W / 51.090; -0.712Coordinates: 51°05′24″N 0°42′43″W / 51.090°N 0.712°W / 51.090; -0.712

Haslemere railway station is operated by South Western Railway, with services to London Waterloo and Portsmouth. The A3, the main road between London and Portsmouth, passes underneath nearby Hindhead.

The River Wey drains the highest hill in Sussex, Blackdown, which is linked to Haslemere by a footpath, rising in six streams south and north-west of the town, which form small finger-like valleys. These unite to form a brook that follows the county boundary and another that follows the railway line, combining to form the river itself west of the town. Despite these flows, much of the town, which sits close and high above these brooks, drains east into the basin of the Sussex River Arun, the natural wooded headwaters of which have been recognised as part of the Surrey Hills Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty.

ToponymyEdit

The first indication of a settlement at Haslemere is from 1180, when there is a record of a "Chapel of Piperham", belonging to the church at Chiddingfold.[3] The town is recorded as Heselmere in 1221 and 1255, Haselmere in 1255 and 1441, Hasulmere in 1310, Hesselmere in 1612 and Hasselmere in 1654.[4] The "mere" element of the name is thought to refer to a lake or pond on the west side of the High Street, which was visible until at least 1859.[5] The "hasle" element of the name may refer to the common hazel tree[4] or to the Heysulle family from Chiddingfold, who are known to have owned land in the area until the 14th century.[3]

Grayswood appears as Grasewode in 1479 and 1518, Grasewood in 1537 and 1577, Grace Wood in 1568 and Greyes Wood in 1583. The "gray" element may derive from the Old French personal name "Gerard" and there may be an association with Gerardswoded, recorded in the 14th and 15th centuries near Witley, also in south west Surrey.[4]

Shottermill is first recorded as Shottover in 1537 and Schoutouermyll in 1607. The modern spelling is first used in 1583 and may reference a watermill owned by the Shotter family.[6][note 1]

HistoryEdit

 
Town Well – one of the old wells which served the area (at the end of Well Lane)
 
The White Horse

The earliest record of Haslemere was in 1221 as a Godalming tithing.[7] The name describes hazel trees standing beside a mere (lake). The lake does not exist today, but there is a natural spring in West Street which could have been its source. High Street is a watershed: water, west, flows to the North Sea via the Wey; water, east, goes to the English Channel via the River Arun. In the 14th century Haste (or East) Hill was the main local settlement and there may have been a church, given its records as "Churchliten field" and the "Old church-yard" of Haslemere[7] Haslemere was granted a charter by Richard II in 1394. This right was confirmed by a new charter issued by Elizabeth I in 1596. Today, this special status is celebrated with the Charter fair, held once every two years in the High Street. There is a bust of Elizabeth I in Charter Walk, linking West Street with one of its two main car parks.

The town was one of the rotten boroughs, returning two Members of Parliament until the Reform Act of 1832: one was Carew Raleigh the son of Sir Walter Raleigh. Haslemere's borough expanded into the surrounding Haslemere parish and recovered with the construction of the Portsmouth Direct Line, which connected Haslemere with London Waterloo and Portsmouth Harbour railway stations. In Victorian Britain Haslemere became a fashionable place to live and continues to be a commuter town for London, and to a lesser extent Portsmouth, served by Haslemere railway station.[7]

During the building of the railway, the first of the two murders of Surrey Police Officers occurred in Haslemere High Street on the night of 28/29 July 1855, when Inspector William Donaldson was beaten to death by drunken navvies, which brought the darkest hour in the history of Haslemere.[8] The only other murder of a Surrey Police officer was in Caterham in 1974.[9]

St Bartholomew's Church was originally a chapel of ease for Chiddingfold, and probably dates from no earlier than the 16th century.[7] Apart from the base of the tower, and some of the north wall, the original church was demolished in July 1870. The new church was consecrated on 28 July 1871 by Bishop Wilberforce.[10] The church contains memorials to many of the most prominent local residents, including Alfred Lord Tennyson, who lived south of Haslemere at Aldworth House and is commemorated in one of the stained glass windows, featuring Sir Galahad and the Holy Grail. The current Rector of Haslemere is Revd Christopher Bessant.

 
Croquet at High Rough Hospital during the Great War

During the First World War High Rough in Farnham lane was used as an auxiliary military hospital from May 1915.[11]

There are more than 100 listed buildings in Haslemere.[12]

GeographyEdit

Haslemere is a town in the borough of Waverley, Surrey, England, close to the border with both Hampshire and West Sussex and is the most southerly town in Surrey. The major road between London and Portsmouth, the A3 climbs and enters a tunnel to the west and a source of the River Wey to the south. Haslemere is 11.9 miles (19.2 km) southwest-by-south of Guildford.[13] surrounded by hills, with Blackdown at 920 feet (280 m) to the south and Gibbet Hill at 894 feet (272 m) to the north. The latter was the site of state executions from at least medieval times until the late 18th century. Many of those hanged were highwaymen, because the roads around Haslemere, particularly alongside the nearby Devil's Punch Bowl, were notoriously dangerous. Today, much of the heathland and woodland is owned and protected by the National Trust and has become a popular attraction for walkers.

ElevationsEdit

 
Footpath within the developed hills of central Haslemere

Elevations range between, in fully developed roads, 205m AOD to 97m and 112m AOD alongside respectively the east and west streams which forms an east–west steep valley through the parish almost meeting in the town centre. This lowest point is specifically in the north east, where one headwater gently curves north following the line of the railway past the north of Grayswood, however rapidly descends another 40m in the space of a few miles. This east stream is the longest headwater of the River Arun/ˈærʊn/ then passing the north of Chiddingfold and turning south close to in the village centre of Dunsfold. By contrast the west stream, the River Wey south branch flows around Headley and past Frensham Common, joins the north branch in the centre of Tilford and heads towards Guildford before reaching the River Thames. However across the north and the south, the wooded hillsides reach 272m at Gibbet Hill in the north[note 2] and 204m, [note 3] AOD 211m on Marley Common south of Camelsdale and 280 on Black Down rising gradually across the county line in West Sussex.[14]

GeologyEdit

The oldest outcrops in the civil parish are of Weald Clay, which comes to surface to the east of Grayswood, where the young tributaries of the River Arun have eroded the overlying strata. A Weald Clay sandstone is also exposed in the same area.[15] The Atherfield Clay lies above the Weald Clay and is exposed as an outcrop north of Grayswood and also in the railway cutting, west of the station. The majority of Haslemere and Shottermill lie on the Hythe Beds of the Lower Greensand[16][17] and the spring line, where the tributaries of the Wey and Arun rise, is on the junction between this permeable layer and the impermeable Atherfield Clay below.[16] The gravel found in the river valleys is thought to have been deposited during the penultimate ice age and is composed of rock fragments of local origin.[18]

The soil is particularly unusual, though common in southwest Surrey, the Bordon area of Hampshire and bottom of the upper vale of Midhurst, being "freely draining very acid sandy and loamy soil" that forms 1% of English soil, of low fertility; its natural vegetation includes acid grasses, pines and coniferous trees; further examples include Blackheath, Surrey and Blackheath, London.;[19] to the east of Haslemere is the more naturally fertile "slowly permeable seasonally wet slightly acid but base-rich loamy and clayey soil" that here forms the western start of the Low Weald soil that continues as far as Maidstone, Kent.[19]

LocalitiesEdit

GrayswoodEdit

Grayswood is a small village to the northeast of Haslemere and 3.5 miles (5.6 km) southwest of Witley. In 1894, Alfred Hugh Harman moved to Grayswood and in 1900 he offered to finance a church in Grayswood on land given by Lord Derby, on condition that a parish was created. The new ecclesiastical parish of Grayswood was formed from parts of the parishes of Witley, Chiddingfold, Haslemere and Thursley in 1901.[7]

ShottermillEdit

 
St. Stephen's Church, Shottermill

Shottermill is a parish and village 1 mile (1.6 km) to the west of the town. Shotters mill, after which the area is named and Shottermill Ponds are in West Sussex, the mill being a few yards south of the Wey which forms the county boundary. The mill was driven by piped water from the ponds. Wey Hill is a busy shop-lined street linking the railway station to Shottermill. Wey Hill took its name from the old mill at the head of the south branch of the Wey which rises in Haslemere; this area includes 5,769 of Haslemere's 15,612 residents (2001).[20]Woolmer Hill to the west is a half developed, half wooded hill, which includes Woolmer Hill School which is state-sponsored.[21]

Ten buildings in the village are listed, as well as two on the hillslopes around the hammer ponds in the hamlet known as Critchmere. One of the latter is the Grade II* listed Branksome Place. Dated 1901 over its entrance, it was designed by E J May but has Edwardian additions. It has enormous classroom wings in Glass Reinforced Polyester by James Stirling connected by a corridor at the rear. It was used as an hotel and conference centre until 2012.[22] The modern parts mark a shift in Stirling's career away from the heavy, Brutalist brick aesthetic of his early work to a more classically-inspired post-modern tradition which is international in flavour; here he developed the use of GRP as a sophisticated building material, and this is the first "major building by a major architect to be built in GRP in Britain". The principal spaces are richly designed, and survive virtually unaltered.[22] Extension rooms have a nautical theme as it was previously a naval college.

There are other minor areas of settlement to the south.

Shepherd's HillEdit

Shepherd's Hill is the name belonging to the neighbourhood to the south of the town centre, which is accessed by three short roads, Shepherd's, College and Museum Hill. The area has large gardens and four listed buildings[14] Broad Dene at Grade II*, features a round tower with conical roof and spike. It was built in 1900 for Walter Tyndale by William Frederick Unsworth, see Shakespeare Memorial Theatre; his business partner was Inigo Triggs. Substantial and sensitive masonry makes up the house, carefully recalling medieval solidity and enclosure.[23]

NutcombeEdit

This hillside community nestles among the woods leading to Hindhead and consists of approximately forty houses of which three are listed buildings.[14]

EconomyEdit

 
The main northwest façade of the town hall with the war memorial in the foreground

Its High Street is wide because of its use as a cattle market before the 1920s and characterises the heart of Haslemere, with the Town Hall standing at its southern end. The White Horse and The Swan Inn are the two public houses along the main street. Along the High Street, West Street and Charter Walk are a mix of shops (mostly independent), restaurants, cafes, banks and estate agents. In 2009 a Waitrose opened in the town centre replacing the previous Somerfield supermarket.

To the west of the High Street, separated from it by the railway station, is an area known as Wey Hill. Here, there is a public house, shops (again, mostly independent), restaurants and takeaways. The town library is in Wey Hill and so are two further supermarkets, a Tesco and a Marks and Spencer.

The Grade II-listed Georgian Hotel, operating as an hotel since the 1920s, but dating from the 18th century, stands in the High Street.[24]

Local news is provided weekly by the Haslemere Herald (established 1896), published by the Tindle Newspaper Group in Farnham.[25]

National and local governmentEdit

UK parliamentEdit

The entirety of the civil parish is in the parliamentary constituency of South West Surrey and has been represented at Westminster since May 2005 by Conservative Jeremy Hunt.[26][27] Between 1984 and 2005, the seat was held by Virginia Bottomley, who was elevated to the House of Lords as Baroness Bottomley of Nettlestone in the year she left the House of Commons.[27][28]

County CouncilEdit

Councillors are elected to Surrey County Council every four years. Haslemere, Shottermill and Grayswood are in the "Haslemere" electoral division, but Hindhead and Beacon Hill are in the "Waverley Western Villages" electoral division.[29][30]

Borough councilEdit

The civil parish is divided between three wards, each of which elect three councillors to Waverley Borough Council. The three wards are "Haslemere East and Grayswood", "Haslemere Critchmere and Shottermill" and "Hindhead".[30][31]

Town CouncilEdit

Haslemere Town Council is the lowest tier of local government in the civil parish. Eighteen councillors are elected every four years. The council is based at Haslemere Town Hall.

Twin townsEdit

Haslemere is twinned with Bernay in France and Horb am Neckar in Germany.[32]

Demography and housingEdit

2011 Census Homes
Output area Detached Semi-detached Terraced Flats and apartments Caravans/temporary/mobile homes shared between households[1]
(Civil Parish) 2,812 1,500 946 1,628 2 11

The average level of accommodation in the region composed of detached houses was 28 per cent, the average that was apartments was 22.6 per cent.

2011 Census Key Statistics
Output area Population Households % Owned outright % Owned with a loan hectares[1]
(Civil Parish) 16,826 6,899 35.8% 37.6% 2,327

The proportion of households in the civil parish who owned their home outright compares to the regional average of 35.1 per cent. The proportion who owned their home with a loan compares to the regional average of 32.5 per cent. The remaining percentage is made up of rented dwellings (plus a negligible percentage of households living rent-free).

TransportEdit

BusEdit

Haslemere is linked by a number of bus routes to surrounding towns and villages in south west Surrey, West Sussex and east Hampshire. Operators serving the town include Stagecoach and Waverley Hoppa.[33]

TrainEdit

Haslemere railway station is to the west of the town centre. It is managed by South Western Railway, which operates all services. Trains run to London Waterloo via Guildford and to Portsmouth Harbour via Havant.[34]

CyclingEdit

The Haslemere Link is a spur of the Surrey Cycleway. It runs north east from the town to join the main circular route to the east of Chiddingfold.[35]

Long-distance footpathsEdit

Haslemere is the western terminus of the Greensand Way, a long-distance footpath that runs for 108 miles (174 km) along the Greensand Ridge to Hamstreet in Kent.[36][37] The 64-mile (103 km) Serpent Trail runs Haslemere to Petersfield via Blackdown and Petworth.[38] The Sussex Border Path runs to the south of Haslemere and Shottermill.

EducationEdit

SchoolsEdit

Haslemere has a mixture of State and Independent schools at all levels. The town is served by four state primary schools – St Bartholomew's Church of England (Aided) Primary School, Shottermill Junior School, Camelsdale Primary School and Grayswood Church of England (Aided) Primary School.[39]

The only state secondary school is Woolmer Hill School, which is an academy.[40] The Royal School is the only boarding school of the two private schools in Haslemere, the other being St Ives.[41] St Ives School, founded in 1911, is an independent school for girls and boys.[42] There were two other private schools, Wispers, which closed in 2008,[43] and Haslemere Prep School, which closed in 2016.

Religious InstitutesEdit

Haslemere has a religious institute, described as "Institute of Modern Languages and Theology" and known as Jamia Ahmadiyya. This college is one of the many religious universities (jamias) owned by Ahmadiyya Jamaat, inaugurated in October 2012[44] Between Haslemere and Hindhead, the listed building was a country house built in 1901 by E. J. May for Charles McLaren, 1st Baron Aberconway, originally called Hilders, then Branksome Hilders, and later Branksome Place when it was a training centre for Olivetti; after Olivetti, it was run by De Vere as a hotel.[45]

Places of worshipEdit

St Bartholomew's ChurchEdit

 
St Bartholomew's Church

St Bartholomew's Church is thought to have been founded as a chapel in the 13th century, and the square tower at the west end is thought to date from this period. The remainder of the building dates from a reconstruction by John Penfold in 1871. The west window of the north aisle is thought to incorporate 17th-century Flemish glass panels and the Holy Grail is illustrated in the Tennyson memorial window, designed by Edward Burne-Jones. The polychromatic marble font dates to 1870 and the organ case incorporates a c. 1900 Morris & Co. tapestry. The wooden pulpit, which features linenfold panelling, dates from the late 19th or early 20th century.[46]

St Stephen's Church, ShottermillEdit

St Stephen's Church was originally built in 1841 as a chapel in the parish of Frensham. The tower was completed in 1846 and the building was consecrated the same year. The chancel was designed by John Penfold c. 1875 and the Lady chapel was added in 1909-10. As part of a renovation undertaken in 2005-06, underfloor heating and a baptismal pool were installed.[47]

All Saints' Church, GrayswoodEdit

 
All Saints' Church

Grayswood Parish Church was designed by the Swedish architect, Axel Haig, in a 13th-century style with influences from the Arts and Crafts movement. The building was funded by the photography pioneer and local resident, Alfred Hugh Harman, and was completed in 1902. It is constructed of Bargate stone rubble with freestone dressings and the tower is topped with a shingled spire. The interior includes an embroidery of the Annunciation, thought to be original, and paintings of Moses and David on linen, possibly by Carl Almquist.[48] In the churchyard is a granite memorial stone to Axel Haig, carved in the shape of a Viking sail, which bears a relief of a longship.[49]

St Christopher's ChurchEdit

St Christopher’s Church was constructed between 1902 and 1904 in the Free late Gothic style. It is built from coursed Bargate stone rubble with ironstone galleting. The square tower at the south west corner is topped with a chequerboard decoration, which is also featured on the west gable end. The east window was designed in 1928 in the style of Christopher Whall and the north chapel added in 1935. Between the chancel and nave is a hanging icon of the crucifixion, installed in 1950 in memory of the curate, Christopher Tanner.[50]

Church of Our Lady of LourdesEdit

The Catholic congregation in Haslemere traces its origins to 1908, when Franciscans from Chilworth Friary began to hold regular masses at Oaklands Hotel. In 1923, the services relocated to the High Street and a year later, the new church was completed. Our Lady of Lourdes was consecrated in 1932 and stained glass windows, designed by Geoffrey Fuller Webb, were installed between 1935 and 1937.[51]

CultureEdit

ArtEdit

 
A Sheepfold, Haslemere (c. 1868) by Alexander Fraser[note 4]

Several artists have painted landscapes of the Haslemere area, including George Shalders (c. 1826-1873),[53] Alexander Fraser (1827-1899),[54] George Vicat Cole (1833-1893)[55] and Cecil Gordon Lawson (1849-1882).[56] The Haslemere Educational Museum holds several artworks, including a bust of Alfred, Lord Tennyson by Thomas Woolner (1825-1892),[57] portraits by Frank Dicksee (1853-1928)[58] and Vera Cummings (1891-1940),[59] as well as several carved wooden figures from the Nigerian (Yoruba) School.[60]

Dolmetsch Early Music FestivalEdit

The town is significant musically, partly through the contribution of one family. Arnold Dolmetsch, musician and instrument maker, was born in France in 1858. The family settled in Haslemere his son, Carl Dolmetsch, taking over the business. They revived the recorder and began the revival of other instruments of early music, contemporarily with the start of historically informed performance which itself came to fruition towards the end of the 20th century. The family firm still manufacture viols, recorders and harpsichords. Their presence inspired the International Dolmetsch Early Music Festival held every year in the town.

Haslemere Town BandEdit

Haslemere Town Band was officially founded in 1837 following the amalgamation of two small bands which had started in 1834.[61]

Haslemere Charter FairEdit

In 1397 Richard II and the Bishop of Salisbury confirmed an order dated 29 April 1221 allowing an annual fair to be held in the town.[62]

SportEdit

Leisure centresEdit

 
Haslemere Leisure Centre (2010)

Haslemere Leisure Centre, on the King’s Road was opened in 1998-99. The construction was funded by the sale of Shottermill Recreation Ground, which had been owned by Waverley Borough Council since 1974.[63] The centre underwent a £3.8M refurbishment 2014-15, which included the upgrade of the fitness gym facilities and the addition of dance and cycling studios.[63][64] The centre is managed by Places Leisure, on behalf of the Borough Council.[65]

The Edge Leisure Centre is on Woolmer Hill Road.[66] The centre has an indoor dance studio and fitness suite, outdoor pitches for sports including football and rugby, as well as an athletics track.[67] A new artificial hockey pitch was installed at the centre in 2018.[68]

Association FootballEdit

Shottermill & Haslemere Football Club was founded in 2001 as an amalgamation of two existing clubs. The club plays its home games at Woolmer Hill Sports Ground and has been a member of the Surrey County Intermediate League (Western) since 2006.[69]

CricketEdit

Haslemere Cricket Club was founded in 1827[70] and originally played its home games at a field near the High Street. The club moved to Haste Hill in 1850 and then to Lythe Hill in 1868.[71] Since 1922, the club has played at the recreation ground on Scotland Lane.[70][72]

 
Grayswood cricket 2015

Cricket has been played on the village green at Grayswood since the early 20th century and there have been at least three incarnations of the local club.[73] The current Grayswood Cricket Club was reformed in 1989 and has been a member of the I'Anson League since the 1997 season.[74][note 5] In 2017, the club were league champions for the third time, having previously won the title in 2012 and 2013.[73]

HockeyEdit

Haslemere Hockey Club was founded in 1946 and plays its home games at Woolmer Hill Sports Ground, which has two AstroTurf pitches.[75]

RugbyEdit

Haslemere Community Rugby Club was founded in 1950 and was initially sponsored by Harlequins. Initially it played its home games at the recreation ground on Scotland Lane, but later moved to its current base at the Woolmer Hill Sports Ground.[76]

Notable buildings and landmarksEdit

Haslemere HallEdit

 
Haslemere Hall

Haslemere Hall, on Bridge Road, is a theatre, cinema and music venue. It opened in January 1914 and its design, by the architect Annesley Brownrigg, was influenced by the Arts and Crafts Movement. During the First World War, it was used as a drill hall.[77][78]

Haslemere Educational MuseumEdit

Haslemere Educational Museum was founded in 1888 by the surgeon, Jonathan Hutchinson, who was an amateur collector of biological, geological and anthropological specimens. Initially the museum was located at Hutchinson's Haslemere home, Inval, but moved to its current location on the High Street in 1926. In the same year, it acquired a collection of European Folk Art from the Peasant Arts Museum, which had been located in the town.[79]

Replica Penfold pillar boxEdit

 
Penfold pillar box

A replica Victorian pillar box was installed outside the Georgian Hotel on the High Street in July 1992. It is an exact copy of a "Penfold box" which was the standard design used by the Post Office from 1866 to 1879. It honours the local architect, John Penfold, who was responsible for its design.[80][81]

Town HallEdit

 
Haslemere Town Hall and war memorial

Haslemere Town Hall, at the south end of the High Street, was constructed in 1814. Originally a market house, it replaced an older wooden building, that had stood immediately to the north.[82][83] It was transferred to the Parish Council in 1897[84] and the upper floor was used as the debating chamber until 1926, when the UDC moved to the former museum building.[85]

War memorialEdit

The limestone war memorial was designed by Inigo Triggs in 1920-21. It takes the form of a gabled stone cross, supported on an octagonal column, which in turn rests on a stepped stone base.[86] It commemorates 62 local residents who died in WWI, whose names are inscribed on the plinth. The surnames of 47 people who died in the WWII are listed on bronze plaques. [87] A restoration project, which included the repair and replacement of damaged stonework, partly funded by the War Memorials Trust, was undertaken in 2018.[88]

Parks and open spacesEdit

GrayswoodEdit

The National Trust owns a 4.17 ha (10.3-acre) area of mature oak and yew woodland between Grayswood village and Haslemere.[89]

Grayswood Common, St George's WoodEdit

Grayswood Common and St George's Wood are located between Grayswood village and Haslemere and have a combined area of 16.43 ha (40.6 acres).[90] They were acquired by the Urban District Council (UDC) in 1953[91] and are now owned by Waverley Borough Council.[90]

Lion GreenEdit

Lion Green was designated a recreation ground and open space in the Inclosure Act of 1845.[72]

Recreation groundEdit

The 3.44 ha (8.5-acre) recreation ground adjoins Scotland Lane and Old Haslemere Road.[92] The land was purchased in 1921 by the War Memorial Committee, using surplus funds donated for the construction of the memorial in the High Street.[72] It was presented to the UDC in the same year, in memory of those who had died in the First World War.[93] In 2015, the recreation ground was legally protected by the charity, Fields in Trust, and was designated a Queen Elizabeth II field.[92]

Swan Barn FarmEdit

 
Entrance to Swan Barn Farm

Swan Barn Farm, owned by the National Trust, is an area of grassland and ancient woodland to the east of Haslemere High Street. The 28 ha (69-acre) property includes two orchards and is run as a smallholding. Areas of pasture are mown for haymaking and are also grazed by Belted Galloway cattle. The Hunter Base Camp, which provides accommodation for long-term volunteers working on Black Down, is part of the farm.[94][95]

Notable peopleEdit

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Alternatively, the name may indicate ownership of a mill by a person or family originally from Shotover in Oxfordshire.[6]
  2. ^ Since the Hindhead Tunnel a car-free area reached from a drive to Hindhead or by continuing straight by foot after the end of Farnham Lane, off St Christophers Green, directly west of the town centre
  3. ^ At the recreation ground, Scotland Lane in the urban area
  4. ^ A Sheepfold, Haslemere by Alexander Fraser (1827-1899) is held by the Scottish National Gallery.[52]
  5. ^ A previous incarnation of Grayswood Cricket Club played in the I'Anson League between 1925 and 1930 and finished as runners up in 1926.[73]

ReferencesEdit

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  3. ^ a b Rolston 1978a, pp. 5–6
  4. ^ a b c Gover, Mawer & Stenton 1934, p. 204
  5. ^ a b Rolston 1978a, p. 2
  6. ^ a b Gover, Mawer & Stenton 1934, p. 183
  7. ^ a b c d e H.E. Malden (1911). A History of the County of Surrey: Volume 3. pp. 45–49. Archived from the original on 27 October 2011. Retrieved 1 March 2012.
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  9. ^ "Hero policeman killed by mob". 29 July 2005. Archived from the original on 22 January 2021. Retrieved 6 August 2009 – via news.bbc.co.uk.
  10. ^ Jessel 2007, p. 18
  11. ^ Devine, Gillian. "High Rough Auxiliary Military Hospital, Haslemere". Surrey in the Great War. Surrey Heritage. Retrieved 20 May 2019.
  12. ^ "Listed Buildings in Haslemere". Archived from the original on 18 September 2021. Retrieved 2 March 2014.
  13. ^ "Grid Reference Finder". www.gridreferencefinder.com. Archived from the original on 22 November 2012. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
  14. ^ a b c England, Historic. "Search the List – Find listed buildings – Historic England". list.english-heritage.org.uk. Archived from the original on 24 April 2012. Retrieved 15 November 2012.
  15. ^ Thurrell, Worssam & Edmunds 1968, pp. 26–27
  16. ^ a b Thurrell, Worssam & Edmunds 1968, pp. 63–64
  17. ^ Thurrell, Worssam & Edmunds 1968, p. 73
  18. ^ Thurrell, Worssam & Edmunds 1968, p. 97
  19. ^ a b "Soilscapes soil types viewer – National Soil Resources Institute. Cranfield University". www.landis.org.uk. Archived from the original on 2 June 2013. Retrieved 15 November 2012.
  20. ^ 2001 Census Statistics Archived 11 February 2003 at the Wayback Machine The area of Shottermill including Woolmer Hill and Nutcombe is contained in Middle Output Area: Waverley 17
  21. ^ "Welcome to Woolmer Hill School". www.woolmerhill.surrey.sch.uk. Archived from the original on 21 February 2020. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
  22. ^ a b Branksome Conference Centre Grade II* listing: Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1244332)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 15 November 2012.
  23. ^ Broad Dene Grade II* listing: Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1244326)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 15 November 2012.
  24. ^ "Georgian Hotel planning boutique makeover". Haslemere Herald. 29 March 2018. Archived from the original on 22 January 2021. Retrieved 7 November 2018.
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