Welton, East Riding of Yorkshire

Welton (or Welton with Melton) is a village and civil parish in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. The parish extends to the bank of the Humber Estuary at its southern extreme, and into the Yorkshire Wolds in the northern part. The A63 road and Hull to Selby railway line both bisect the parish east–west, south of Melton and Welton.

Welton, The Green - geograph.org.uk - 300838.jpg
Welton Green
Welton is located in East Riding of Yorkshire
Location within the East Riding of Yorkshire
Population2,176 (2011 census)[1]
OS grid referenceSE960273
Civil parish
  • Welton
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townBROUGH
Postcode districtHU15
Dialling code01482
UK Parliament
List of places
53°44′00″N 0°32′43″W / 53.733343°N 0.545157°W / 53.733343; -0.545157Coordinates: 53°44′00″N 0°32′43″W / 53.733343°N 0.545157°W / 53.733343; -0.545157

The civil parish is formed by the villages of Welton and Melton and the hamlet of Wauldby. According to the 2011 census, Welton parish had a population of 2,176,[1] an increase on the 2001 UK census figure of 1,560.[3] Welton village is situated approximately 1 mile (1.6 km) north-east of the town of Brough on the north side of the A63 road to Kingston upon Hull. It is on the Yorkshire Wolds Way National Trail, a long distance footpath.

Major landmarks in the parish include Welton Waters, a former clay pit, and home of Welton Waters Adventure Centre and Welton Sailing Club; Melton Bottom Quarry, a chalk quarry in Melton; and the Melton West and Melton Park industrial estates. The exposed boulder clay at Red Cliff on the Humber bank is an archaeological site returning Roman deposits. Minor landmarks and sites of interest include Nut Wood and Wauldby Scrogs (now a Woodland Trust property) in Wauldby, and the Raikes mausoleum within the wooded valley of Welton Dale.

Welton village and daleEdit

Welton village lies at the southern end of Welton dale; both village and valley have been long appreciated for their picturesque qualities.[4][5][6] The Church of St Helen is at the centre of the village, with a defunct mill pond to the north and west.[note 1] Most of the village's housing is of brick, predominantly red, some painted or rendered in with most buildings two storied, either Georgian or Victorian in style.[7][8]

Welton was recorded in the Doomsday survey of the 11th century as "Welleton", then a small village with 53 persons recorded and no church.[9] The name derives from the old English wella (spring) and tūn meaning "farm by the spring(s)";[10][note 2] the area is the site of several springs, (see also gipseys) including St Annes Well in the grounds of the former Welton House.[11][12][13]

The name 'Welton with Melton', and sometimes 'Welton cum Melton' has been used to differentiate from other larger nearby towns called Welton, such as Welton, Lincolnshire.[14][15][16]

In 1519 the first recorded instance of an accidental fatal shooting in England was recorded at Welton.[17] The highwayman Dick Turpin was charged with horse theft from Thomas Creasy at Welton in 1739 and later tried and hanged in York,[18] in local legend he was arrested at the Green Dragon in Welton.[6]

Welton Dale (2006)

Enclosure of the township was enabled by laws passed in 1752 and 1772.[19] The Williamson's, merchants of Hull undertook much of the tree plantation along the roads around Welton, and in Welton Dale.[20] Welton Mill located at the northern edge of the village at the bottom of Welton dale was constructed in the late 1700s and early 1800s, and altered in 1861; it is a five-storey brick built building, with a breastshot water wheel of 35 ft (11 m) diameter.[21][22] Raikes mausoleum at the northern end of the dale close to Wauldby was built 1818.

The village's population increased from 449 in 1801 to 672 in 1832,[4] in 1861 it was 688.[19] By the 1855 the village was well established; in addition to modest dwellings there were substantial houses and halls within and on the village's periphery: Welton Grange (about 1741[23]), Welton Hall (about 1770[24]), Welton House (rebuilt 1769/9[22]), Spring Hill (later Welton Manor, built 1820[22]), Welton Hill (1830[25]) Welton Garth (1830s[22]), and the vicarage of the church of St Helen's. The mill (High Mill) and pond at the northern outskirts of the village at the bottom of Melton Dale were also established.[12] In addition to the parish church several non-conformist missions had been established by the 1850s including meeting places for Wesleyan, Unitarian, Primitive and Independents,[26] both Weslyans and Primitives had chapels built in 1815 and 1869 respectively.[27]

Welton House was demolished in 1952,[22] St Anne's Community Special School was established on part of the site in 1974.[28]

Welton was made a conservation area in 1974,[29] several village buildings built during the 18th and 19th century are grade II listed, as are the larger houses of Welton Hill, Welton Lodge, Welton Grange, Welton Manor, and Welton Hill. The Green Dragon, Welton Mill, St Helen's church and the memorial fountain on the village green are also listed.[30]

St Helen's churchEdit

It has been speculated that a church existed in Welton before 1100,[31] the current church is thought to date from the reign of William Rufus;[32] coins from the period were found in the foundations of part of the church during its 19th-century restoration.[33] The church was restored several times through its history; in the 1860s a substantial restoration of the church took place, at a cost of £6,000 funded by a Miss Broadley of Welton.[34] The restoration was by George Gilbert Scott, resulting in a church in a 13th-century gothic revival style; the resulting structure was essentially rebuilt and added a south aisle and north transept, with some 15th-century columns and arches, and a piscina retained, a scalloped column capital, an effigy of a knight, and a lancet window date to the 12th and 13th centuries. The restoration also introduced stained glass windows by William Morris and Edward Burne-Jones, and by Jean-Baptiste Capronnier.[32][35][36]

The church was grade II* listed in 1968.[36]

Welton civil parishEdit

The main habitation in Welton civil parish is Welton village; the village of Melton is the only other village sized habitation; Wauldby, a former village, consists of a manor house, farm buildings and cottages.[37] The parish is primarily rural, the northern part is within the Yorkshire Wolds with a high point of 436 feet (133 m) in the north-west of the parish, the southern part is in low-lying land on the banks of the Humber Estuary at an elevation of around 66 feet (20 m) or less.[37] Both Welton and Melton villages lie at the foot of the Wolds hills; to the south were Welton Common and Melton Common, and near the Humber bank Welton Ings and Melton Ings.[12][37] (see Ings).

The Hull and Selby Railway (1840), and the A63 road (1963) link Kingston upon Hull westwards and forming north to south barriers to movement in the parish.


Redcliff, Humber foreshore, south-eastern corner of parish (2009)

Human activity in the parish dates to the prehistoric period, Redcliff,[note 3] on the Humber bank at the boundary with the neighbouring parish of North Ferriby is evidenced to have been a trading site during the period of the Roman conquest of Britain (1st century AD),[39] evidence of iron working at the site has also been found.[38] A linear Roman villa existed at Welton Wold, thought to be the earliest example in the East Riding,[40][note 4] the Roman villa was demolished by 340 AD, and the entire location destroyed by quarrying in the 20th century.[22]

Both Wauldby and Welton were recorded in the Doomsday survey of the 11th century.[9][42]

At the time of the first enclosure act affecting Welton (1751) the banks of the Humber were improved, preventing flooding of approximately 300 acres (120 ha) of "Welton Ings", with drains constructed, and roads made to access the improved pasture.[43] A further 1,500 acres (610 ha) were enclosed by a second 1772 act.[44]

The parish was enlarged in 1888 by adding part of the chapelry of Melton and then absorbed the rest of it in 1935; the township of Wauldby became part of the parish in 1935.[45]

Industrial development altered the physical geography of the parish during the 20th century; in 1892 the only development was a brick and tile works on the Humber bank, excluding numerous small pits dug in the wolds for chalk extraction.[12] In the 1920s the Humber Portland Cement Co. Ltd. was established, and a quarry Melton Bottom Quarry opened. Clay extraction for the cement works became extensive and eventually extended westwards along the Humber bank into Welton Ings. A tin smelting works Capper Pass, Melton opened in 1937. By 2000 the cement works and smelter had closed, with some residual chalk processing activity (Quicklime manufacture) at the cement works site. In the early 2000 the industrial sites began to be redeveloped into warehousing and manufacturing estates (named 'Melton Park'); additionally the Melton West industrial estate (2007, extended 2011), and another Melton Park (or Melton Business Park) industrial/commercial estate (begun 2007) were built on a mostly greenfield site between the A63 and railway line, and increased the area given over to non-agricultural development beyond that used by the earlier cement and tin works.[46] Part of the former clay pits in Welton Ings were used as an artificial late, Welton Waters, of 100 acres (40 ha), and used for recreational sailing, and other activities.[47] As of 2012, quarrying at Melton Bottom Quarry continues.

By 1970 greenhouse based horticulture had started to be developed south of Welton village – this became extensive and extended westwards into the neighbouring parish of Elloughton-cum-Brough by the 1980s;[12] by 2006 this had been reduced in scale, in part due to the expansion of the suburban outskirts of Brough, which by 2006 extended into the western fringe of the parish.[37]

Notable peopleEdit


  1. ^ The associated mill Low Mill had been demolished by 1910. Source: Ordnance Survey maps, 1:2500, 1890 and 1910 editions.
  2. ^ Welleton in the Doomsday book (1086), also recorded as variants including Welletuna, Wellentone, Weleton during the 11th, 12th and 13th centuries. The spelling "Welton" is recorded in 1249.[10]
  3. ^ SE981249, Redcliff, Welton.[38] Red Cliff or Redcliff is a short length of exposed cliff on the north bank of the Humber, at the position of the Humber Gap where the Humber crosses the line of hills of formed by the Yorkshire Wolds and Lincolnshire Wolds
  4. ^ SE972282, villa at Welton Wold, uncovered near Melton Quarry.[41]


  1. ^ a b UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Welton Parish (1170211285)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 27 February 2018.
  2. ^ "Haltemprice and Howden". UK Polling Report. Retrieved 11 May 2015.
  3. ^ UK Census (2001). "Local Area Report – Welton Parish (00FB156)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 24 February 2020.
  4. ^ a b England (1840). "Welton". The parliamentary gazetteer of England and Wales. 4 vols. The village of Welton ... is very neatly built
  5. ^ Moule, Thomas (1837). "Yorkshire: 5. Howdenshire Wapentake : Welton". The English counties delineated. Vol. 2. George Virtue, London. p. 422. Northward of the villages is Welton dale, a picturesque valley, enriched by every variety of wood
  6. ^ a b Emett, Charlie (1993). Walking the Wolds. Cicerone Press. pp. 15–16, 19–21, 23–24. ISBN 978-1-85284-136-2.
  7. ^ Conservation Area Appraisal : Welton 2007, p. 3
  8. ^ Conservation Area Appraisal : Welton 2007, "Buildings", pp. 7–8
  9. ^ a b Welton in the Domesday Book. Retrieved 14 November 2012.
  10. ^ a b Anderson, Olof S. (1934). The English hundred-names. Håakan Ohlsson. p. 17.
  11. ^ English Place-Name Society (1937). English Place-Name society. Vol. 14. The University Press. p. 220.
  12. ^ a b c d e Ordnance survey, 1:10560, 1855; 1891–2; 1910; 1952–3, 1:10000 1971–2; 1984
  13. ^ Thompson 1870, pp. 1–2
  14. ^ "WELTON WITH MELTON ST HELEN PARISH RECORDS". The National Archives. 17 March 2022. Retrieved 17 March 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  15. ^ Peter, Collier QC (17 March 2017). "IN THE CONSISTORY COURT OF YORK PARISH OF WELTON WITH MELTON CHURCH OF ST HELEN, WELTON" (PDF). Retrieved 17 March 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  16. ^ "CalmView : Collection Browser". www.eastriding.gov.uk. Retrieved 11 May 2022.
  17. ^ "10 strange ways Tudors died". BBC News. BBC. 14 June 2011. Retrieved 25 January 2013. The first time a coroners' court came up against the new-fangled problem of a fatal shooting accident was 1519, when a woman in Welton near Hull was accidentally killed by a handgun
  18. ^ Sources:
  19. ^ a b Thompson 1870, p. 3
  20. ^ Thompson 1870, pp. 72–3
  21. ^ Historic England. "Welton Mill (1203880)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 December 2012.
  22. ^ a b c d e f Pevsner, Nikolaus; Neave, David (1995). Yorkshire: York and the East Riding, Second edition. Yale University Press. Welton – Perambulation, pp. 740–742. ISBN 978-0300095937.
  23. ^ Historic England. "Welton Grange (1347030)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 December 2012.
  24. ^ Historic England. "Welton Hall (1103337)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 December 2012.
  25. ^ Historic England. "Welton Hill (1347053)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 December 2012.
  26. ^ Wolffe, John, ed. (2000). "Ferriby Subdistrict : Welton". Yorkshire Returns of the 1851 Census of Religious Worship: Volume 1: Introduction, City of York and East Riding. Borthwick Publications. p. 58. ISBN 978-0-903857-95-6.
  27. ^ Conservation Area Appraisal : Welton 2007, p. 6
  28. ^ "St. Anne's Community Special School" (PDF). East Riding of Yorkshire Council. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 26 February 2017.
  29. ^ Conservation Area Appraisal : Welton 2007, pp. 2–3
  30. ^ Conservation Area Appraisal : Welton 2007, p. 9
  31. ^ Thompson 1870, pp. 4–36
  32. ^ a b "Bulmer's History and Directory of East Yorkshire". GENUKI. 1892. Retrieved 25 January 2013.
  33. ^ Thompson 1870, pp. 41–2
  34. ^ Building news and architectural review. Vol. 8. 1862. April 25, 1862; p. 295.
  35. ^ Pevsner, Nikolaus (1972). The Buildings of England : Yorkshire: York and the East Riding. Penguin. Welton, pp. 363–4.
  36. ^ a b Historic England. "Church Of St Helen (1347029)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 December 2012.
  37. ^ a b c d Ordnance survey, 1:25000, 2006
  38. ^ a b Dungworth, David (18 June 2008). "Redcliff, Welton, East Yorkshire; An examination of the slag; technology report" (PDF). Research Department Report Series 2009. English Heritage. pp. 1–4. ISSN 1749-8775. Retrieved 25 January 2013.
  39. ^ Ellis, S.; Crowther, D.R., eds. (1990). "13. The topography and archaeology of Redcliff". Humber Perspectives, a region through the ages. Hull University Press.
  40. ^ Halkon, Peter (2008). "Britons and Romans in an East Yorkshire Landscape, UK" (PDF). Bollettino di Archeologia. Roma 2008 – International congress of classical archaeology meetings between cultures in the ancient Mediterranean: 32. Retrieved 25 January 2013.
  41. ^ Wilson, D.R. (1974). "Roman-British Villas from the Air". Britannia. Society for the Promotion of Roman Studies. 5: 251–261. doi:10.2307/525728. JSTOR 525728.
  42. ^ Wauldby in the Domesday Book. Retrieved 14 November 2012.
  43. ^ Thompson 1870, pp. 52–57
  44. ^ Thompson 1870, p. 61
  45. ^ "Welton CP/AP through time – Administrative history of Parish-level Unit: hierarchies, boundaries". A Vision of Britain through Time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 25 January 2013.
  46. ^ See main article Melton, East Riding of Yorkshire
  47. ^ "About". Welton Sailing Club. Retrieved 25 January 2013.


External linksEdit