Church of St Mary the Virgin
|Population||2,765 (Including Flatford 2011 Census)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Ambulance||East of England|
The nearest town and railway station is Manningtree, Essex. East Bergholt is ten miles (16 kilometres) north of Colchester and eight miles (13 kilometres) south of Ipswich. Schools include East Bergholt High School, a comprehensive for children aged 11–16, and a primary school.
During the 16th century, its inhabitants became well known for Protestant radicalism. A few of its citizens were martyred during the reign of Queen Mary I, and the Protestant martyrologist John Foxe recorded their stories in his famous work Acts and Monuments (also known as Foxe's Book of Martyrs).
East Bergholt is the birthplace of painter John Constable whose father owned Flatford Mill. Flatford and Dedham, Essex, both made famous by John Constable, are within walking distance of East Bergholt.
St Mary's Church and bell cage Edit
The Church of St Mary the Virgin was built in the 15th and 16th centuries, but is well known for the absence of a tower or spire to house the bells. Work began on a tower in 1525, but Cardinal Wolsey's fall from grace in 1530 brought construction to a halt and the following year a wooden bell cage was erected in the churchyard. The Bell Cage was built as a temporary structure to house the bells until the tower could be built. It still exists and now houses the set of 5 bells, although it is possible the tenor, which weighs 1 ton 6 cwt 0 qr 8 lb (1,320 kg) and has a diameter 4 ft 6 in (137 cm), was added in 1691. There are rumors the Bell Cage was moved from its original position in the 17th century because the occupant of Old Hall objected to the noise of the bells. The only evidence for this is a 1731 hand-drawn map on vellum that shows the Bell Cage situated to the East of the Church.
The bells are exceptional in that they are not rung from below by ropes attached to wheels, as is usual in change ringing, but the headstock is manipulated by hand by ringers standing beside the bells.
The bells are believed to be the heaviest five (A, G, F♯, E, and D) that are rung in England today, with a total weight of 4+1⁄4 long tons (4,300 kg).
Other important buildings Edit
- Old Hall, with over 100 rooms and 355 windows has been in its time a manor house, nunnery, army barracks and friary. It now houses the Old Hall Community, a single household of about 60 people who live co-operatively and farm organically.
- Lambe School, a Grade II listed building, now the village hall, was founded 1594 by Edward Lambe.
- East Bergholt Lodge, a Grade II listed property originally built in the 16th century, was for many generations the home of the Hughes and Wake-Walker families.
- East Bergholt Place, home of the Eley family and the garden centre The Place for Plants, is noted for its camellias.
- Stour House was once the home of Randolph Churchill, son of the Prime Minister Winston Churchill.
- Bridge Cottage is a 16th-century cottage used as a location by John Constable.
The parish of East Bergholt is its own electoral ward as part of Babergh District council and is part of the Samford division of Suffolk County Council. The village has its own parish council made up of 13 councillors. The village is twinned with the village of Barbizon in France.
East Bergholt has a weather station for which data is available. The village experiences a maritime climate with a narrow range of temperature and rainfall spread evenly throughout the year. See Ipswich Climate data.
The village is the home of the East Bergholt Dramatic Society, which was probably formed some time during the 1960s. Lady Anne Wake-Walker was President of the Society for most of the time from its inception to the early 1990s. Her daughter Diana MacFarlane is the present President. The group, which has about 20 members, meets most Tuesdays and Thursdays at the Constable Memorial Hall, from 8pm to 10pm.
Housing development Edit
In 2014 plans were drawn up for a new 144 housing estate in the north of the village. Local residents responded by erecting multiple signs around the village campaigning for a "No" decision by Babergh District Council. In March 2016, Babergh District Council approved the plans for a new housing development, despite strong opposition from Action East Bergholt Group and many concerned residents. As a result, in April 2017 residents were reported to be considering a fight to become part of neighbouring Essex county rather than the current county of Suffolk.
Despite earlier strong opposition to any large developments within East Bergholt, the parish council has given its support to a large quasi-commercial development within East End, East Bergholt. Thereby exposing itself to future large developments within the village.
Notable residents Edit
- Robert Samuel (d. 1555), clergyman
- Sir Richard Hughes, 1st Baronet (1708–1779), naval officer
- Sir Richard Hughes, 2nd Baronet (1729–1812), naval officer
- John Constable (1776–1837), landscape painter
- William Branwhite Clarke (1798–1878), geologist and clergyman
- Charles David Badham (1805–1857), clergyman and physician
- Louisa Lane Clarke (1812–1883), botanist and travel writer
- Joseph Woolley (1815–1892), clergyman
- George Nelson Godwin (1846–1907), clergyman and antiquarian
- Charles Edward Mallows (1864–1915), architect
- Bernard Halley Stewart (1874–1958), physician
- Li Osborne (1883–1968), photographer and sculptor
- Frederic Wake-Walker (1888–1945), naval officer, who is buried at East Bergholt cemetery
- Lucy Harwood (1893–1972), artist
- Maxwell Eley (1902–1983), rower and businessman
- Betty Withycombe (1902–1993), author
- Peggy Garland (1903–1998), sculptor
- Geoffrey Eley (1904–1990), businessman and author
- Paul Jennings (1918–1989), author
- Paul Quail (1928–2010), stained-glass artist
- Paul Goddard (b. 1959), footballer
- Sarah Raphael (1960–2001), artist
- Paul Curry (b. 1961), golfer
- "Parish population 2011". Retrieved 12 September 2015.
- "Bells | The Benefice of East Bergholt and Brantham". Eastbergholtchurch.co.uk. 21 November 2013. Retrieved 15 March 2014.
- Jones, Charlie (9 January 2023). "The Suffolk manor house where 60 people live together". BBC News. Retrieved 15 January 2023.
- Stuff, Good. "The Lambe School, East Bergholt, Suffolk". www.britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 22 November 2017.
- Historic England: The Lodge, Hadleigh Road, East Bergholt (list entry 1286124, listed 22 February 1955). Retrieved 27 June 2023.
- Ipswich Star, "How Princess Diana's aunt had to flee Nazi-inspired riots: Obituary: Lady Anne Wake-Walker, 99, loved Suffolk and had 'a lively sense of fun'", 10 March 2020. Retrieved 27 June 2023.
- "Councillor details - John Hinton". baberghmidsuffolk.moderngov.co.uk. 22 June 2021. Retrieved 22 June 2021.
- "Georgia Hall | Suffolk County Council". www.suffolk.gov.uk. Retrieved 22 June 2021.
- "East Bergholt Village Website". eastbergholt.org. Retrieved 22 June 2021.
- "Home". s620555308.websitehome.co.uk. Retrieved 22 November 2017.
- "East Bergholt considers Suffolk-divorce fight in housing row". BBC News. 26 April 2017. Retrieved 28 April 2017.
- "Wake-Walker, Sir William Frederic". Commonwealth War Graves Commission. Archived from the original on 2 July 2018. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
- "East Anglian Film Archive: "East Bergholt" search results - eafa.org.uk". Retrieved 2 May 2012.