Valentina (Philippine comics)
Valentina is a supervillain created by Mars Ravelo and Nestor Redondo who first appeared in the second episode of the Darna series published in the Philippine comics Pilipino Komiks (issue #78, 1950) . One of the most recognizable supervillainess characters in the Philippines, she is the archenemy of Darna. She was originally a bitter, deformed woman born from ordinary human parents with venomous snakes on her head that appears to be like hair. When she grew up, she killed her parents and was subsequently taken in by a serpent creature named Kobra. Valentina was soon referred to as "goddess of the snakes".
|First appearance||Pilipino Komiks #78 (1950)|
|Created by||Mars Ravelo (writer)|
Nestor Redondo (artist)
|Full name||Dr. Valentina Vrandakapoor (in the 1973 film Lipad, Darna, Lipad!)|
|Place of origin||Philippines|
Serpent Queens of Tiamat
|Notable aliases||Tina (in the 2018 dance musical theater Ding ang Bato)|
Amor (in the Mango Comics mini-series)
Mango Comics acquired the rights of Darna and in 2003 released a miniseries featuring Darna and Valentina. In this version, Valentina is an alien from the planet Tiamat. She came from a race that resembles the Gorgons of Greek mythology. She got an alter-ego named Amor who is a singer. When GMA Network signed a deal with Mango Comics for adopting their comics into the 2005 TV series Darna, most of the story from the Mango Comics were incorporated in the TV series including Valentina's backstory. One of the differences from the comics is that Valentina (played by Alessandra de Rossi) and Darna are cousins.
Outside comics, Valentina is the most sought-after antagonist in other media including film, television, and theater. Several actresses have taken the role since 1951 when the first Darna film was released, in which Cristina Aragon played Valentina. Celia Rodriguez's performance as Valentina in the 1973 film Lipad, Darna, Lipad was considered the best depiction of Valentina. In this film, it was the first that she was given a full name, Dr. Valentina Vrandakapoor.
Valentina is not always presented as a villainess. In the 1989 film Valentina as well as in the television episodes of Komiks and Wansapanataym, Valentina is portrayed as a cursed individual but with a good heart and her love interest falls in love with her despite her appearance. In theater plays which were usually presented as ballet musicals, Valentina, although still a villain, is depicted in a comedic or sympathetic way, veering away from her traditional portrayal as a bitter woman.
Valentina's debut in Philippine comics is in Pilipino Komiks #78 (1950), which is the second episode of the comics serial Darna by Mars Ravelo and Nestor Redondo that ran 28 episodes. She eventually became the archenemy of Darna. In creating Valentina, Ravelo drew inspiration from Medusa, a Gorgon in Greek mythology with living venomous snakes in place of hair. Valentina has venomous snakes in her hair, but she does not turn people into stone upon looking into her eyes unlike Medusa.
In her first appearance, Valentina was born from human parents named Miguel and Doray. Too many restrictions from her parents led Valentina to kill them with the help of her pet snake Vibora, beginning her journey onto the pathway of evil. Kobra, a creature with a python's body and hag's head, became Valentina's master. Valentina learns to control snakes to do her bidding, making her "goddess of the snakes". After Darna foiled her plan to turn the Earth into a world dominated by reptiles, Valentina commits suicide by jumping into a cliff where the bodies of her parents can be found.
In the late 1960s, Pablo S. Gomez created a comic novel entitled Valentina in Universal Komiks that was published by PSG Publication. The main character of the novel, Valentina, is associated with snakes and inspired by Ravelo's Valentina. Due to this comic novel, Valentina became a household name.
The Mango Comics miniseriesEdit
In the early 2000s, Mango Comics acquired the rights of Darna. With inputs from the family of Ravelo, in 2003, Mango Comics released a miniseries featuring Darna with Valentina as the main villainess. In this comics series that was written by Boboy Yonzon and illustrated by Ryan Orosco and Gilbert Monsanto, both Darna and Valentina came from the planet called Tiamat. Darna comes from a warrior race named Adarna that uses artificial wings and the comics clearly link the race's origin from the Adarna bird from early Filipino literature while Valentina comes from a rival race that resembles the Nāgas and Gorgons. In this version, Darna's alter-ego, Narda, is depicted as an ordinary college student. On other hand, Valentina is initially presented as a pop singer named Amor comparing her singing prowess to Britney Spears.
Valentina is a serpent queen with a same likeness to the Gorgon Medusa of the Greek mythology, and with this, she has the ability to control all types of snake as well as communicate with them. One of her defining feature is her venomous snakes on her head that she uses to attack enemies and their bite is lethal just like a viper. As a snake goddess, she has an army of snakes that she uses to execute her plan to destroy humankind. She can also change in different forms.
Valentina usually has a pet snake and a mentor who teaches him to control snakes. She is normally depicted as a bitter woman who always seeks revenge. In other depictions, she is jealous with Narda's (Darna's alter ego) love interest and attempts to steal the man that Narda (or Darna) loves.
In other mediaEdit
1950s to 1970sEdit
Cristina Aragon played the first Valentina role in the film Darna (1951), the very first film adaptation of Darna comics series. Twenty-two years later, in 1973, Valentina appeared as a doctoral degree graduate in Reptilian Zooloogy from University of New Delhi in the film Lipad, Darna, Lipad!. Valentina's full name in this film is Dr. Valentina Vrandakapoor, Ph.D. and she wears a turban to hide the snakes on her head. Celia Rodriguez portrayed Valentina in this film and her depiction of the character, particularly the sequence where twelve real snakes cover her body while in bed, made her one of top actress to play Valentina as well as one of the top villain performers in the Philippines. The snakes on the head of Rodriguez were actually eels (Rodriguez referred to it as water snakes).
1980s to 1990sEdit
In 1989, a film was released by Lea Productions entitled Valentina, where Melissa Perez Rubio played the title role. In this film where Darna did not appear, Valentina is portrayed as a good person who was cursed with snakes on her head and has powers to turn people into stones at will unlike Medusa who makes people into stones through looking at her eyes. Rey "PJ" Abellana played Ariel, the love interest of Valentina, which was originally intended for Eric Quizon.
In the film 1991 film Darna, Pilar Pilapil portrayed Valentina. The film was criticized as campy and Valentina's look was negatively compared to Jacobim Mugatu of Zoolander while her pet snake Vibora was censured as a downgraded muppet with bright red lips. In another Darna film in the 1990s, Darna: Ang Pagbabalik (1994), Pilita Corrales played Valentina where she has a daughter named Valentine (portrayed by Cherie Gil) who also has snakes on her head.
After ABS-CBN got the film rights for Ravelo's characters in 2013, development of another Darna film has been in the works since 2014 by ABS-CBN's film production company, Star Cinema, with Angel Locsin reprising her role as Darna, although, full cast was not revealed including the actress who would portray Valentina. Erik Matti was the director of the film whose production company Reality Entertainment was co-producing the film. In 2015, Angel Locsin left the project due to health reasons. Matti continued working on the project without revealing any details about the cast. Liza Soberano was announced to play Darna in 2017 and no other cast information was given. There were rumors circulating that Anne Curtis would portray Valentina in Soberano-led Darna film but she neither confirm or deny it. Other prospects of actresses who would be Valentina emerged including Venus Raj, Iza Calzado and Jessy Mendiola. In August 2018, Matti said that he already had actors for Ding and Valentina but he did not reveal who were them. In the same month he said this, Soberano had a fractured finger and in April 2019 she announced that she is quitting the project because of the injury.
ABS-CBN announced in October 2018 that Matti withdrew as director for the Darna film because of creative differences. A day after the announcement, it was revealed that Jerrold Tarog replaced Matti as the new director for the Darna film. With the departure of Soberano, Jane De Leon was unanimously picked as Darna among the 300 actresses who auditioned for the role. On the other hand, the coveted Valentina role has yet to be disclosed and several actresses expressed their desire to fulfill the role, most notably Denise Laurel. In addition to the other actresses who were rumored to be Valentina, it was speculated that the following actresses would be Valentina: Sarah Lahbati, Dimples Romana and Maricar Reyes.
Darna (2005 TV series)Edit
The very first appearance of Valentina in television is in the 2005 television series Darna by GMA Network where Alessandra de Rossi played Valentina while Angel Locsin portrayed Darna, which was first offered to Iza Calzado. About more than a decade later, Calzado was also considered to play Valentina in another Darna film. On the other hand, de Rossi had qualms in accepting the Valentina due to her fear of snakes but she was persuaded by the production team to take the role. She initially does not have snakes on her head but eventually had them on her final form. The series pilot which was aired on April 11, 2005 posted a 47.1% rating according to AGB Nielsen and the pilot episode was one of the highest rated in Philippine television.
Most of the plot and story elements of the 2005 Darna television series were lifted from the 2003 Darna comics miniseries published by Mango Comics since GMA Network inked a licensing deal with Mango Comics to adapt their comics version into television. In this adaptation, Narda and Valentina are cousins, but in the latter, they found out that they are twins. Efren (played by Dennis Trillo) is both the love interest of Valentina and Narda; Valentina will do anything to get him. Valentina changed to Ava (played by Nadine Samonte) in order for her to get Efren. Valentina was the Anomalkan who will kill the Queen of Anomalka, Braguda, according to the prophecy.
Darna (2009 TV series)Edit
GMA Network rebooted the Darna series once again in 2009 with Marian Rivera as Darna/Narda and Iwa Moto as Valentina. Moto was initially set to play the villain Babaeng Linta but it was changed and she got the role of Valentina. Katrina Halili was considered to play Valentina but she ended up with another villain, Serpina, the half-sister of Valentina. Although, it turned out that Serpina is actually Valentina. Halili also played a villain in the first Darna TV series in 2005 as the Black Darna. Moto's Valentina used to be the childhood friend of Narda and Eduardo (love interest of Narda and played by Mark Anthony Fernandez) until she becomes evil and the enemy of Darna.
Valentina's powers in the 2009 Darna TV series played by Moto are superhuman strength, stamina, reflexes and the usual power in the comics, which is the control of snakes through a psychic bond. In addition, she has the ability to heal herself and can heal people who are sick as well as get rid of poisons or toxins from any person. Although, when her heart is injured, she cannot heal it. Valentina can also telepathically link herself to her half-sister, Serpina. Her superhuman strength can uproot trees and can match Darna's strength. In this series, Kobra (played by Paolo Contis) who is originally a female character in the comics is Valentina's father while her mother is an ordinary human named Consuelo (played by Janice de Belen).
Other television showsEdit
Jodi Sta. Maria starred as Valentina in an episode of ABS-CBN's Komiks television series in 2006 entitled "Komiks Presents: Valentina." The episode is an origin story and Valentina is presented as a good person like in the 1989 film Valentina. Another ABS-CBN television series, Wansapanataym, features Valentina again in one of its episode in 2010. Melissa Ricks got the role to play Valentina in this Wansapanataym episode and the story is also similar to the Komiks episode and the Valentina film where Valentina is presented as a cursed individual but with a good heart.
Before the Darna comics characters were adapted into the television medium, they had already appeared first in theater in 1993 where ballerina Lisa Macuja played Darna and Melanie Motus played Valentina in the musical stage play entitled Pilipino Komiks. This ballet stage production was presented by Philippine Ballet Theatre and featured characters made by Mars Ravelo in a comedic way. Almost a quarter a century later in 2017, this play that was first choreographed by Gener Caringal was re-staged again by Philippine Ballet Theatre and co-presented by Filipino Heritage Festival, National Commission for Culture and the Arts, AB Leisure and Philippine Amusement and Gaming Corporation. In this re-staging of Pilipino Komiks, Regine Magbitang played Darna while Loby Pimentel played Valentina. Both plays were performed in the Cultural Center of the Philippines; the second play additionally performed in Negros, Philippines.
Other stage playsEdit
Another ballet stage play was produced in August 2003 by Ballet Philippines and presented at the Cultural Center of the Philippines. In this theater version, entitled Darna, Christine Crame and Kris-Belle Paclibar alternately danced and played the part of Darna while Valentina who sings was portrayed by Chin-Chin Gutierrez and Tex Ordoñez alternating between the schedule of the stage plays. This production is equally focused on both Darna and Valentina. With choreographic influences from American films such The Matrix and Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon, the theater play was directed by Chris Millado and choreographed by Denisa Reyes and Alden Lugnasin.
In May 2018, Ding, Ang Bato! that was presented by the Arts and Culture Cluster and the Dance Program of the School of Design and Arts of the De La Salle–College of Saint Benilde was a dance musical theatre that once more featured Darna and Valentina. Staged at School of Design and Arts Theater at De La Salle College of St. Benilde and directed also by Chris Millardo, the story is presented at the point-of-view of Ding (played alternately by Carlos Serrano, Juner Quiambao and John Peñaranda), the younger brother of Narda, who is born deaf in this version. Christine Crame reprised her role as Darna while role of Valentina went to Natasha Cabrera. In this version, Valentina is a sympathetic character and has an alter-ego named Tina that was played by Lea Roque.
Actresses who played ValentinaEdit
The following table lists all the actresses who portrayed Valentina as the main character as well as her alter-ego. It does not include actresses who portrayed Valentina as a result of possession or reincarnation. That information is available in the "Notes" section.
|1951||film||Darna||Cristina Aragon||The very first actress to play Valentina.|
|1973||film||Lipad, Darna, Lipad!||Celia Rodriguez||For the first time, the character got a full name (Dr. Valentina Vrandakapoor). Rodriguez's performance was regarded as the best depiction of Valentina.|
|1989||film||Valentina||Melissa Perez Rubio||Valentina is presented as a protagonist.|
|1991||film||Darna||Pilar Pilapil||Valentina's look on this film was criticized.|
|1993||theater||Pilipino Komiks||Melanie Motus||The very first musical dance theater adaptation of the character presented in a comedic way.|
|1994||film||Mars Ravelo's Darna: Ang Pagbabalik!||Pilita Corrales||Numerous sources refer Cherie Gil played Valentina but in fact, she played Valentine, the daughter of Corrales' Valentina in this film.|
|2003||theater||Darna||Chin-Chin Gutierrez and Tex Ordoñez||Valentina's character sings in the ballet theater presentation where she and Darna were equally focused in the story.|
|2005||television||Darna||Alessandra de Rossi||The very first television adaptation of the character. Nadine Samonte played Ava in this series but her character was possessed by Valentina.|
|2006||television||Komiks Presents: Valentina||Jodi Sta. Maria||Valentina is featured in this Komiks episode as a good person as in the 1989 Valentina film.|
|2009||television||Darna||Iwa Moto||In this Darna reboot, Katrina Halili portrays Serpina, the half-sister of Valentina, but it turned out she is Valentina herself.|
|2010||television||Wansapanataym||Melissa Ricks||Similar to the Valentina film and the Komiks episode, Valentina is presented as a cursed person with snakes on her head but with a good heart.|
|2017||theater||Pilipino Komiks||Loby Pimentel||The play is a remake of the 1993 musical dance theater with the same name.|
|2018||theater||Ding, ang Bato!||Natasha Cabrera and Lea Roque||Cabrera played a sympathetic Valentina while Roque played Tina, the alter-ego of Valentina.|
- "First issue of Pilipino Komiks". philstar.com. The Philippine Star. 4 April 2015. Retrieved 20 August 2019. - Note: Ace Publications is the publisher of Pilipino Komiks
- Lawagan, Ernee (15 February 2010). "Ernee's Corner: Darna: The Original Filipino Superheroine". Ernee's Corner. Retrieved 20 August 2019. - Part of this blog was published in TV Star Guide magazine published by Atlas Publishing Company in May 2005
- "Video 48: Darna 1950 Revisited: Ika-2 Na Labas (The Birth Of Valentina )". Video 48. 26 November 2008. Retrieved 20 August 2019.
- "In Photos: Darna flies high in Negros". philstar.com. The Philippine Star. 12 June 2017. Retrieved 20 August 2019.
- Lawagan, Ernee (1 January 2012). "Ernee's Corner: Valentina: The Most Well-known Supervillainess in Philippine Komiks". Ernee's Corner. Retrieved 20 August 2019.
- Santos, Tomas U. (30 April 2003). "Who's that girl?". The Varsitarian. University of Santo Tomas. Retrieved 22 August 2019.
- Komixpage (20 April 2016). "Komix Page: Valentina". KOMIXPAGE (in Tagalog). Retrieved 20 August 2019.
- "Valentina". www.internationalhero.co.uk. Retrieved 20 August 2019.
- "Darna". www.internationalhero.co.uk. Retrieved 20 August 2019.
- "Video 48: Darna 1950 Revisited: Unang Labas (The Origin Of Darna)". Video 48. 25 November 2008. Retrieved 20 August 2019.
- "Filipino Superhero Series: Darna". FFE Magazine. 7 January 2013. Retrieved 23 August 2019.
- "Video 48: Darna 1950 Revisited: IKA-4 at 5 Na Labas (The Evil Valentina )". Video 48. 28 November 2008. Retrieved 23 August 2019.
- Lent, John A. (5 January 2015). Asian Comics. Univ. Press of Mississippi. ISBN 9781626742949.
- Lent, John A. (17 January 2014). Southeast Asian Cartoon Art: History, Trends and Problems. McFarland. p. 69. ISBN 9780786475575.
- Eder, Ederic (16 March 2003). "Muling Lumilipad si Darna". ederic.net (in Tagalog). Retrieved 20 August 2019.
- Afinidad-Bernardo, Deni Rose M (5 July 2017). "Poll: Who do you want to play #Valentina?". philstar.com. The Philippine Star. Retrieved 23 August 2019.
- Lo, Ricky (20 June 2017). "Celia: Angel Locsin is the best Darna". philstar.com. The Philippine Star. Retrieved 27 August 2019.
- Santos, Pietro (3 August 2010). "Top 10 Most Wicked Pinay Contrabidas". SPOT.PH. Retrieved 27 August 2019.
- Zafra, Jessica (3 January 2007). "JessicarulestheUniverse | The farce be with you". JessicaRulestheUniverse.com. Retrieved 27 August 2019.
- Gaerlan, Daniel Ruperto M. (26 June 2017). "All The Women Who've Played Valentina Through The Years—Ranked!". FHM Philiippines. Summit Media. Retrieved 27 August 2019.
- Capacillio, Jeremiah (31 May 2018). "Top 10 Unforgettable Kontrabidas We All Loved to Hate". SPOT.PH. Retrieved 27 August 2019.
- Zafra, Jessica (18 November 2013). "JessicarulestheUniverse | Tea with Valentina: We did a podcast with Ms Celia Rodriguez". JessicaRulestheUniverse.com. Retrieved 27 August 2019.
- Fernando, Jeff (31 May 2017). "#Throwback: Who are Darna's greatest enemies? | PUSH.COM.PH: Your ultimate showbiz hub!". push.abs-cbn.com (in Tagalog). ABS-CBN. Retrieved 27 August 2019.
- "Brillante Mendoza's bid for Cannes glory". ABS-CBN News. 17 May 2008. Retrieved 27 August 2019.
- Valentina – Ang Babeng Ahas, retrieved 27 August 2019
- Kabristante, George Vail (10 August 2019). "Rey 'PJ' Abellana stars in Direk Ronnie Ricketts' new drama movie". The Manila Times. Retrieved 27 August 2019.
- Lim Uy, Sasha. "No One's Talking About The Best Darna". Esquire Magazine Philippines. Summit Media. Retrieved 27 August 2019.
- Villano, Alexa (27 June 2014). "Angel Locsin to return as 'Darna' in new movie". Rappler. Retrieved 29 August 2019.
- "Darna, liliparin ang bulkan? Stunning VFX reel surfaces online". ABS-CBN News. 18 January 2018. Retrieved 29 August 2019.
- "Angel Locsin leaves 'Darna' movie project". Rappler. 27 October 2015. Retrieved 29 August 2019.
- "The New Pinoy 'Darna' Movie: Director Erik Matti Teases Details". International Business Times. 25 January 2016. Archived from the original on 14 June 2018. Retrieved 14 June 2018.
- "It's official! Liza Soberano is the new Darna". ABS-CBN News. 30 May 2016. Retrieved 29 August 2019.
- Afinidad-Bernardo, Deni Rose M. (5 July 2017). "Is Anne Curtis going to be Valentina?". philstar.com. The Philippine Star. Retrieved 29 August 2019.
- Bayle, Alfred (8 August 2018). "Eric Matti [sic] finds right actress to play Valentina in 'Darna'". entertainment.inquirer.net. Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 29 August 2019.
- "Full Video: Tearful Liza Soberano withdraws from 'Darna' film project". ABS-CBN News. 4 April 2019. Retrieved 29 August 2019.
- "Erik Matti no longer directing 'Darna' movie". cnn. CNN Philippines. 4 October 2018. Retrieved 29 August 2019.
- "Jerrold Tarog takes over as 'Darna' director". Rappler. 5 October 2018. Retrieved 29 August 2019.
- Malasig, Jeline (18 July 2019). "Get to know Jane de Leon, ABS-CBN's pick for Darna". Interaksyon. Philstar Global Corp. Retrieved 29 August 2019.
- Hallare, Katrina (10 April 2019). "Denise Laurel as Darna? Actress prefers to be the villain instead". Philippine Daily Inquirer.
- "WATCH: Denise Laurel wows with Valentina 'audition'". ABS-CBN News. 5 July 2019. Retrieved 29 August 2019.
- De los Reyes, Sara; Libero-Cruz, Grace (8 July 2019). "6 Actresses Who Would Be Perfect As The Next Valentina". MetroStyle. ABS-CBN Corporation. Retrieved 29 August 2019.
- "The many lives of Alessandra De Rossi". CNN Philippines. 2 May 2018. Retrieved 27 August 2019.
- "Meet the 'Darna' actress that almost was". ABS-CBN News. 24 March 2014. Retrieved 27 August 2019.
- Arcega, Raffy (24 August 2009). "Mars Ravelo's Darna 2005 TV Series". Darna 2005 TV Series Guide. Retrieved 27 August 2019.
- Mendoza, Ruel J. (2 July 2009). "Full cast of Darna finally revealed". PEP.ph. Summit Media. Retrieved 28 August 2019.
- Garcia, Rose (8 July 2009). "Iwa Moto is ready to handle snakes for her role as Valentina". PEP.ph (in Tagalog). Retrieved 28 August 2019.
- "Katrina Halili, maghahasik na ng lagim sa 'Darna'". www.gmanetwork.com (in Tagalog). GMA Network. 18 December 2009. Retrieved 28 August 2019.
- "Katrina Halili ready to play villain roles again". www.gmanetwork.com (in Tagalog). GMA Network. 30 April 2009. Retrieved 28 August 2019.
- Franco, Bernie V. (15 June 2019). "Katrina Halili says Nadine Lustre is perfect to play Darna". PEP.ph. Retrieved 28 August 2019.
- Arcega, Raffy (5 September 2009). "Darna 2009 TV Series Guide". DARNA 2009 TV SERIES GUIDE. Retrieved 28 August 2019.
- Valencia, F.; Saturnino, Jean; Ignacio, Mixi (30 June 2017). "Who Do You Think Should Play Valentina In The 'Darna' Remake?". COSMO.PH. Cosmopolitan Philippines. Retrieved 29 August 2019.
- "Melissa Ricks is 'Valentina'". ABS-CBN News. 12 November 2010. Retrieved 29 August 2019.
- Jacinto, Erica Marquez (4 July 2017). "artaturningpointe: PBT's Pinoy Komiks Still Flying High". artaturningpointe. Retrieved 28 August 2019.
- "Gener Caringal's Pilipino Komiks, A Re-Staging". Retrieved 28 August 2019.
- Sta. Maria, Dina (3 August 2003). "Darna flies". philstar.com. The Philippine Star. Retrieved 28 August 2019.
- Cortes, Joseph (28 July 2003). "Ballet Philippines soars high with 'Darna'". philstar.com. The Philippine Star. Retrieved 28 August 2019.
- Alba, Reinerio A. (21 July 2003). "In Focus: Darna Flies High Over at CCP!". ncca.gov.ph. National Commission for Culture and the Arts. Retrieved 28 August 2019.
- "Darna is back in a new dance-theater production at Benilde". Inquirer Lifestyle. Philippine Daily Inquirer. 4 May 2018. Retrieved 28 August 2019.
- "Benilde's Arts and Culture Cluster stages 'Ding, ang bato!'". InqPOP!. Philippine Daily Inquirer. 20 April 2018. Retrieved 28 August 2019.
- Charm, Neil (25 April 2018). "Darna comes back to life in Benilde's new dance musical, Ding, Ang Bato! | BusinessWorld". BusinessWorld. Retrieved 28 August 2019.
- News, ABS-CBN (12 May 2018). "Musical retells Darna story through Ding's perspective". ABS-CBN News. Retrieved 28 August 2019.
- Francisco, Nikki (20 May 2018). "Review: In "Ding, ang Bato!", dancing is serious but the politics is casual". TheaterFansManila.com. Retrieved 28 August 2019.
- Lanuza, Ej (21 May 2018). "Taking flight with "Ding, Ang Bato!"". The Benildean. De La Salle-College of Saint Benilde. Retrieved 28 August 2019.
- "Ten things you didn't know about Celia Rodriguez, Cherie Gil, and their power looks". PEP.ph. 12 April 2015. Retrieved 29 August 2019.