Nestor Redondo

Nestor P. Redondo (May 4, 1928 – December 30, 1995)[1] was a Filipino comics artist best known for his work for DC Comics, Marvel Comics, and other American publishers in the 1970s and early 1980s. In his native Philippines, he is known for co-creating the superheroine Darna.

Nestor Redondo
Redondo in 1982
Redondo in 1982
Born(1928-05-04)4 May 1928
Candon, Ilocos Sur, Philippine Islands, U.S.
Died30 December 1995(1995-12-30) (aged 67)
Los Angeles County, California, U.S.
Nationality Philippines
Area(s)Penciller, Inker, Publisher, Animation Designer, Painter
Notable works
Darna,
Limited Collectors' Edition #C-36 (The Bible),
Rima, the Jungle Girl,
Savage Sword of Conan,
Swamp Thing
AwardsInkpot Award, 1979

Early lifeEdit

Redondo was born May 4, 1928, in Candon, Ilocos Sur, in what was then the United States territory of the Philippine Islands.[2][3] His brother, Francisco "Quico" Redondo, was a comics artist as well.[4]

He studied architecture at the Mapúa Institute of Technology but left it to begin a career in illustration.[5]

CareerEdit

Early workEdit

Redondo began his career drawing Filipino komiks serials, which were written by his brother Virgilio,[6] including Mars Ravelo's Darna series. In 1969 and 1970 Redondo did the four-page serial ”Mga Kasaysayang Buhat sa Bibliya” (“Tales from the Bible”) in each issue of Superyor Komiks Magasin, which was produced by his company Nestor Redondo Publications. This company launched a program of on-the-job training for young writers and artists.[2][3]

U.S. workEdit

In the 1970s, Redondo began to do work for publishers in the United States. His earliest U.S. credit is penciling and inking the ten-page story "The King Is Dead", by writer Jack Oleck, in DC Comics' House of Mystery #194 (Sept. 1971).[7] Through the 1970s, Redondo drew dozens of such supernatural anthology stories for DC titles including House of Secrets, The Phantom Stranger, Secrets of Sinister House, The Unexpected, Weird War Tales, and The Witching Hour.[7] He drew six of the seven issues of Rima, the Jungle Girl (May 1974 – March 1975),[8] based on the heroine of a Victorian novel,[9] as well as Swamp Thing #11–23 (Aug. 1974 – July 1976),[10] and DC's tabloid-sized one-shot collection of Bible stories, cover-titled The Bible but officially titled Limited Collectors' Edition #C-36 (July 1975).[11] Nestor Redondo and his brother Frank Redondo often collaborated and were credited together as the "Redondo Studio", including on the Ragman series for DC.[12][13][14]

 
Panel, DC Comics' Rima, the Jungle Girl #6 (Feb.–March 1975). Art by Redondo.

In 1970, Redondo was approached by Vincent Fago of Pendulum Press to illustrate stories for that publisher’s new line of comic book adaptations of literary classics. Redondo helped Fago recruit fellow Filipino comics artists,[15] who illustrated almost every comic Pendulum produced. From 1973 to 1979, Redondo illustrated many stories in the Pendulum Illustrated Classics line, including Dracula and Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde — adaptations which were reprinted by Marvel Comics three years later as Marvel Classics Comics.[7] Other adaptations illustrated by Redondo for Pendulum included The Great Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, some Edgar Allan Poe stories, The Odyssey, and Romeo and Juliet. In addition, Redondo illustrated a Pendulum comic-book history of the American Civil War, and biographies of Madame Curie, Albert Einstein, and Abraham Lincoln.

In the mid-1980s, Redondo inked the Eclipse Comics time-travel series Aztec Ace, by writer Doug Moench and pencilers Michael Hernandez and Dan Day. In 1990, he contributed to the second issue of the Marvel Comics superhero series Solarman as well as to an issue of Innovation Comics' Legends of the Stargrazers.[7] Redondo collaborated with writer Roy Thomas on an adaptation of Robert E. Howard's Marchers of Valhalla in the mid-1990s, but the finished comic book never saw print.[citation needed]

Christian comicsEdit

More regularly, Redondo contributed to various Christian comics. In addition to DC Comics' 1975 one-shot collection of Bible stories, Redondo illustrated Marx, Lenin, Mao and Christ, published in 1977 by Open Doors (and reprinted in 2010 by Calvary Comics); Pendulum's Ben-Hur, published in 1978; Born Again Comics #2 (featuring the story of Filipino actor-turned-evangelist Fred Galang) in 1988; and Aida-Zee, Behold 3-D, and Christian Comics & Games #0 and #1, produced in the 1990s by The Nate Butler Studio. Redondo was a panelist for the first Christian-comics panel of San Diego Comic-Con in 1992.[16]

In preparation for the First International Christian Comics Training Conference in Tagaytay, the Philippines, in January 1996, Redondo wrote On Realistic Illustration for his main teaching session, but died before he was able to deliver it personally.[16]

DeathEdit

Redondo was living in Los Angeles County, California, at the time of his death on December 30, 1995.[1]

AwardsEdit

In 1979, Redondo received the Inkpot Award at the San Diego Comic-Con.[17]

BibliographyEdit

Continuity ComicsEdit

DC ComicsEdit

Eclipse ComicsEdit

Innovation PublishingEdit

  • Legends of the Stargrazers #1 (1989)

Marvel ComicsEdit

Nate Butler Studio, Inc.Edit

  • Aida-Zee #1 (1990)
  • The Monster tract (1992)
  • Behold 3-D #1 (1996)
  • Christian Comics & Games #0 (1996)
  • Christian Comics & Games #1 (1997)

Pacific ComicsEdit

Pendulum PressEdit

  • Pendulum Illustrated Classics
    • Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (1973) – reprinted in Marvel Classics Comics #1 (1976)
    • Dracula (1973) — reprinted in Marvel Classics Comics #9 (1976)
    • Sir Arthur Conan Doyle: The Great Adventures of Sherlock Holmes (1974)
    • Ben-Hur: A Tale of the Christ (1978)
    • The Odyssey (1979)
    • Romeo and Juliet (1979)
  • Basic Illustrated History of America
    • The Civil War, 1850-1876 (1976)
  • Pendulum Illustrated Biography Series
    • Abraham Lincoln (1979)
    • Madame Curie/Albert Einstein (1979)

Peter Pan RecordsEdit

  • Battle for the Planet of the Apes ##PR21 (1974)
  • Beneath the Planet of the Apes #PR20 (1974)
  • Escape from the Planet of the Apes #PR19 (1974)
  • Planet of the Apes #PR18 (1974)

Warren PublishingEdit

Western PublishingEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Nestor P. Redondo at the Social Security Death Index via FamilySearch.org. Retrieved on November 25, 2015. Note that the Lambiek Comiclopedia gives an incorrect death date of September 30.
  2. ^ a b "Nestor Redondo". Lambiek Comiclopedia. July 29, 2012. Archived from the original on September 28, 2012.
  3. ^ a b Alanguilan, Doroteo L., ed. "Nestor Redondo". The Philippine Comics Art Museum. Archived from the original on September 6, 2012. Retrieved April 19, 2013. {{cite web}}: |first= has generic name (help)
  4. ^ Bails, Jerry (n.d.). "Redondo, Frank". Who's Who of American Comic Books 1928-1999. Archived from the original on May 11, 2007.
  5. ^ Alanguilan, Gerry (April 20, 2006). "Nestor Redondo". The Philippine Comics Art Museum. Archived from the original on February 10, 2017. Nestor took up Architecture at the Mapúa Institute of Technology at the behest of his parents, who believed that one comics artist in the family was enough. Nestor's brother Virgilio was at the time already illustrating comics for Bulaklak Publications.
  6. ^ "Virgilio Redondo". Lambiek Comiclopedia. July 29, 2012. Archived from the original on February 13, 2015.
  7. ^ a b c d Nestor Redondo at the Grand Comics Database
  8. ^ McAvennie, Michael; Dolan, Hannah, ed. (2010). "1970s". DC Comics Year By Year A Visual Chronicle. London, United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. p. 160. ISBN 978-0-7566-6742-9. Editor Joe Kubert's gorgeous covers, plus the untamed beauty of South America's wildlife and flora, as accentuated by famed Filipino artist Nestor Redondo, were unforgettable. {{cite book}}: |first2= has generic name (help)
  9. ^ Levitz, Paul (2010). "The Bronze Age 1970–1984". 75 Years of DC Comics The Art of Modern Mythmaking. Cologne, Germany: Taschen. p. 543. ISBN 9783836519816. W. H. Hudson's 1904 novel Green Mansions provided a heroine to serve as a counterpart to Tarzan, then being published by DC.
  10. ^ Levitz, p. 482: The search for [Swamp Thing artist Bernie Wrightson's] replacement led to the Filipino talent pool that was producing most of the mystery line's art - a studio now led by Nestor Redondo, a premier artist in that country."
  11. ^ Zeno, Eddy (December 2012). "DC Comics' The Bible". Back Issue!. Raleigh, North Carolina: TwoMorrows Publishing (61): 17–23.
  12. ^ McAvennie "1970s" in Dolan, p. 171: "Writer Robert Kanigher's origin of the frayed hero was pieced together into moody, coarse segments by Joe Kubert and Nestor, Frank, and Quico Redondo."
  13. ^ Markstein, Don (2010). "Ragman". Don Markstein's Toonopedia. Archived from the original on February 15, 2015.
  14. ^ Redondo Studio at the Grand Comics Database
  15. ^ Fago, Vincent, "Nestor Redondo and the Pendulum Classics," in Arthur Conan Doyle: Rosebud Graphic Classics (Eureka Productions, 2002), pp. 4-6.
  16. ^ a b "Nestor Redondo - Christian Comics Pioneer". Christian Comics International. n.d. Archived from the original on December 30, 2013.
  17. ^ "Inkpot Award Winners". Hahn Library Comic Book Awards Almanac. Archived from the original on July 9, 2012. Retrieved February 13, 2015.

External linksEdit

Preceded by
n/a
Rima, the Jungle Girl artist
1974–1975
Succeeded by
Preceded by Swamp Thing artist
1974–1976
Succeeded by
Preceded by "Black Orchid" feature
in Phantom Stranger artist

1974–1975
Succeeded by
Fred Carrillo