Tagaytay, officially the City of Tagaytay (Filipino: Lungsod ng Tagaytay), is a 2nd class component city in the province of Cavite, Philippines.[1] According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 85,330 people.[4]

Tagaytay
City of Tagaytay
(From top, left to right: General skyline • Tagaytay Rotonda • Tagaytay City Track Oval • Tagaytay Picnic Grove • Tagaytay Highlands)
Flag of Tagaytay
Official seal of Tagaytay
Nickname: 
Alternative Summer Capital of the Philippines
Map of Cavite with Tagaytay highlighted
Map of Cavite with Tagaytay highlighted
OpenStreetMap
Map
Tagaytay is located in Philippines
Tagaytay
Tagaytay
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°06′N 120°56′E / 14.1°N 120.93°E / 14.1; 120.93
CountryPhilippines
RegionCalabarzon
ProvinceCavite
District 8th district
Foundation and cityhoodJune 21, 1938[1]
Barangays34 (see Barangays)
Government
[2]
 • TypeSangguniang Panlungsod
 • MayorAbraham N. Tolentino
 • Vice MayorAgnes D. Tolentino
 • RepresentativeAniela Bianca D. Tolentino
 • City Council
Members
 • Electorate51,601 voters (2022)
Area
 • Total65.00 km2 (25.10 sq mi)
Elevation
634 m (2,080 ft)
Highest elevation
740 m (2,430 ft)
Lowest elevation
292 m (958 ft)
Population
 (2020 census)[4]
 • Total85,330
 • Density1,300/km2 (3,400/sq mi)
 • Households
22,399
DemonymTagaytayeño
Economy
 • Income class2nd city income class
 • Poverty incidence
5.35
% (2018)[5]
 • Revenue₱ 1,270 million (2020)
 • Assets₱ 6,680 million (2020)
 • Expenditure₱ 1,250 million (2020)
 • Liabilities₱ 1,764 million (2020)
Service provider
 • ElectricityManila Electric Company (Meralco)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
4120
PSGC
IDD:area code+63 (0)46
Native languagesTagalog
Numbered highways
Major religions
Feast dateFebruary 11
Ecclesiastical diocese
Patron saintOur Lady of Lourdes
Websitewww.tagaytay.gov.ph

It is one of the country's most popular destinations for domestic tourism because of its scenery and cooler climate provided by its altitude. Tagaytay overlooks Taal Lake in Batangas and provides views of Taal Volcano Island in the middle of the lake through various vantage points situated in the city.

Tagaytay is relatively close to the capital city of Manila, only 59 kilometers (37 mi) away via Aguinaldo Highway, providing an easy escape for the locals from the heat of the huge metropolis. It is 39 kilometers (24 mi) from Imus.

Etymology edit

The name of Tagaytay comes from Tagalog tagaytay or taytay meaning a "mountain ridge" or a "low mountain range", referring to the Tagaytay Ridge overlooking Taal Lake.[6]

History edit

Philippine Revolution edit

During the Philippine revolution of 1896, the ridges and forests of Tagaytay became the sanctuary for revolutionaries including those from nearby provinces. The passage to and from towns via Tagaytay added the word "mananagaytay" to the native's vocabulary. It means "to traverse ridges."[7]

Cityhood edit

Tagaytay became a chartered city with the passing and signing of Commonwealth Act No. 338 by President Manuel L. Quezon on June 21, 1938,[1] as authored by Representative Justiniano Montano of Cavite.[8] To form the newly founded city, areas of the towns of Silang, Mendez, Indang and Amadeo were removed from their town governments, making it the first planned community in the province and the first city to be bulit from scratch - given the ongoing highway works in the area then.

Territorial changes edit

On April 1, 1941, portions of Talisay, Batangas and Alfonso, Cavite were ceded to Tagaytay through Executive Order No. 336 signed by President Quezon to expand its territory.[9] However, on June 7, 1956, the lakeside barangays of Birinayan (Berinayan) and Caloocan on the shores of Taal Lake were returned to Talisay.[10]

World War II edit

 
1951 Historical marker commemorating Tagaytay landing.

On February 23, 1945, the 11th Airborne Division of Lt. Gen. Robert L. Eichelberger's 8th Army performed a combat jump of the 511th Parachute Infantry Regiment and associated elements on the ridge, with a drop zone around the Manila Hotel Annex, which had been cleared of Japanese forces by Filipino soldiers of the 4th, 42nd, 43rd, 45th and 46th Infantry Division of the Philippine Commonwealth Army, 4th Constabulary Regiment of the Philippine Constabulary and recognized guerillas. To commemorate this event, a marker was installed in 1951 at the junction of Silang, Canlubang-Nasugbu roads by the city officials in coordination with the National Historical Institute of the Philippines.[7]

Geography edit

Land area edit

Tagaytay has a total land area of 66.1 km2 (26 sq mi) which represents about 4.37% of the total area of the Province of Cavite. It lies within 120° 56' longitude and 14° 6' latitude and overlooks Manila Bay to the North, Taal Volcano and Lake to the south and Laguna de Bay to the east.

Topography edit

 
View of Taal Lake and Volcano from Tagaytay

The southern and eastern portions of Tagaytay are covered by hills and mountains which is generally forests, pine trees and open grasslands. The city lies along Tagaytay Ridge, a ridge stretching about 32 kilometers (20 mi) from Mount Batulao in the west to Mount Sungay in the east with elevations averaging about 610 metres (2,000 ft) above sea level.[11] Mount Sungay, in Tagaytay, is the highest point of the province of Cavite at 709 meters (2,326 ft).[12]

The ridge, which overlooks Taal Lake in Batangas province, is the edge of Taal Caldera. The 25-by-30-kilometer (16 mi × 19 mi) wide cavity is partially filled by Taal Lake.[13] Tagaytay's built-up areas including the urban center is situated in the relatively level top of the caldera rim but beyond the edge are deep ravines that drop steeply to Taal Lake. The portions adjoining the municipalities of Mendez, Indang, Amadeo, Silang and Alfonso are level to nearly level areas interspersed with very gently sloping surface. Across the southern edge of the lake on the opposite side of the city is Mount Macolod, the highest point of the Taal Caldera rim.

Climate edit

Temperature and precipitation

Tagaytay has a mild tropical monsoon climate (Köppen climate classification: Am) characterized by cooler weather compared to Manila, lower humidity and abundant rainfall. The city has an average temperature of 22 °C (72 °F) and rarely exceeds 31 °C (88 °F). With its high elevation, the city gets foggy, windy, and cooler temperatures during the months of December, January and February. Like most areas in the province of Cavite, the city has two pronounced seasons: dry from November to April and wet during the rest of the year. This climate makes the city ideal for sports, picnics, conferences, honeymoons, country homes, and spiritual retreats.

Humidity and wind

Tagaytay has an average relative humidity of about 78%. Northeasterly winds prevail in the city from October to April. Winds come from southwest from May to September. The cool Tagaytay breeze has made the city popular for casual and competitive kite flying.

Climate data for Tagaytay
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Mean maximum °C (°F) 27.0
(80.6)
28.0
(82.4)
30.0
(86.0)
31.0
(87.8)
30.0
(86.0)
29.0
(84.2)
28.0
(82.4)
27.0
(80.6)
27.0
(80.6)
27.0
(80.6)
27.0
(80.6)
27.0
(80.6)
28.2
(82.8)
Average high °C (°F) 24.0
(75.2)
26.0
(78.8)
27.0
(80.6)
29.0
(84.2)
28.0
(82.4)
26.0
(78.8)
25.0
(77.0)
24.0
(75.2)
25.0
(77.0)
25.0
(77.0)
25.0
(77.0)
24.0
(75.2)
25.7
(78.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) 20.0
(68.0)
21.0
(69.8)
21.5
(70.7)
23.5
(74.3)
24.0
(75.2)
23.0
(73.4)
22.5
(72.5)
22.0
(71.6)
22.5
(72.5)
22.0
(71.6)
21.5
(70.7)
20.5
(68.9)
22.0
(71.6)
Average low °C (°F) 16.0
(60.8)
16.0
(60.8)
16.0
(60.8)
18.0
(64.4)
20.0
(68.0)
20.0
(68.0)
20.0
(68.0)
20.0
(68.0)
20.0
(68.0)
19.0
(66.2)
18.0
(64.4)
17.0
(62.6)
18.3
(65.0)
Mean minimum °C (°F) 13.0
(55.4)
13.0
(55.4)
14.0
(57.2)
16.0
(60.8)
18.0
(64.4)
18.0
(64.4)
18.0
(64.4)
19.0
(66.2)
18.0
(64.4)
16.0
(60.8)
15.0
(59.0)
14.0
(57.2)
16.0
(60.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 11
(0.4)
13
(0.5)
14
(0.6)
32
(1.3)
101
(4.0)
142
(5.6)
208
(8.2)
187
(7.4)
175
(6.9)
131
(5.2)
68
(2.7)
39
(1.5)
1,121
(44.3)
Source: meteoblue.com (modeled/calculated data, not measured locally)[14]

Barangays edit

Tagaytay is administratively subdivided into 34 barangays.[15] Each barangay consists of puroks and some have sitios.

  • Asisan
  • Bagong Tubig
  • Calabuso
  • Dapdap East
  • Dapdap West
  • Francisco
  • Guinhawa North
  • Guinhawa South
  • Iruhin East
  • Iruhin South
  • Iruhin West
  • Kaybagal Central
  • Kaybagal North
  • Kaybagal South (Poblacion)
  • Mag-Asawang Ilat
  • Maharlika East
  • Maharlika West
  • Maitim 2nd Central
  • Maitim 2nd East
  • Maitim 2nd West
  • Mendez Crossing East
  • Mendez Crossing West
  • Neogan
  • Patutong Malaki North
  • Patutong Malaki South
  • Sambong
  • San Jose
  • Silang Junction North
  • Silang Junction South
  • Sungay East
  • Sungay West
  • Tolentino East
  • Tolentino West
  • Zambal

Demographics edit

Population census of Tagaytay
YearPop.±% p.a.
1939 1,657—    
1948 5,233+13.63%
1960 7,203+2.70%
1970 10,907+4.23%
1975 13,388+4.20%
1980 16,322+4.04%
1990 23,739+3.82%
1995 29,419+4.10%
2000 45,287+9.69%
2007 61,623+4.34%
2010 62,030+0.24%
2015 71,181+2.66%
2020 85,330+3.63%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[16][17][18][19]

In the 2020 census, the population of Tagaytay, was 85,330 people,[4] with a density of 1,300 inhabitants per square kilometre or 3,400 inhabitants per square mile.

In the 2010 census, Tagaytay had a population of 62,030 people.[17] Christianity is the majority religion of Tagaytayeños with Roman Catholicism as the most dominant sect compromising of 95.36 percent of the total population. The next prominent Christian denominations among residents of Tagaytay are Protestants have of (3.37%) population including Iglesia ni Cristo have of (2.5%). The Eastern Orthodox Church was a part of the Philippine Orthodox Church here in the Philippines under the jurisdiction of the Patriarchate of Moscow and its own Orthodox Diocese province in Southeast Asia the Diocese of the Philippines and Vietnam, account of (1%) the Tagaytay's population many Orthodox community lives throughout the town.[20][21] The rest of the population (0.20%) subscribes to other religions.

Tagalog is the most dominant language in the city with 93.58% of the population speaking the language. The next prominent Philippine languages are Bicolano (1.52%), Ilocano (1.52%), and Cebuano (1.00%).[22]

Economy edit

Agriculture edit

 
Pineapple field in Tagaytay with a papaya tree and banana plants in the foreground.

Despite rapid urbanization of Tagaytay, agriculture remains an important part of the city's economy and development. As of 2009, it is recorded that there is about 1,292 hectares (3,190 acres) of agriculture land which is about 20 percent of the city's total land area. The city was once a cogon land after it was discovered during the Taal eruption. The soil was proven to be with rich volcanic components suitable to farming with main agricultural goods produced are pineapple, coffee, banana, root crops, cacao, camote, cassava other fruits and vegetables, and cut flowers which are supplied to both local and international markets. Garden plant shops thrive the Tagaytay–Calamba Road. The city was once an abundant Daisy and gladiola farming haven prior to tourism development and residential boom.[30]

Tourism edit

 
Aguinaldo Highway or Tagaytay City - Silang Junction

Tagaytay is considered to be the second Summer capital of the Philippines with the first being Baguio due to its cool climate thus is a favored destination from those relatively more humid areas of the Philippines. Tagaytay is also a destination for tourists seeking views of Taal Volcano and the surrounding lake. In 2015, the Department of Tourism cited Tagaytay as the top tourist destination in the Calabarzon region.[citation needed] Among the most visited sites in Tagaytay are the Sky Ranch, Ayala Malls Serin, Robinsons Summit Ridge (Robinsons Tagaytay), Picnic Grove Complex, People's Park in the Sky, Halfway Zoo and different choices of restaurants known for serving the famous bulalo and crispy tawilis. Fresh beef and vegetables are sold at Mahogany Market. The fruits stands are across the Tagaytay City Market where the fresh tilapia from Taal Lake are marketed. Tagaytay's proximity to Metro Manila is attributed to the tourism in the city. Tagaytay receives a seasonal influx of tourists during Christmas season and Holy Week, and the city is a pilgrimage destination with churches, shrines, and retreat houses. The Taal Vista Hotel is a symbol of Tagaytay's past.[31][32]

Transportation edit

Roads edit

 
Tagaytay–Nasugbu Highway

Tagaytay is linked by national highways to the Metro Manila area and to the provinces of Batangas and Laguna. Secondary roads link the city with the adjoining municipalities of Amadeo, Mendez, Indang, Silang and Alfonso in Cavite towards the northwest, and to the cities of Calamba and Santa Rosa in Laguna in the northeast and to the town of Talisay in Batangas in the south.

The South Luzon Expressway serves the city via Tagaytay–Santa Rosa Road that passes Santa Rosa and Silang from Santa Rosa and Eton City Exits, and Tagaytay-Calamba Road that passes Tagaytay Highlands and Calamba Premiere International Park from Batino Exit, albeit discontinuously for the public. Governor's Drive to Pala-pala Road from Carmona Exit is also another alternative route to the city that ends at Aguinaldo Highway in Dasmariñas. Manila-Cavite Expressway (CAVITEx or formerly, Coastal Road) also serves Tagaytay via the southbound Aguinaldo Highway. The Cavite–Tagaytay–Batangas Expressway (CTBEX) is a proposed expressway that will connect with the under-construction Cavite–Laguna Expressway (CALAX) in Silang to Nasugbu, Batangas and will bypass but serve the city. CTBEx and CALAEx also connects with an interchange at Aguinaldo Highway in the future for easier travel of tourists coming from Metro Manila.[citation needed]

From Batangas, the main route to Tagaytay is either Tagaytay–Nasugbu Highway, a major thoroughfare from Tagaytay Rotonda to Nasugbu, Ligaya Drive, a winding road that starts near the poblacion of Talisay and ends near the Tagaytay Picnic Grove, or Tagaytay–Talisay Road, a 12-kilometer (7.5 mi) road from Lemery–Agoncillo–Laurel–Talisay Road to Tagaytay Rotunda. From Laguna, the main route is the Tagaytay–Santa Rosa Road from Santa Rosa, Laguna and another route is Tagaytay–Calamba Road (via Tagaytay Highlands and a future link to Calamba) from Calamba, Laguna.

Notable personalities edit

Sister cities edit

 
Tagaytay City Hall
Local
International

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ a b c Commonwealth Act No. 338 (June 21, 1938). An Act to incorporate the City of Tagaytay, and for other purposes. Retrieved June 25, 2021. {{cite book}}: |website= ignored (help)CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  2. ^ City of Tagaytay | (DILG)
  3. ^ "2015 Census of Population, Report No. 3 – Population, Land Area, and Population Density" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. Quezon City, Philippines. August 2016. ISSN 0117-1453. Archived (PDF) from the original on May 25, 2021. Retrieved July 16, 2021.
  4. ^ a b c Census of Population (2020). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved July 8, 2021.{{cite encyclopedia}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  5. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. December 15, 2021. Retrieved January 22, 2022.
  6. ^ Lesho, Marivic; Sippola, Eeva (2018). "Toponyms in Manila and Cavite, Philippines". Vergleichende Kolonialtoponomastik Strukturen und Funktionen kolonialer Ortsbenennung. De Gruyter. pp. 317–332. ISBN 9783110608618.
  7. ^ a b "Tagaytay City Ecological Profile 2013" (PDF). Tagaytay City Official Web site. Tagaytay City Government. pp. 1–2. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 17, 2015. Retrieved November 15, 2015.
  8. ^ "History" Archived August 5, 2012, at the Wayback Machine. Official Website of Tagaytay City. Retrieved on February 4, 2012.
  9. ^ Executive Order No. 336, s. 1941 (April 1, 1941). Defining the Territorial Limits of the City of Tagaytay. Retrieved July 7, 2023. {{cite book}}: |website= ignored (help)CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  10. ^ Republic Act No. 1418 (June 7, 1956). An Act to Transfer to the Municipality of Talisay, Province of Batangas, Its Former Barrios of Caloocan and Binirayan Which Were Annexed to the City of Tagaytay. Retrieved July 7, 2023. {{cite book}}: |website= ignored (help)CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  11. ^ "Tagaytay City – Geography". Cavite Province Official Website. Retrieved on February 4, 2012.
  12. ^ "Mount Sungay" Archived April 2, 2015, at the Wayback Machine. Mountains Mounts. Retrieved on February 4, 2012.
  13. ^ "Taal Volcano Flyer". Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology. Retrieved on February 7, 2012.
  14. ^ "Climate: Modelled Tagaytay – Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". meteoblue.com. Retrieved November 10, 2019.
  15. ^ "Philippine Standard Geographic Code (PSGC) | Philippine Statistics Authority". www.psa.gov.ph. Retrieved November 6, 2021.
  16. ^ Census of Population (2015). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved June 20, 2016.{{cite encyclopedia}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  17. ^ a b Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)" (PDF). Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. National Statistics Office. Retrieved June 29, 2016.{{cite encyclopedia}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  18. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. National Statistics Office.{{cite encyclopedia}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  19. ^ "Province of Cavite". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved December 17, 2016.
  20. ^ Father, Silouan (August 10, 2019). "Hierarchal Liturgy at Tagaytay". Philippine Mission of the Russian Orthodox Church.
  21. ^ "RUSSIAN CHURCH ESTABLISHES FOUR DIOCESES IN SOUTHEAST ASIA". Orthodox Christianity. February 27, 2019.
  22. ^ "Tagaytay City Ecological Profile 2013" (PDF). Tagaytay City Official Website. Tagaytay City Government. pp. 27–28. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 17, 2015. Retrieved November 15, 2015.
  23. ^ "Poverty incidence (PI):". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved December 28, 2020.
  24. ^ "Estimation of Local Poverty in the Philippines" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. November 29, 2005.
  25. ^ "2003 City and Municipal Level Poverty Estimates" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. March 23, 2009.
  26. ^ "City and Municipal Level Poverty Estimates; 2006 and 2009" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. August 3, 2012.
  27. ^ "2012 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. May 31, 2016.
  28. ^ "Municipal and City Level Small Area Poverty Estimates; 2009, 2012 and 2015". Philippine Statistics Authority. July 10, 2019.
  29. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. December 15, 2021. Retrieved January 22, 2022.
  30. ^ "Updated City Development Strategy Report for Tagaytay City 9 Mar 2009" (PDF). Cities Alliance. March 9, 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 10, 2015. Retrieved November 15, 2015.
  31. ^ Giron, Anthony (January 3, 2015). "Tagaytay not far behind with 500,000 tourist arrivals". Manila Bulletin. Retrieved November 15, 2015.
  32. ^ Limpin, Rogelio (December 14, 2014). "Tagaytay tourist visits to reach 2M". The Manila Times. Retrieved November 15, 2015.
  33. ^ PIA – Sisterhood agreement between Tagaytay and San Nicolas signed
  34. ^ a b "Tagaytay, Philippines & Rohnert Park, California". Washington, DC: Sister Cities International. Archived from the original on February 4, 2015. Retrieved February 4, 2015.

External links edit