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Tumkur (officially renamed as Tumakuru) is one of the industrial cities located in the state of Karnataka, also known as Shaikshanika Nagari (city of education) and Kalpatharu Nadu (land of coconut trees). Since 28 August 2010, Tumkur has been accorded the status of a City Corporation. It is situated at a distance of 70 km (43 mi) northwest of Bangalore, along National Highway NH-4 and NH-206. It is the headquarters of the Tumkur district. Tumkur hosts India's first mega food park, a project of the ministry of food processing. The India Food Park was inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in September 2014.
City of Coconuts, City of Education
|• Body||Tumkur City Corporation|
|• Mayor||Lalitha Raveesh|
|• Commissioner||T Bhoobalan IAS|
|• City Corporation||48.60 km2 (18.76 sq mi)|
|Elevation||822 m (2,697 ft)|
|• City Corporation||305,821|
|• Density||6,300/km2 (16,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
Etymologically, the name of the city is believed to have been mutated possibly from "Tumbe ooru" because of the abundance of tumbe huuvu, a kind of flower, or tamate ooru because of the folk musical percussion instrument tamate, that might have been used most here. Also, it is called the coconut city.
Another story says that during the rule of cholas Gulur was their capital. Since Tumkur is at high elevation the guards used to be there on any hill with tumaki (a kind of drum) and used to make sound in case of any alerts, hence the name. The Indian central government approved the request to officially rename the Tumkur and 12 other cities in October 2014. The city officially became "Tumakuru" on 1 November 2014.
Tumkur is located at  It has an average elevation of 822 metres (2696 feet). The city has a railway station on the South Western railway, 43 km (27 mi) northwest from Bangalore, 130 km (81 mi) southeast from Chitradurga city and 130 km (81 mi) from Kolar City..
As of 2011[update] India census, Tumkur had a population of 305,821. More than 5,00,000 people lived in the corporation limit. At the 2001 census, males constitutes 52% of the population and females 48%. Tumkur had an average literacy rate of 75%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy was 79%, and female literacy was 70%. About 11% of the population was under 6 years of age. The most common language in the city is Kannada.
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The known history of the Tumkur district begins with the Gangas. The Ganga family ruled over the southern and eastern districts of the state from early in the Christian era to 1025 AD. The earliest record of The Ganga family found in this district belongs to about 400 A.D. After the Gangas, Tumkur was ruled by the Rastrakutas and The Chalukyas. The Nolambas under these rulers ruled the area for a long time. The cholas also ruled some parts of the district. The Vijayanagara Empire ruled supreme for the latter part of the 13th to 17th century. During the 18th and 19th centuries, Tumkur was ruled by The Wodeyars of Mysore until independence.
The Tumkur town municipality was set up by the Mysore Wodeyars in the 1916. Self-rule of the residents of Tumkur started after the setting up of the municipality. Tumkur was converted into a city corporation only in 2010 by adding 22 villages adjoining the city. The population is 3,05,877 as per the 2011 census. Tumkur is now a middle class majority city, with a literacy rate of 80%, mainly traders, government employees, small and medium industrialists, and self-employed individuals. The GDP of Tumkur is around 16600 crores (2014) and the total collection of income tax in the last financial year[when?] was approximately 80 crores. Being an Agrarian economy, the major plantation crops of Tumkur are coconut and areca nut. The major cash crops are paddy, ragi and groundnut. Iron ore, manganese and granite are the major minerals found in the Tumkur district.
Due to its proximity to Bengaluru, it acts as a gateway to North Karnataka, being on the Chennai – Mumbai industrial corridor and the infrastructure that Tumkur provides, it has the potential to be the satellite city to decongest the state capital Bengaluru . It also has been identified as National Investment and Manufacturing Zone (NIMZ). NIMZ of approximately 13500 acres and the HAL helicopter manufacturing facility (Nr Gubbi) 610 acres are being developed as integrated industrial townships with state-of-the art infrastructure and land use on the basis of zoning, clean and energy efficient technology, necessary social infrastructure, and skill development facilities, for promoting world class manufacturing activity. Tumkur is home to 24 large scale industries with an investment of 911.42 crores and generating an employment for 6445 persons. The existing 15 medium scale industries and 23804 micro and small industries employ 132994 persons and account for an investment of close to 790 crores. A 2000 MW of solar power plant on 11000 acres is being developed near Pavagada to cater to the power needs of Tumkur and adjoining districts.
Tumkur is a knowledge hub in the south interior of Karnataka. It has Tumkur University, two medical colleges, five engineering colleges, 38 degree and postgraduate colleges, one dental college and many polytechnics, high schools and primary schools.
The Indian budget for the year 2014-2015 held on 10 July 2014 announced that Tumkur was one of the cities in south India to be developed as an "Industrial Smart"  city. The city was also selected as one among the 100 in the country shortlisted for the Smart City project. Tumkur is competing now to be one among the 20 to be taken up for development this year.[when?] The government of India has promised 100 crores each as a matching grant for five years and the local body with assistance from the state government has to match another 100 crores. Thus, in five years, development in the amount of 1000 crores will happen in Smart City. The Tumkur District Chamber of Commerce and Industry under the leadership of Surendra Shah, President - 2014-16 is striving to make the City of Tumkur the most aspired city in India.
|Climate data for Tumkur (1981–2010, extremes 1972–1999)|
|Record high °C (°F)||32.5
|Average high °C (°F)||28.6
|Average low °C (°F)||16.2
|Record low °C (°F)||10.6
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||7.2
|Average rainy days||0.3||0.2||0.5||1.9||4.2||6.3||8.1||8.5||7.6||6.8||3.2||1.0||48.8|
|Average relative humidity (%) (at 17:30 IST)||35||27||24||29||40||61||67||68||62||60||57||47||48|
|Source: India Meteorological Department|
Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation, KSRTC, has a divisional office situated in Tumkur City. The city is well-connected to Bangalore and other cities in the state by KSRTC buses. Volvo buses are available for the city, Bangalore. Frequent buses are available connecting other taluks and towns of the district. Three National Highways NH-48, NH-73 and NH-69 pass through the city. The three National Highways connect Tumkur to Hubli, Mangalore and Shimoga in Karnataka respectively. TCB Road(Karnataka)(Tumkur-Chelur-Bukkapatna Road) connects the people of Hagalavadi, Chelur and Bellavi Towns to Tumkur Corporation City. Plenty of private and Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation buses are currently operating on this route.
Railways also play a major role in connectivity. The city's Railway Station comes under South Western Railway Zone (India) and was constructed during the British period and has been renovated recently.[when?] It is located in centre of the city close to the bus stand and the town hall. It is located in the Bangalore-Hubli main line.
The city buses are also available for transportation within the city by KSRTC. Popularly known as Sri Siddaganga Nagara Sarige, named after the holy place, Siddaganga. There are more than 100 buses transporting in the city.
The nearest airport to Tumkur is Kempegowda International Airport in Bangalore which is around 90 km from the city.
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- Tumkur district's economy is majorly derived from agriculture. Plantation crops such as coconut, areca nut, paddy cultivation (some parts) attributes to its economy.
- Tumkur City's economy comes from industries.
- Akshaya Education Trust
- Ashwini and Aruna Educational Society
- Channabasaveshwara Institute Of Technology
- H.M.S Education Society
- H.M.S Unani Medical College & Hospital
- Sacred Heart Education Society
- Sarvodaya Education Society
- Shridevi Education Trust
- Siddaganga Institute
- Sri Siddaganga Education Society
- Sri Siddhartha Education Society
- The Mary Salian Society (St.Mary's School Gandhi Nagar and Batawadi)
- Tumkur university
- Vidya Group of Educational Institutions Managed by Aspire Techno
- Vidyaniketan Educational Institute
- Vidyavahini Education Society
Tumkur is famous for Siddaganga Matha 5 km toward HITECH city flyover, known for providing free education and dorms for more than 9000 children. Karnataka Rathna Shivakumara Swami, was the president of this matha.
- Jaggesh, actor
- Sharath Lohitashwa, actor
- Lohithaswa T. S., actor, writer
- Manjula, actress
- Siddhanth, actor
- Doddarange Gowda, poet
- Amarashilpi Jakanachari, sculptor
- Renuka Kesaramadu, painter and sculptor
- Kunigal Nagabhushan, writer
- T. Sunandamma, writer and humorist
- B. M. Srikantaiah, writer known as Kannadada Kanva
- T. N. Srikantaiah, poet, linguist and teacher
- Chi. Udayashankar, lyricist
- Gubbi Veeranna, theatre director
- G. S. Basavaraj, politician
- K. Lakkappa, politician
- S. Mallikarjunaiah, politician
- Rank Nazeer Ahmed, politician
- Dr. G. Parameshwara, former Deputy Chief Minister of Karnataka, former KPCC President
Tumkur has a private FM radio channel, Siddhartha, situated at SSIT campus, broadcasting in Kannada language. Amogha local channel is Amogha Networks.
- "Commissioner ". Tumakuru City Corporation. Retrieved 9 September 2015.
- "City/Town Summary". Tumkur City Corporation. Retrieved 1 June 2016.
- "Modi inaugurates Mega Food Park in Tumkur". 24 September 2014 – via The Hindu.
- New City, Names to Karnatka. "New name for cities". The Hindu. Retrieved 1 November 2014.
- "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Tumkur, India".
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
- "History | District Tumkur, Government of Karnataka". Retrieved 26 March 2019.
- "Unauthorized Request Blocked". uddkar.gov.in. Retrieved 26 March 2019.
- "Station: Tumkur Climatological Table 1981–2010" (PDF). Climatological Normals 1981–2010. India Meteorological Department. January 2015. pp. 759–760. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 19 April 2020.
- "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. December 2016. p. M104. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 19 April 2020.
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