The Flintstones

The Flintstones is an American animated sitcom produced by Hanna-Barbera Productions. The series takes place in a romanticized Stone Age setting and follows the activities of the title family, the Flintstones, and their next-door neighbors, the Rubbles (who are also their best friends). It was originally broadcast on ABC from September 30, 1960, to April 1, 1966, and was the first animated series to hold a primetime slot on television.[2]

The Flintstones
The Flintstones.jpg
GenreAnimated sitcom
Created by
Developed by
  • William Hanna
  • Joseph Barbera
Written by
  • William Hanna
  • Joseph Barbera
Directed by
  • William Hanna
  • Joseph Barbera
Voices of
Theme music composerHoyt Curtin[1]
Opening theme"Rise and Shine" (instrumental) (first two seasons and the first two episodes of season 3)
"Meet the Flintstones" (remainder of the show's run)
Ending theme"Rise and Shine" (instrumental) (first two seasons and the first two episodes of season 3)
"Meet the Flintstones" (rest of the show's run)
"Open Up Your Heart (and Let the Sunshine In)" (some episodes on season 6)
Composer(s)Hoyt Curtin
Country of originUnited States
Original language(s)English
No. of seasons6
No. of episodes166 (list of episodes)
Production
Producer(s)
  • William Hanna
  • Joseph Barbera
Editor(s)Kenneth Spears
Donald A. Douglas
Joseph Ruby
Warner Leighton
Greg Watson
Running time25 minutes
Production company(s)Hanna-Barbera Productions
DistributorScreen Gems (original)
Warner Bros. Television (current)
Release
Original networkABC
Picture formatNTSC
Audio formatMonaural
Original releaseSeptember 30, 1960 (1960-09-30) –
April 1, 1966 (1966-04-01)
Chronology
Followed byThe Pebbles and Bamm-Bamm Show
Related showsCave Kids (spin-off)

The continuing popularity of The Flintstones rests heavily on its juxtaposition of modern everyday concerns in the Stone Age setting.[3][4] The Flintstones was the most financially successful and longest-running network animated television series for three decades, until The Simpsons, which debuted in late 1989, outlasted it.[5] In 2013, TV Guide ranked The Flintstones the second-greatest TV cartoon of all time (after The Simpsons).[6]

OverviewEdit

The show is set in a comical version of the Stone Age, but has added features and technologies that resemble mid-20th-century suburban America. The plots deliberately resemble the sitcoms of the era, with the caveman Flintstone and Rubble families getting into minor conflicts characteristic of modern life.[7] The show is set in the Stone Age town of Bedrock (pop. 2,500). Nonavian dinosaurs and other animals are portrayed to co-exist during the time of cavemen, saber-toothed cats, and woolly mammoths.

Animation historian Christopher P. Lehman considers that the series draws its humor in part from creative uses of anachronisms. The main one is the placing of a "modern", 20th-century society in prehistory. This society takes inspiration from the suburban sprawl developed in the first two decades of the postwar period. This society has modern home appliances, but they work by employing animals.[8] They have automobiles, but they hardly resemble the cars of the 20th century. These cars are large wooden and rock structures and burn no fuel. They are powered by people who run while inside them. This depiction is inconsistent, however. On some occasions, the cars are known to have engines (with appropriate sound effects), requiring ignition keys and gasoline. Fred might pull into a gas station and say, "Fill 'er up with Ethel", which is pumped through the trunk of a woolly mammoth marked "ETHEL". Whether the car runs by foot or by gas varies according to the needs of the story. Finally, the stone houses of this society are cookie-cutter homes positioned into neighborhoods typical of mid-20th-century American suburbs.[9]

CharactersEdit

The FlintstonesEdit

  • Fred Flintstone - The main character of the series, Fred is an average-height (5' 10" for men in the '50s and '60s), accident-prone bronto-crane operator at the Slate Rock and Gravel Company and the head of the Flintstone household. Typical of blue-collar men of the period, he is overweight and likes to eat copious amounts of marginally healthy or unhealthy food. He is quick to anger (usually over trivial matters), but is a very loving husband and father. He is also good at bowling and is a member of the fictional "Loyal Order of Water Buffaloes" (Lodge No. 26), a men-only club paralleling real-life fraternities such as the Loyal Order of Moose. His famous catchphrase is "Yabba Dabba Doo!"
  • Wilma Flintstone - Fred's wife and Pebbles' mother, she is more intelligent and level-headed than her husband, though she often has a habit of spending money (with Betty and her catchphrase being "Da-da-da duh da-da CHARGE IT!!"). She often is a foil to Fred's poor behavior, but is a very loyal wife to him. She is also a very jealous woman, who is easily angered if even a hint exists of another woman (especially a pretty one) having anything to do with Fred.
  • Pebbles Flintstone - The Flintstones' infant daughter, she is born near the end of the third season.
  • Dino - The Flintstones' pet dinosaur, he acts like a dog. A running gag in the series involves Fred coming home from work and Dino getting excited and knocking him down and licking his face repeatedly.
  • Baby Puss - The Flintstones' pet saber-toothed cat is rarely seen in the actual series, but is always seen throwing Fred out of the house during the end credits, causing Fred to pound repeatedly on the front door and yell "Wilma!", waking the whole neighborhood in the process.

The RubblesEdit

  • Barney Rubble - The secondary main character and Fred's best friend and next-door neighbor, he is nearly six inches shorter and also overweight; his occupation is, throughout most of the series, unknown, though later episodes depict him working in the same quarry as Fred. He shares many of Fred's interests, such as bowling and golf, and is also a member of the Loyal Order of Water Buffaloes. Though Fred and Barney frequently get into feuds with one another (usually due to Fred's short temper), their deep fraternal bond remains very evident.
  • Betty Rubble - Barney's wife and Wilma's best friend, like Wilma, she also has a habit of spending money and also is highly jealous of other pretty women being around her husband.
  • Bamm-Bamm Rubble - The Rubbles' abnormally strong adopted son, they adopt him during the fourth season; his name comes from the only phrase he ever speaks as a baby: "Bamm, Bamm!"
  • Hoppy - The Rubbles' pet hopparoo (a kangaroo-dinosaur combination creature), they purchase him at the beginning of the fifth season. When he first arrives, Dino and Fred mistake him for a giant mouse and are frightened of him, but they eventually become best friends after Hoppy gets help when they are in an accident. He babysits the kids as he takes them around in his pouch, which also serves as a shopping cart for Betty.

Other charactersEdit

Over 100 other characters appeared throughout the program.[10]

  • Mr. George Slate - Fred and Barney's hot-tempered boss at the gravel pit, he fires Fred on several occasions throughout the series, only to give him his job back by the end of the episode. A running gag is Slate's ever-changing first name, which was revealed to be Sylvester, Nate, Oscar, and George as the series progressed. In the episode "The Long, Long, Long Weekend", which originally aired on January 21, 1966, he is shown as being the founder of "Slate Rock and Gravel Company"; still in business two million years later, the company is operated by his descendant, "George Slate the Eighty-thousandth". In the early Flintstones episodes, the more recognized "Mr. Slate" character was known as "Mr. Rockhead" and was a supervisor of Fred's. Mr. Slate was a short character. During the course of the cartoon, the two men switched identities and the shorter character faded away.
  • Arnold - The Flintstones' paperboy, Fred absolutely despises him, mainly because Arnold is frequently able to best and outsmart Fred at a number of tasks and also because he often ("unintentionally") throws the newspaper in Fred's face. Arnold's parents are mentioned in the series, but his mother Doris, a friend of Wilma and Betty's (as evidenced in the episode "The Little Stranger", which originally aired on November 2, 1962), is referenced in name only, never actually appearing onscreen. Arnold's father, however, did appear in the episode "Take Me Out to the Ball Game", which originally aired on April 27, 1962, though his name is never mentioned.
  • Joe Rockhead - A mutual friend of Fred and Barney's, Fred usually mentions doing something (such as going to a baseball game) with Joe when Fred and Barney have some kind of falling out. Joe was, at some point, chief of the Bedrock Volunteer Fire Department as shown on the episode "Arthur Quarry's Dance Class", which originally aired on January 13, 1961. His appearance varied throughout the run of the series, but his appearance in the episode "The Picnic", which originally aired on December 15, 1961, was the one most commonly used.
  • Pearl Slaghoople - Wilma's hard-to-please mother, Fred's mother-in-law, and Pebbles' grandmother, she is constantly disapproving of Fred and his behavior. Their disastrous first meeting was recounted in the episode "Bachelor Daze", which originally aired on March 5, 1964. They briefly reconciled in the episode "Mother-in-Law's Visit", which originally aired on February 1, 1963, until she found out that she became Fred's "nice fat pigeon" when he suckered her out of money that he needed to buy a baby crib for Pebbles. They reconciled again at the end of the TV movie I Yabba Dabba Do.
  • The Great Gazoo - An alien exiled to Earth, he helps Fred and Barney, often against their will. The Great Gazoo is actually from the future, and is quite dismayed when he realizes he has been sent back to "the Stone Age". He can only be seen by Fred, Barney, Pebbles, Bamm-Bamm, other small children, Dino, and Hoppy. Gazoo appeared in the final season only.
  • Uncle Tex Hardrock - Fred's maternal uncle and a member of the Texarock Rangers, he constantly holds Fred's future inheritance over his head.
  • The Gruesomes - A creepy but friendly family, they move in next door to the Flintstones in later seasons.
    • Weirdly Gruesome' - The patriarch of the Gruesome family who works as a reality-show host
    • Creepella Gruesome' - Weirdly's tall wife
    • Goblin "Gobby" Gruesome' - Weirdly and Creepella's son
    • Uncle Ghastly - The towering brother of Weirdly and uncle of Gobby, he is mostly shown as a large furry hand coming out of a well or a wall. His shadow was also seen in their debut episode.
    • Occy' - The Gruesome family's pet octopus
    • Schneider - Gobby's pet giant spider
  • The Hatrocks - A family of hillbillies, they originally feuded with the Flintstones' Arkanstone branch in the style of the Hatfield-McCoy feud. Fred and Barney reignite a feud with them in "The Bedrock Hillbillies" when Fred inherits San Cemente from the late Zeke Flintstone over who made the portrait of Fred's great-great-uncle Zeke. The Hatrocks later returned in "The Hatrocks and the Gruesomes", where they bunk with the Flintstones during their trip to Bedrock World's Fair and their antics start to annoy them. The Flintstones, the Rubbles, and the Gruesomes were able to drive them away by performing the Four Insects song "She Said Yeah Yeah Yeah". When they found that the Bedrock World's Fair was having the Four Insects performing, the Hatrocks fled back to Arkanstone.
    • Jethro Hatrock' - The patriarch of the Hatrock Family, he had brown hair in "The Hatrocks and the Flintstones" and taupe-gray in "The Hatrocks and the Gruesomes".
    • Gravella Hatrock' - Jethro's wife
    • Zack Hatrock - Jethro and Gravella's oldest son
    • Slab Hatrock - The youngest son of Jethro and Gravella.
    • Granny Hatrock - The mother of Jethro and grandmother of Zack and Slab
    • Benji Hatrock - Jethro's son-in-law
    • Percy - The Hatrock's pet dogasaurus

Voice castEdit

Additional voice castEdit

Voice-actor detailsEdit

Fred Flintstone physically resembles both the first voice actor who played him, Alan Reed, and Jackie Gleason, whose series, The Honeymooners, inspired The Flintstones.[11] The voice of Barney Rubble was provided by voice actor Mel Blanc, except for five episodes during the second season (the first, second, fifth, sixth, and ninth); Hanna-Barbera regular Daws Butler filled in and provided the voice of Barney while Blanc was incapacitated by a near-fatal car accident. Blanc was able to return to the series much sooner than expected, by virtue of a temporary recording studio for the entire cast set up at Blanc's bedside. Blanc's portrayal of Barney had changed considerably after the accident. In the earliest episodes, Blanc had used a much higher pitch to the point of portraying Barney as a smart-aleck. After his recovery from the accident, Blanc used a deeper voice, quite similar to the voice of the Abominable Snowman he performed in other cartoons and was shown as somewhat dopier than before.

Reed based Fred's voice upon Gleason's Honeymooners interpretation of Ralph Kramden, while Blanc, after a season of using a nasal, high-pitched voice for Barney, eventually adopted a style of voice similar to that used by Art Carney in his portrayal of Ed Norton. The first time the Art Carney-like voice was used was for a few seconds in "The Prowler" (the third episode produced).

In a 1986 Playboy interview, Gleason said Alan Reed had done voice-overs for Gleason in his early movies and that he had considered suing Hanna-Barbera for copying The Honeymooners, but decided to let it pass.[12] According to Henry Corden, a voice actor and a friend of Gleason's, "Jackie's lawyers told him he could probably have The Flintstones pulled right off the air. But they also told him, 'Do you want to be known as the guy who yanked Fred Flintstone off the air? The guy who took away a show so many kids love and so many parents love, too?'"[13]

Henry Corden's voice became Fred's after Reed's death in 1977, starting with A Flintstone Christmas.[14] Corden had previously provided Fred's singing voice in The Man Called Flintstone[15] and later on The Flintstones children's records. Since 2000, Jeff Bergman, James Arnold Taylor, and Scott Innes (performing both Fred and Barney for Toshiba commercials) have performed the voice of Fred. Since Mel Blanc's death in 1989, Barney has been voiced by Jeff Bergman, Frank Welker, and Kevin Michael Richardson. Various additional character voices were created by Hal Smith, Allan Melvin, Janet Waldo, Daws Butler, and Howard Morris, among others.

EpisodesEdit

SeasonEpisodesOriginally aired
First airedLast aired
Pilot1959 (1959)
128September 30, 1960 (1960-09-30)April 7, 1961 (1961-04-07)
232September 15, 1961 (1961-09-15)April 27, 1962 (1962-04-27)
328September 14, 1962 (1962-09-14)April 5, 1963 (1963-04-05)
426September 19, 1963 (1963-09-19)March 12, 1964 (1964-03-12)
526September 17, 1964 (1964-09-17)March 12, 1965 (1965-03-12)
626September 17, 1965 (1965-09-17)April 1, 1966 (1966-04-01)


MusicEdit

The opening- and closing-credits theme during the first two seasons was called "Rise and Shine", a lively instrumental underscore accompanying Fred on his drive home from work. The tune resembled "The Bugs Bunny Overture (This Is It!)", the theme song of The Bugs Bunny Show, also airing on ABC at the time, and may have been the reason the theme was changed in the third season.[16] Starting in season three, episode three ("Barney the Invisible"), the opening- and closing-credits theme was the familiar vocal "Meet the Flintstones". This version was recorded with a 22-piece big band, and the Randy Van Horne Singers. The melody is derived from part of the 'B' section of Beethoven's Piano Sonata No. 17 Movement 2, composed in 1801/02.[17] The "Meet the Flintstones" opening was later added to the first two seasons for syndication. The musical underscores were credited to Hoyt Curtin for the show's first five seasons; Ted Nichols took over in 1965 for the final season.[16] Many early episodes used the underscores composed for Top Cat and The Jetsons. Episodes of the last two seasons used the underscore of Jonny Quest for the more adventurous stories.

History and productionEdit

The idea of The Flintstones started after Hanna-Barbera produced The Huckleberry Hound Show and The Quick Draw McGraw Show. Although these programs were successful, they did not have the same wide audience appeal as their previous theatrical cartoon series Tom and Jerry, which entertained both children and the adults who accompanied them. Since children did not need their parents' supervision to watch television, though, Hanna-Barbera's output became labeled "kids only". Barbera and Hanna wanted to recapture the adult audience with an animated situation comedy.[18]

Barbera and Hanna experimented with hillbillies (a hillbilly theme was later incorporated into two Flintstones episodes, "The Bedrock Hillbillies" and "The Hatrocks and the Gruesomes"), Romans (Hanna-Barbera eventually created The Roman Holidays), pilgrims, and Indians as the settings for the two families before deciding on the Stone Age. According to Barbera, they settled on that because "you could take anything that was current, and convert it to stone-age".[19] Under the working title The Flagstones, the family originally consisted of Fred, Wilma, and their son, Fred, Jr. A brief demonstration film was also created to sell the idea of a "modern stone-age family" to sponsors and the network.[20]:3 It was a difficult sell, and required eight weeks of daily presentations to networks and ad agencies.[7] Animator Kenneth Muse, who worked on the Tom and Jerry cartoons, also worked on the early seasons of The Flintstones.

The show imitated and spoofed The Honeymooners, although the early voice characterization for Barney was that of Lou Costello.[21] William Hanna admitted that "At that time, The Honeymooners was the most popular show on the air, and for my bill, the funniest. The characters, I thought, were terrific. Now, that influenced greatly what we did with The Flintstones ... The Honeymooners was there, and we used that as a kind of basis for the concept."[citation needed] Joseph Barbera disavowed these claims in a separate interview, though, stating, "I don't remember mentioning The Honeymooners when I sold the show, but if people want to compare The Flintstones to The Honeymooners, then great. It's a total compliment. The Honeymooners was one of the greatest shows ever written."[22] Jackie Gleason, creator of The Honeymooners, considered suing Hanna-Barbera Productions, but decided that he did not want to be known as "the guy who yanked Fred Flintstone off the air".[23][24] Another influence was noted during Hanna-Barbera's tenure at MGM, where they were in a friendly competition with fellow cartoon director Tex Avery. In 1955, Avery directed a cartoon entitled "The First Bad Man" (narrated by cowboy legend Tex Ritter). The cartoon concerned the rowdy antics of a bank robber in stone-age Dallas. Many of the sight gags from that series antedated similar situations used by Hanna-Barbera in the Flintstones series by many years. Many students of American animation point to this cartoon as a progenitive seed of the Flintstones.

The concept was also antedated by the "Stone Age Cartoons" series of 12 animated cartoons released from January 1940 to September 1940 by Fleischer Studios. These cartoons show stone-age people doing modern things with primitive means. One example is "Granite Hotel" including characters such as a newsboy, telephone operator, hotel clerk, and a spoof of Edgar Bergen and Charlie McCarthy.

Barbera explained that selling the show to a network and sponsors was not an easy task.

Here we were with a brand new thing that had never been done before, an animated prime-time television show. So we developed two storyboards; one was they had a helicopter of some kind and they went to the opera or whatever, and the other was Fred Flintstone and Barney Rubble fighting over a swimming pool. So I go back to New York with a portfolio and two half-hour boards. And no-one would even believe that you'd dare to suggest a thing like that, I mean they looked at you and they'd think you're crazy. But slowly the word got out, and I used the presentation which took almost an hour and a half. I would go to the other two boards and tell them what they did, and do all the voices and the sounds and so-on, and I'd stagger back to the hotel and I'd collapse. The phone would ring like crazy, like one time I did Bristol-Myers, the whole company was there. When I got through I'd go back to the hotel the phone would ring and say "the president wasn't at that meeting, could you come back and do it for him." So I had many of those, one time I had two agencies, they'd fill the room I mean God about 40 people, and I did this whole show. I got to know where the laughs were, and where to hit it, nothing; dead, dead, dead. So one of the people at Screen Gems said "This is the worst, those guys...." he was so angry at them. What it was, was that there were two agencies there, and neither one was going to let the other one know they were enjoying it. But I pitched it for eight straight weeks and nobody bought it. So after sitting in New York just wearing out, you know really wearing out. Pitch, pitch, pitch, sometimes five a day. So finally on the very last day I pitched it to ABC, which was a young daring network willing to try new things, and bought the show in 15 minutes. Thank goodness, because this was the very last day and if they hadn't bought it, I would have taken everything down, put it in the archives and never pitched it again. Sometimes I wake up in a cold-sweat thinking this is how close you get to disaster.[19]

When the series went into production, the working title The Flagstones was changed, possibly to avoid confusion with the Flagstons, characters in the comic strip Hi and Lois. After spending a brief period in development as The Gladstones (GLadstone being a Los Angeles telephone exchange at the time),[25] Hanna-Barbera settled upon The Flintstones, and the idea of the Flintstones having a child from the start was discarded, with Fred and Wilma starting out as a childless couple. However, some early Flintstones merchandise, such as a 1961 Little Golden Book, included "Fred Jr."[26]

Despite the animation and fantasy setting, the series was initially aimed at adult audiences, which was reflected in the comedy writing, that as noted, resembled the average primetime sitcoms of the era, with the usual family issues resolved with a laugh at the end of each episode, as well as the inclusion of a laugh track. Hanna and Barbera hired many writers from the world of live-action, including two of Jackie Gleason's writers, Herbert Finn and Sydney Zelinka, as well as relative newcomer Joanna Lee, while still using traditional animation story men such as Warren Foster and Michael Maltese.

The Flintstones premiered on September 30, 1960, at 8:30 pm Eastern time, and quickly became a hit. It was the first American animated show to depict two people of the opposite sex (Fred and Wilma; Barney and Betty) sleeping together in one bed, although Fred and Wilma are sometimes depicted as sleeping in separate beds. For comparison, the first live-action depiction of this in American TV history was in television's first-ever sitcom: 1947's Mary Kay and Johnny.[27]

 
Fred and Wilma advertising Winston cigarettes during the closing credits

The first two seasons were co-sponsored by Winston cigarettes and the characters appeared in several black-and-white television commercials for Winston[28] (dictated by the custom, at that time, that the star(s) of a TV series often "pitched" their sponsor's product in an "integrated commercial" at the end of the episode).[29]

During the third season, Hanna and Barbera decided that Fred and Wilma should have a baby. Originally, Hanna and Barbera intended for the Flintstone family to have a boy, the head of the marketing department convinced them to change it to a girl since "girl dolls sell a lot better than boy dolls".[18] Although most Flintstones episodes were stand-alone storylines, Hanna-Barbera created a story arc surrounding the birth of Pebbles. Beginning with the episode "The Surprise", aired midway through the third season (January 25, 1963), in which Wilma reveals her pregnancy to Fred, the arc continued through the time leading up to Pebbles' birth in the episode "Dress Rehearsal" (February 22, 1963), and then continued with several episodes showing Fred and Wilma adjusting to the world of parenthood. Around this time, Winston pulled out their sponsorship and Welch's (grape juice and grape jellies) became the primary sponsor, as the show's audience began to shift younger. The integrated commercials for Welch's products feature Pebbles asking for grape juice in her toddler dialect, and Fred explaining to Pebbles Welch's unique process for making the jelly, compared to the competition. Welch's also produced a line of grape jelly packaged in jars that were reusable as drinking glasses, with painted scenes featuring the Flintstones and characters from the show. In Australia, the Nine Network ran a "Name the Flintstones' baby" competition during the 'pregnancy' episodes—few Australian viewers were expected to have a U.S. connection giving them information about past Flintstone episodes. An American won the contest and received an all-expenses-paid trip to tour Hanna-Barbera Studios. Another arc occurred in the fourth season, in which the Rubbles, depressed over being unable to have children of their own (making The Flintstones the first animated series in history to address the issue of infertility, though subtly), adopt Bamm-Bamm. The 100th episode made (but the 90th to air), "Little Bamm-Bamm Rubble" (October 3, 1963), established how Bamm-Bamm was adopted. Nine episodes were produced before it, but aired afterward, which explains why Bamm-Bamm was not seen again until episode 101, "Daddies Anonymous" (Bamm-Bamm was in a teaser on episode 98, "Kleptomaniac Pebbles"). Another story arc, occurring in the final season, centered on Fred and Barney's dealings with the Great Gazoo (voiced by Harvey Korman).

After Pebbles' birth, the tone and writing became more juvenile and ratings from the adult demographic began to decline. The last original episode was broadcast on April 1, 1966.[30]

The first three seasons of The Flintstones aired Friday nights at 8:30 Eastern time on ABC, with the first two seasons in black-and-white. Beginning with the third season in 1962, ABC televised the Flintstones in color, one of the first programs in color on that network.[31] Season four and part of season five aired Thursdays at 7:30. The rest of the series aired Fridays at 7:30.

In the U.S., syndicated reruns of the series were offered to local stations until 1997, when E/I regulations and changing tastes in the industry led to the show's move to cable television. From the time of Ted Turner's purchase of Hanna-Barbera in 1991, TBS, TNT, and Cartoon Network aired the program. On April 1, 2000, the program moved to Boomerang, where it aired until March 6, 2017 (in its last years on the channel, it had been relegated to a graveyard slot) and returned to the channel on July 30, 2018. Online, the series was made available on the In2TV service beginning in 2006, then the online version of Kids' WB until that service was discontinued in 2015. As of 2017, full episodes are only available in the U.S. on Boomerang's subscription video-on-demand service, with select clips made available on the official YouTube account tied to the revamped Kids' WB website. In 2019, MeTV acquired rerun rights to the series, returning the show to broadcast television for the first time in over 20 years.[32]

ReceptionEdit

The night after The Flintstones premiered, Variety called it "a pen-and-ink disaster",[33] and the series was among many that debuted in a "vast wasteland" of a 1960–61 television season considered one of the worst in television history up to that point.[34] As late as the 1980s, highbrow critics derided the show's limited animation and derivative plots.[35] Despite the mixed critical reviews at first, The Flintstones has generally been considered a television classic and was rerun continuously for five decades after its end. In 1961, The Flintstones became the first animated series to be nominated for the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Comedy Series, but lost out to The Jack Benny Program. In January 2009, IGN named The Flintstones as the ninth-best in its "Top 100 Animated TV Shows".[36] The first season of the series received an approval rating of 100% on review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes, based on five reviews.[37] Common Sense Media gave the series a three out of five stars, saying: "Still a classic, but times have changed."[38]

Nielsen ratingsEdit

Season Time slot (ET) Rank Rating[39][40][41]
1960–61 Friday at 8:30–9:00 pm 18 24.3
1961–62 21 22.9 (Tied with The Many Loves of Dobie Gillis)
1962–63 30 20.5
1963–64 Thursday at 7:30–8:00 pm 33 19.7
1964–65 Thursday at 7:30–8:00 pm (Episodes 1–14)
Friday at 7:30–8:00 pm (Episodes 15–26)
60 no rating given, 29 share [42]
1965–66 Friday at 7:30–8:00 pm 70 no rating given, 30.5 share [43]

Films and subsequent television seriesEdit

Following the show's cancellation in 1966, a film based upon the series was created. The Man Called Flintstone was a musical spy caper that parodied James Bond and other secret agents. The movie was released to theaters on August 3, 1966, by Columbia Pictures.[44] It was released on DVD by Warner Home Video in Canada in March 2005 and in United States in December 2008.

The show was revived in the early 1970s with Pebbles and Bamm-Bamm having grown into teenagers, and several different series and made-for-TV movies (broadcast mainly on Saturday mornings, with a few shown in primetime), including a series depicting Fred and Barney as police officers, another depicting the characters as children, and yet others featuring Fred and Barney encountering Marvel Comics superhero The Thing and Al Capp's comic strip character The Shmoo—have appeared over the years. The original show also was adapted into a live-action film in 1994, and a prequel, The Flintstones in Viva Rock Vegas, which followed in 2000. Unlike its sister show The Jetsons (the two shows appeared in a made-for-TV crossover movie in 1987), the revival programs were not widely syndicated or rerun alongside the original series.[citation needed]

Television seriesEdit

Original runs:

Compilation shows:

Theatrical animated featureEdit

Television specialsEdit

Television filmsEdit

Educational filmsEdit

Live-action filmsEdit

Direct-to-video filmsEdit

Other mediaEdit

Canceled Seth MacFarlane rebootEdit

In 2011, it was announced Family Guy creator Seth MacFarlane would be reviving The Flintstones for the Fox network, with the first episode airing in 2013.[48] After Fox Entertainment president Kevin Reilly read the pilot script and "liked it but didn't love it", MacFarlane chose to abandon work on the project rather than restarting it.[49][50]

Yabba-Dabba DinosaursEdit

Yabba-Dabba Dinosaurs is an American animated web television series spin-off of The Flintstones that is set to premiere in 2020, the first to feature them since they appeared in the 1996 series Cave Kids, and produced by Warner Bros. Animation. It was produced by Mark Marek and Marly Halpern-Graser.

Like Cave Kids, the show focuses on the lives of best friends Pebbles Flintstone and Bamm-Bamm Rubble, who are joined by Dino for many adventures in the Stone Age. The show is scheduled to be released as a part of the Boomerang IPTV subscription service in 2020.[51] The series was set to first air on Teletoon as a regular television series in Canada in September 2019, but it has currently been delayed to September 2020.[52][53] The show started airing on February 3, 2020 on Boomerang UK.[54][55][56]

Upcoming animated filmEdit

In 2014, it was announced that Warner Bros. was developing an animated film with Chris Henchy, Will Ferrell, and Adam McKay, to write the script for the project. Ferrell and McKay would also be executive producers.[57] In 2018, it was confirmed that the project is still in development, but if the crew members would still be involved is unknown.[58]

New reboot seriesEdit

In 2019, it was reported that a new Flintstones reboot series, directed to an adult audience, is in development by Elizabeth Banks and her production company Brownstone Productions.[59]

Theme parksEdit

Two Flintstones-themed amusement parks exist in the United States: Bedrock City in Custer, South Dakota, and another in Valle, Arizona. The one near Williams, Arizona, is still open for the summer of 2019, but slated to close by 2020. It cost $5 per person to get in. Both have been in operation for decades. Bedrock City, also known as Flintstone Park, closed in August 2015.[60]

Another existed until the 1990s at Carowinds in Charlotte, North Carolina. In Canada, Flintstone Park in Kelowna, British Columbia, opened in 1968 and closed in 1998; it was notable for the "Forty Foot Fred" billboard of Fred Flintstone which was a well-known Kelowna landmark.[61][62] Another Flintstones park was located in Bridal Falls, British Columbia, which closed in 1990.[63] Calaway Park outside Calgary, Alberta, also opened with a Flintstones theme and many of the buildings today have a caveman-like design, though the park no longer licenses the characters. The Australia's Wonderland and Canada's Wonderland theme parks, both featured Flintstones characters in their Hanna-Barbera-themed children's sections from 1985 until the mid-1990s. Kings Island (near Cincinnati) and Kings Dominion (near Richmond, Virginia) had a Hanna-Barbera land, in which many Hanna-Barbera characters were featured, including the Flintstones, in the 1980s and early 1990s.

Live theaterEdit

A stage production opened at Universal Studios Hollywood in 1994 (the year the live-action film was released), developed by Universal and Hanna-Barbera Productions, at the Panasonic Theater, replacing the Star Trek show. The story consists of Fred, Wilma, Barney, and Betty heading for "Hollyrock". The show ran until January 2, 1997.

In popular cultureEdit

 
Theme cafeteria The Flintstones in Ayia Napa, Cyprus

Miles Laboratories (now part of Bayer Corporation) and their One-A-Day vitamin brand was the alternate sponsor of the original Flintstones series during its first two seasons, and in the late 1960s, Miles introduced Flintstones Chewable Vitamins, fruit-flavored multivitamin tablets for children in the shape of the Flintstones characters, which are still currently being sold.[64]

The Simpsons referenced The Flintstones in several episodes. In the episode "Homer's Night Out", Homer's local convenience store clerk, Apu, remarks "You look familiar, sir. Are you on the television or something?", to which Homer replies "Sorry, buddy, you've got me confused with Fred Flintstone."[65] During the couch gag of the opening credits of the episode "Kamp Krusty", the Simpson family arrive home to find the Flintstone family already sitting on their couch.[66] The same couch gag was reused in syndicated episodes of "The Itchy & Scratchy & Poochie Show", when The Simpsons overtook The Flintstones as the longest-running animated series.[67] In "Lady Bouvier's Lover", Homer's boss, Mr. Burns, appears at the family's house and says "Why, it's Fred Flintstone (referring to Homer) and his lovely wife, Wilma! (Marge) Oh, and this must be little Pebbles! (Maggie) Mind if I come in? I brought chocolates." Homer responds by saying "Yabba-dabba-doo!"[68] The opening of "Marge vs. the Monorail" depicts Homer leaving work in a similar way to Fred Flintstone in the opening of The Flintstones, during which he sings his own version of the latter's opening theme only to slam into a chestnut tree.

On September 30, 2010, Google temporarily replaced the logo on its search page with a custom graphic celebrating the 50th anniversary of The Flintstones' first TV broadcast.[69]

Foreign versionsEdit

The series was translated into several languages.

The Hungarian version was written by József Romhányi in the 1960s.[70][71][72][73] Romhányi was a well-known poet, writer and translator with the speciality of extreme word-play and he rewrote the whole cartoon in rhyming form full of wordplays and puns. It became so popular[74] that many lines found their way into popular culture or became adages.[75] The Hungarian publisher released the series in the 1990s with new dubbing, which resulted in a backlash from fans demanding the original dubbing. The studio did not have all the original voice material and they asked the general public to provide them the original copies of the series, so the original dub was re-recorded and later released on a DVD version in the 2000s.[76]

See alsoEdit


ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Doll, Pancho (June 2, 1994). "Reel Life/Film & Video File: Music Helped 'Flintstones' on Way to Fame: In 1960, Hoyt Curtin created the lively theme for the Stone Age family. The show's producers say it may be the most frequently broadcast song on TV". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved November 10, 2010.
  2. ^ Woolery, George W. (1983). Children's Television: The First Thirty-Five Years, 1946-1981. Scarecrow Press. pp. 103–108. ISBN 0-8108-1557-5. Retrieved March 14, 2020.
  3. ^ CD liner notes: Saturday Mornings: Cartoons' Greatest Hits, 1995 MCA Records
  4. ^ "Flintstones, The – Season 1 Review". TVShowsOnDVD.com. Archived from the original on November 26, 2010. Retrieved August 25, 2010.
  5. ^ "Excavating Bedrock: Reminiscences of 'The Flintstones,'" Hogan's Alley #9, 2000
  6. ^ Sands, Rich (September 24, 2013). "TV Guide Magazine's 60 Greatest Cartoons of All Time". TVGuide.com.
  7. ^ a b Sennett, Ted (1989). The Art of Hanna-Barbera: Fifty Years of Creativity. Studio. pp. 80–81. ISBN 978-0670829781. Retrieved June 2, 2020.
  8. ^ Blake, Heidi (September 30, 2010). "The Flintstones' 50th anniversary: 10 wackiest Bedrock inventions". Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved October 1, 2010.
  9. ^ Lehman (2007), p. 25
  10. ^ Romanek, Broc. "List of Flintstones Characters". Thecorporatecounsel.net, accessed March 31, 2011
  11. ^ VanDerWerff, Emily (May 12, 2014). "In The Flintstones, Hanna-Barbera found a shameless rip-off that worked". The A.V. Club. Retrieved October 6, 2019.
  12. ^ Zehme, Bill (interviewer) (August 1986). "Jackie Gleason – Playboy Interview – Life History". Retrieved July 25, 2009.
  13. ^ Brooks, Marla (2005). The American family on television: A chronology of 121 shows, 1948–2004. McFarland & Co. p. 54. ISBN 978-0-7864-2074-2.
  14. ^ "A Flintstone Christmas". www.bcdb.com, April 12, 2012
  15. ^ "The Man Called Flintstone". www.bcdb.com, April 12, 2012
  16. ^ a b Doll, Pancho (June 2, 1994). "REEL LIFE / FILM & VIDEO FILE : Music Helped 'Flintstones' on Way to Fame : In 1960, Hoyt Curtin created the lively theme for the Stone Age family. The show's producers say it may be the most frequently broadcast song on TV". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved November 10, 2010.
  17. ^ "Rechmann in Recital". Retrieved October 1, 2010.
  18. ^ a b The Flintstones, season 2 DVD documentary
  19. ^ a b Leonard Maltin interviews Joseph Barbera, 1997
  20. ^ Barbera, Joseph (1994). My Life in "Toons": From Flatbush to Bedrock in Under a Century. Atlanta, GA: Turner Publishing. ISBN 1-57036-042-1.
  21. ^ Stinnett, Chuck. "Rango is latest reminder that animated films are thriving". Evansville Courier & Press, March 8, 2011
  22. ^ "The Flintstones Frequently Asked Questions List". Archived from the original on October 3, 2010. Retrieved July 20, 2010.
  23. ^ "The Flintstones Frequently Asked Questions List (item 13)". Archived from the original on October 3, 2010. Retrieved November 25, 2006.
  24. ^ "The Flintstones Frequently Asked Questions List (item 14)". Archived from the original on December 30, 2006. Retrieved November 25, 2006.
  25. ^ "The cartoon dream team". BBC News. March 21, 2001. Retrieved August 13, 2008.
  26. ^ "Homes and Offices". bookstevesbookstore.blogspot.com. Retrieved September 27, 2017.
  27. ^ "First TV Couple in Same Bed". Retrieved August 30, 2010.
  28. ^ "Yabba Dabba Cough! Flashback to When The Flintstones Shilled Cigarettes". Retrieved January 16, 2017.
  29. ^ Meyers, Cynthia B. (October 25, 2013). A Word from Our Sponsor: Admen, Advertising, and the Golden Age of Radio. Fordham University Press. p. 140. ISBN 9780823253760.
  30. ^ "Big Cartoon Database". bcdb.com. Retrieved July 20, 2017.
  31. ^ "ABC-TV To Start Color Programs". New York Times. April 1, 1962. p. 84.
  32. ^ "MeTV Grabs 'The Flintstones'".
  33. ^ Leonard Maltin interviews Joseph Barbera-1997
  34. ^ https://www.saturdayeveningpost.com/2012/06/vast-wasteland/
  35. ^ For example, an episode of the 1987 series Mighty Mouse: The New Adventures ("Don't Touch That Dial!") has the title character mocking The Flintstones, which appears in a satirical crossover with The Jetsons, as stupid.
  36. ^ "IGN – 9. The Flintstones". Tv.ign.com. Archived from the original on June 9, 2010. Retrieved August 30, 2010.
  37. ^ "The Flintstones" – via www.rottentomatoes.com.
  38. ^ https://www.commonsensemedia.org/tv-reviews/the-flintstones
  39. ^ Brooks, Tim; Marsh, Earle (2007). The Complete Directory to Prime Time Network and Cable TV Shows 1946–Present (Ninth Edition). Ballantine Books. pp. 1682–1683. ISBN 978-0-345-49773-4.
  40. ^ https://www.tvobscurities.com/2009/11/top-40-programs-from-first-nielsens-of-the-1963-1964-season/
  41. ^ "Nerd Exclusive: Nielsen Data (1964-1974)". January 31, 2018.
  42. ^ "The TV Ratings Guide: 1964-65 Ratings History".
  43. ^ "The TV Ratings Guide: 1965-66 Ratings History".
  44. ^ The Man Called Flintstone (film review). Variety, August 10, 1966
  45. ^ Dave Trumbore (May 23, 2018). "Boomerang Reveals New and Returning Content for Year Two of the Subscription App". Collider. Retrieved May 23, 2018.
  46. ^ "Boomerang UK Yabba Dabba Dinosaurs New Show Promo". ReguralCapital. January 14, 2020. Retrieved January 15, 2020.
  47. ^ Otterson, Joe (July 11, 2019). "New 'Flintstones' Series in the Works From Warner Bros. Animation, Elizabeth Banks' Brownstone Productions". Variety. Retrieved March 16, 2020.
  48. ^ "Willllllllllmmmmaaa! Animated 'Flinstones' Resurrected by Seth MacFarlane and Fox - Ratings - TVbytheNumbers.Zap2it.com". TVbytheNumbers. May 16, 2011.
  49. ^ Rose, Lacey (April 25, 2012). "What Killed Seth MacFarlane's 'Flintstones' TV Remake". The Hollywood Reporter.
  50. ^ "It seems Seth MacFarlane will not be rebooting The Flintstones after all". avclub.com.
  51. ^ "Boomerang Unveils New SCOOBY-DOO AND GUESS WHO? & YABBA-DABBA DINOSAURS! Series" (Press release). Boomerang. May 23, 2018 – via Broadway World.
  52. ^ Milligan, Mercedes (June 23, 2020). "Corus Ent. Bolsters Specialty Portfolios, Including Toons for All Ages".
  53. ^ "Corus Entertainment's Powerful Specialty Portfolio Announces Lineup of 2019-2020 Orders".
  54. ^ "Yabba Dabba Dinosaurs | Games, Videos and Downloads".
  55. ^ https://d2lv662meabn0u.cloudfront.net/boomerang/dynamic/show/00000001/1050/e4de04a6504edeaf6a518ae797ef3d1df1cdda76_1576681153.jpg
  56. ^ "TV Listings for Yabba Dabba Dinosaurs on Boomerang UK". RegularCapital WarnerMedia Animation News. Retrieved January 21, 2020.
  57. ^ McNary, Dave (May 7, 2014), "'The Flintstones' Movie in the Works at Warner Bros.", Variety
  58. ^ Kroll, Justin (October 15, 2018). "'Tom and Jerry,' 'Scooby-Doo' Movies Land Top Talent at Warner Animation Group (EXCLUSIVE)". Variety.
  59. ^ Andreeva, Nellie (July 11, 2019). "'The Flintstones' Animated Series Reboot In Works At Warner Bros. With Elizabeth Banks Producing". Deadline.
  60. ^ "Flintstones park in South Dakota closing, gets new owner". The Washington Times. Retrieved February 14, 2018.
  61. ^ "Kelowna, BC, Canada – Bedrock City (Gone)". www.roadsideamerica.com. Retrieved September 27, 2017.
  62. ^ "Forty Foot Fred found on farm". infotel.ca. Retrieved September 27, 2017.
  63. ^ "Remember Flintstones Park in Kelowna? Where there was Fred, there was food, beer and bowling – the same is true at Freddy's Brew Pub!". Mccurdybowl.com. February 16, 2009. Archived from the original on July 14, 2011. Retrieved August 30, 2010.
  64. ^ The Flintstones Season 1 DVD
  65. ^ "Apu: You Look Familiar, Sir. Are You On The Television Or Something?". Anvari.org. 2011. Retrieved December 27, 2011.
  66. ^ "10 great 'Simpsons' couch gags". Today. 2011. Archived from the original on October 16, 2011. Retrieved December 27, 2011.
  67. ^ Canning, Robert (June 23, 2008). "The Simpsons Flashback: "The Itchy & Scratchy & Poochie Show" Review". IGN. Retrieved June 23, 2008.
  68. ^ "The Simpsons "Lady Bouvier's Lover" Quotes". TVFanatic. 2011. Retrieved December 27, 2011.
  69. ^ Blake, Heidi (September 30, 2010). "The Flintstones 50th anniversary is celebrated by Google Doodle". London: The Daily Telegraph, UK. Retrieved September 30, 2010.
  70. ^ "Akinek a két kőkorszaki szaki parádés párbeszédeit köszönhetjük: "a rímhányó" Romhányi" [Who we thank the sensational translation of "The Flintstones": Romhányi the "rhyme-thrower"] (in Hungarian). Mult-Kor. March 8, 2016. Retrieved September 6, 2018.
  71. ^ "Frédi és Béni, és a felejthetetlen Romhányi" [Fred and Barney and unforgettable Romhányi] (in Hungarian). RajzfilmHírek. June 26, 2016. Retrieved September 6, 2018.
  72. ^ "The Man Called Flintstone from Hungarian Dubbing Database" (in Hungarian). ISzDb. Retrieved September 6, 2018.
  73. ^ "9 culture shocks Americans will have in Hungary: Dubbed movies are the law of the land". MatadorNetworks. Retrieved September 6, 2018.
  74. ^ "Sound of tradition". Direct Dub Studios. Retrieved September 6, 2018.
  75. ^ "'Fredi-Beni' Is Still Best Loved Cartoon For Kids In Hungary". XpatLoop. October 7, 2010. Retrieved September 6, 2018.
  76. ^ "Keresik Frédi és Béni eredeti hangját" [The Search for the Original Dub Voices] (in Hungarian). index.hu. March 21, 2015. Retrieved September 6, 2018.

Further readingEdit

  • "The Flintstones": The Official Guide to the Cartoon Series, by Jerry Beck, Running Press, 2011.

External linksEdit