Sankhuwasabha District

Sankhuwasabha District (Nepali: सङ्खुवासभा जिल्ला About this soundListen ) is one of 14 districts of Province No. 1 of eastern Nepal. The district's area is 3,480 km² with a population of 159,203 in 2001 and 158,742 in 2011. The administrative center is Khandbari.

Sankhuwasabha District
सङ्खुवासभा जिल्ला
Yangle Kharka, a place in Sankhuwasabha
Yangle Kharka, a place in Sankhuwasabha
Location of Sankhuwasabha in province
Location of Sankhuwasabha in province
Sankhuwasabha District with local level body
Sankhuwasabha District with local level body
Coordinates: 27°06′N 86°57′E / 27.100°N 86.950°E / 27.100; 86.950 to 27°55′N 87°40′E / 27.917°N 87.667°E / 27.917; 87.667
Country   Nepal
ProvinceProvince No. 1
Established1962
Admin HQ.Khandbari
Municipality
Government
 • TypeCoordination committee
 • BodyDCC, Sankhuwasabha
 • HeadSuman Shakya
 • Deputy-HeadAmbika Bhujel
 • Parliamentary constituencies1
 • Provincial constituencies2
Area
 • Total3,480 km2 (1,340 sq mi)
Highest elevation
8,463 m (27,766 ft)
Lowest elevation
457 m (1,499 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total158,742
 • Density46/km2 (120/sq mi)
 • Households
34,615
Demographics
 • Ethnic groups
 • Female 53%
Human Development Index
 • Income per capita (US dollars)$1,193
 • Poverty rate21%
 • Literacy69%
 • Life Expectancy68.4
Time zoneUTC+05:45 (NPT)
Postal Codes
56900..., 56913
Telephone Code029
Main Language(s)Nepali, Yakkha, Kulung, Limbu
Websiteddcsankhuwasabha.gov.np

Bordering districts are Bhojpur, Terhathum and Dhankuta in Koshi Zone; Solukhumbu in Sagarmatha Zone; and Taplejung in Province No. 1. Tingri County of Shigatse Prefecture in the Tibet Autonomous Region of China borders to the north.

Geography and climateEdit

Climate Zone[1] Elevation Range % of Area
Lower Tropical below 300 meters (1,000 ft)  0.3%
Upper Tropical 300 to 1,000 meters
1,000 to 3,300 ft.
10.0%
Subtropical 1,000 to 2,000 meters
3,300 to 6,600 ft.
24.8%
Temperate 2,000 to 3,000 meters
6,400 to 9,800 ft.
23.3%
Subalpine 3,000 to 4,000 meters
9,800 to 13,100 ft.
12.8%
Alpine 4,000 to 5,000 meters
13,100 to 16,400 ft.
 8.4%
Nival above 5,000 meters 20.4%

The Arun River enters from Tibet at an elevation of about 3,500 meters (11,500 feet) and flows south across the district, forming one of the world's deepest valleys relative to 8,481 meter Makalu to the west and 8,586 meter Kangchenjunga to the east.

DemographicsEdit

At the time of the 2011 Nepal census, Sankhuwasabha District had a population of 158,742. Of these, 46.2% spoke Nepali, 8.8% Tamang, 8.0% Sherpa, 6.6% Kulung, 5.0% Limbu, 4.3% Yakkha, 3.2% Yamphu, 2.9% Gurung, 2.3% Magar, 2.2% Rai, 1.9% Newari, 1.8% Lohorung, 1.6% Mewahang, 1.1% Khaling, 0.9% Chamling and 0.6% Thulung as their first language.

48.3% of the population in the district spoke Nepali as their second language.[2]

2011 Census Total population of Districts are 158,742 77% Male and 62% Female

Major ethnicities in the district are Chhetri (18%), Rai (11%), Tamang (10%), Kulung (6%), Sherpa (6%), Limbu (5%), Gurung (5), Bahun (5%), Kami (5%), Yakkha (4%) and others (28%).[3]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ The Map of Potential Vegetation of Nepal - a forestry/agroecological/biodiversity classification system (PDF), Forest & Landscape Development and Environment Series 2-2005 and CFC-TIS Document Series No.110., 2005, ISBN 87-7903-210-9, retrieved Nov 22, 2013
  2. ^ 2011 Nepal Census, Social Characteristics Tables
  3. ^ "District profile archive".

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 27°22′N 87°13′E / 27.367°N 87.217°E / 27.367; 87.217