Safidon

Safidon is a city and a municipal committee in Jind district in the Indian state of Haryana.

Safidon

सफीदों

सपिदम
SAFIDON CITY
Safidon सफीदों सपिदम is located in Haryana
Safidon सफीदों सपिदम
Safidon

सफीदों

सपिदम
Location in Haryana, India
Safidon सफीदों सपिदम is located in India
Safidon सफीदों सपिदम
Safidon

सफीदों

सपिदम
Safidon

सफीदों

सपिदम (India)
Coordinates: 29°25′N 76°40′E / 29.42°N 76.67°E / 29.42; 76.67Coordinates: 29°25′N 76°40′E / 29.42°N 76.67°E / 29.42; 76.67
Country India
StateHaryana
DistrictJind
Area rank25 in {HR}
Elevation
221 m (725 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total34,728
 • Rank28
Languages
 • OfficialHindi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
126112
Telephone code01686
ISO 3166 codeIN-HR
Vehicle registrationHR-33, HR-56
Websiteharyana.gov.in

HistoryEdit

The area was first occupied by a Pre-Harappan Chalcolithic agricultural , whose pottery has been recovered from a number of places near Safidon, including Hatt, Harigarh (Hattkeshawar), Anta, Morkhi, and Beri Khera.[citation needed] The area was irrigated during the reign of Firuz Shah Tughlaq (1351-1388) of the Tughlaq dynasty, who built a canal from the Yamuna which entered the district at Anta, and thence flowing through the present Jind tehsil from east to west in the line of the old Chutang nadi past the town of Safidon and Jind, reached up to Hisar. Firoz also made administrative changes, creating a separate Iqta of Safidon and placed the entire area of the present district under its Mukta, Yalkhan, a trusted noble. He also changed the name of Safidon to Tughluqpur.[citation needed]

After Firoz's death, discord disrupted the Delhi Sultanate, and the Tughlaq dynasty lost Safidon and Jind. Timur attacked northern India in 1398, entering Haryana from Punjab. The district of Jind did not suffer much at his hands; during his march from Kaithal to Panipat he touched only the outskirts of the district except for a short distance of a few kilometres from Muana (the biggest village of district) to Safidon and a little beyond. While local inhabitants fled, the fort of Safidon was burned.[citation needed]

Gajpat Singh, a great-grandson of Phul, the founder of the Phulkian Misl, one of the 12 confederacies of the Sikhs in the 18th century took advantage of the above situation. He took part in the attack of the Sikhs on the province of Sirhind in 1763 in which Zain Khan, the Afghan governor of the province, was killed. Gajpat Singh occupied a large tract of the country including Jind and Safidon as his share of the spoil.

During the reorganization of the Punjab in 1966, the Sangrur district was divided and Jind and Narwana Tehsils were allocated to Haryana and were constituted into Jind district. The Jind tehsil was divided into two tehsils of Jind and Safidon in 1967. In January 1973, five villages of Kaithal Tehsil were transferred to Safidon Tehsil.

GeographyEdit

Safidon is located at 29.42°N Latitudes and 76.67°E Longitudes.

Safidon is the center of Panipat and Jind. The town is the headquarters of the tehsil of the same name. It is situated on the bank of the Hansi branch of the Western Yamuna canal, 35 km northeast of Jind.

The elevation of Safidon is about 221 m (725 ft) above sea level. The fertile land of Safidon paves the way for the growth of crops such as wheat, paddy, sugarcane , millets , pulses, vegetables and fruits ; accompanied by well developed irrigation facilities. The groundwater of some villages like Anta, Rampura,Khera Khemawati, Chapper are considered to.be the best in District Jind.

Safidon has a very moderate climate. Summers are hotter and winters are colder here. The rainfall is almost good, unless Safidon is experiencing Monsoon deficiency from few years.

Safidon is connected to major cities through roads and railways. There is one bus stand in the city where direct buses to major destinations like Delhi, Chandigarh, Panipat, Jind, Dehradun, Karnal, Kaithal, Sirsa, Hisar, Haridwar, Asandh, Pundri, Gohana etc. are available. Safidon comes under Jind Depot of Haryana Roadways. Trains for Panipat, Jind, Rohtak, Sangrur and Bathinda are available at Safidon Railway Station. Safidon Junction is administered under Northern Railway (NR).

Haryana Urban Development Authority (HUDA) also develops the city and acquired the land for housing board. The Delhi NCR Board joined District Jind in the National Capital Region (India) Board.

DemographicsEdit

The 2011 India Census reported that:[1]

Safidon Tehsil of Jind district has total population of 253,629 as per the Census 2011. Out of which 135,860 are males while 117,769 are females. In 2011 there were total 47,598 families residing in Safidon Tehsil. The Average Sex Ratio of Safidon Tehsil is 867.

As per Census 2011 out of total population, 15.9% people lived in urban areas while 84.1% lives in the rural areas. The average literacy rate in urban areas is 80.5% while that in the rural areas is 71.6%. Also, the Sex Ratio of Urban areas in Safidon Tehsil is 882 while that of Rural areas is 864.

The population of Children of age 0–6 years in Safidon Tehsil is 33825 which is 13% of the total population. There are 18450 male children and 15375 female children between the age 0–6 years. Thus as per the Census 2011, the Child Sex Ratio of Safidon Tehsil is 833 which is less than Average Sex Ratio ( 867 ) of Safidon Tehsil.

The total literacy rate of Safidon Tehsil is 73.04%. The male literacy rate is 70.68% and the female literacy rate is 54.79% in Safidon Tehsil.Total literate in Safidon Tehsil were 160,547 of which male and female were 96,026 and 64,521 respectively.

Languages spoken in Safidon are Hindi, Punjabi, Haryanvi and English.

As per the Population Census 2011 data, following are some quick facts about Safidon Tehsil.

Total Male Female
Children (Age 0-6) 33,825 18,450 15,375
Literacy 73.04% 70.68% 54.79%
Scheduled Caste 50,862 27,200 23,662
Scheduled Tribe 0 0 0
Illiterate 93,082 39,834 53,248

Caste wise Population - Safidon Tehsil

Schedule Caste (SC) constitutes 20.1% while Schedule Tribe (ST) were 0% of total population in Safidon Tehsil of .

Total Male Female
Schedule Caste 50,862 27,200 23,662
Schedule Tribe 0 0 0

Religion wise Population - Safidon Tehsil

Religion Total Male Female
Hindu 232,974 (91.86%) 124,950 108,024
Muslim 4,262 (1.68%) 2,225 2,037
Christian 132 (0.05%) 60 72
Sikh 14,888 (5.87%) 7,874 7,014
Buddhist 37 (0.01%) 20 17
Jain 1,115 (0.44%) 602 513
Other Religion 3 (0%) 0 3
No Religion Specified 218 (0.09%) 129 89

Working Population - Safidon Tehsil

In Safidon Tehsil out of total population, 94,049 were engaged in work activities. 73.5% of workers describe their work as Main Work (Employment or Earning more than 6 Months) while 26.5% were involved in Marginal activity providing livelihood for less than 6 months. Of 94,049 workers engaged in Main Work, 29,646 were cultivators (owner or co-owner) while 11,992 were Agricultural labourer.

Total Male Female
Main Workers 69,116 58,669 10,447
Cultivators 29,646 25,119 4,527
Agriculture Labourer 11,992 9,557 2,435
Household Industries 1,081 868 213
Other Workers 26,397 23,125 3,272
Marginal Workers 24,933 10,687 14,246
Non Working 159,580 66,504 93,076

AdministrationEdit

Safidon falls under Sonipat Lok Sabha Constituency. Talking about Haryana Legislative Assembly Elections, Safidon Constituency is No. 35 as per Election Commission. After every five years, people chose their representative by voting and send him/her to Vidhan Sabha.

Safidon is a Municipal Committee city in district of Jind, Haryana. The Safidon city is divided into 17 wards for which elections are held every 5 years. Safidon Municipal Committee has total administration over 6,568 houses to which it supplies basic amenities like water and sewerage. It is also authorized to build roads within Municipal Committee limits and impose taxes on properties coming under its jurisdiction.

The Safidon Sub-Division comprises Safidon tehsil and sub-tehsil Pillukhera. There are 70villages under Safidon Tehsil. To govern each village, the Gram Panchayats are elected after every 5 years by the people in each village. A Block Samiti is also working under rules and regulations.

There is one Session Court in Safidon setup under all rules and regulations. The court has a Bar Council complex, where people can go for judicial advises and consult their attorneys.[citation needed]

The Mini Secretariat of Safidon includes the offices of Sub-Divisional Magistrate (SDM), Tehsildar and Deputy Superintendent of Police (DSP). The official residents of various office-bearers such as Judge, Tehsildar, SDM, etc. are also situated in the Mini Secretariat.

Politics & ElectionsEdit

Since the formation of Haryana, Safidon is always being the main centre of State politics. Many political rallies and public meetings held in Safidon at a big level. Political leaders like Ch. Devi Lal, Bhajan Lal, Bansi Lal, Bhupinder Singh Hooda, Ch. Virender Singh, Randeep Surjewala, etc. addressed several public gatherings and saw Safidon a major centre for deciding the election outcomes. Various political parties like Indian National Congress, Indian National Lok Dal, Bharatiya Janata Party, Bahujan Samaj Party, Communist Party of India,Loktantar Suraksa Party, etc. put their respective candidates in the election battleground. In Legislative Assembly Elections, Indian National Congress clinched Safidon maximum times, followed by Indian National Lok Dal. The people of Safidon also showed confidence and gave opportunity to independent candidates several times.

Below is the list of winners and runners-up in the Safidon assembly elections conducted so far.

Year A.C No. Assembly Constituency Name Type Winner Gender Party Votes Runner Up Gender Party Votes
2019 35 Safidon GEN Subhash Gangoli M INC 56890 Bachan Singh Arya M BJP 53232
2014 35 Safidon GEN Jasbir Deswal M IND 29369 Dr.Vandana Sharma F BJP 27947
2009 35 Safidon GEN Kali Ram Patwari M INLD 38618 Bachan Singh Arya M IND 23182
2005 50 Safidon GEN Bachan Singh Arya M IND 43721 Karamvir Saini M INC 26077
2000 50 Safidon GEN Ram Phal M INLD 45382 Bachan Singh Arya M INC 37004
1996 50 Safidon GEN Ramphal S/O Jodha Ram M SAP 21502 Ranbir Singh M HVP 17301
1991 50 Safidon GEN Bachan Singh M INC 22030 Ram Phal M JP 19433
1987 50 Safidon GEN Sardul Singh Dhaliwal M IND 41441 Kundan Lal M INC 14709
1982 50 Safidon GEN Kundan Lal M INC 17303 Satvir Singh M LKD 10335
1977 50 Safidon GEN RamKrishan Bairagi M JNP 18930 Pratap Singh M INC 7192
1972 30 Safidon GEN Dhaja Ram M INC 19570 Sat Narain M VHP 19462
1968 30 Safidon GEN Satya Narain M VHP 14895 Ram Kishan M INC 12655
1967 30 Safidon GEN S. Krishan M INC 17692 S. Narain M IND 11721

Economy and infrastructureEdit

▪The main occupation of the people is agriculture. Half of the population involves in agricultural practices such as farming, horticulture, cattle rearing, dairy farming, etc.

▪After agriculture, people do their private businesses. Main Bazaar, Aazi Kua Bazaar, Stadium Market, Subzi Mandi, Railway Road Market are the major places of trade.

▪Safidon, being the main city in Jind district, is also the site of a container rail terminal of the Container Corporation of India (CONCOR), and a bus terminal.

▪Because it has the largest Mandi in district its economic place is very high. The new Anaj mandi located on Asandh Road also biggest mandi of Haryana more than 300 plus shops.

▪ Safidon is known for a number of rice silos plants.

▪ Safidon is known for hatchery and poultry farming, with more than 200 hatchery farms in the area.

▪ SKY Lark Hatchery is Most Popular Hatchery in Haryana Which Place in Khera Khemawati Village in Safidon Tehsil Jind

▪ Safidon is near to the industrial area of Panipat, but there is no four lane highway between Safidon to Panipat so the city is not progressing at much required pace. There is a railway line between Safidon and Panipat but there are only three trains a day. There is demand for more train service, but this is not being worked on.[citation needed][original research?]

EducationEdit

The scope of education is very bright in Safidon City.[original research?] Students from the city, villages and nearby cities come to get better education here. The education from kindergarten to post graduation is available in Safidon at reasonable price. Many schools, colleges, public and private coaching institutes are running in Safidon City and surrounding areas. The coaching for SSC, AIEEE, PMT, NDA, Army, Police, etc. are available in Safidon.

Places of interestEdit

Historical & ReligiousEdit

  • Ancient Fort at Safidon: Situated in the heart of the city, near Nagshetra 'tirth'. This historical fort at Safidon was built by the rulers of Jind state in the 18th century AD. The history of Jind as a separate ruling state begins with 1763 AD. It is the first fort built by the rulers of Jind state who were the ancestors of Phulkian family. Afterwards, it was used as a military cantonment of the state. This fort has bastions for providing strength to the fortification, which were also used to ensure security.
  • Nagakshetra Temple: It is the oldest temple in the city.And also oldest temple in Haryana. Traditionally, this town Safidon is connected with Mahabharata story and it is said that Janmejay, the son of Parikshit, and grandson of Arjuna. had performed 'sarpyajna' (snake-sacrificial ritual) at this place after the death of his father, who was bitten by a snake. The name of Safidon was actually "SARPDAMAN" refers to this temple.
  • Gurudwara Singhpura Sahib: 2 km away from Safidon City, a Gurudwara Sahib is located in Village Singhpura. This Gurudwara Sahib is constructed in the name of Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji, Sikh's 9th Guru.
  • Dera Shri Baba Harsha Singh Ji: A historical place in the name of Dera Baba Shri Harsha Singh Ji at Village Singhpura. The dera is about 200 years old. According to the old people of village, there was no source of drinking water in the village at the time of the 19th century. All the women of village went to Safidon to bring the water. There was a well towards Safidon Railway Station. Women had to cover 2 km distance to bring drinkable water.After that villagers told all that incident briefly to Baba Harsha Singh Ji and request him to find solution to this problem. Then Baba Harsha Singh has decided to dig a well in village and he told all those facilities would come in the village. After that the well started for and there inside the well a tree called "dandi" tree was planted by Baba ji and said "whenever the tree is living the well water never got salted. It would coninuesly watering sweet water". The villagers constructed a dera in the name of Shri Baba Harsha Singh Ji in 1961. Every Sunday, mela or fair is organised at this place.
  • Gurudwara Sachcha Sauda Sahib: A historical Gurudwara Sahib located on Assandh Road. The foundation brick of Gurudwara Sahib was brought up from Gurudwara Sachcha Sauda Sahib, Pakistan. On every New Moon Day or masya or amavasya , huge fair held here.
  • Dasasvamedha Tirtha: It is at the village Didwara in Safidon Tehsil, 13 km North of Safidon; bathing there with devotion is considered to have the merit of ten Ashvamedha sacrifices.
  • Aruna Tirtha lies at village Anta, 6 km south of Safidon. It is mentioned in the Mahabharata
  • Suraj Kund built in honour of Sun God at Kalwa (15 kilometres south-west of Safidon)
  • Temple of Mahadeva at Barod (5.5 kilometres north-east of Safidon)
  • A tank named after the Vedic sage Vasishtha at Budha Khera (12 kilometres north-west of Safidon)
  • The Jain temple located in Old Safidon Anaj Mandi.
  • The Jafariya Pir Baba Mukbara: A busy place.[citation needed]
  • The Hanuman Mandir in the Main Bazaar.
  • Sabal Singh Bavri Temple

Parks and stadiumsEdit

▪Ramsar Park, Safidon

▪Nagshetra Park, Safidon

▪Om Shanti Park, Safidon

▪Ramlila Ground & Park, Safidon

▪Maharaja Janmenjay Stadium, Safidon

▪Govt. Boys Sr. Sec. School Ground, Safidon

Food and cuisineEdit

As being a city of plain area, wheat is the staple food of Safidon followed by rice. Varieties of cuisines are available in Safidon like North Indian, South Indian, Punjabi, Chinese, Continental, etc. Safidonese are mostly vegetarians.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)

External linksEdit