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Jind is one of the biggest and oldest city in the Indian state of Haryana. Rani Talab is the major tourist place Pandu-Pindara and Ramrai are the main devotional places attracting devotees for Amavasya bath. The fort of Jind was built by Sidhu Jat ruler Maharaja Gajpat Singh in 1776 AD.

Jind
Very Small Continent
Jind is located in Haryana
Jind
Jind
Jind is located in India
Jind
Jind
Coordinates: 29°19′N 76°19′E / 29.317°N 76.317°E / 29.317; 76.317Coordinates: 29°19′N 76°19′E / 29.317°N 76.317°E / 29.317; 76.317
CountryIndia
StateHaryana
DistrictJind
MunicipalityJind
DivisionHisar
Named forJayanti Devi
TalukasJind Sadar
Government
 • BodyMunicipal Committee, Jind
 • Member of Legislative AssemblyKrishna Middha
Elevation
227 m (745 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total167,592
 • Density440/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialHindi, Haryanvi, Punjabi
 • RegionalHaryanvi (Western Hindi)
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
126102
Railway station code
JIND
Telephone code91-1681
ISO 3166 codeIN-HR
Vehicle registrationHR-31, HR-56 (Commercial)
Nearest capitalsNew Delhi, Chandigarh
Sex ratio911 /
Literacy75%
Lok Sabha constituencySonipat
Vidhan Sabha constituencyJind City
Planning agencyHUDA(Haryana Urban Development Authority)
Civic agencyMunicipal Committee, Jind
ClimateCw (Köppen)
Precipitation550 millimetres (22 in)
Websitewww.jind.nic.in

Contents

EtymologyEdit

Jind was named Jayantapura after the lord of victory Jayant (Indra), whom Pandavas worshiped before the mahabharata war. According to the oral tradition, Pandavas built the Jayanti Devi Temple in honour of Jainti Devi (the goddess of victory, a feminine representation of Indra). They offered prayers for success, and then launched the battle against Kaurava. The town grew up around the temple and was named Jaintapuri (Abode of Jainti Devi) which later on came to be known as Jind.[1]

Youngest queen of Maharaja Ranjeet Singh and mother of prince Duleep Singh was named Jind Kaur who came from the nearby area.

HistoryEdit

Maharaja Gajpat Singh, a great grandson of Phul Singh, the founder of the Phulkian Misl, established an independent Sikh kingdom by seizing with Sikh armed forces a large tract of country which included the territory occupied by the present district of Jind from the Afghan invader and governor Zain Khan in 1763 and made Jind city, the capital of the state in 1776. He made a fort here in 1775. Later, Sangrur was chosen as capital of Jind State by Raja Sangat Singh (reigned 1822 to 1834). After independence, Jind State was merged with the Indian union and the territory of the present district became part of Sangrur district of Patiala and East Punjab States Union on 15 July 1948. At the time of its creation of Haryana state on 1 November 1966, Sangrur district was bifurcated and its Jind and Narwana tehsils were merged to form the Jind district, one of the seven districts of the newly formed Haryana state. Jind tehsil was bifurcated to two tehsils: Jind and Safidon in 1967.[1]

GeographyEdit

Jind is located at 29°19′N 76°19′E / 29.32°N 76.32°E / 29.32; 76.32.[2] It has an average elevation of 227 metres (744 feet). In the East The Sonipat District is located. In South Rohtak And Bhiwani And in West Hisar and in north Kaithal is located.

DemographicsEdit

As of 2011 India census,[3] Jind city had a population of 166,225. Males constituted 53.3% and females 46.7% of the population respectively. Sex ratio is measured at 877 compared to national average 940. The sex ratio for the 0 to 6 year age-group is worse at 831 compared to national average 918. Jind had an average literacy rate of 74%, higher than the national average of 64.3%. Male literacy was 80%, and female literacy was 67% . In Jind, children under six years of age numbered 18,825 and were 11.3% of the population in 2011.[3][4] Haryanavi, Hindi and Punjabi are the languages spoken by most of the people.

IndustryEdit

With the emergence of Haryana as a separate State in 1966, the process of industrialization in the district began. Several small-scale industrial units for the manufacture of radio and electrical good, fabrication of cement jallis, soap and candles, etc., were set up in urban areas. Some more important units manufacturing agricultural implements, chemicals, thermometers, surgical cotton, foundries, screws, plastic products, paper-board, coke briquettes, etc. The biggest Industry is saint gobain gyproc india ltd, were established after 1968. The first large-scale industrial unit was the Milk Plant at Jind, which came into existence in 1970. Another unit for the manufacture of steel products was set up in 1973. Industry in the district received a further fillip with the establishment of a cattle feed plant in 1974.[citation needed]

EducationEdit

There are numerous schools and colleges in Jind. These include specialist institutions for subjects such as engineering and management.

Professional InstitutesEdit

Other InstitutesEdit

  • Government P.G. College
  • Priyadarshini Women College
  • C.R Kishan College
  • Hindu Girls College
  • Govt College Alewa, Jind
  • Govt College Julana, Jind
  • Techno India Teachers Training School, Jind

Secondary schoolsEdit

  • Government Senior Secondary School
  • S D School
  • Maharaja Senior Secondary School
  • Nav Durga Senior Secondary School
  • DAV Senior Secondary School
  • MLN Senior Secondary School
  • Ekta High School
  • Indus Public School, Jind
  • Lord Shiva Senior Secondary School
  • Techno India Public School Jind
  • Jai Surya High School
  • Guru Dronacharya Public School,Jind

Railways and RoadwaysEdit

Jind Junction railway station is a railway junction on Delhi-Rohtak-Narwana-Jakhal section of Delhi-Fazilka line that connects Delhi to Punjab. Another railway line connects it to safidon- Panipat. A new railway line is being constructed from Jind to Gohana. A new upcoming railway line is jind-narnaund-hansi. Trains that stop at Jind Junction, Jind City, Narwana Junction railway stations connect it to many Indian cities. Some of the trains are:

It is well connected by the road services as well. Privately owned buses run for short routes like jind to Kaithal, Narwana, Panipat, bhiwani, rohtak, safidon, Pundri. Long route buses also originate and suspend here. It is situated on the busy route of delhi to patiala and on National Highway 71. Few bus routes are as:

Nearest airport is IGI Airport, New Delhi which is at a distance of somewhat 3 or 3½ hours ride of car.

Visitor attractionsEdit

  • [Bhuteshwar Temple] at Rani Talab, Jind.

Tourist sites and places for pilgrimage in Jind include:

  • Ramrai village In Jind , Ramahrid Tirth Parashuram Mandir
  • Baba Gaibi Sahab Mandir Bhongra
  • BABA MANSNATH TEMPLE AT CHHATTAR
  • Mata Mansa Devi Mandir, (Somanāth), Safidon Gate
  • Herbal Park, Gohana Road
  • Ekalavya Stadium, Jind
  • Arjuna Stadium, Jind
  • Dhanda Kheri Village Talab
  • Rani Talab, Jind
  • Ashwini Kumara Tirtha Assan
  • Bhuteshwara Temple
  • Baba Ponkar Temple(Ponkar Kheri)
  • Ekahamsa
  • Jayanthi Devi Tempele
  • Munjavata Tierth
  • Pindara Tirtha (in series of [48 kos parikrama of Kurukshetra])
  • Pushkara Tirtha(Ponkar Kheri)
  • Ramsar Tirtha(Kuchrana Kalan)
  • Vanshmoolak Tirtha (Barsola)
  • Varaha Tirtha
  • Yakshini Tirtha
  • Dada Khera (Jajwan)
  • Bitha Mandir [Naguran]
  • Jamni jamdgni rishi mandir(prachin Tirth Sthal)
  • Gurudwara Shri Guru Tegbahadur Sahib
  • Dada Khera (Dhanda Kheri)
  • Shiv Mandir (Dhanda Kheri)
  • Shiv mandir(sangatpura)
  • Baba Jitgiri Ji Mandir Kakrod

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Haryana Samvad, Oct 2018, p44-46.
  2. ^ "Maps, Weather, Videos, and Airports for Jind, India". Fallingrain.com. Retrieved 19 October 2012.
  3. ^ a b "View Population". Censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 19 October 2012.
  4. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.

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External linksEdit