Jind is one of the largest and oldest city in Jind district in the Indian state of Haryana. It is administrative headquarter of Jind district. Rani Talab is the main destination for tourists while Pandu-Pindara and Ramrai are the main religious spots, attracting devotees for the holy bath during Amavasya.

Jind
View of Canal in Jind, Haryana, India
View of Canal in Jind, Haryana, India
Jind is located in Haryana
Jind
Jind
Jind is located in India
Jind
Jind
Coordinates: 29°19′N 76°19′E / 29.317°N 76.317°E / 29.317; 76.317Coordinates: 29°19′N 76°19′E / 29.317°N 76.317°E / 29.317; 76.317
Country India
StateHaryana
DistrictJind
DivisionHisar division
Named forJayanti Devi
TalukasJind Sadar
Government
 • BodyMunicipal Committee, Jind
 • Member of the Legislative Assembly (India)Mr. Krishan Lal Middha
Elevation
227 m (745 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total167,592
 • Density440/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialHindi, Haryanvi
 • RegionalHaryanvi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
126102
Railway station code
JIND
Telephone code91-1681
ISO 3166 codeIN-HR
Vehicle registrationHR-31, HR-56 (Commercial)
Nearest capitalsNew Delhi, Chandigarh
Sex ratio911 /
Literacy75%
Lok Sabha constituencySonipat
Vidhan Sabha constituencyJind City
Planning agencyHUDA(Haryana Urban Development Authority)
Civic agencyMunicipal Committee, Jind
ClimateCw (Köppen)
Precipitation550 millimetres (22 in)
Websitewww.jind.nic.in

The fort of Jind was built by Sidhu Jat ruler Maharaja Gajpat Singh in 1776 AD.

EtymologyEdit

Jind was named Jayantapura after the lord of victory Jayant (Indra), whom Pandavas worshipped before the Mahabharata war. According to oral tradition, Pandavas built the Jayanti Devi Temple in honour of Jainti Devi (the goddess of victory, a feminine representation of Indra). They offered prayers for success and then started a battle against Kaurava. The town was built around the temple and named Jaintapuri (Abode of Jainti Devi) which was later renamed to Jind.[1]

HistoryEdit

Jind is listed in the Ain-i-Akbari as a pargana under the sarkar of Hisar, producing a revenue of 5,401,749 dams for the imperial treasury and supplying a force of 4000 infantry and 500 cavalry. Under its entry, the author Abu'l-Fazl ibn Mubarak mentioned the Hindu temple in the nearby village of Pandu Pindara.[2]

In 1775, Gajpat Singh Sidhu built the Jind Fort, which later came under queen Jind Kaur, queen of Naresh Swarup Singh Sidhu - the Jat ruler of Jind State.[3]

The Jat ruler Maharaja Gajpat Singh, the great-grandson of Chaudhary Phul Singh Sidhu and the founder of the Phulkian Misl, established an independent Sikh kingdom by seizing a large tract of the country with Sikh armed forces, which included the territory occupied by the present district of Jind from the Afghan governor Zain Khan in 1763. In 1775, Maharaja established Jind as the capital of the state in 1776. It was under the suzerainity of the Marathas for much of the 18th century. Sangrur was chosen later as the capital of Jind State by Raja Sangat Singh (reigned 1822 to 1834). After independence, Jind State was merged with the Indian union and the territory of the district became part of the Sangrur district of the Patiala and East Punjab States Union on 15 July 1948. On 1 November 1966, Sangrur district was divided in two and the Jind and Narwana tehsils were merged to form the Jind district. This was one of the seven districts of the newly formed Haryana state. The Jind tehsil was bifurcated further into two tehsils: Jind and Safidon in 1967.[1]

GeographyEdit

Jind is located at 29°19′N 76°19′E / 29.32°N 76.32°E / 29.32; 76.32.[4] It has an average elevation of 227 metres (744 feet).

DemographicsEdit

As of 2011, the Indian census[5] reported that Jind city had a population of 166,225. Males and females constituted 53.3% and 46.7% of the population, respectively. The sex ratio was measured at 877 compared to the national average of 940. The sex ratio for the zero to six year age group was at 831, which was lower than the national average of 918. Jind had an average literacy rate of 74%, higher than the national average of 64.3%. Male literacy was at 80%, while female literacy was at 67%. In Jind, there were 18,825 children under six years of age who made up 11.3% of the population in 2011.[5][6] Haryanavi, Hindi and Punjabi are the languages spoken by most of the people.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Haryana Samvad Archived 29 November 2018 at the Wayback Machine, Oct 2018, p44-46.
  2. ^ Abu'l-Fazl ibn Mubarak; Jarrett, Henry Sullivan (translator) (1891). The Ain-i-Akbari. Calcutta: Asiatic Society of Bengal. p. 294. Retrieved 21 January 2021. {{cite book}}: |first2= has generic name (help)
  3. ^ Sohan Singh Khattar and Reena Kar, 2021, Know Your State Haryana, Arihant Publications, pp 308.
  4. ^ "Maps, Weather, Videos, and Airports for Jind, India". Fallingrain.com. Retrieved 19 October 2012.
  5. ^ a b "View Population". Censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 19 October 2012.
  6. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.

External linksEdit