Sonipat is a city, municipal corporation and administrative headquarter in Sonipat district of Haryana state of India. It comes under the National Capital Region and is around 44 kilometres (27 mi) from New Delhi. It is also around 214 km (128 miles) southwest of Chandigarh, the state capital. The Yamuna River runs along the eastern boundary.
|• Type||Municipal corporation|
|• Body||Sonipat Municipal Corporation|
|• M.P.||Ramesh Chander Kaushik (BJP)|
|• M.L.A.||Surender Panwar (INC)|
|• Mayor||Nikhil Madan (INC)|
|• City||181 km2 (70 sq mi)|
|Elevation||224.15 m (735.40 ft)|
|• Additional official||English, Punjabi|
|Time zone||UTC+5.30 (Indian Standard Time)|
|ISO 3166 code||IN-HR|
|Vehicle registration||HR-10, HR-69(Commercial Vehicles), HR-99(Temporary), DL-14 Sonipat (Delhi NCR), HR-86|
|Sex Ratio||1.19 ♂/♀|
On 22 December 1972, Sonipat was created a full-fledged district. Sonipat Junction railway station is the main railway junction on Delhi-Kalka line. It lies on Delhi Western Peripheral Expressway, Eastern Peripheral Expressway (NE II) and Grand Trunk Road (NH 44) as well as the planned Delhi–Sonipat–Panipat Regional Rapid Transit System.
According to legend, Sonipat was earlier known as Sonprastha, which later on became Swarnprastha (lit. 'Golden City'). Later, the name Swarnprastha changed into Swarnpath, and then to its current form, Sonipat.
Reference to the city comes in the epic Mahabharata as Swarnprastha. It was one of the five Prastha demanded by Pandavas as the price of peace from Duryodhan in lieu of the kingdom Hastinapur. The other four Prastha were Vanprastha (Panipat), Vyaghraprastha (Baghpat), Tilprastha (Faridabad) and Indraprastha (Delhi).
Sonipat is listed in the Ain-i-Akbari as a pargana under Delhi sarkar, producing a revenue of 7,727,323 dams for the imperial treasury and supplying a force of 1000 infantry and 70 cavalry. It had a brick fort at the time, which was also mentioned.
Geography and topographyEdit
Sonipat is located at .
|Climate data for Sonipat|
|Average high °C (°F)||21
|Average low °C (°F)||8
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||19.7
|Average relative humidity (%)||66||58||47||32||35||53||68||71||66||55||51||63||55|
|Source: http://www.myweather2.com |
As of 2011 Indian Census, Sonipat city had a total population of 278,149, of which 148,364 were males and 129,785 were females. The population within the age group of 0 to 6 years was 32,333. The total number of literates in Sonipat was 210,112, which constituted 75.5% of the population with male literacy of 79.7% and female literacy of 70.8%. The effective literacy rate of 7+ population of Sonipat was 85.5%, of which the male literacy rate was 90.8% and the female literacy rate was 79.5%. The Scheduled Castes population was 42,013. Sonipat had 55,599 households in 2011.
|Religion||Population (1911)||Percentage (1911)||Population (1941): 30||Percentage (1941)|
|Religion||Population (1941): 58||Percentage (1941)|
Places of interestEdit
Khwaja Khizr TombEdit
The Khwaja Khizr Tomb situated in Jatwara houses the remains of the saint and son of Darya Khan who lived during the rule of Ibrahim Lodhi. The structure was built between 1522 and 1525 AD. The tomb stands on an elevated platform and is one of the few monuments where red sandstone along with ‘kankar’ blocks have been used. The ceiling is decorative and made of multicolor floral designs. The cenotaph chamber is surrounded by a dome-shaped structure that rests on a small drum of octagonal shape. Now the site is under the protection of Archaeological Survey of India and surrounded by four acres (1.6 ha) of gardens.
The main water system in the district is the Yamuna River and the irrigation canals flowing out of it. The river flows besides the rural belt in the eastern side of district. It also acts as a natural boundary between the states of Haryana and Uttar Pradesh.
There are six HSIIDC industrial estates namely Sonepat city, Barhi, Kundli, Murthal and Rai. The development of Sonepat Industrial area in the city started in the 1950s with Atlas Cycle. Since then, many small and big industries have been established here. Atlas, E.C.E. or the Birla Factory, OSRAM India (formerly part of E.C.E., but in October 1998 it was acquired by OSRAM).
- Indian Institute of Information Technology, Sonepat
- Dr. B.R. Ambedkar National Law University, Sonipat (NLU)
- National Institute of Food Technology Entrepreneurship and Management
- Deenbandhu Chhotu Ram University Of Science and Technology
- Ashoka University
- O. P. Jindal Global University
- Bhagat Phool Singh Mahila Vishwavidyalaya
- SRM University, Haryana
- World University of Design
- Rishihood University
In July 1973 the government established the Motilal Nehru School of Sports, Rai, Sonipat to provide education facilities with extra emphasis on sports. It trains athletes in hockey, basketball, lawn tennis, horse riding, gymnastics, swimming, rifle shooting, volleyball, boxing, cricket and football.
Ministry of Road Transport and Highways proposed first Bus Port in the pattern of Airport on GT Road in Sector 7, Sonipat. It will be the joint venture of Government of Haryana and NHAI.
- In a first-of-its-kind initiative, the Union ministry of road transport and highways has decided to set up a bus port on the pattern of an airport in Sonipat.
- The proposed bus stand will be an ultra-modern ‘bus port’, with infrastructure at par with an international airport.
- To be constructed under design, built, finance, operate and transfer model, new bus ports will have digital display, variable message signboards, CCTV camera, surveillance system, deluxe waiting room, tourist information center, clock room, restaurant, food court, plaza, budget hotel, multiplex, administrative office, parcel room, maintenance workshop, fuel station, etc. facilities.
Sonipat Lok SabhaEdit
- Seema Antil (discus thrower)
- Sanchit Balhara (Bollywood score composer)
- Preeti Bose (cricketer)
- Manushi Chhillar, (actress, model and the winner of Miss World 2017)
- Aakash Dahiya (Bollywood actor)
- Amit Kumar Dahiya (wrestler)
- Jai Tirath Dahiya (leader)
- Padam Singh Dahiya (politician)
- Rohit Dahiya (cricketer)
- Vikas Dahiya (Indian hockey player)
- Vinod Kumar Dahiya (wrestler)
- Vivek Dahiya (actor)
- Yogeshwar Dutt (wrestler)
- Himanshu Malik (Bollywood actor)
- Jitender Malik (politician)
- Meghna Malik (actress)
- Pardeep Narwal (kabbadi player)
- Sanjay Pahal (cricketer)
- Rajat Paliwal (cricketer)
- Nisha Warsi (hockey player)
- "जानिये- कौन हैं सोनीपत नगर निगम के नए मेयर निखिल मदान, भाजपा-JJP प्रत्याशी को चटाई धूल". Dainik Jagran (in Hindi). 30 December 2020. Retrieved 30 December 2020.
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- "Census of India: Sonipat". www.censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 11 January 2020.
- "Census of India: Sonipat". www.censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 11 January 2020.
- "Report of the Commissioner for linguistic minorities: 52nd report (July 2014 to June 2015)" (PDF). Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities, Ministry of Minority Affairs, Government of India. p. 24. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 November 2016. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
- IANS (28 January 2010). "Haryana grants second language status to Punjabi". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
- "Haryanvi". Ethnologue. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
- Gupta, Ramesh Chandra (1985). Urban geography of Delhi-Shahadra. Bhavna Prakashan.
- Kauśika, Rs̥hi Jaiminī; Baruā, Jaiminī Kauśika (1967). Maiṃ apane Māravāṛī samāja ko pyāra karatā hūm̐ (in Hindi). Jaiminī-Prakāśana.
- Sharma, Chandrapal (1 September 2017). भारतीय संस्कृति और मूल अंकों के स्वर : अंक चक्र : Bhartiya Sanskriti aur Mool Anko ke Swar Ank Chakra (in Hindi). Diamond Pocket Books Pvt Ltd. ISBN 9789352784875.
- Gupta, Ramesh Chandra (1985). Urban geography of Delhi-Shahadra. Bhavna Prakashan. p. 29.
- Abu'l-Fazl ibn Mubarak; Jarrett, Henry Sullivan (translator) (1891). The Ain-i-Akbari. Calcutta: Asiatic Society of Bengal. p. 287. Retrieved 21 January 2021.
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- Sikhs In The Eighteenth Century. p. 28.
- "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Sonipat, India". www.fallingrain.com.
- "January Climate History for Sonipat | Local | India".
- "Census of India 1911. Vol. 14, Punjab. Pt. 1, Report". Retrieved 22 July 2022.
- "CENSUS OF INDIA, 1941 VOLUME VI PUNJAB PROVINCE". Retrieved 22 July 2022.
- "Atlas Cycles (Haryana) Ltd., Sonepat (India)". www.atlascyclesonepat.com.
- "ECE Industries Ltd". www.eceindustriesltd.com.
- Osram Sylvania. "OSRAM Americas | OSRAM SYLVANIA Homepage". Osramindia.com. Retrieved 1 July 2019.
- "Motilal Nehru School of SportsRai". Motilal Nehru School of SportsRai.
- "सेक्टर-7 में बस पोर्ट काे सीएम की मंजूरी". Dainik Bhaskar (in Hindi). 20 July 2019. Retrieved 26 August 2020.
- "World-class bus port to come up in Sonipat - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 6 June 2019.
- "बसपोर्ट के लिए दस एकड़ जमीन सेंट्रल ट्रांसपोर्ट के नाम होगी". Dainik Bhaskar (in Hindi). 31 August 2019. Retrieved 26 August 2020.
- "सोनीपत में बनेगा प्रदेश का पहला बस पोर्ट". दैनिक ट्रिब्यून (in Hindi). 16 March 2019. Retrieved 6 June 2019.
- "बसपोर्ट के लिए कार्रवाई तेज, एनएच-44 पर फ्लाईओवर या अंडरपास का प्रस्ताव". Dainik Bhaskar (in Hindi). 24 August 2020. Retrieved 26 August 2020.
- "About Us". mcsonepat.gov.in. Retrieved 11 January 2021.