Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Goa and Daman

The Roman Catholic Metropolitan Archdiocese of Goa and Daman (Latin: Archidioecesis Goanae et Damanensis, Goan Konkani: Gõy ani Damanv Mha-Dhormprant, Portuguese: Arquidiocese de Goa e Damão) encompasses the Goa state and the Damaon territory in the Konkan region, by the west coast of India. The ecclesiastical province of Goa and Damaon includes a suffragan diocese, the Sindhudurg Diocese that comprises the Malvani areas of (central Konkan). The Archbishop of Goa also holds the titles of Primate of the East and Patriarch of the East Indies, also hold the title of the Syrian Catholic Primate of the Archdiocese of Cranganore. The beginnings lie in the Padroado system of Portuguese Goa and Damaon, in the early 1900s the primatial see was transferred back to the Sacred Congregation for the Evangelisation of Peoples, as the Padroado system of the Indo-Portuguese era was being dismantled.

Metropolitan Archdiocese of Goa and Daman

Archidioecesis Goanae et Damanensis

Gõy ani Damanv Mha-Dhormprant
Se cathedral
Country India
Ecclesiastical provinceGoa and Daman
Coordinates15°30′08″N 73°54′42″E / 15.50222°N 73.91167°E / 15.50222; 73.91167
Area4,194 km2 (1,619 sq mi)
- Total
- Catholics
(as of 2013)
640,616 (35.2%)
DenominationRoman Catholic
RiteLatin Rite
CathedralCathedral of St Catherine of Alexandria in Old Goa
Patron saintSt Joseph Vaz
Secular priests701
LanguageKonkani, English, Marathi, Portuguese,[2] Gujarati, Hindi
Current leadership
Metropolitan ArchbishopFilipe Neri Ferrão
SuffraganDiocese of Sindhudurg
Auxiliary BishopsSimião Purificação Fernandes - Bishop Elect

It is the oldest bishopric of the Latin Rite of worship in terms of activity in the East Indies, with its origins linked to the Portuguese discoveries, and their subsequent arrival at the St Mary's islands and Calicut, on the coast of the Malabar region.

The current Metropolitan Archbishop and Patriarch of the East Indies is Filipe Neri Ferrão.[3]

Special churches edit

Cathedral of St Catherine, Goa

Territory and statistics edit

The archdiocese consists of the State of Goa and the union territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu in India.[4] As of 2014, it pastorally served 641,231 Catholics (31.0% of 2,067,200 total) on 4,194 km2 in 167 parishes and 124 missions with 715 priests (410 diocesan, 305 religious), 1,503 lay religious (538 brothers, 965 sisters) and 80 seminarians.

Ecclesiastical province edit

The Metropolitan has a single suffragan see:

History edit

After the Portuguese conquest of Goa by Afonso de Albuquerque in 1510, King Manuel I built a chapel there in honour of St. Catherine, named patron of the city in 1518. Christians in the region were given into the charge of Dom Duarte Nunes [pt] OP, the Franciscan bishop of the titular see of Laodicea. He governed until 1527 when he was succeeded by Dom Fernando Vaqueiro [pt] OFM, the Franciscan titular bishop of Aureopolis, from 1529 to 1535.[5]

King John III of Portugal commissioned the construction of a cathedral in Goa and Pope Clement VII founded the Diocese of Goa on 31 January 1533, with the papal bull titled Romani Pontificis Circumspectio.[5][6] The jurisdiction of the new diocese at the time stretched from the Cape of Good Hope to China and Japan.[7] On 3 November 1534 the creation of the diocese was confirmed by the Aequum reputamus [pt] bull of Pope Paul III, since Clement VII's death had prevented the publication of its establishment. The diocese was originally a suffragan of the diocese of Funchal.

At the request of King Sebastian, on 4 February 1557 Pope Paul IV separated the Goan diocese from the ecclesiastical province of Lisbon and raised it to a metropolitan archdiocese, with the suffragan dioceses of Cochin and Malacca.[5][8] In the course of time other dioceses were included in the metropolitan area of Goa: Macau, Funai in Japan, Cranganore and Meliapor in India, Nanjing and Beijing in China, and Mozambique in Africa. Daman in India is still included in Goa.[9]

With the brief of 13 December 1572 Pope Gregory XIII granted the archbishop of Goa the title of Primate of the East.[10][11] This is because the diocese of Goa was the first diocese of the Padroado in Asia. By 1857, Goa had gained several suffragan dioceses in the Indian subcontinent but retained only Macau and Mozambique outside that geographical area.[12]

On 23 January 1886, Pope Leo XIII, through the bull Humanae Salutis Auctor, invested the archbishop of Goa with the honorary title of Patriarch of the East Indies. With the same bull, the diocese of Daman was established, to which was attached the title of the Archdiocese of Cranganore, that had been suppressed by the 24 April 1838 Multa praeclare decree of Pope Gregory XVI. These provisions had already been made in the concordat between the Holy See and Portugal on 23 June 1886.[13] The honorary title of patriarch recognised the primacy of honour of the archbishop of Goa among all the bishops of the East and the historical vastness of his jurisdiction, at a time when his jurisdiction was reduced. He also enjoyed the privilege of presiding over all the synods of the East Indies

When the diocese of Daman was dissolved on 1 May 1928 with Inter Apostolicam, the title of Cranganore was attached to the Goa archdiocese. Thus, the archbishop of Goa came to be the titular archbishop of Cranganore.

Goan Catholics distribution across India.

In 1940, Dili (in East Timor) was elevated to a diocese and placed as suffragan under Goa; Mozambique was in the same year spun off from the metropolitan archdiocese. In 1953 the archdiocese of Goa lost the suffragan dioceses of Cochin, Meliampor and Canara following the ecclesiastical territorial reorganisation of the new Indian state.

On 19 December 1961, the Indian Union annexed the territories of Goa, and Daman and Diu.[14] The following year the Patriarch Archbishop José Vieira Alvernaz left the territory. In 1965, the religious jurisdiction of Diu was entrusted to the Missionary Society of St Francis Xavier. The complexities of annexing Portuguese-ruled territories meant that the Vatican did not accept the resignation of the last patriarch until 1975.[citation needed] The dioceses of Dili and Macau were also de-linked from the ecclesiastical province and placed directly under the Holy See.

With the Quoniam Archdioecesi bull of 30 January 1978, Pope Paul VI appointed Bishop Raul Nicolau Gonçalves as Archbishop of Goa and Daman, also titled ad honorem Patriarch of the East Indies. By Inter Capital of 12 December 2003, Pope John Paul II appointed Rev. Filipe Neri Ferrao Archbishop of Goa and Daman, also granting him the honorary patriarch title.

The Archdiocese of Goa and Daman remained—until 25 November 2006—as just an archdiocese, since the archdiocese had had no suffragan dioceses since 1 January 1975, when Macao and Dili were separated from it. On 25 November 2006, Pope Benedict XVI with Cum Christi Evangelii made the diocese of Sindhudurg a suffragan of Goa and Daman, together with which it formed a new ecclesiastical province.

The civil district of North Kanara (Uttara Kannada) was part of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Goa and Daman till 19 September 1953 when the New Roman Catholic Diocese of Belgaum was erected. Two civil districts, Belgaum and North Kanara, were separated from the Archdiocese of Goa and two other civil districts, Dharwad and Bijapur, were taken from the Diocese of Poona to form the Diocese of Belgaum.

  • 31 January 1533: Archdiocese of Goa established from the Diocese of Funchal
  • 4 February 1557: Diocese of Cochin established as a suffragan diocese
  • 4 February 1558: Established suffragan diocese – Diocese of Malacca
  • 4 February 1558: Promoted to Metropolitan Archdiocese of Goa
  • 1 May 1928: Renamed Metropolitan Archdiocese of Goa and Daman
  • 1 January 1976: Demoted to Archdiocese of Goa and Daman
  • 25 November 2006: Promoted to Metropolitan Archdiocese of Goa and Daman

Episcopal ordinaries edit

Dom Raul Nicolau Gonçalves, first Goan Patriarch of the East Indies and Archbishop of Goa and Daman
Dom José da Costa Nunes, Archbishop of Goa and Daman, later Cardinal.
Dom Teotónio Manuel Ribeiro Vieira de Castro
Dom Sebastião António Valente, first Patriarch of the East Indies.
Dom António Brandão, Archbishop of Goa, interim Governor-General of Portuguese India
Dom Aleixo de Menezes, Archbishop of Goa, later archbishop of Braga and viceroy of Portugal.
Name Periods Notes
34º Filipe Neri do Rosário Ferrão 2004–present Second Goan Patriarch of the East Indies and Archbishop of Goa and Daman
33º Raul Nicolau Gonçalves 1978–2004 First Goan Patriarch of the East Indies and Archbishop of Goa and Daman
32º José Vieira Alvernaz 1953–1975 Last Archbishop of Portuguese period

Former Bishop Of Cochin

- José Vieira Alvernaz 1950-1953 Archbishop-coadjutor
31º José da Costa Nunes 1940–1953 Later Cardinal
30º Teotónio Manuel Ribeiro Vieira de Castro 1929–1940
29º Mateus de Oliveira Xavier 1909–1929
28º António Sebastião Valente 1882-1908 first Patriarch of the East Indies
27º Aires de Ornelas e Vasconcelos 1875-1880
26º João Crisóstomo de Amorim Pessoa 1862-1874 Later archbishop of Braga
25º José Maria da Silva Torres 1844-1851
24º Frei Manuel de São Galdino, O.F.M. 1812-1831
- Frei Manuel de São Galdino, O.F.M. 1804-1812 Archbishop-coadjutor
23º Frei Manuel de Santa Catarina, O.C.D. 1784-1812
22º Frei Francisco da Assunção e Brito, O.S.A. 1773-1783
21º António Taveira da Neiva Brum da Silveira 1750-1773
20º Frei Lourenço de Santa Maria e Melo, O.F.M. 1741-1750 Later archbishop-bishop of Faro
19º Frei Eugénio de Trigueiros, O.S.A. 1741 Died before taking office.
18º Frei Inácio de Santa Teresa, O.S.A. 1721-1740
17º Sebastião de Andrade Pessanha 1715-1721
16º Frei Agostinho da Anunciação, O.C. 1690-1713
15º Frei Alberto de São Gonçalo da Silva, O.S.A. 1686-1688
14º Manuel de Sousa Meneses 1680-1684
13º Frei António Brandão, O.C. 1674-1678
12º Frei Cristóvão da Silveira, O.S.A. 1670-1673
11º Frei Francisco dos Mártires, O.F.M. 1635-1652
10º Frei Manuel Teles de Brito, O.P. 1631-1633
Frei Sebastião de São Pedro, O.S.A. 1624-1629
Frei Cristóvão de Sá e Lisboa, O.S.H. 1612-1622
Frei Aleixo de Meneses O.S.A. 1595-1612 Later archbishop of Braga and viceroy of Portugal
Frei Mateus de Medina, O. Carm. 1588-1593
Frei João Vicente da Fonseca, O.P. 1583-1586
Frei Henrique de Távora e Brito, O.P. 1578-1581
Gaspar Jorge de Leão Pereira 1571-1576 reappointed
Frei Jorge Temudo, O.P. 1567-1571
Gaspar Jorge de Leão Pereira 1558-1567
- Filipe do Rosário Ferrão 1993-2004 Auxiliary Bishop
- Raul Nicolau Gonçalves 1967-1978 Auxiliary Bishop
- Francisco Xavier da Piedade Rebelo 1963-1966 Auxiliary bishop, apostolic administrator sede plena between 1966 and 1972.
- António Joaquim de Medeiros 1882-1884 Auxiliary Bishop after bishop of Macau
- Tomás Gomes de Almeida 1879-1883 Auxiliary Bishop
- Joaquim de Santa Rita Botelho 1851 - ???? Bishop of Cochin, head vicar and governor of Goa archbishop
- Pedro da Silva 1688-1690 Bishop of Cochin, as Apostolic Administrator
- Frei Miguel da Cruz Rangel, O.P. 1634-1635 Bishop of Cochin, as Apostolic Administrator
- Frei João da Rocha, S.J. 1630-1631 titular bishop of Hierapolis in Phrygia, as Apostolic Administrator
- Domingos Torrado, O.E.S.A. 1605-1612 Auxiliary Bishop, titular bishop of Fisicula
- Diego da Conceição de Araújo, O.E.S.A. 1595-1597 Auxiliary Bishop, titular bishop of Calama
- André de Santa Maria, O.F.M. 1593-1595 Bishop of Cochin, as Apostolic Administrator
- Jorge de Santa Luzia, O.P. 1559-1560 Bishop of Malacca, as Apostolic Administrator
Frei João de Albuquerque, O.F.M. 1539-1553 First resident bishop of Goa
Francisco de Melo 1533-1536 First bishop of Goa, did not take possession.
Priests and friars as administrators
- António João de Ataíde 1839-1844 priest
- António Feliciano de Santa Rita Carvalho 1837-1839 head vicar and governor of the archbishopric of Goa
- Paulo António Dias da Conceição 1835-1837 priest, Cathedral administrator
- José Paulo da Costa Pereira de Almeida 1831-1835 priest, Dean of the Cathedral
- Gonçalo Veloso 1629 - 1630 head vicar
- Frei Domingos Torrado (also Domingos Terrado or Domingos da Trinidade) 1612 governor

Saints and causes for canonisation edit

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ "Statistics - Archdiocese of Goa". Archived from the original on 18 May 2008. Retrieved 31 July 2008.
  2. ^ "About The Archdiocese - Goa DCSCM". Retrieved 27 January 2024.
  3. ^ "Titular Patriarchal See of East Indies". Archived from the original on 8 May 2017. Retrieved 5 May 2017.
  4. ^ "Archdiocese of Goa e Damão". 2014. Archived from the original on 18 May 2008. Retrieved 31 July 2008.
  5. ^ a b c Conselho Ultramarino, p.455
  6. ^ Stephen Neill (2004). A History of Christianity in India: The Beginnings to AD 1707. Cambridge University Press. p. 117. ISBN 0521548853.
  7. ^ Gabriel Saldanha, p 356
  8. ^ Associação Marítima e Colonial, p. 314
  9. ^ Associação Marítima e Colonial, p. 314-315
  10. ^ Instituto Histórico, Geographico e Ethnographico do Brasil, p. 171-172
  11. ^ "Apostolic Nunciature, India & Nepal". Archived from the original on 30 July 2018. Retrieved 3 August 2018.
  12. ^ Gabriel Saldanha, p.361
  13. ^ "Concordat between the Holy See and Portugal, 1886" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 5 February 2018. Retrieved 3 August 2018.
  14. ^ Daman and Diu Archived 2017-08-01 at the Wayback Machine,]
  15. ^ a b c d e f "Saints & Blessed – CCBI". Archived from the original on 18 February 2020. Retrieved 17 October 2019.
  16. ^ "Canonisation process of Fr Jacome on in Sri Lanka | Goa News - Times of India". 24 July 2019. Archived from the original on 20 July 2020. Retrieved 26 February 2020.

Sources and external links edit

Pontifical documents