Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Braga
Archdiocese of Braga
Arquidiocese de Braga
|Area||2,857 km2 (1,103 sq mi)|
|(as of 2012)|
|Sui iuris church||Latin Church|
|Established||4th Century (As Diocese of Braga)|
1071 (As Archdiocese of Braga)
|Cathedral||Cathedral of St Mary in Braga|
|Archbishop||Jorge Ferreira da Costa Ortiga|
Viana do Castelo
|Auxiliary Bishops||Nuno Manuel dos Santos Almeida|
Its suffragans are the dioceses of Aveiro, of Bragança-Miranda, of Coimbra, of Lamego, of Porto, of Viana do Castelo, of Vila Real, and of Viseu. The chief prelate of Braga is known as the Archbishop-Primate of Braga (Arcebispo Primaz de Braga), as the traditional holder of the Primacy of the Spains, claiming supremacy over all prelates of the whole Iberian Peninsula; however in modern times, this title is only recognized in Portugal.
The tradition that St. Peter of Rates, a disciple of St. James the Great, preached here, is handed down in the ancient Breviary of Braga (Breviarium Bracarense) and in that of Évora; but this, as the Bollandists tell us, is due to the "credulity of the people of Braga, who have listed him in their modern (17th century) Martyrology." Paternus was certainly bishop of the see about 390.
In its early period the Diocese of Braga produced the famous writer Paulus Orosius (fl. 418). At the beginning of the eighteenth century a contest was waged over the birthplace of Orosius, some claiming him for Braga and others for Tarragona. The Marquis of Mondejar, with all the evidence in his favour, supported the claim of Braga; Dalmas, the chronicler of Catalonia, that of Tarragona.
Avitus of Braga, another writer of some importance, was a priest who went to the East to consult with St. Augustine at the same time that Orosius, who had been sent by St. Augustine, returned from consulting St. Jerome. It was through him that the priest Lucian of Caphar Gamala near Jerusalem made known to the West the discovery of the body of St. Stephen (December 415). The Greek encyclical letter of Lucian was translated into Latin by Avitus and sent to Braga with another for the bishop, Balconius, and for his clergy and people, together with a relic of St. Stephen. Avitus also attended the Council of Jerusalem against Pelagius (415). There were two others of the same name, men of note, who, however, wrought incalculable harm by introducing into these provinces the doctrines of Origen and Victorinus of Poetovio.
Some have denied that Braga was a metropolitan see; others have attempted without sufficient evidence, however, to claim two metropolitan sees for Gallaecia before the sixth century. In fact, after the destruction of Astorga (433) by the Visigoths, Braga was elevated to the dignity of a metropolitan see in the time of St. Leo I (440-461). Balconius was then its bishop and Agrestius, Bishop of Luigi, was the metropolitan. At the latter's death the right of metropolitan rank was restored to the oldest bishop of the province, who was the bishop of Braga. From this time until the Muslim conquest of Hispania (711), he retained the supremacy over all the sees of the province.
In 1110 Pope Paschal II restored Braga to its former metropolitan rank. When Portugal became independent, Braga assumed even greater importance. It contested with Toledo the primacy over all the Iberian sees, but the popes decided in favour of the latter city, since it retained as suffragans the dioceses of Porto, Coimbra, Viseu, Bragança-Miranda do Douro, Aveiro, and Pinhel. In 1390 Braga was divided to make the Archdiocese of Lisbon, and in 1540 its territory was again divided to create the Archdiocese of Évora.
The most famous of writers in this diocese is Bishop Martin who died in 580, noted for his wisdom. Gregory of Tours says of him that he was born in Pannonia, visited the Holy Land, and became the foremost scholar of his time. St. Isidore of Seville ("De Viris illustribus", c. xxxv) tells us that he "was abbot of the Monastery of Dumio near Braga, came to Gallaecia from the East, converted the Suebi inhabitants from the heresy of Arianism, taught them Catholic doctrine and discipline, strengthened their ecclesiastical organization, and founded monasteries. He also left a number of letters in which he recommended a reform of manners, a life of faith and prayer and giving of alms, the constant practice of all virtues and the love of God."
Braga having been destroyed by the Saracens, and restored in 1071, a succession of illustrious bishops occupied the see. Among these were Maurício Burdinho (1111–14), sent as legate to the Emperor Henry V (1118), and by him created antipope with the title of Gregory VIII; Pedro Juliano, Archdeacon of Lisbon, elected Bishop of Braga in 1274, created cardinal by Gregory X in 1276, and finally elected pope under the name of John XXI; Saint Bartholomew a Martyribus (1559–67), a Dominican, who in 1566, together with Father Luís de Sotomayor, Francisco Foreiro, and others, assisted at the Council of Trent; de Castro, an Augustinian (1589–1609), who consecrated the cathedral, 28 July 1592.
Aleixo de Meneses, also an Augustinian, was transferred to Braga from the archiepiscopal see of Goa. He had been appointed bishop to the St. Thomas Christians of the Malabar Coast in Farther India and had forcibly Latinized them with the help of missionaries of the various religious orders. Under him was held the controversial anti-Council of Diamper (1599), for the establishment of the Church on the Malabar Coast. He died at Madrid in 1617 in his fifty-eighth year as President of the Council of Castile.
Three other bishops of note were Rodrigo da Cunha (1627–35), historian of the Church in Portugal and author of a monograph on the Bishops and Archbishops of Braga; Rodrigo de Moura Teles (1704–28), who sponsored the restoration of the cathedral; and Diogo de Sousa, bishop of Porto (1496-1505) and Archbishop of Braga (1505-1532), protector of the arts and sciences, who modernized and revitalized Braga with new constructions in the city and the Sé.
Bishops of BragaEdit
from 45 to 600Edit
- Saint Peter of Rates (45-60) *
- Basílio (60-95) *
- Saint Ovidius (95-130) *
- Policarpo (130-200) *
- Serfriano (200-230) *
- Fabião (230-245) *
- Félix (245-263) *
- Secundo (263-268) *
- Caledónio (268-270) *
- Narciso (270-275) *
- Paterno I (275-290) *
- Grato (290-299) *
- Salomão (299-300) *
- Sinágrio (300-326) *
- Lenóncio (326-328) *
- Apolónio (328-366) *
- Idácio I (366-381) *
- Lampádio (381-400) *
- Paterno II (400-405), the first attested bishop
- Profuturo I (405-410) *
- Pancraciano (410-417) *
- Balcónio (417-456)
- Valério (456-494) *
- Idácio II (494-518) *
- Apolinário (518-524) *
- Castino (524-525)*
- Valério (525-527) *
- Ausberto (527-537) *
- Julião I (537-538) *
- Profuturo II (538-550)
- Eleutério (550-561) *
- Lucrécio (561-562)
- Saint Martin of Braga, Apostle of the Suebi (562-579)
- Pantardo (580-589)
- Benigno (589-612) *
from 612 to 1108Edit
- Tolobeu (612-633) *
- Julião II (633-653)
- Potâmio (653-656)
- Saint Fructuosus of Braga (656-660)
- Manucino (660-661) *
- Pancrácio (661-675) *
- Leodegísio Julião or Leodecísio Julião (675-678)
- Liúva (678-681)
- Quirico (681-687) *
- Faustino (688-693)
- Félix (693-734?)
Bishops in LugoEdit
- Hermenegildo (737-738) *
- Tiago (738-740) *
- Odoário (740-780)
? Ascárico (780-811) *
- Argimundo (821-832) *
? Nostiano (832) *
- Ataúlfo (832-840)
- Ferdizendo (Fridesindus) (840-842) *
- Dulcídio (842-850) *
? Gladila (850-867)
- Gomado (867-875) *
- Flaviano Recaredo (875-881)
? Flaiano (881-889) *
- Argimiro (889-910) *
- Teodomiro (910-924) *
- Hero (924-930)
- Silvatano (930-942) *
- Gundisalvo or Gonçalo (942-950)
? Hermenegildo (951-985)
- Pelágio or Paio (986-1003)
- Diogo or Tiago (1003–1004)
- Flaviano (1004–1017)
- Pedro (1017–1058)
- Maurelo (1058–1060)
- Sigefredo (1060)
- Vistrário (1060–1070)
Bishops in BragaEdit
Archbishops of BragaEdit
from 1109 to 1500Edit
- Maurício Burdino (1109–1118)
- Paio Mendes (1118–1137)
- João Peculiar (João I) (1139–1175)
- Godinho (1176–1188)
- Martinho Pires (Martinho I) (1189–1209)
- Pedro Mendes (Pedro II) (1209–1212), elected
- Estêvão Soares da Silva (1213–1228)
- Silvester Godhino (1229–1244)
- Gualtério (1240–1245)
- João Egas (1245–1255)
- Sancho (II) (1251–1265)
- [Sancho (III) (1275)]
- Ordonho Alvares (1275–1278)
- Tellius, O.Min. (Telo) (1278–1292)
- Martinho Pires de Oliveira (Martinho III) (1295–1313)
- João Martins de Soalhães (João III) (1313–1325)
- Gonçalo (Gonçalves) Pereira (1326–1348)
- Guilherme de la Garde (1349–1361)
- João de Cardaillac (João IV) (1361–1371)
- Vasco (1371–1372)
- Martinho de Zamora (1372), elected, but not confirmed by the Pope
- Lourenço Vicente (1374–1397)
- Petrus Laurentii (Avignon Obedience) (23 May 1384–1397?)
- João Garcia Manrique (1397–1398) (Avignon Obedience) 
from 1501 to 1703Edit
- Cardinal Jorge da Costa (1501–1505)
- Diogo de Sousa (Diogo I) (1505–1532)
- Henrique I de Portugal, (King of Portugal, Cardinal) (1533–1540)
- Diogo (II) da Silva, O.F.M. (1540–1541)
- Duarte de Portugal (1542–1543)
- Manuel (I) de Sousa (1545–1549)
- Frei Baltasar Limpo (1550–1558)
- Bartolomeu dos Mártires, O.P. (1559–1581)
- João (VIII) Afonso de Menezes (1581–1587)
- Agostinho de Jesus, O.E.S.A. (1588–1609), born Pedro de Castro
- Aleixo de Menezes (1612–1617)
- Afonso Furtado de Mendonça (1618–1626)
- Rodrigo da Cunha (1627–1635)
- Sebastião de Matos de Noronha (1635–1641)
- Sede vacante (1641–1670)
- Pedro de Lencastre (1654–1670), Administrator, not confirmed by the Pope
from 1704 to presentEdit
- Rodrigo de Moura Teles (1704–1728)
- Sede Vacante (1728–1740)
- João da Mota e Silva, (Cardinal) (1732), elected, not confirmed by the Pope
- José de Bragança (1740–1756)
- Gaspar of Braganza (1758–1789)
- Caetano Brandão, T.O.R. (1790–1805)
- José da Costa Torres (José III) (1807–1813)
- Miguel da Madre de Deus da Cruz, O.F.M. (1815–1827)
- Pedro Paulo de Figueiredo da Cunha e Melo (Pedro V) (1843–1855)
- José Joaquim de Azevedo e Moura (José IV) (1856–1876)
- João Crisóstomo de Amorim Pessoa (João X), O.F.M. (1876–1883)
- António José de Freitas Honorato (António I) (1883–1898)
- Manuel Baptista da Costa (Manuel II) (1899–1913)
- Manuel Vieira de Matos (Manuel III) (1915–1932)
- António Bento Martins Júnior (António II) (1933–1963)
- Francisco Maria da Silva (1963–1977)
- Eurico Dias Nogueira (1977–1999)
- Jorge Ferreira da Costa Ortiga (1999– )
- "Braga (Latin (or Roman) Archdiocese) [Catholic-Hierarchy]". www.catholic-hierarchy.org. Retrieved 29 March 2020.
- Detur hoc sane Bracarensium credulitati, qui eum sic colunt et hodierno Martyrologio, cui sic est inscriptus. Gams, p. 93 column 1.
- Tirso López Bardón, "Archdiocese of Braga", The Catholic Encyclopedia, Vol. 2 (New York: Robert Appleton Company, 19070; retrieved: 3 October 2017.
- For his writings, see Otto Bardenhewer, Patrologie (2nd ed., 1901), 579-581.
- History of the Frannks, V, xxxvii.
- Flórez, España Sagrada Tomo XV, pp. 96-97, keeps the name of 'Peter of Rates' in the list of bishops, but after examining the evidence, concludes that it cannot be said that it is false because there is insufficient evidence that it is true.
- Gams, p. 93 column 1, does not even bother to list the bishops before Paternus (II).
- Bishop Profuturus was the recipient of a letter from Pope Vigilius, dated 29 June 538. P. Jaffe & J. Loewenfeld, Regesta pontificum Romanorum I, editio altera (Leipzig 1885), p. 117 no. 907.,
- Bishop Julian took part in the Sixth Council of Toledo in 638. Flórez, España Sagrada Tomo XV, in introductory matter, and pp. 135-136.
- Potamius of Braga was one of fifty-two bishops present at the VIII synod of Toledo on 16 December 653. He was also present at the synod that met on 1 December 656. During the synod he addressed a letter to the bishops, confessing that he 'failed through uncleanliness', and that he had not been acting as bishop for the previous nine months. The synod removed him from office, and replaced him with Fructuosus, but, because of his honesty and penitential attitude, did not degrade him. Karl Joseph von Hefele (1895). A History of the Councils of the Church: From the Original Documents. Vol. IV. Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark. pp. 470, 475.
- Fructuosus was one of twenty-one bishops, including Flavius of Porto, present at the X (provincial) Council of Toledo in 656, subscribing as Fructuosus Bracarensis metropolitanus episc.: J.-D. Mansi (ed.), Sacrorum Conciliorum nova et amplissima collectio, editio novissima, Tomus XI (Florence: A. Zatta 1765), p. 43. Hefele, IV p. 474.
- Leodecisius, cognomento Julianus, presided at the IV Council of Braga, in which eight bishops participated, in 675. J.-D. Mansi (ed.), Sacrorum Conciliorum nova et amplissima collectio, editio novissima, Tomus XI (Florence: A. Zatta 1765), p. 159.
- Bishop Felix took part in the XVI Council of Toledo on 15 May 693. According to the false chronicle of Julian Perez, he and 27 other Christians of Braga were martyred in February 734. J.-D. Mansi (ed.), Sacrorum Conciliorum nova et amplissima collectio, editio novissima, Tomus XII (Florence: A. Zatta 1766), p. 84. Flórez, España Sagrada XV, pp. 162 column 2; 166-167.
- Flórez, España Sagrada XV, pp. 166-167. [Corréa], Serie chronologica..., p. 15.
- "Saint Victor's" very existence has frequently and sufficiently been refuted. His story is based on the modern Breviary of Braga, which was credulous enough to admit all of the forgeries of "Julian Perez", the alleged eleventh century priest of Toledo. Flórez, España Sagrada XV, pp. 265-279. Richard L. Kagan (2010). Clio and the Crown: The Politics of History in Medieval and Early Modern Spain. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins U Press. pp. 257–261. ISBN 978-1-4214-0165-2.
- [Corréa] (1830), Serie chronologica..., p. 15, rejects Eronio, and all of the other 'Bishops in Lugo', twenty-four in number, except Fridisindus, Argirus, Hero (Heronius), and Hermengild. The others are all inventions of Jerónimo Román de la Higuera, who forged the four early chronicles, including that of "Julian Perez". Gams, p. 93-94, accepts only nine of the twenty-four.
- Geraldus was a French Benedictine Monk. He had been Cantor in the Cathedral Chapter of Toledo when he was elected Archbishop by the clergy and people of Braga. The election was approved by Alfonso VI of Castile, and by his son-in-law the Burgundian Count Henry of Portugal. The date given by Gams is 3 July 1095. He died on 5 December 1109. [Corréa] (1830), Serie chronologica..., pp. 17-19.
- Avelino de Jesus da Costa, "D. João Peculiar, co-fundador do mosteiro de Santa Cruz de Coimbra, bispo de Porto e arcebispo de Braga," in: Santa Cruz de Coimbra: do sécolo XI ao sécolo XX, (Coimbra 1984), pp. 59-83.
- Stephanus Soares da Silva died on 27 August 1228. Eubel, I, p. 144.
- Silvester Godhino, sometimes called Simon, who had been Dean of the Chapter of the Cathedral, was elected, but then provided by Pope Gregory IX on 5 July 1229. He died on 8 July 1244. Da Cunha II (1635), pp. 110-117. [Corréa] (1830), Serie chronologica..., pp. 28-30. Eubel, I, p. 144.
- Joannes Egas was confirmed by Pope Innocent IV on 20 January 1245. He died in Valladolid on 16 November 1255. Da Cunha II (1635), pp. 110-117. [Corréa] (1830), Serie chronologica..., pp. 30-32. Eubel, I, p. 144.
- Documented in 1259, 1260 and 1262. He died on 1 September 1271. [Corréa] (1830), Serie chronologica..., pp. 30-32. Eubel, I, p. 144.
- Pedro Julian's predecessor died on 1 September 1271. Pedro Julian was created Cardinal Bishop of Tusculum on 3 June 1273 by Pope Gregory X. He followed the Curia back to Italy, and took part in the Conclave at Arezzo on 20–21 January 1276; that of 2–12 July 1276 in Rome; and that of August–September 1276 at Viterbo, at which he was elected pope. Eubel, I, p. 9, no. 1; 144.
- Sancho was never Archbishop. Gregory X's letter of appointment of Ordonius Alvarez states that Ordonius succeeded Petrus Julianus.
- Ordonius Alvares, Abbot of Fussellença (diocese of Palencia) and Archdeacon of Vermuy in the Church of Braga, was elected by the Cathedral Chapter, and approved as Archbishop of Braga on 23 May 1275 by Pope Gregory X. There had been a vacancy due to the promotion of Peter Julian to the See of Tusculum in 1273. He was created a Cardinal by Pope Nicholas III on 12 March 1278, and appointed Suburbicarian Bishop of Tusculum. He moved to Rome where he was at the Curia by 3 February 1279. He died on 21 December 1285. J. Guiraud, Registres de Gregoire X (Paris: E. Thorin 1892), p. 260, no. 607. Eubel, I, pp. 10, no. 5; 39; 144.
- Fr. Tellius had been Franciscan Minister for the Province of Castile of his Order. He was appointed Archbishop of Braga by Pope Nicholas III on 6 April 1278. In 1286, the Bishops of Portugal decided to lodge a formal complaint about the violence used by royal officials in carrying out their functions; they sent an embassy to Rome to Pope Nicholas III, led by Archbishop Tellius; four cardinals were appointed to examine the case, and the result was a written concordat with the King. Archbishop Tellius died on 23 March 1292. Da Cunha II (1635), pp. 164-167. [Corréa] (1830), Serie chronologica, pp. 35-36. Eubel, I, p. 144.
- Martinho Pires had been a Canon of Evora. He was appointed archbishop by Pope Boniface VIII on 30 July 1295. The delay is accounted for by the long papal sede vacante of 4 April 1292 to 5 July 1294, and the brief pontificate of Pope Celestine V. Archbishop Martinho died on 25 March 1313. Eubel, I, p. 144.
- Joannes Martini had been a chaplain of King Diniz, and had been provided with a Canonry in the Cathedral Chapter of Coimbra. He was also Cantor in the Cathedral Chapter of Evora, and was their procurator in an embassy to Rome to work out a Concordat between Pope Nicholas III and the bishops of Portugal. He had been Bishop of Lisboa (1294–1313). He was appointed Archbishop of Braga by Pope Clement V on 8 October 1313. He died on 1 May 1325. Da Cunha II (1635), pp. 172-176. [Corréa] (1830), Serie chronologica, p. 38. Eubel, I, p. 144, 506.
- Goncalo studied Civil and Canon Law at Salamanca, and received benefices as Canon of Tuy and Dean of Porto. He served as Bishop of Lisbon from 6 September 1322 to 27 February 1326. He was transferred to Braga from the diocese of Lisbon as Coadjutor by 24 October 1323 by Pope John XXII, and he succeeded to the See on 27 February 1326. He was never bishop of Evora: cf. Gams, p. 99 column 1. He died in 1348. Da Cunha II (1635), pp. 177-178. [Corréa] (1830), Serie chronologica..., pp. 39-41. Gams, p. 94. Eubel, I, pp. 144, 234, 506.
- Valascus (Fernandez, or de Menezes) had previously been Bishop of Idanna (26 May 1363 – 23 July 1364), Bishop of Coimbra (1364–1371), then Bishop of Lisbon for eight weeks (16 June 1371 to 11 August 1371). He was transferred to Braga by Pope Gregory XI on 11 August 1371. Eubel, I, p. 144, 196, 235, 507.
- Martin de Zamora, who was a doctor in Canon Law and Prior of the Collegiate Church of Vimara (diocese of Braga) was named Bishop of Silves by Pope Gregory XI on 9 February 1373. He was transferred to the diocese of Lisbon on 7 February 1379 by Pope Clement VII. He died on 6 December 1383. Eubel, I, p. 452, 507.
- Laurentius Vicente was appointed by Pope Gregory XI on 19 December 1373. He was transferred, to Trani or Tyre, by Clement VII, who appointed Petrus Laurentii in his place, on 23 May 1384. This transfer may well have been involuntary, and Vicente maintained his position until his death. [Corréa] (1830), Serie chronologica..., pp. 43-45. Eubel, I, p. 144, with note 7.
- Joannes Garcia Manrique was Bishop of Compostella, He was an appointee of Clement VII of the Avignon Obedience to the See of Braga. Da Cunha II (1635), pp. 212-215. [Corréa] (1830), Serie chronologica..., p. 39. Eubel, I, pp. 144, with note 8; 200 note 9.
- Martin Afonso Perez da Charneca, earlier in his career before ordination, had been an ambassador to France, governor of Prince Duarte (b. 1391), and Councilor of King John I. He had previously been Bishop of Coimbra (1388-1398). He appears in the oblation rolls of Pope Boniface IX on 12 June 1398. He appears in a document of King John I of Portugal dated 31 August 1398 as "confirmed Archbishop-elect". He died on 25 March 1416. Da Cunha II (1635), pp. 216-222. [Corréa] (1830), Serie chronologica..., pp. 46-47. Gams, p. 94. Eubel, I, pp. 144, 196.
- Fernando was formerly Bishop of Silves (1409–1414), appointed by Pope Alexander V, and Bishop of Porto (18 June 1414 – 26 January 1418), on the appointment of Pope John XXIII. He was named Archbishop of Braga by Pope Martin V on 15 December 1417. He died on 26 September 1467. [Corréa] (1830), Serie chronologica..., pp. 48-50. Eubel, I, pp. 144, 407, 452.
- Luis Perez had previously been Bishop of Evora (1464–1468). He was transferred to Braga on 8 February 1468. He died in March 1480. [Corréa] (1830), Serie chronologica..., pp. 50-51. Eubel, II, p. 110, 149.
- Joannes de Melo had previously been Bishop of Selves (1468–1481). He was transferred to the diocese of Braga on 5 September 1481. According to Correa, p. 51, he died in the same year as his appointment. Eubel, II, pp. 110, 237.
- Joannes Galvano had previously been Bishop of Coimbra (1469–1482), Count of Arganil. He died on 27 July 1485. Da Cunha II (1635), pp. 258–265. [Corréa] (1830), Serie chronologica..., p. 52. Eubel, II, p. 110.
- Jorge da Costa had been Bishop of Evora (1463-1464), and Archbishop of Lisbon (1464–1500). He was named a Cardinal by Pope Sixtus IV on 18 December 1476. He was named Archbishop of Braga, with permission to retain Lisbon, in 1486. In 1488, with the permission of King João II and the agreement of Pope Innocent VIII, he resigned the diocese of Braga in favor of his brother of the same name, Jorge da Costa. [Corréa] (1830), Serie chronologica, pp. 53-54. Eubel, II, pp. 17 no 11; 149, 259.
- Da Costa, the younger brother, was in Rome in 1501 when he died on 30 August, in the home of his elder brother, who was also resident in Rome. [Corréa] (1830), Serie chronologica, pp. 55-56. Eubel, II, p. 110; III, p. 138, note 2.
- Da Costa was known as the Cardinal of Alpedrinha, after his birthplace. Upon the death of his younger brother on 30 August 1501, he resumed administration the Diocese from Rome. He died on 19 September 1508, at the age of 102. Eubel, III, p. 138.
- Didacus de Sousa studied in Salamanca and Paris, and had been in the Roman Curia, where he acquired a reputation for learning. He had been Bishop of Porto (1495-1505), and was sent to Rome by the King of Portugal to congratulate Pope Julius II on his accession in 1503. He died on 8 June 1532. [Corréa] (1830), Serie chronologica, pp. 56-59. Eubel, II, p. 218; III, p. 110.
- Fr. Agostinho had been Vicar General of his Order in Portugal. Gregory XIII had sent him to Germany with Apostolic authority to remedy temporal and spiritual disorder in the houses of his Order. He was nominated by King Philip II, with the recommendation of Cardinal Albert, and approved by Pope Sixtus V in Consistory on 13 June 1588. He was consecrated a bishop in Lisbon on 3 January 1589. He died in Braga on 25 November 1609. Da Cunha II (1 35), pp. 400-420. [Corréa], Serie chronologica, pp. 71-74. Eubel, III, p. 139.
- Furtado had previously been Bishop of Guarda (1609–1616), and Bishop of Coimbra (1616–1618). He was Count of Arganil. His transfer to the diocese of Braga was approved in Consistory on 19 March 1612 by Pope Paul V. He was transferred to the diocese of Lisbon on 2 December 1626 by Pope Urban VIII. He became co-Viceroy of Portugal (1627–1630). He was the author of several books on the various dioceses over which he presided. Gauchat, IV, pp. 120, 155, 180.
- Rodrigo da Cunha had previously been Bishop of Portalegre (1615–1619) and then Bishop of Porto (1618–1627). He was confirmed as Archbishop of Braga on 27 January 1627 by Pope Urban VIII. He was transferred to the diocese of Lisbon on 3 December 1635 by Pope Urban VIII. He died on 3 January 1643. Gauchat, pp. 120, 285, 286, 352.
- Matos was a Spaniard, born in Madrid, and devoted to the King of Spain. He studied at Coimbra, and had previously been Bishop of Elvas. He was a leader in the plotting against John IV of Portugal, whose accession was not recognized by the Pope. He was arrested, imprisoned, and placed on trial. He confessed his crimes, and he and the Grand Inquisitor were deposed and sentenced to imprisonment for life. Matos died in prison of a fever in 1641. O Museu portuense (in Portuguese). no. 4 (15 Setembro 1838). Porto: Typographia Commercial Portuense. 1839. pp. 51–52. Correa, Serie chronologica..., pp. 82-83.
- Gams, p. 95, column 1.
- Pedro de Lencastre was Bishop of Guarda (15 May 1645)l he did not acquire possession, due to disagreements between the Papal Curia and the King of Portugal; and Archbishop of Évora, likewise not being granted possession; later Duke of Aveiro. Esteves Pereira, ed. (1903). Portugal; diccionario historico, biographico, bibliographico, heraldico, chorographico, numismatico e artistico (in Portuguese). Volume I. Lisbon: J. Romano Torres. p. 872. Gauchat, IV, p. 180 with note 7.
- Verissimo de Lencestre had been a Canon of Evora. He was appointed Archbishop of Braga in Consistory on 22 December 1670 by Pope Clement X, on recommendation of the Portuguese government. He resigned the diocese on 8 February 1677. He had been named Inquisitor General of Portugal and the Algarve on 28 November 1676. Ritzler-Sefrin, V, p. 126 with note 2.
- A native of Lisbon, a doctor of theology (Coimbra), and Canon of the Cathedral of Coimbra, Luís de Sousa was transferred to Braga from the diocese of Lamego (1670–1677) on 8 February 1677 by Pope Innocent XI. He died on 29 April 1690. Ritzler-Sefrin, V, pp. 126 with note 3; 234 with note 2.
- Menezes was transferred to Braga on the presentation of the King of Portugal on 10 March 1692 by Pope Innocent XII. He had previously been Bishop of Faro (1680–1685), and Bishop of Lamego (1685–1692). He died on 16 February 1696. Ritzler-Sefrin, V, pp. 126 with note 4; 234; 312 with note 3.
- Joannes de Sousa was a native of Lisbon, and held a Licenciate in Canon Law. He had been a Consultor of the Holy Office of the Inquisition, and had previously been Bishop of Porto (1683–1696). He was transferred to the diocese of Lisbon on 1 October 1703 by Pope Clement XI, on the recommendation of the King. He died on 28 September 1710. Ritzler-Sefrin, V, pp. 126 with note 5; 322 with note 5; 397 with note 5.
- Born in Lisbon in February 1643, Rodrigo de Moura Teles (Rodrigo II) took a doctorate in Canon Law from the University of Coimbra, and eventually became the Rector of the University. He was consecrated a bishop in Lisbon on 14 November 1694. His appointment to the diocese of Braga was approved in Consistory by Pope Clement XI on 10 March 1704. He died on 4 September 1728. Ritzler-Sefrin, V, pp. 126 with note 6; 192 with note 6.
- Gams, p. 95 column 1.
- José de Bragança was presented by the King of Portugal on 22 February 1739. The appointment was approved by Pope Benedict XIV on 19 December 1740; between presentation and approval, Pope Benedict XIII had died and a Conclave took place. Archbishop José de Bragança died on 3 June 1756. Ritzler-Sefrin, VI, p. 129 with note 2.
- Born on 8 October 1716, Gaspar was the illegitimate son of John V of Portugal and Madalena Màxima de Miranda. He was given a degree in philosophy and theology in 1750. He was presented by his half-brother Joseph I of Portugal on 15 October 1757, and approved on 13 March 1758 by Pope Benedict XIV. He was consecrated a bishop on 26 June 1758. He died on 18 January 1789. Ritzler-Sefrin, VI, p. 129 with note 2.
- Caetano da Anunciação Brandão: Antonio Caetano do Amaral (1867). Memorias para a historia da vida do veneravel arcebispo de Braga, D. Fr. Caetano Brandão (in Portuguese). Vol 1 (segunda ed.). Braga. José Paulo Leite de Abreu (1997). D. Frei Caetano Brandão: o reformador contestado: em Braga de 1790 a 1805 (in Portuguese). Braga: Fac. de Teologia. ISBN 978-972-97276-0-3.
- A. Franquelim & S. Neiva Soares (1990). D. João Crisóstomo de Amorim Pessoa, Arcebispo de Braga (1810-1888): documentos para a sua biografia no I centenário da sua morte (in Portuguese). Cantanhede: Edição da Santa Casa da Misericórdia de Cantanhede.
- Arquidiocese do Braga, Jorge Ferreira da Costa Ortiga, Arcebispo Primaz; retrieved: 4 October 2017 (in Portuguese)
- [Corréa, José] (1830). Serie chronologica dos Prelados conhecidos da igreja de Braga desde a fundação da mesma igreja até o presente tempo. Precedida da una breve Noticia de Braga Antiga (etc.) (in Portuguese). Coimbra: Na real Imprensa da Universidade.
- Da Cunha, Rodrigo (1632). Tractatus de primatu bracharensis ecclesiae in vniuersa Hispania ... (in Portuguese). Braga: ex officina Ioannis Roderici.
- Da Cunha, Rodrigo (1635). Historia ecclesiastica dos arcebispos de Braga (in Portuguese). Tomo segondo. Braga: Manoel Cardozo.
- Flórez, Enrique (1906). España sagrada. reprint of edition Madrid 1759 (in Spanish). Tomo XV: De la provincia antigua de Galicia en común y la Iglesia de Braga en particular. Madrid: Imprenta de Fortanet.
- Gams, Pius Bonifatius (1873). Series episcoporum Ecclesiae catholicae: quotquot innotuerunt a beato Petro apostolo. Ratisbon: Typis et Sumptibus Georgii Josephi Manz. (Use with caution; obsolete)
- Eubel, Conradus (ed.) (1913). Hierarchia catholica, Tomus 1 (second ed.). Münster: Libreria Regensbergiana.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link) (in Latin)
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- Eubel, Conradus (ed.); Gulik, Guilelmus (1923). Hierarchia catholica, Tomus 3 (second ed.). Münster: Libreria Regensbergiana.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
- Gauchat, Patritius (Patrice) (1935). Hierarchia catholica IV (1592-1667). Münster: Libraria Regensbergiana. Retrieved 6 July 2016.
- Ritzler, Remigius; Sefrin, Pirminus (1952). Hierarchia catholica medii et recentis aevi. Volumen Quintum (V) (1667-1730). Patavii: Messagero di S. Antonio. Retrieved 6 July 2016.
- Ritzler, Remigius; Sefrin, Pirminus (1958). Hierarchia catholica medii et recentis aevi. Volumen Sextum (VI) (1730-1799). Patavii: Messagero di S. Antonio. Retrieved 6 July 2016.
- Ritzler, Remigius; Sefrin, Pirminus (1968). Hierarchia Catholica medii et recentioris aevi sive summorum pontificum, S. R. E. cardinalium, ecclesiarum antistitum series... A pontificatu Pii PP. VII (1800) usque ad pontificatum Gregorii PP. XVI (1846) (in Latin). Volume VII. Monasterii: Libr. Regensburgiana.
- Ritzler, Remigius; Pirminus Sefrin (1978). Hierarchia catholica Medii et recentioris aevi... A Pontificatu PII PP. IX (1846) usque ad Pontificatum Leonis PP. XIII (1903) (in Latin). Volume VIII. Il Messaggero di S. Antonio.
- Pięta, Zenon (2002). Hierarchia catholica medii et recentioris aevi... A pontificatu Pii PP. X (1903) usque ad pontificatum Benedictii PP. XV (1922) (in Latin). Volume IX. Padua: Messagero di San Antonio. ISBN 978-88-250-1000-8.