Pierre Berthelot (12 December 1600, in Honfleur – 27 November 1638, in Sumatra) was a French sailor and cartographer in the service of the king of Portugal, and later Discalced Carmelite friar in Goa, taking the name Denis. He was killed in Sumatra while taking part in a diplomatic mission there on behalf of the Portuguese Empire. He was beatified by Pope Leo XIII in 1900 as Blessed Denis of the Nativity, O.C.D. (also Dionysius).
|Discalced Carmelite, priest and martyr|
|Born||12 December 1600|
Honfleur, Calvados, France
|Died||27 November 1638 (aged 37)|
|Venerated in||Roman Catholic Church (Discalced Carmelite Order)|
|Beatified||10 June 1900, Saint Peter's Basilica, Kingdom of Italy by Pope Leo XIII|
|Attributes||Discalced Carmelite habit|
Berthelot was born in Honfleur, in the Calvados Department of Normandy, the second son of Pierre Berthelot, a ship's captain and master surgeon, and Fleurie (née Morin). His contemporaries described him as "a handsome, stocky man, blond and fair-skinned, an adventuresome and high-spirited person, with an inquisitive and active mind".
The younger Berthelot's first sea voyage was at the age of twelve, and when he was 19 years old, he embarked on a vessel called L'Espérance, bound for the Far East. The ship was captured by a Dutch vessel in competition for the spice trade. It was at this time that Berthelot made a religious conversion. He managed to escape and sought refuge with the Portuguese in Malacca.
In service with the Portuguese, Berthelot was knighted for bravery and earned an appointment as pilot-in-chief and cosmographer to the king of Portugal. He gained some fame as a cartographer, and his map of the archipelago of Sumatra is still preserved in the British Museum. Though a career with the Portuguese navy was available to him, he chose to join the Discalced Carmelite Order in Goa in 1635, taking the name of Denis of the Nativity.
He was ordained on 24 August 1638, and straightaway was sent by his superiors on a diplomatic mission to the Sultan of Aceh, accompanying Francisco de Sousa de Castro, an ambassador of the Viceroy in Goa. Castro had requested his presence, both for spiritual guidance for the group as well as for Father Denis' piloting skills and his knowledge of the region from his service aboard the L'Espérance.
Once in Aceh, all the members of the mission were seized and arrested, at the instigation of the Dutch authorities in Jakarta. The members of the mission were then tortured. Refusing to deny their faith, they were martyred one by one. Father Denis and his companion, Brother Redemptus of the Cross, were led to a desolate spot on the seashore, where Redemptus was shot with arrows, then his throat was slit Father Denis, a crucifix in his hands, received a fatal blow to the head from a scimitar.
Of the sixty-some members of the diplomatic mission, only Castro, the ambassador, survived. He was held captive for three years, until his family paid a large ransom for his life.
Denis of the Nativity was beatified on 10 June 1900 by Pope Leo XIII, together with his companion, Redemptus of the Cross. Their feast day in the Calendar of Saints of the Order is celebrated on the 29 November.
Deus, qui mirabilis dispositione beatos Dionysium et Redemptum per maris pericula ad palmam martyrii perduxisti: eorum intercessione concede; ut, inter mundanas varietates et sæcularia desideria, fideles usque ad mortem in confessione tui nominis maneamus. Per Dominum. Amen. O God, Who in Thy wondrous providence, led the blesseds Denis and Redemptus through the perils of the sea to the palm of martyrdom, grant through their intercession that in the midst of earthly vicissitudes and worldly desires we may remain steadfast even unto death in the confession of Thy name. Through Christ our Lord. Amen.
- Martyrdom of Saint Denis of the Nativity (painting)
- Guénin, Eugène (1903). La route de l'Inde (in French). Paris: Librairie Hachette. p. 250.
- Guénin, p. 250
- Rohrbach, Peter-Thomas (1966). Journey to Carith: The Story of the Carmelite Order. New York: Doubleday & Co.
- "Bienheureux Pierre Berthelot". Nominis (in French). l'Eglise Catholique en France. Retrieved 10 April 2010.
- Guénin, p. 251
- Macca, Valentine. "Dionysius of the Nativity" (PDF). CARMELNET. Retrieved 10 April 2010.
- Proprium Missarum ordinis Carmelitarum Discalceatorum (PDF) (in Latin). Machelen, Belgium: H. Dessain. 1925. p. 5.
- Bréard, Charles (1889). Histoire de Pierre Berthelot, pilote et cosmographe du roi de Portugal aux Indes orientales, Carme déchaussé (in French). Paris.