Ratnagiri District (Marathi pronunciation: [ɾət̪n̪aːɡiɾiː]) is a district in the state of Maharashtra, India.[1] The administrative headquarter of the district is located in the town of Ratnagiri.[1] The district is 11.33% urban.[2] The district is bounded by the Arabian Sea to the west, Sindhudurg district to the south, Raigad district to the north and Satara, Sangli and Kolhapur districts to the east.[1] This district is part of Konkan division.[1]

Ratnagiri district
View of Suvarnadurg Fort from the sea, hills near Chiplun, Marleshwar Waterfalls, Velneshwar beach near Ratnagiri, Ganesha temple at Ganpatipule
Location in Maharashtra
Location in Maharashtra
Country India
StateMaharashtra
DivisionKonkan
HeadquartersRatnagiri
Tehsils1. Mandangad,
2. Dapoli,
3. Khed,
4. Chiplun,
5. Guhagar,
6. Sangameshwar,
7. Ratnagiri,
8. Lanja,
9. Rajapur
Government
 • BodyRatnagiri Zilla Parishad
 • Guardian MinisterShri Uday Samant
(Cabinet Minister MH)
 • President Z. P. RatnagiriNA
 • District CollectorM Devender Singh (IAS)
 • CEO Z. P. RatnagiriKirti Kiran Pujar (IAS)
 • MPsShri Vinayak Raut
(Ratnagiri–Sindhudurg)
Shri Sunil Tatkare(Raigad)
Area
 • Total8,208 km2 (3,169 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total1,615,069
 • Density200/km2 (510/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy82.18%
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Major highwaysNH-66, NH-204
Websiteratnagiri.nic.in

History

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From pre-Christian times until 1312, the area - like the entire region - was ruled by various Buddhist and Hindu rulers. The first state known by name was the Mauryan Empire, the last non-Muslim dynasty were the Yadavas of Devagiri. After decades of military clashes with Muslim rulers in northern India, the region was occupied by Muslim armies between 1312 and 1470. From 1500 on there was fierce fighting for rule on the coast between the Muslim rulers and the Portuguese. After that, various Muslim dynasties ruled until 1658 (Sultanate of Delhi, Bahmani, Deccan Sultanates and the Mughals). From 1658, most of the area became part of the Maratha Empire. After the defeat of the Marathas against the British in 1818, Ratnagiri area became an administrative region of the Bombay Presidency. With the independence of India in 1947 and the reorganization of the country, it became part of the new Bombay State in 1950. In 1948 the district grew through the incorporation of the Sawantwadi princely state. In 1960, Bombay State was divided and the area became part of the newly created state of Maharashtra. In 1981 the district was divided and the southern part of the district became Sindhudurg district.[3][4][5]

Geography

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An outstanding feature of the geography of the district is its uneven or hill topography, with about 45% of the district being characterized as 'hilly'.[6] Very narrow riverine plains fringe the coastline.[6]

Administrative Divisions

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Talukas

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Nagar Palikas

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Nagar Panchayats

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Proposed Nagar Palika

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Proposed Nagar Panchayats

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Cities, towns and villages

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Demographics

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Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901871,866—    
1911893,944+0.25%
1921856,032−0.43%
1931964,558+1.20%
19411,022,816+0.59%
19511,076,080+0.51%
19611,146,243+0.63%
19711,278,742+1.10%
19811,379,655+0.76%
19911,544,057+1.13%
20011,696,777+0.95%
20111,615,069−0.49%
source:[7]
Religions in Ratnagiri district (2011)[8]
Religion Percent
Hinduism
80.94%
Islam
11.59%
Buddhism
7.03%
Other or not stated
0.44%

According to the 2011 census Ratnagiri district has a population of 1,615,069,[9] roughly equal to the nation of Guinea-Bissau[10] or the US state of Idaho.[11] This gives it a ranking of 311th in India (out of a total of 640).[9] The district has a population density of 196 inhabitants per square kilometre (510/sq mi) .[9] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was -4.96%.[9] Ratnagiri has a sex ratio of 1123 females for every 1000 males,[9] and a literacy rate of 82.43%. 16.33% of the population lives in urban areas. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes make up 4.15% and 1.26% of the population respectively.[9]

Languages in Ratnagiri district (2011)[12]

  Marathi (88.18%)
  Urdu (7.36%)
  Hindi (1.43%)
  Konkani (1.14%)
  Others (1.89%)

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 88.18% of the population in the district spoke Marathi, 7.36% Urdu, 1.43% Hindi and 1.14% Konkani as their first language. Most people speak distinct coastal dialects of Marathi.[12]

Notable people

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Notable people from Ratnagiri include:

Current Officers and Public Representatives

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Members of Parliament

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Member of Parliament Political Party Lok Sabha Constituency
Sunil Tatkare Nationalist Congress Party Raigad
Vinayak Raut Shiv Sena (UBT) Ratnagiri–Sindhudurg

Members of Legislative Assembly

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Assembly Constituency Members of Legislative Assembly Party
Dapoli Yogesh Kadam Shiv Sena
Guhagar Bhaskar Jadhav SS(UBT)
Chiplun Shekhar Nikam NCP
Ratnagiri Uday Samant SHS
Rajapur Rajan Salvi SS(UBT)

Guardian Minister

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Guardian Minister Ratnagiri
पालकमंत्री रत्नागिरी
 
Emblem of India
Incumbent
Uday Samant
since 24 September 2022
StyleThe Honourable
ResidenceRatnagiri
AppointerChief Minister of Maharashtra
Term length5 years / No time limit
Websiteratnagiri.gov.in/en/

List of Guardian Ministers

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Name Term of office
Ravindra Waikar 31 October 2014 - 8 November 2019
Anil Parab 9 January 2020 - 29 June 2022
Uday Samant 24 September 2022- Incumbent

District Magistrate/Collector

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District Magistrate / Collector Ratnagiri
जिल्हाधिकारी तथा जिल्हदंडाधिकरी रत्नागिरी
 
Emblem of India
Incumbent
Mr. Dr. B. N. Patil (IAS)
since 2019
ResidenceAt Ratnagiri district
AppointerGovernment of Maharashtra
Term lengthNo time limit
Websiteratnagiri.gov.in/en/

list of District Magistrate / Collector

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Name Term of office
Mr. Dr. B. N. Patil (IAS) 2019 - Incumbent

See also

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References

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  1. ^ a b c d District Census Handbook Ratnagiri Village and Town Directory (Part A). Directorate of Census Operations. 2011. Retrieved 12 March 2021.
  2. ^ Census GIS India Archived 11 January 2010 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ Greater Bombay District Gazetteer 1986, "Ancient Period"
  4. ^ Greater Bombay District Gazetteer 1986, "Medieval Period"
  5. ^ Greater Bombay District Gazetteer 1986, "Muhammedan Period"
  6. ^ a b Mishra, S.S.P. (2014). Groundwater Information Ratnagiri District Maharashtra. Nagpur: Central Ground Water Board. Retrieved 16 March 2021.
  7. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  8. ^ "Table C-01 Population by Religion: Maharashtra". censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  9. ^ a b c d e f "District Census Hand Book – Ratnagiri" (PDF). Census of India. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  10. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Archived from the original on 13 June 2007. Retrieved 1 October 2011. Guinea-Bissau 1,596,677 July 2011 est.
  11. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Idaho 1,567,582
  12. ^ a b "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue: Maharashtra". censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  13. ^ Joglekar, Jaywant (2006). Veer Savarkar Father of Hindu Nationalism. p. 106. ISBN 978-1-84728-380-1. Retrieved 13 October 2014.

Sources

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