The Roman Catholic Diocese of Macau (Portuguese: Diocese de Macau; Chinese: 天主教澳門教區) is an exempt (i.e. an immediate subject of the Holy See and not part of any ecclesiastical province) Latin Rite diocese of the Catholic Church, in contrast with the Roman Catholic Diocese of Hong Kong, which is, de jure, part of the Ecclesiastical Province of Guangdong.
|Area||30 km2 (12 sq mi)|
- Catholics (including non-members)
|(as of 2013)|
|Sui iuris church||Latin Church|
|Cathedral||Cathedral of the Nativity of Our Lady|
|Bishop||Stephen Lee Bun-sang|
|Vicar General||Father Pedro Chung|
|Roman Catholic Diocese of Macau|
|Portuguese||Diocese de Macau|
The territory of the Diocese of Macau encompasses Macau, a special administrative region of China. In theory, a part of Guangdong province also belongs to the diocese, but in practice, the diocese is limited to Macau.
Stephen Lee Bun-sang is the current bishop and the third Chinese bishop of the diocese.
It was established on January 23, 1576, by the edict of Pope Gregory XIII, on vast territory split off from Roman Catholic Diocese of Malacca. It originally covered China, Japan, Vietnam and the Malay archipelago, with the exception of the Philippines. From its founding, the diocese was a suffragan diocese of the Archdiocese (soon Patriarchate) of Goa, in Portuguese India.
It gradually lost most of its territory, in and around continental China:
- on February 19, 1588, to establish the Diocese of Funai (Japan)
- on September 9, 1659, Pope Alexander VII issued the Papal Bull Super cathedram principis apostolorum to establish and define the jurisdiction of the Apostolic Vicariate of Tonkin (Northern Vietnam, Laos and five adjacent provinces of southern China: Yunnan, Guizhou, Huguang, Sichuan, Guangxi), the Apostolic Vicariate of Cochinchina (Central Vietnam and five provinces of southeastern China: Zhejiang, Fujian, Guangdong, Jiangxi, Hainan), and Apostolic Vicariate of Nanjing (including five adjacent provinces: Beijing, Shanxi, Shandong, Korea and Tartary).
- In 1696, Pope Innocent XII returned the provinces of Guangdong and Guangxi, and the island of Hainan to its authority.
- on April 22, 1841, to establish the then-Apostolic Prefecture of Hong Kong
- on May 10, 1848, to establish the then-Apostolic Vicariate of Guangdong-Guangxi including Hainan
- on April 9, 1940, to establish the Diocese of Díli (on Timor)
It now only administers Macau alone, the last regions outside Macau under its administration were the parishes of Saint Joseph in Singapore (re-united with the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Singapore c. 1972) and St. Peter's Church in Malacca (now as part of Roman Catholic Diocese of Malacca-Johor), which separated from the Diocese of Macau in 1981.
Bishops of MacauEdit
- Diego Núñez de Figueroa (1576–1578); rejected appointment, never consecrated
- Melchior Carneiro (1576–1581), administrator
- Leonardo Fernandes de Sá, O.Cist. (1578–1597), arrived at Macau in 1581
- João de Abrantes a Pietate, O.P. (1604–1623), resigned and returned to Europe in 1615, resignation accepted in 1623
- João de Casal (1690–1735)
- Eugénio de Trigueiros, O.E.S.A. (1735–1740), appointed Archbishop of Goa
- Hilário de Santa Rosa, O.F.M. (1740–1752)
- Bartolomeu Manoel Mendes dos Reis (1753–1773), appointed Bishop of Mariana
- Alexandre da Silva Pedrosa Guimarães (1773–1789)
- Marcelino José da Silva (1789–1802)
- Manuel de Santo Galdino, O.F.M. (1802–1804), appointed Coadjutor Archbishop and later Archbishop of Goa
- Francisco Chachim, O.F.M. Disc. (1804–1828)
- Nicolaus Rodrigues Pereira de Borja, C.M. (1843–1845)
- Jerónimo José de Mata, C.M. (1845–1862)
- Pereira Botelho do Amaral e Pimentel (1866–1871), appointed Bishop of Angra
- Manuel Bernardo de Sousa Enes (1874–1883), appointed Bishop of Bragança e Miranda and later Bishop of Portalegre
- António Joaquim de Medeiros (1884–1897)
- José Manuel de Carvalho (1897–1902), appointed Bishop of Angra
- João Paulino de Azevedo e Castro (1902–1918)
- José da Costa Nunes (1920–1940), appointed Archbishop of Goa and Daman (elevated to Cardinal in 1962)
- João de Deus Ramalho, S.J. (1942–1953)
- Policarpo da Costa Vaz (1954–1960), appointed Bishop of Guarda
- Paulo José Tavares (1961–1973)
- Arquimínio Rodrigues da Costa (1976–1988)
- Domingos Lam Ka-tseung (1988–2003)
- José Lai Hung-seng (2003–2016)
- Stephen Lee Bun-sang (2016–present)
The Diocese is divided in:
- six parishes (five in Macau Peninsula and one on Taipa island):
- two quasi-parishes, both on Macau Peninsula:
- St. Francis Xavier, Mong Há
- St. Joseph, Iao Hon
- one mission (on Coloane island):
- St. Francis Xavier, Coloane
The following schools are directly operated by the diocese:
- Preschool through secondary school
- Preschool and primary school
There are other Catholic schools in Macau which are operated by Catholic orders.
- "Macau marks 440th anniversary". Sunday Examiner. Roman Catholic Diocese of Hong Kong. 17 January 2016. Archived from the original on 16 January 2019. Retrieved 16 January 2019.
- "Super Cathedram Principis Apostolorum - Establishing the Catholic Mission in Vietnam September 8, 1659 [Bull] - Pope Alexander VII - 1659". Papal Encyclicals Online (in Latin). 9 September 1659.
- History of the Church: The church in the age of absolutism and enlightenment. Northwestern University. 1981. p. 305. ISBN 9780824500108.
- Brown, Steart J. (December 7, 2006). The Cambridge History of Christianity: Volume 7, Enlightenment, Reawakening and Revolution 1660-1815. Cambridge University Press. p. 459. ISBN 9780521816052.
China was divided into three padroado dioceses with limited territory: the diocese of Beijing included the provinces of Zhili and Shandong as well as the territory of Liaodung in Manchuria; the diocese of Nanjing consisted of Anhui, Jiangsu, and Henan; and the diocese of Macao included Guangdong, Guangxi, and the island of Hainan
- Couling, Samuel (1964). The Encyclopedia Sinica. Literature House, Ltd. pp. 589–590. ASIN B00796PBNY.
- Manuel, Teixeira (1940). Bispos e governadores do Bispado de Macau (in Portuguese). p. 88.
O Depois da morte de D. Leonardo, governou a Diocese o P. Manuel de Aguiar e, logo a seguir, Frei Miguel dos Santos
- Cultures of Conflict Resolution in Early Modern Europe. Taylor & Francis. May 2017. p. 170. ISBN 9781134802647.
- Fernandes, Abriel (1886). Macau e sua diocese: Bispos e governadores do Bispado Macau (in Portuguese). p. 7.
- "Colégio Diocesano de São José." Education and Youth Affairs Bureau (Macau). Retrieved on April 9, 2017. "Endereço : Rua da Sé, no.19" - Chinese profile: "學校地址: 大堂街十九號"
- "Colégio Diocesano de São José 5." Education and Youth Affairs Bureau (Macau). Retrieved on April 9, 2017. "Endereço : Rua Central de Toi San, no. 253" - Chinese profile: "學校地址: 台山中街253號"
- "Escola São Paulo." Education and Youth Affairs Bureau (Macau). Retrieved on April 9, 2017. "Endereço : Rampa dos Cavaleiros, nos.12-14" - Chinese profile: "學校地址: 黑沙灣斜坡12-14號"
- " Escola do Santíssimo Rosário." Education and Youth Affairs Bureau (Macau). Retrieved on April 9, 2017. "Endereço : Largo da Companhia, No. 14, Macau" Chinese profile: "學校地址: 老人院前地14號"
- "Escola do Santíssimo Rosário to close in 2017". O Clarim. 2016-06-17. Retrieved 2017-04-09.
- "Escola Dom João Paulino." Education and Youth Affairs Bureau (Macau). Retrieved on April 9, 2017. "Endereço : Avenida de Carlos da Maia, s/n, Taipa" - Chinese profile: "學校地址: 嘉路士米耶大馬路"
- "Escola Madalena de Canossa." Education and Youth Affairs Bureau (Macau). Retrieved on April 9, 2017. "Endereço : Rua do Comandante João Belo Fai Chi Kei, no.28" - Chinese profile: "學校地址: 筷子基俾若翰街28號"
- "Escola de Santa Teresa do Menino Jesus." Education and Youth Affairs Bureau (Macau). Retrieved on April 9, 2017. "Endereço : Avenida Conselheiro Borja, no.592" - Chinese profile: "學校地址: 青洲大馬路592號"
- Diocese de Macau (in Chinese)
- GCatholic.org with incumbent biography links
- Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. .
- UCAN Diocese profile