audio speaker iconRingsaker  is a municipality in Innlandet county, Norway. It is part of the traditional region of Hedmarken. The administrative centre of the municipality is the city of Brumunddal.

Ringsaker kommune
Lake Mjøsa in Ringsaker
Lake Mjøsa in Ringsaker
Coat of arms of Ringsaker kommune
Official logo of Ringsaker kommune
Ringsaker within Innlandet
Ringsaker within Innlandet
Coordinates: 61°1′27″N 10°48′7″E / 61.02417°N 10.80194°E / 61.02417; 10.80194Coordinates: 61°1′27″N 10°48′7″E / 61.02417°N 10.80194°E / 61.02417; 10.80194
CountryNorway
CountyInnlandet
DistrictHedmarken
Administrative centreBrumunddal
Government
 • Mayor (2007)Anita Ihle Steen (Ap)
Area
 • Total1,281 km2 (495 sq mi)
 • Land1,123 km2 (434 sq mi)
Area rank72 in Norway
Population
 (2020)
 • Total34,897
 • Rank23 in Norway
 • Density28/km2 (70/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
1.2%
Demonym(s)Ringsaksokning[1]
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-3411
Official language formBokmål[2]
Websitewww.ringsaker.kommune.no

The municipality of Ringsaker was established on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). The municipalities of Furnes and Nes were merged with Ringsaker on 1 January 1964.

General informationEdit

NameEdit

The municipality (originally the parish) is named after the old Ringsaker farm (Old Norse: Ringisakr), since the first church was built there. The first element is the genitive case of ringir or ringi, of unknown meaning. One proposal is that Ringir or Hringir ('Lord of the Ring') may have been an epithet or alias for the Norse god Ullr, based on a ceremony mentioned in the poem Atlakviða where an oath is sworn by hringi Ullar ('the ring of Ullr').

The last element is akr, meaning 'acre' or any field, generally.[3]

Coat-of-armsEdit

The coat-of-arms is from modern times. They were granted on 1 February 1985. The arms show a silver elk on a red background. The elk in the arms is taken from pre-historic cave paintings found at the Stein farm in Ringsaker, indicating the early inhabitation of the area. They were designed by Arne Løvstad.[4][5]

(See also the coat-of-arms for Aremark, Namsos, Namsskogan and Tynset.)

 
Ringsaker from Høsbjør mountain
Number of minorities (1st and 2nd generation) in Ringsker by country of origin in 2017[6]
Ancestry Number
  Poland 555
  Lithuania 233
  Vietnam 186
  Somalia 140
  Sweden 118
  Germany 116
  Estonia 109
  Thailand 106
  Latvia 93
  Denmark 90
  Netherlands 88
  Bulgaria 85

GeographyEdit

Ringsaker is located on the east side of the lake Mjøsa, the largest lake in Norway. It borders Lillehammer to the northwest; Øyer, Stor-Elvdal, and Åmot to the north; Hamar to the east; Stange and Østre Toten to the south; and Gjøvik to the west.

Ringsaker is situated in an agricultural and lumbering region. Ringsaker lies in the traditional district of Hedmarken which consists largely of rolling agricultural terrain, hilly green mountains, and pine forests.

The principal urban centers in Ringsaker include Brumunddal and Moelv.

EconomyEdit

Ringsaker's main industries are agriculture, forestry, and diversified manufacturing. The area of Sjusjøen has a relatively large cottage colony that is especially attractive for outdoor sports including cross-country skiing vacations.

HistoryEdit

Harald Hårfagre in 882Edit

Ringsaker is first mentioned in King Harald Hårfagre's Saga, in the Heimskringla by Snorri Sturluson. The saga reports that Harald Hårfagre (872–930) was but ten years old when he succeeded his father (Halfdan the Black). After Halfdan the Black's death, many chiefs coveted the dominions he had left. Among these King Gandalf was the first; then Högne and Fróði, sons of King Eystein of Hedemark; and also King Hogne Karuson of Ringerike.

Hake, the son of Gandalf, led an expedition of 300 men against Vestfold. King Harald's army, led by Guthorm, met and fought a great battle, and King Harald was victorious, killing king Hake. Then King Harald turned back, but King Gandalf had come to Vestfold so they defeated him also. When the sons of King Eystein in Hedemark heard the news, they proposed to meet at Ringsaker in Hedemark with the remaining kings, Hogne Karuson and Herse Gudbrand. King Harald and Guthorm found out where the Oppland kings were meeting, and coming undetected at night, set fire to the houses in which Hogne Karuson and Herse Gudbrand slept. King Eystein's two sons and their men fought, but both Hogne and Frode died.

After the fall of these kings, King Harald had subdued Hedemark, Ringerike, Gudbrandsdal, Hadeland, Thoten, Romerike, and the whole northern part of Vingulmark. In addition, King Gandalf was slain, and King Harald took the whole of his kingdom as far south as the river Raum (Glomma).[7][8]

Saint Olaf in 1018Edit

Ringsaker is again mentioned in a saga about 1018 when Olaf (later Saint Olaf) sent people to advise the Opplands that he was coming, as it was custom for the king to live as guest there every third year. In the autumn, he left Sarpsborg and went first to Vingulmark. He inquired about their Christianity, teaching some and punishing others. He went through that district, and on to Romerike. Christianity was weaker there and he punished all who had not obeyed his word. The king of Romerike proceeded to Ringsaker, to consult King Hrorek of Hedemark. They sent messages to King Gudrod of Gudbrandsdal, and to the King of Hadaland, inviting them to meet at Hedemark. The kings agreed to resist Olaf. They summoned the leaders from their kingdoms, and when they had assembled, the kings directed them to gather warriors. Most approved of the measure, but the kings were betrayed to Olav by Ketil Kavl of Ringanes (the southernmost district in Hedemark, Stange), who proceeded rapidly down lake Mjøsa to Eid, where Olaf was then located.

King Olaf, accompanied by 400 men, arrived at Ringsaker before the next day dawned. Ketil knew where the kings slept, and Olaf had all these houses surrounded. The kings were taken prisoners. King Hrorek's eyes were put out. King Gudrod's tongue was cut out. King Ring and two others were banished from Norway. King Olaf took possession of the land these kings had possessed, and after this Olaf alone bore the title of king in Norway.[7][8]

Sigurd of Røyr in 1163Edit

Sigurd of Røyr, who was Haakon II's champion, lived at Røyr (Rør) in Ringsaker. He died at Re in 1163.[7][8]

 
Ringsaker Church

Ringsaker ChurchEdit

Ringsaker church (Ringsaker Kirke) is a medieval-era stone basilica built in the 1150s. It was first mentioned in historical documents in 1170. The choir enlarged in gothic 1200s.[clarification needed] In the late 13th century the church transept was enlarged. The edifice is made of limestone and has 400 seats. The tower spire was added in 1694. Two large candlesticks on the altar are from 1540. The crucifix above the chancel arch is carved in 1683. The pulpit and baptismal font are carved and date to 1704. A number of murals were uncovered in various places in the church during the restoration of the church from 1960 to 1964.[9]

InstitutionsEdit

A SOS Children's Village has been planned for Ringsaker—Norway's second.[10]

Notable residentsEdit

Public serviceEdit

 
Jens Rynning
 
Thor Lillehovde, 2012

The artsEdit

 
Sigrid Undset, 1928

SportEdit

GalleryEdit

 
View of Ringsaker

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
  2. ^ "Forskrift om målvedtak i kommunar og fylkeskommunar" (in Norwegian). Lovdata.no.
  3. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1900). Norske gaardnavne: Hedmarkens amt (in Norwegian) (3 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. pp. xv.
  4. ^ Norske Kommunevåpen (1990). "Nye kommunevåbener i Norden". Retrieved 29 December 2008.
  5. ^ "Kommunevåpen – Ringsaker kommune" (in Norwegian). Ringsaker kommune. Retrieved 29 December 2008.
  6. ^ "Immigrants and Norwegian-born to immigrant parents, by immigration category, country background and percentages of the population". ssb.no. Archived from the original on 2 July 2015. Retrieved 26 June 2017.
  7. ^ a b c Stagg, Frank Noel (1956). East Norway and its Frontier. George Allen & Unwin, Ltd.
  8. ^ a b c Sturluson, Snorri (c. 1225). Heimskringla (The Chronicle of the Kings of Norway) (in Norwegian).
  9. ^ Svendsen, Trond Olav. "Ringsaker". In Godal, Anne Marit (ed.). Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Oslo: Norsk nettleksikon. Retrieved 25 September 2014.
  10. ^ Astrid Øvre Helland (16 December 2013). "Har ikke plass til flere barn". Bergens Tidende.
  11. ^ "Hovel Helseth". Store norske leksikon. Retrieved 10 July 2016.
  12. ^ "Ole Rynning". Norsk biografisk leksikon. Retrieved 12 December 2018.
  13. ^ Beyer, Edvard. "Tryggve Andersen". In Godal, Anne Marit (ed.). Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Oslo: Norsk nettleksikon. Retrieved 25 September 2014.
  14. ^ Dahl, Willy. "Tryggve Andersen". In Helle, Knut (ed.). Norsk biografisk leksikon (in Norwegian). Oslo: Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 25 September 2014.
  15. ^ Svendsen, Trond Olav. "Ringsaker". In Godal, Anne Marit (ed.). Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Oslo: Norsk nettleksikon. Retrieved 25 September 2014.
  16. ^ Hagen, Erik Bjerck. "Alf Prøysen". In Godal, Anne Marit (ed.). Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Oslo: Norsk nettleksikon. Retrieved 25 September 2014.
  17. ^ IMDb Database retrieved 04 October 2020

External linksEdit