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Hedmarken (known as Hedemarken until 2003)[1][a] is a traditional district in the county of Hedmark in Eastern Norway.

Hedmarken
View of parts of Hedmarken from Vang, near Hamar.
View of parts of Hedmarken from Vang, near Hamar.
CountryNorway
CountyHedmark (and Oppland)
RegionAustlandet
Adm. centerHamar
Area
 • Total2,725 km2 (1,052 sq mi)
Population
 (2015)
 • Total91,015
 • Density33/km2 (87/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Hemarking
Heimarking

It consists of the municipalities Stange, Hamar, Løten, and Ringsaker. Formerly, before a process of municipality mergers, it also contained the municipalities Romedal, Vang, Furnes and Nes.[2] Traditionally, it also included Gjøvik, today in Oppland.[3] The county Hedmark is named after the district of Hedmarken but includes other districts as well, namely Østerdalen and Glåmdalen (Solør, Odal and Vinger).[4]

The district is dominated by rolling agricultural terrain, hilly green mountains, and pine forests.

Contents

EtymologyEdit

The Old Norse form of the name was Heiðmǫrk. The first element is heiðnir, the name of an old Germanic tribe and is related to the word heið, moorland. The last element is mǫrk 'woodland, borderland, march'. (See also Telemark and Finnmark.)[4]

"In Hedmarken" is translated på Hedmarken—literally "on Hedmarken".[5]

HistoryEdit

In the early Viking Age, before Harald Fairhair, Hedmarken was a petty kingdom, part of the Eidsivating. Kings of Hedmarken include:

ReferencesEdit

CitationsEdit

  1. ^ "Geodataplan Hedmark 2004– 2007" (PDF). statkart.no. p. 6. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 January 2004.
  2. ^ Henriksen, Petter, ed. (2007). "Hedmarken". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Oslo: Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 18 December 2009.
  3. ^ Munch, Peter Andreas (1849). Historisk-geographisk beskrivelse over kongeriget Norge (Noregsveldi) i middelalderen. W. Gram. p. 7, 140-141.
  4. ^ a b Henriksen, Petter, ed. (2007). "Hedmark". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Oslo: Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 6 July 2015.
  5. ^ Sylfest Lomheim (5 August 2015). "Dølar på Dalen". Klassekampen. p. 10.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Urban East Norwegian pronunciation of Hedmarken [²heːdmɑrkn̩]; of Hedemarken: [²heːdəmɑrkn̩]. In the local dialect, the name is pronounced [²heimɑrçɑ] or (south of Brumunddal) [²hemɑrçɑ].