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About this soundNamsos  is a municipality in Trøndelag county, Norway. It is part of the Namdalen region. The administrative centre of the municipality is the town of Namsos. Some of the villages in the municipality include Bangsund, Klinga, Ramsvika, Skomsvoll, Spillum, and Sævik.

Namsos kommune
Namsos from Klompen.jpg
Official logo of Namsos kommune
Trøndelag within
Norway
Namsos within Trøndelag
Namsos within Trøndelag
Coordinates: 64°29′38″N 11°30′42″E / 64.49389°N 11.51167°E / 64.49389; 11.51167Coordinates: 64°29′38″N 11°30′42″E / 64.49389°N 11.51167°E / 64.49389; 11.51167
CountryNorway
CountyTrøndelag
DistrictNamdalen
Established1846
Administrative centreNamsos
Government
 • Mayor (2007)Arnhild Holstad (Ap)
Area
 • Total778.61 km2 (300.62 sq mi)
 • Land751.16 km2 (290.02 sq mi)
 • Water27.45 km2 (10.60 sq mi)  3.5%
Area rank143 in Norway
Population
 (2018)
 • Total13,078
 • Rank93 in Norway
 • Density17.4/km2 (45/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
3.7%
Demonym(s)namsosing [1]
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-5005
Official language formNeutral [2]
Websitenamsos.kommune.no

The 779-square-kilometre (301 sq mi) municipality is the 143rd largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Namsos is the 93rd most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 13,078. The municipality's population density is 17.4 inhabitants per square kilometre (45/sq mi) and its population has increased by 3.7% over the last decade.[3][4]

General informationEdit

 
Namsos waterfront buildings

NameEdit

The first part of the name comes from the local river Namsen. The last element is os, which means the "mouth of a river".[5]

Coat of armsEdit

The coat of arms was granted to the town of Namsos on 5 May 1961. They were re-granted on 21 October 1966 when the town was merged into the municipality of Namsos. The arms show a golden moose head[6] on a red background. The moose was chosen as a symbol for the municipality, since Namsos is the capital of the forest-rich Namdalen region, and the moose is the "king of the forest".[5][7]

ChurchesEdit

The Church of Norway has four parishes (sokn) within the municipality of Namsos. It is part of the Namdal prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Nidaros.

Churches in Namsos
Parish (sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Klinga Klinga Church Klinga 1866
Namsos Namsos Church town of Namsos 1960
Otterøy Otterøy Church Skomsvoll 1858
Vemundvik Vemundvik Church Vemundvik 1875

HistoryEdit

On 1 January 1838, the parish of Vemundvik was established as a municipality (see formannskapsdistrikt). In 1846, the village of Namsos in Vemundvik was established as a ladested. Namsos was located at the mouth of the Namsen river in the Sævik area of Vemundvik. The new ladested (town) was established as its own municipality, with 591 inhabitants. This left Vemundvik with 908 residents.[8][9]

In 1865, the town of Namsos also became a parish in the Church of Norway. It had been decided to build a church in the city in March 1859; the construction was finished in November. In May 1865, the parish was created, with the sub-parishes of Sævik and Vemundvik, formerly within Overhalla parish, was incorporated into Namsos' parish limits.[10]

Areas of Vemundvik lying adjacent to the town of Namsos were later incorporated within the city limits on numerous occasions. On 1 January 1882, an area with 109 inhabitants was moved to the town; on 1 July 1921 an area with 927 inhabitants; and on 1 July 1957, another area with a population of 6.

During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On 1 January 1964, the size of Namsos was significantly increased as the neighboring municipalities of Vemundvik (population: 2,040) and Klinga (population: 2,482) were incorporated into the town of Namsos (population: 5,224). On the same date, the northern part of the neighboring municipality of Otterøy (population: 1,013), and the Finnanger area of Fosnes municipality (population: 116) were also incorporated into Namsos. Namsos, which previously had a population of 5,224, had its size increased to 10,875 inhabitants.[8]

Consisting mostly of wooden houses, it has been burned down to the ground on three occasions during its relatively short history. The first fire was in 1872, caused by two boys playing with matches. The second fire was in 1897, from an unknown cause. The third time was during World War II when the town was bombed by German airplanes on 20 April 1940.[5]

The location by the river and the large forests nearby made the town ideal for sawmills. There were eleven mills in their heyday, but only one remains: Moelven Van Severen. In addition, the Norwegian Sawmill Museum is located at Spillum just south of the town. The museum is located at the now closed and restored Spillum Dampsag & Hovleri sawmill from 1884. The town has a swimming pool, Oasen, built inside a mountain.

On 16 June 2016, the three neighboring municipalities of Fosnes, Namsos, and Namdalseid voted to merge into a new, larger municipality that will be called Namsos starting on 1 January 2020 as part of a large municipal reform across Norway.[11]

On 1 January 2018, the municipality switched from the old Nord-Trøndelag county to the new Trøndelag county.

GeographyEdit

The town is located on a small bay, about 15 miles (24 km) from the sea, near the head of Namsenfjorden and at the mouth of the river Namsen, one of the richest salmon rivers in Europe. The municipality also includes the islands of Otterøya and Hoddøya as well as the southwestern half of Elvalandet island.

The main part of the town is built on a small, low-lying promontory which extends into the bay. To the north, low forested hills rise fairly steeply to over 200 metres (660 ft). There is a viewpoint from the hills above the city which is called Klompen with a height of 114 metres (374 ft) with a road for cars up to the top that is open each summer. To the east extends the wide Namdalen valley. To the south over the bay and mouth of the river Namsen are hills that reach 440 metres (1,440 ft).

ClimateEdit

The climate is generally maritime. The average temperature (24-hr mean) in January is −2.4 °C (27.7 °F), in July it is 13.3 °C (55.9 °F). The all-time high is 33.9 °C (93.0 °F) recorded on July 27, 2019. The mean annual temperature is 5 °C (41 °F) (1961–90) and the annual precipitation is 1,340 millimetres (53 in).[12]

GovernmentEdit

All municipalities in Norway, including Namsos, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.[13] The municipality falls under the Namdal District Court and the Frostating Court of Appeal.

Municipal councilEdit

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Namsos is made up of 41 representatives that are elected to four year terms. The party breakdown of the council is as follows:

Namsos Kommunestyre 2020–2024 [14]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)18
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)2
 Green Party (Miljøpartiet De Grønne)1
 Conservative Party (Høyre)4
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
 Red Party (Rødt)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)10
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)3
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:41
Namsos Kommunestyre 2016–2019 [15]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)13
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)2
 Conservative Party (Høyre)4
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)3
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
Total number of members:27
Namsos Kommunestyre 2012–2015 [16]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)14
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)3
 Conservative Party (Høyre)6
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)7
 Liberal Party (Venstre)3
Total number of members:37

TransportationEdit

Namsos Airport is located just outside the town of Namsos, around 3 km from the city, with direct flights to Oslo, Trondheim, Rørvik, Mosjøen, Bodø. Norwegian County Road 17 runs through part of the municipality.

The closed Namsos Line runs from Namsos to Grong. The island of Otterøya is connected to the mainland via the Lokkaren Bridge.

Media galleryEdit

Panorama of the town of Namsos

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
  2. ^ "Forskrift om målvedtak i kommunar og fylkeskommunar" (in Norwegian). Lovdata.no.
  3. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2018). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2019-03-03.
  4. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå. "09280: Area of land and fresh water (km²) (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2019-03-03.
  5. ^ a b c Store norske leksikon. "Namsos" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2011-08-24.
  6. ^ Moose Heads in heraldry.
  7. ^ Norske Kommunevåpen (1990). "Nye kommunevåbener i Norden". Retrieved 13 November 2008.
  8. ^ a b Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  9. ^ Thorsnæs, Geir, ed. (2017-11-14). "Vemundvik – tidligere kommune". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2018-04-18.
  10. ^ "Namsos" (in Norwegian). DIS-Norge. Retrieved 2011-08-22.
  11. ^ "Om nye Namsos" (in Norwegian). NyeNamsos.no. Retrieved 2017-09-25.
  12. ^ "Temperaturnormaler for Namsos i perioden 1961 - 1990" (in Norwegian). met.no. Archived from the original on 2012-07-20. Retrieved 2008-11-13.
  13. ^ Hansen, Tore, ed. (2016-05-12). "kommunestyre". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2019-01-01.
  14. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2019 - Trøndelag". Valg Direktoratet. Retrieved 2019-10-20.
  15. ^ "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway.
  16. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2011 - Sør-Trøndelag". Valg Direktoratet. Retrieved 2019-10-20.

External linksEdit