Results of the 2011 Canadian federal election
The 41st Canadian federal election was held on May 2, 2011. It resulted in a Conservative majority government under the leadership of Prime Minister Stephen Harper. It was the third consecutive election win for Harper, and with 166 of 308 seats, giving them a majority government for the first time in their eight-year history. It was also be the first right-of-centre majority government since the Progressive Conservatives won their last majority in 1988. The Conservative Party won 39.62% of the popular vote, an increase of 1.96%, and posted a net gain of 24 seats in the House of Commons.
This lists parties that won seats. See the complete results below.
Analysis of results by riding, together with comparisons from previous election and at dissolution.
The election resulted in significant upheaval within the opposition parties, as the New Democratic Party (NDP) rode an "orange surge" in the polls during the campaign to 103 seats, becoming Her Majesty's Loyal Opposition for the first time in party history. The total eclipsed the party's previous best of 43 seats in 1988. The Liberals however were reduced to third party status nationwide. They returned only 34 MPs, less than half of what they had at dissolution. It was the first time in Canadian history that the Liberals were not one of the top two parties in the house. Green Party leader Elizabeth May won in her riding, becoming the first Green Party candidate elected to a governmental body in Canada, and to a national body in North America.
Following their staggering defeats, including losing their own seats, Bloc Québécois leader Gilles Duceppe and Liberal leader Michael Ignatieff both announced their resignations as party leaders.
- 1 Vote total
- 2 Party summaries
- 3 Vote and seat summaries
- 4 Gains, holds and losses
- 5 Results by province
- 6 Results by territory
- 7 See also
- 8 References
|National Results (Preliminary)|
|First Peoples National||0||228||0.00155||-0.01010|
|Popular support based on winning and losing candidates|
(based on certified results - except Nunavut and Skeena-Bulkley Valley)
|Party||Winners||Votes||Party %||Total %||Losers||Votes||Party %||Total %|
The Conservatives, who had been leading in the polls since the writs were dropped, won 166 seats - enough for the first Conservative majority government since the Progressive Conservative-Canadian Alliance merger that formed the party in 2003. Notably, the Tories made significant inroads in Toronto, taking eight seats there. While the Tories had won a few seats in the Toronto suburbs since the PC-Canadian Alliance merger, this was the first time a right-of-centre party had won seats in the former Metro Toronto itself since the PC meltdown of 1993. Combined with their traditionally heavy support in the west, this was enough to win a 14-seat majority with 39.62 percent of the national popular vote - a result also notable for being the first time the modern Conservative party successfully polled a larger share of the vote than the combined tally of the PC and CA parties in the election preceding their merger.
Despite winning a majority government, the Conservatives lost over half their seats in Quebec to the NDP, retaining only five seats in that province.
The NDP had a major windfall, emerging as a truly national party for the first time in its 50-year history. They won 103 seats—more than double their previous high (when they won 43 seats in 1988). Much of this was due to a breakthrough in Quebec, a province where they had been more or less nonexistent for the better part of their history. From only one seat at dissolution, the NDP took 59 of 75 seats there, dominating Montreal and sweeping Quebec City and the Outaouais. By comparison, the NDP had only won one other seat in Quebec in its entire history prior to 2011 (and had held only one other seat, via a floor-crossing). It had not even been fully organized in the province since 1990, when its Quebec wing seceded to preach sovereigntism. The 59 seats won by the NDP in Quebec is the most won by any party in that province since the Progressive Conservatives won 63 seats there in 1988. In several cases, NDP candidates in Quebec won handily even though they didn't even actively campaign.
Among the new NDP MPs were several university students. Five members of the McGill University NDP club—Charmaine Borg, Matthew Dubé, Mylène Freeman, Laurin Liu, and Jamie Nicholls—were elected from Montreal-area ridings. Liu is the youngest woman ever elected to Parliament. Also elected was Pierre-Luc Dusseault, a freshman at the Université de Sherbrooke; his victory in Sherbrooke, Quebec makes him the youngest MP in Canadian history (he only turned 20 two days before he was sworn in).
However, they were unable to make much of an impact in their former western heartland. They actually lost Elmwood—Transcona, the former seat of longtime MP and former deputy leader Bill Blaikie, by only 300 votes.
Winning only 34 seats, the Liberals suffered the worst result in their history. They will sit as the third party in the 41st Parliament, the first since Confederation where the Liberals will not form either the Government or the Official Opposition in the House of Commons. This was the worst showing for an incumbent Official Opposition party in terms of seats, and the lowest percentage for a national Official Opposition party (the Bloc Québécois in 1997 won more seats with a smaller vote share on account of its being a regional party).
The Liberals' poor showing was largely due to a collapse of their support in Montreal and Toronto, which had been the backbones of Liberal support for almost two decades. With few exceptions, their support in Toronto flowed to the Tories, while most of their base in Montreal switched to the NDP.
In 2008, they won 20 out of the 23 ridings fully or partially within Toronto. However, in 2011, they only won six, losing 6 to the NDP and 9 to the Conservatives. Additionally, after going into the election holding 30 of the 44 seats in the Greater Toronto Area, they only won seven in 2011.
In Montreal, the Liberals lost five of their 12 seats, and came close to losing several more. Most notably, they came within 2,500 votes of losing Mount Royal, long reckoned as the safest Liberal riding in the nation.
Liberal leader Michael Ignatieff lost his seat of Etobicoke—Lakeshore to first time challenger Bernard Trottier by a margin of 5.27% of the total votes. Other famous MP's who also lost their seats are Ken Dryden (York Centre), Dan McTeague (Pickering—Scarborough East), Gerard Kennedy (Parkdale—High Park), Ujjal Dosanjh (Vancouver South) and Joe Volpe (Eglinton—Lawrence).
All told, the Liberals only won 11 seats in Ontario (all but four in Toronto) and seven in Quebec (all in Montreal)—the fewest the party has ever won in either province. They will go into the next Parliament holding only four seats west of Ontario (Winnipeg North, Wascana, Vancouver Centre and Vancouver Quadra).
The Bloc was practically eliminated from the scene, losing 43 seats. This reduced them to a rump of four seats, only a third of the number required for official party status. In many cases, they lost seats they held since their debut performance in 1993. With few exceptions, their support bled over to the NDP. Notably, the Bloc lost all but one seat in the Montreal area. This included all of their seats in the eastern part of the city, the birthplace of the sovereigntist movement. The Bloc went into the election holding all but one seat in eastern Montreal, but lost all of them to the NDP. They also lost all or most of their seats in their longstanding strongholds in the rest of the province, such as Quebec City and central Quebec. Several Bloc MPs who had never had serious difficulty being reelected ended up losing their seats in landslides. Bloc leader Gilles Duceppe, at the time the longest-tenured party leader in Canada, lost his seat in Laurier—Sainte-Marie to NDP challenger Hélène Laverdière.
Despite losing a significant share of the national vote compared to the 2008 election, Green Party leader Elizabeth May became the first Green Party member elected to the Canadian Parliament.
Vote and seat summariesEdit
Gains, holds and lossesEdit
|Party||2008||Gain from (loss to)||2011|
Liberal Party leader Michael Ignatieff lost his riding of Etobicoke—Lakeshore to Bernard Trottier, a Conservative, and the following day he announced he would resign as Liberal leader. Gilles Duceppe, leader of the Bloc Québécois and incumbent in Laurier—Sainte-Marie was defeated by Hélène Laverdière of the NDP and announced his intention to resign as leader of the Bloc.
Four Cabinet ministers, Lawrence Cannon (Foreign Affairs), Gary Lunn (Sport), Jean-Pierre Blackburn (Veterans Affairs and Agriculture), and Josée Verner (Intergovernmental Affairs and Francophonie) lost their seats. Lunn lost to Green Party leader Elizabeth May, and the NDP won the other three seats.
The Bloc gained Haute-Gaspésie—La Mitis—Matane—Matapédia by the largest margin of victory of their four seats won and vacated by a long-standing member of the Bloc Québécois.
|Seats that changed hands through vacancies at dissolution or retirements
Results by provinceEdit
|Independent and no affiliation||Vote:||0.2||1.3||0.2||0.1||0.2||0.6||0.5||0.3||0.4|
|Results in British Columbia|
|Results in Alberta|
|Results in Saskatchewan|
|Results in Manitoba|
|Results in Ontario|
|First Peoples National||0||0||0||0||1||0|
|Results in Quebec|
|Results in New Brunswick|
|Results in Nova Scotia|
Prince Edward IslandEdit
|Results in Prince Edward Island|
Newfoundland and LabradorEdit
|Results in Newfoundland and Labrador (Preliminary)|
Results by territoryEdit
|Results in the Yukon|
|Results in the Northwest Territories|
|Results in Nunavut|
- "PM returns to Ottawa after majority win". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. May 3, 2011. Retrieved May 3, 2011.
- Maher, Stephen (May 3, 2011). "Harper delivers Conservatives' first majority since 1988". Halifax Chronicle-Herald. Archived from the original on May 6, 2011. Retrieved May 3, 2011.
- Cheadle, Bruce (May 3, 2011). "Harper finally wins Conservative majority, NDP makes huge gain". 660news.com. Archived from the original on September 28, 2011. Retrieved May 3, 2011.
- Clark, Campbell (May 3, 2011). "Layton gears up for new gig as prime minister in waiting". Globe and Mail. Toronto. Retrieved May 3, 2011.
- Young, Leslie (May 3, 2011). "NDP wins record number of seats". Global TV Toronto. Archived from the original on July 23, 2011. Retrieved May 3, 2011.
- Taber, Jane (May 3, 2011). "Ignatieff resigns after Liberal defeat". Globe and Mail. Toronto. Retrieved May 3, 2011.
- De Souza, Mike (May 3, 2011). "Liberal insiders say party must take long look in mirror". Canada.com. Retrieved May 3, 2011.
- Hartnett, Cindy (May 3, 2011). "May breaks through as first Green MP". Montreal Gazette. Retrieved May 3, 2011.
- Leblanc, Daniel (May 2, 2011). "Duceppe resigns as Bloc leader after losing riding". Globe and Mail. Toronto. Retrieved May 3, 2011.
- "Ignatieff's Liberals lose Official Opposition stats". CBC News. May 2, 2011. Retrieved May 3, 2011.
- "Duceppe quits after BQ crushed in Quebec". CBC News. May 2, 2011. Retrieved May 3, 2011.
- "Major players fall like bowling pins before Tory, NDP surges". Canadian Press. May 3, 2011. Retrieved May 3, 2011.