Pirate Party of Canada
The Pirate Party of Canada (French: Parti Pirate du Canada, abbreviated as the PPCA), was a minor party in federal Canadian politics. Founded in 2009, the party officially registered with Elections Canada in 2010. The PPCA is modelled on the Swedish Pirate Party and advocates intellectual property reform, privacy protection, network neutrality and greater government openness. No member of the party has been elected to Parliament. The party officially deregistered on November 30, 2017.
|Deregistered Federal Party|
|Founded||June 12, 2009|
|Dissolved||November 30, 2017|
|Headquarters||3-212 Henderson Highway, Suite 15. Winnipeg MB R2L 1L8|
|Colours||Black and Purple. Alt: Red and White|
|Seats in the House of Commons|
0 / 338
|Seats in the Senate|
0 / 105
- 1 Name
- 2 Founding and development
- 3 Projects
- 4 Political positions
- 5 Party governance
- 6 Elections
- 7 Influence
- 8 Criticism
- 9 See also
- 10 References
- 11 External links
|“||Companies had labelled people who infringe on copyright as pirates, and we figured since we were going to reform copyright law, we were going to get called pirates anyway, so we were going to adopt the term and make it our own.
-James Wilson, former leader
The Pirate Party drew its inspiration from the Piratpartiet, the Swedish Pirate Party. In 2001, the copyright industry established the Antipiratbyrån — The Anti-Piracy Bureau. In 2003, to combat this legislation, a group of artists, musicians, and cultural workers founded a think-tank called the Piratbyrån — the Piracy Bureau. In selecting that name, the Bureau was signalling that they were the progressive, while the antis were the regressive. In 2005, when copyright laws were harshened again in Sweden, the Bureau established itself as a political party becoming the Pirate Party. Because of past successes of the Bureau, the name immediately conveyed all the political ideas the party stood for. Under that banner, the Pirate Party came 5th in the 2009 European Parliament elections with 7.13% of the vote and 1 MEP, later increasing to 2 after ratification of the Lisbon Treaty, Christian Engström became the first MEP for the party, and Amelia Andersdotter took the second seat on December 1, 2009.
The Canadian Pirate Party was ideologically founded out of that movement, retaining much of the political thought of its parent party.
|“||...we keep our funny name but use it to get the attention to spread to our very important causes.
-Travis McCrea, leader
Founding and developmentEdit
In June 2009, the PPCA was founded by a handful of Canadian supporters active on the web forums of the Pirate Parties International collective. The party established its own forums and removed membership fees, as part of a campaign to gain the 250 members necessary for registration, gaining 1,000 members by October 2009.
In October 2009, the party selected university student Jacob Daynes as its interim leader and established an interim council. On April 12, 2010, the party was granted official status by Canada's chief electoral officer, Marc Mayrand. On August 19, 2010, the party held its first leadership elections. On September 1, 2010, the party's first Federal Council was elected, with Mikkel Paulson as party leader.
According to Elections Canada, the Pirate Party became eligible to field candidates on April 12, 2010 and was registered on November 6, 2010. As of November 2010, the party claims to have over 2,000 members.
Following the 2011 election, the party examined issues that had arisen with its constitution and began taking steps to reform it. Issues included a hard-to-reach quorum for General Meetings and the difficulties of the Federal Council members running for office while also handling party paperwork and administration. On December 19, the party adopted the new constitution and held elections for the new Executive Board and Political Council.
In July 2012, the party allegedly failed to produce its financial report for Elections Canada, citing a changeover of official agents for the party. However, internal party documents demonstrate that the party's membership has been advocating for a public release of the party's financial information since the 2011 federal election. Despite these claims, Elections Canada has all of the party's 'Statements of Assets and Liabilities and Statements of Revenues and Expenses' from 2011 until the present.
Pirate Party Radio was a weekly audio show from 2009-2011 produced by the Canadian RantMedia and host James O'Brien. It was recognised by the Pirate Party of Canada, United States Pirate Party and Pirate Party UK. On May 5, 2011 the weekly broadcasts stopped.
In early 2012, also in response to Bill C-30, several members of the party created a new Linux distro titled Pirate Linux. It is installable as a package on an existing Linux system or as its own distribution based on Ubuntu. It includes many privacy enhancements, including utilizing Tor with browsers preconfigured for its use.
|“||Whether you watched a movie at a friend's house that you didn't pay for, or if you borrowed a book, that's essentially what they are calling piracy.||”|
|— Mikkel Paulson, former leader|
The central principles of the PPCA include the establishment of transparent government, a basic income guarantee, personal autonomy, and traditional Pirate Party ideals such as intellectual property reform, patent reform, net neutrality, and internet privacy. The party explicitly called for net neutrality in Canada, and suggested that medical patents are preventing innovations that could save lives. Candidates have also suggested that making government records available online may encourage transparency, and allow citizens to more directly scrutinize and participate in the process.
Like their Pirate counterparts worldwide, the PPCA is bloc-neutral on other issues, noting that issues outside the party's realm are left to the individual candidate to represent their own constituents' desires.
On March 1, 2015, the party provided a press release in opposition to Bill C-51, calling for debate, criticism and discussion. Among their criticisms, they believe that the bill is redundant as there are existing laws dealing with terrorists, and this proposal opens the potential for governmental abuse as it "will also allow the government to arrest and incarcerate any citizen based on subjective evidence, then have that evidence destroyed."
The party is run by three organs of party governance: the Executive Board, the Political Council, and the General Meeting. The Executive Board consists of the president, vice-president, secretary, leader, deputy leader, and chairs of standing committees of the party. The Political Council consists of the leader, deputy leader and other council members elected by approval voting. The General Meeting is open to all members and meets monthly. While the Executive Board and Political Council can act independently in most matters, the General Meeting has veto power over their decisions and may pass their own motions. If a member of the party became elected, that member would become the leader of the party; if multiple members of the party become MPs, the MP who got elected with the highest percentage would become the party leader. This party leader would still be answerable to the party as a whole, and could be replaced by the council.
|Councillor Name||Elected To Board||Position|
|Bailey Lamon||April 20, 2016||President|
|Ryan Menchion||April 20, 2016||Vice President|
|James Phillips||April 20, 2016||Secretary|
|Travis McCrea||October, 2016||Leader|
|Shawn Vulliez||April 26, 2016||Deputy Leader|
|Councillor Name||Elected to Council||Position|
|Travis McCrea||October, 2016||Party Leader|
|Shawn Vulliez||March 7, 2016||Deputy Leader|
|Eric Adriaans||March 7, 2016||Member|
|Ryan Bromsgrove||March 7, 2016||Member|
|Travis McCrea||March 7, 2016||Member (now party leader)|
|Cory Svensson||March 7, 2016||Member|
Former Pirate Party LeadersEdit
- Jacob Daynes (2009–2010)
- Mikkel Paulson (2010–2012)
- Shawn Vulliez (2012–2013)
- Travis McCrea (2013)
- James Wilson (2013–2015)
- Ric Lim (2015-2016)
- Edward Martins-Berki (2016)
|Election||Candidates||Votes||% vote||% vote in|
|2011 general election||10||3,197||0.02%||0.60%|
|2015 general election||5||906||0.005%||0.32%|
The first federal election contested by the party was the November 2010 by-election in Winnipeg North, finishing ahead of the Communist and Christian Heritage parties, but behind the Green Party.
|Winnipeg North||Manitoba||Jeff Coleman||94||0.60%||5/7|
2011 general electionEdit
For the 2011 federal election, the party put forward candidates in 10 of the 308 ridings but failed to win a seat. The party's candidates received a total of 0.60% the votes in contested ridings (averaging 0.63% per riding). The Langley Times noted that Craig Nobbs ran a zero-dollar campaign. The party's candidates won a total of 3,197 votes.
|Edmonton Centre||Alberta||Mikkel Paulson||289||0.59%||5/6|
|Edmonton—Mill Woods—Beaumont||Alberta||Brent Schaffrick||374||0.82%||5/6|
|Langley||British Columbia||Craig Nobbs||353||0.64%||5/5|
|Nanaimo—Alberni||British Columbia||Jesse Schroeder||363||0.55%||5/7|
|Prince George—Peace River||British Columbia||Jeremy Coté||415||1.08%||5/5|
|Vancouver Centre||British Columbia||Travis McCrea||192||0.33%||7/8|
|Kitchener—Waterloo||Ontario||Steven Bradley Scott||245||0.37%||5/7|
|Ottawa South||Ontario||Mike Bleskie||382||0.65%||6/6|
|Laval—Les Îles||Quebec||Stéphane Bakhos||369||0.68%||6/7|
After Bob Rae resigned as the member for Toronto Centre riding, a by-election was held on November 25, 2013. On August 2, 2013, Travis McCrea announced that he was running in the riding. On October 11, 2013, McCrea stepped down from the leadership of the Pirate Party of Canada, and withdrew his name from the by-election, citing depression.
2015 general electionEdit
The 42nd federal election was held on October 19, 2015. The PPCA ran five candidates; two each in Alberta and British Columbia, and one in Ontario. James Wilson, a former leader of the party, planned to run in New Brunswick's Fundy Royal riding, but ultimately did not. At the time of the election, Scott Milne ran at the age of eighteen. The party received a total of 906 votes nationally.
|Edmonton Strathcona||Alberta||Ryan Bromsgrove||201||0.36||6/10|
|Red Deer—Mountain View||Alberta||Scott Milne||312||0.50||6/6|
|Vancouver East||British Columbia||Shawn Vulliez||188||0.32||8/8|
|Vancouver Quadra||British Columbia||Trevor Walper||86||0.2||5/7|
|Parry Sound—Muskoka||Ontario||Duncan Bell||121||0.24||5/7|
|“||It’s pretty funny, given that this very same group of people is working on harsher copyright law with Bill C-11. It just highlights how absurd and unenforceable this copyright monopoly is.||”|
|— Travis McCrea, former leader|
On January 1, 2012, twelve IP addresses assigned to the Canadian House of Commons were found to have downloaded copyrighted films, music, e-books and software without permission. In the same leak, similar activities were linked to the U.S. House of Representatives and the French President's residence, the Elysees Palace. The discovery was attributed to the PPCA.
Green Party of Canada leader Elizabeth May noted that the PPCA seemed redundant, as the two parties shared the majority of their platforms on copyright reform, medical patents and intellectual property; but the PPCA responded that "even if the Green Party had the same stance as us, [...] they were not talking about these issues in the last election; no party was".
David Shipley, an analyst at the University of New Brunswick's Information Technology Services department, has criticized the party for running mostly on Internet-related issues, which may not be enough to garner votes. He is quoted as saying: "How much people decide where they're going to place their vote based on their entertainment preferences, I'm not sure."
Jon Pammett, professor of political science at Carleton University, sees issues with small single-issue parties, like the PPCA. In his opinion the Pirate Party has a larger set of issues than most as they have "picked a set of quite complicated and technical issues, however, and may have some difficulty using the limited attention they get in public campaign events to adequately explain them."
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- "Pirate Party's James Wilson aims to lead party nationally". cbc.ca. January 25, 2014.
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- "About". pirateparty.ca.
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- "Pirate Party of Canada - History". Pirate Party of Canada. Retrieved November 11, 2010.
- "PPI Canada Board". Pirate Parties International. Retrieved March 20, 2012.
- "Pirate Party drops fees in drive for recognition". CTV News. August 30, 2009. Retrieved November 11, 2010.
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- "Interim Leader and Directors". Pirate Party of Canada. October 8, 2009. Archived from the original on July 23, 2011. Retrieved November 10, 2010.
- "The Pirate Party seeks your booty". thestar.com. April 26, 2010.
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- "Registered Political Parties and Parties Eligible for Registration". Elections Canada Online. Retrieved November 11, 2010.
- Black, Debra (November 4, 2010). "Winnipeg North first Canadian battleground for Pirate Party". Toronto Star. Retrieved November 11, 2010.
- "Constitution 2011-12-18". Pirate Party of Canada. Retrieved March 20, 2012.
- [dead link]
- "Registered Political Parties Submit 2011 Financial Returns". AlphaTrade Finance. Archived from the original on January 16, 2013. Retrieved July 16, 2012.
- "Elections Canada Online - Statements of Assets and Liabilities and Statements of Revenues and Expenses". elections.ca.
- Geist, Michael (September 27, 2009). "Pirate Party of Canada Launches Creative Commons Tracker". Retrieved April 13, 2010.
- "Pirate Party Radio Official Website". Piratepartyradio.com. Retrieved September 30, 2017.
- "Link on Pirate Party of Canada Site to Pirate Party Radio". Piratepartyofcanada.com. Retrieved September 30, 2017.
- "Approval of Pirate Party Radio for US Pirate Party". Pirate-party.us. Retrieved September 30, 2017.
- "Pirate Party UK tweet endorsing Pirate Party Radio". Twitter.com. Retrieved September 30, 2017.
- "Pirate Party plans to offer Canadians VPN service". canadiancontent.net.
- "About". piratelinux.org. Retrieved October 20, 2015.
- Capilano Courier, Free the Internet
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- "SteinbachOnline.com - Local news, Weather, Sports, Free Classifieds and Business Listings for Steinbach, Manitoba". steinbachonline.com.
- "Pirate/Non-Pirate Issues (PPCA Wiki)". Pirate Party of Canada. Retrieved November 29, 2010.
- The Wire Report. "OpenMedia releases political party report cards". thewirereport.ca.
- "Ric Lim: Pirate Party of Canada is committed to an open society". Georgia Straight Vancouver's News & Entertainment Weekly.
- "PRESS RELEASE: Stephen Harper's Bill C-51 undermines Canadian democracy and amounts to anti-dissent laws". pirateparty.ca. Archived from the original on June 3, 2015. Retrieved June 12, 2015.
- Bill C-51 Secret Court Appeals §16(6)
- "Constitution 2011-12-18". pirateparty.ca.
- "Constitution 2011-12-18". pirateparty.ca.
- "Constitution 2011-12-18". pirateparty.ca.
- Pirate Party of Canada. "Leadership". Archived from the original on December 29, 2010. Retrieved February 26, 2011.
- Pirate Party of Canada. "General Assembly". Archived from the original on December 29, 2010. Retrieved February 26, 2011.
- "Ric Lim: Pirate Party of Canada is committed to an open society". Georgia Straight Vancouver's News & Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved October 20, 2015.
- "Winnipeg by-election attracts Pirate Party candidate". Toronto: The Globe & Mail. November 4, 2010. Retrieved November 11, 2010.
- "Winnipeg North first Canadian battleground for Pirate Party". thestar.com.
- "Winnipeg by-election attracts Pirate Party candidate". The Globe and Mail.
- Dan Ferguson. "Langley Pirate candidate ran a zero-dollar campaign". Langley Times.
- "Pirate Party of Canada hooks over 3,000 votes in first general election". The Georgia Straight - Vancouver News and Entertainment Weekly.
- Kady O'Malley (May 20, 2014). "Pirate Party poised to hit the by-election hustings in TO Centre". cbc.ca.
- "Pirate Party of Canada leader steps down to seek mental health help". Metro.
- "Resignation of Travis McCrea as Party Leader". pirateparty.ca.
- "I would like to announce that effective... - Pirate Party of Canada / Parti Pirate du Canada - Facebook". facebook.com.
- "Pirate Party of Canada Leader Resigns, Drops out of TO By Election : CanadaPolitics". reddit.
- "Affirmed Candidates List". Election 2015 Campaign. Pirate Party of Canada. Archived from the original on October 3, 2015. Retrieved October 2, 2015.
- "Who are the candidates in my electoral district? - Fundy Royal (New Brunswick)". Voter Information Service. Elections Canada. September 30, 2015. Retrieved October 2, 2015.
- "Red Deer Advocate - Pirate Party raids riding". Archived from the original on January 20, 2016.
- http://enr.elections.ca/National.aspx?lang=e Elections Canada, Results 2015
- "A Journal of Musical ThingsBusted! Canadian Parliament Filled with Media Pirates - A Journal of Musical Things". A Journal of Musical Things.
- "Pirate Party of Canada links illegal downloads to House of Commons". Georgia Straight Vancouver's News & Entertainment Weekly.
- "Busted: Canadian Parliament Hosts BitTorrent Pirates". TorrentFreak.
- Canoe inc. "Parliament Hill pirates snagged for file-sharing". canoe.com.
- Financial Post Staff (January 4, 2012). "Pirate Party finds downloading of copyrighted material in House of Commons". Financial Post.
- Wilson, Drew (July 8, 2009). "We Don't Need a Canadian Pirate Party – Green Party Leader". Zeropaid. Retrieved March 20, 2012.
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- Adrian Humphreys (April 14, 2011). "Fringe profile: Pirate Party champions Internet issues". National Post.
- Official website
- Pirate Party of Canada – Canadian Political Parties and Political Interest Groups - Web Archive created by the University of Toronto Libraries