Republic of China Marine Corps

The Republic of China Marine Corps (ROCMC; Chinese: 中華民國海軍陸戰隊; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínguó Hǎijūnlùzhàndùi), also officially called the Chinese Marine Corps, is the amphibious arm of the Republic of China Navy (ROCN) responsible for amphibious combat, counter-landing and reinforcement of the main island of Taiwan, Kinmen, and the Matsu Islands, and defense of ROCN facilities, also functioning as a rapid reaction force and a strategic reserve capable of amphibious assaults.[1]

Republic of China Marine Corps
中華民國海軍陸戰隊
Zhōnghuá Mínguó Hǎijūnlùzhàndùi (Mandarin)
Chûng-fà Mìn-koet Hói-kiûn-liu̍k-chan-chhui (Hakka)
Flag of the Republic of China Marine Corps.svg
Flag of the Republic of China Marine Corps
FoundedDecember 1914; 105 years ago (1914-12)
Country Taiwan (Republic of China)
TypeCombined arms
Marine
RoleAmphibious and expeditionary warfare
Size9,000 active
Part of Republic of China Navy (since 1924)
HeadquartersZuoying, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
Motto(s)"Forever Loyalty" modeled after the USMC's "Semper Fidelis".
Engagements
Commanders
Commander of the Republic of China Marine CorpsROCMC Lieutenant General's Flag.svg Lt. General Chen Tzi-feng
Insignia
EmblemCoat of arms of the Republic of China Marine Corps.svg

ROCMC is considered an elite force within the ROC Armed Forces and is well-known for its "Road to Heaven" stage in its 10-week amphibious training program.[2][3] The ROC Marine Corps' official motto is "永遠忠誠" (Forever Loyalty), modeled after the USMC's "Semper Fidelis". The ROC Marines trains with the USMC though these are generally classified, unofficial, or officially considers either side as "observers." [4][5] [6]

OrganizationEdit

The Marine Corps Command (海軍陸戰隊指揮部) is subordinate to the Navy GHQ, the General Staff, the Minister of Defense, and the ROC President.

Current organizationEdit

  • Marine Corps Command
  • Corps HQ Battalion (隊部營)
    • Amphibious Armor Group (登陸戰車大隊)
      • 4 Amphibious Transport Squadrons (運輸中隊), 24+ tracks per squadron. 1st (AAV-7), 2nd (AAV-7), 3rd (LVT-5), 4th (LVT-5).
      • 2 Amphibious Artillery Squadrons (砲兵中隊), mortars, 1st (LVT-5) and 2nd (LVT-5).
    • Amphibious Reconnaissance and Patrol Unit, ARP (zh-tw:海軍陸戰隊兩棲偵搜大隊): nicknamed "Frogmen" and regarded as the ROC's military counterpart to the U.S. Navy SEALs, over half of the 600 troops of this unit are aboriginal Taiwanese.
      • 3 Reconnaissance Company(偵搜中隊)
      • 1 Special Service Company(特勤中隊)
      • 1 Underwater Demolition Company(爆破中隊)
      • 1 Support Company(支援中隊)
    • Combat Support Group (戰鬥支援大隊), combined formerly the Beach Logistics Group and the Communications, Information, and Electronic Warfare Group[7]
  • Wuchiu Garrison Command (烏坵守備大隊)
  • Armed Force Joint Operation Training Base (三軍聯合作戰訓練基地)
  • Marine Corps Command
    • 66th Marine Brigade 'Vanguard' (陸戰六六旅「先鋒部隊」), Taipei area, receiving M60A3TTS to replace M41 tanks[8]
    • 77th Marine Brigade 'Iron Guards' (陸戰七七旅「鐵衛部隊」), Garrison brigade, CCK and other area all over Taiwan
    • 99th Marine Brigade 'Iron Force' (陸戰九九旅「鐵軍部隊」), Kaohsiung

HistoryEdit

The ROC Marine Corps were formed from the former Navy Sentry Corps in December 1914. In 2004, the ROCMC redeployed a brigade near the Taipei area to defend against a possible PRC decapitation strike.

The Marine Corps used to be 2 divisions, 66th and 99th divisions, in size, when its doctrine focused on retaking mainland China. Since its transition to a defensive posture, the ROCMC has been downsized towards a focus as a small rapid reaction force, a strategic reserve, and has learned skills compatible with guerrilla warfare operations. The Marine Corps is by design trained and equipped for transport by the ROC Navy to conduct amphibious assaults to defend Taiwan's outlying islands and Taiwan's coasts.

EquipmentEdit

Type Make/Model Origin Ref
Tanks M60A3 TTS   United States [9][10]
Tanks M41 Walker Bulldog   United States
Armored fighting vehicles AAV-P7A1 amphibious assault vehicles   United States
Armored fighting vehicles LVPT5A1 amphibious assault vehicles   United States
Armored fighting vehicles CM-25 AFV(CM-21 with 1 x TOW launcher)   Republic of China (Taiwan)
Armoured fighting landing vehicle LVT-5 (LVTH-6, LVTE-1, LVTR-1, LVTC-1)   United States
Armoured fighting vehicles CM-24   Republic of China (Taiwan) modified CM-21 ammo carrier
Armoured vehicle M998   United States
Artillery M101 howitzer   United States
Artillery M109 howitzer   United States
Anti-Tank BGM-71 TOW-2A/B   United States
Anti-Tank MK-153 SMAW   United States
Anti-Tank FGM-148 Javelin Anti-Tank Guided Missile   United States [11]
Anti-Tank M40A1 recoilless rifle   United States
Anti-Tank Kestrel (rocket launcher)   Republic of China (Taiwan) [12]
SAM Stinger DMS(Dual Mount Stinger)   United States
SAM MIM-72/M48 Chaparral locally upgraded FLIR by CSIST   United States
Assault Rifle T65K2 assault rifle   Republic of China (Taiwan)
Assault Rifle T91 combat rifle   Republic of China (Taiwan)
Squad Automatic Weapon T75 squad machine gun   Republic of China (Taiwan)
Sniper Rifle SSG-2000    Switzerland
Sniper Rifle T93   Republic of China (Taiwan)
Automated grenade launcher Mk 19 grenade launcher   United States
Autocannon T-75 cannon 20mm   Republic of China
ASW and utility helicopter McDonnell Douglas MD 500 Defender   United States
Tactical drone NCSIST Cardinal II   Republic of China (Taiwan)

Equipment galleryEdit

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Bolstering Taiwan's Last Line of Defense".
  2. ^ "ROC Military: Taiwan's Top Tier". 2014-10-21.
  3. ^ "The 'Road to Heaven,' one of Taiwan's most brutal military training events".
  4. ^ "Pasadena Salutes Returning Marine Corps Battalion with City Hall Ceremony". PasadenaNow.com.
  5. ^ "Taiwan marines trained with US forces in 2017".
  6. ^ "Reports alleging US Marines conduct training".
  7. ^ "ROCMC's new Combat Support Group". Archived from the original on 2011-01-12. Retrieved 2010-11-09.
  8. ^ "ROCMC's 66th Brigade Receiving New Tanks". Archived from the original on 2011-04-29. Retrieved 2010-11-23.
  9. ^ "ROCMC M41 tanks". Archived from the original on 2010-12-04. Retrieved 2010-11-09.
  10. ^ "ROCMC's 66th Brigade Receiving New Tanks". Archived from the original on 2011-04-29. Retrieved 2010-11-23.
  11. ^ "ROCMC open base 2010". Archived from the original on 2012-02-14. Retrieved 2010-10-09.
  12. ^ "Kestrel Rocket". www.ncsist.org.tw. NCSIST. Retrieved 1 July 2019.

External linksEdit