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Wuqiu (Wuchiu, Ockseu[3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12]) (Puxian Min: Ou-chhiu) is a group of islands comprising two major islands, namely Greater Qiu Islet and Smaller Qiu Islet, in the Taiwan Strait. Administratively, Wuqiu Township[13] is a rural township which is part of Kinmen County of the democratic industrialized developed country of the Republic of China (Taiwan).[14][15][16] It is the smallest township in Kinmen County and is located more than 110 km (68 mi) northeast of the rest of the county. The township is 73 nmi (135 km) from the Port of Taichung on Taiwan.[17] The closest territory under PRC control is the nearby Luci Island (Lusi Island, Lu-tz’u Hsü; 鸬鹚岛[18][19] / 鹭鸶岛 / 鷺鷥島 / 鷺鶿㠘), Xiuyu District, Putian, Fujian, which is 9 nmi (17 km) to the north-northeast.[20][21] Greater Qiu Island is the site of the Wuqiu Lighthouse.

Wuqiu Township

烏坵鄉

Ockseu, Wuchiu, Wochiu, Wu-ch'iu
Official logo of Wuqiu Township
金門縣烏坵鄉公所
Wuqiu Township Office, Kinmen County
Wuqiu Township in Kinmen County
Wuqiu Township in Kinmen County
LocationKinmen County, Fujian Province, Taiwan Republic of China (Taiwan)
Rural villages2
Government
 • MayorTsai Yung-Fu (蔡永富)
Area
 • Total1.2000 km2 (0.4633 sq mi)
Population
 (July 2018)
 • Total685
 • Density570/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (National Standard Time)
Postal code
896
Websitewuqiu.kinmen.gov.tw (in Chinese)
Wuqiu, Kinmen is located in Taiwan
Wuqiu
Wuqiu
Location of Wuqiu
Wuqiu Township
Traditional Chinese烏坵[2]
PostalOckseu
Wuqiu Township (labeled as Wu-ch'iu Hsü (Ockseu) 烏坵嶼 and Hsia Hsü 下嶼) (1953)

HistoryEdit

 
Ockseu I (Wochiu)

In the early 1400's, Wuqiu was known as a marker on the sailing route between China and the Ryukyu Islands.[22]:5

As of 1843, a "considerable fishing village" existed in Ockseu (Wuqiu).[3]

The Wuqiu Lighthouse was built in 1874, directed by David Marr Henderson.[23][24]

In September 1910, the center of a typhoon swept over Turnabout Island and Ockseu or a few miles to the southeast.[25]

 
The lighthouse at Wuqiu (烏坵嶼) marked on a 1943 Japanese Aviation Map

Wuqiu Township was originally part of Putian County[26][27] in which many of its residents emigrating from the county. After the end of Chinese Civil War in 1949, Wuqiu became disconnected from Putian. Control of Ockseu and other insular areas was shared between the KMT and anti-Communist guerillas.[7]

In June 1954, the township was provisionally reassigned to Kinmen County.[26][27]

In 1954, Wuchiu was shelled and attacked by the Chinese Communists on several occasions.[28][29][30][31]

On February 25, 1955, Chinese Communist ships shelled Wuchiu.[32]

On June 21, 1955, Nationalist planes heavily damaged a 40-ton tugboat at Wuchiu.[33]

In February 1956, there were reports that the 480-man guerilla force on Wuchiu would be evacuated. The Wuchiu Islands were seen as "highly vulnerable to Communist strikes" and "of little military value to the Nationalists."[34]

Once the War Affairs Committee was founded in July 1956, strong and complete foundation for war affairs was built in the township.

In February 1957, the British cargo ship Hydralock ran aground off Ockseu Island. All 31 crew abandoned ship, but then disappeared.[35] They were later discovered safe on Haitan Island.[36]

 
Wu-ch'iu Hsü (Daqiu) and Hsia Hsü (Xiaoqiu)
"The Nationalist-held islands off the Chinese mainland are nominally a part of Fukien Province, but are presently under military administration." (1962)

Late on the night of November 13, 1965, the Nationalist patrol boat Yungtai and the minesweeper Yungchang were on patrol southwest of the islands covering amphibious boats that were unloading supplies to Wuchiu. At just after midnight, eight Chinese Communist boats (three escort destroyers and five gunboats) coming from Quanzhou (Chuanchou) attacked the two Nationalist boats (烏坵海戰). The Yungchang was sunk almost immediately with fifteen survivors who were rescued by the USS O'Brien. Yungtai sunk four of the Communist gunboats but was scrapped due to excessive damage from the engagement.[37][38]

In the early morning of March 20, 1974, Lt. Wu Miao-huo defected to the PRC. He took a rubber speedboat from Wuchiu to Nanri (Nanjih) Island. Wu wasn't able to get along with his superior officers.[37]

Martial law was lifted from the township on 7 November 1992.[39]

On 29 January 1994, Wuqiu residents had their first election to elect the fourth head of Wuqiu Township. And on 16 July 1994, the residents had their first election to elect the fourth village heads of Daqiu Village and Xiaoqiu Village.

In November 1994, General Li Kai, commander of the troops at Wuqiu, committed suicide.[40]

During the Third Taiwan Strait Crisis in 1996, military sources in Taipei expected China to attack a small Taiwan-held island. The most likely target was Wuchiu, then garrisoned by 500 soldiers. The outlying islands were placed on high alert.[41]

Wuqiu, along with Daren Township in Taitung County, was proposed by the Ministry of Economic Affairs as the candidate of the new disposal site of nuclear waste after the Lanyu storage site in Orchid Island, Taitung County. This proposal however received heavy objection from the local Wuqiu residents.[42]

In 1998, Zero Chou produced a documentary about the islands called Yi Shi Zai Hai Xia Zhong ("Lost in the Strait") (Chinese: 遺失在海峽中:烏坵, 48 mins).

On December 26, 2001, President Chen Shui-bian visited Wuqiu and delivered remarks.[43]

On July 23, 2017, after a period of sixty years in which the lighthouse was not used, the Wuqiu Lighthouse resumed service.[23]

On August 24, 2017, Chen Fu-Hai, then-magistrate of Kinmen County, visited the Wuqiu Township Office.[44]

On the night of August 2, 2019, a cargo ship in port at Wuqiu struck a tetrapod in choppy waves. The ship sank but the thirteen crew members were rescued by the Wuqiu Islands Garrison Command.[45]

GeographyEdit

Wuqiu consists of Greater Qiu Islet (大坵嶼, Dàqiū yǔ) and Smaller Qiu Islet (小坵嶼, Xiǎoqiū yǔ, Hsia Hsü 下嶼[8]) with a total area of 1.2 km2, not to be confused with two islets Daqiu Island (Chinese: 大坵島; pinyin: Dàqiū dǎo) and Xiaoqiu Island (Chinese: 小坵島; pinyin: Xiǎoqiū dǎo) lying off the north coast off Beigan in the Matsu Islands (Lienchiang County).[46]

Greater Qiu Islet lies 9 nautical miles (17 km) from Luci Island (Lusi Island; 鷺鷥島), 12 nmi (22 km) from Nanri Island (南日島),[3] and 18 nmi (33 km) from Meizhou Island, both in China's Xiuyu District of Putian, Fujian. It is further from Republic of China territory; 72 nmi (133 km) from Kinmen, 86 nmi (159 km) from Nangan in the Matsu Islands, and 73 nmi (135 km) from Port of Taichung on Taiwan.[47]

Government and politicsEdit

 
Wuqiu Islands Garrison Command Patch

Administrative divisionsEdit

Wuqiu township is made up of two rural villages:[13][16][48][49][50]

MilitaryEdit

The Wuqiu Islands Garrison Command (烏坵守備大隊 - Wūqiū Shǒubèi Dàduì) defends the islands.[51] The Republic of China Navy has deployed twenty XTR-102 systems in Wuqiu.[52]

DemographicsEdit

YearPop.±%
1977 229—    
1978 227−0.9%
1979 203−10.6%
1980 194−4.4%
1981 188−3.1%
1982 194+3.2%
1983 191−1.5%
1984 171−10.5%
1985 169−1.2%
1986 152−10.1%
1987 147−3.3%
1988 133−9.5%
1989 116−12.8%
1990 105−9.5%
1991 98−6.7%
1992 85−13.3%
1993 105+23.5%
1994 98−6.7%
1995 90−8.2%
1996 93+3.3%
1997 126+35.5%
1998 383+204.0%
1999 383+0.0%
2000 374−2.3%
2001 362−3.2%
2002 378+4.4%
Source:[22]:11

There are 400 people with household registration in Wuqiu Township.[53] The total population living on the islands fluctuates with the seasons.[13][22][24]

EconomyEdit

Due to its location surrounded by ocean, fishing is the primary source of income for its residents.[46]

InfrastructureEdit

Drinking water is provided to the residents by using reverse osmosis equipment. Generators are used to improve power shortages.

TransportationEdit

Ferry services and resupply between Greater Kinmen and Daqiu is run by the military every fifteen days. Transportation between Daqiu and Xiaoqiu (900 meters apart) was historically carried out by sampan. In 2008, the county government received a subsidy to build a boat for the township.[13]

Ferry connection is available to the Port of Taichung on Taiwan.

CultureEdit

The languages spoken in Wuqiu are the native Pu-Xian Min (Xinghua) and Mandarin Chinese.[13][26] The other islands in the county don't speak Pu-Xian Min.

Tourist attractionsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 行政面積. 金門縣政府民政處 Civil Affairs Department, Kinmen County Government (in Chinese). 29 January 2019. Retrieved 17 August 2019. 行政區 面積(單位:平方公里){...}烏坵鄉 1.2000
  2. ^ 烏坵鄉. 金門縣政府 KINMEN COUNTY GOVERNMENT (in Chinese). Retrieved 18 August 2019.
  3. ^ a b c Sailing directions to accompany seven charts of the coast of China, between Amoy bay, and the Yángtsz' kiáng. 12. Canton: The Chinese Repository. 1843. p. 406 – via Internet Archive. Ockseu 烏坵 (or Wúkiú, probably a contraction of Wúkiú sü 烏坵㠘) consists of three islands, the centre one a barren rock, nearly joining the eastern island. The steamer Nemesis anchored under this island. There is a considerable fishing village on it, which is difficult to be seen unless very close. The western island is the largest, and is in lat. 24°59'.3 N., and long. 119° 25'.5 E. W.N.W., twelve miles, is a group of islands, consisting of one large and four small, with a reef to the northward of them, called Sootzee. These islands were seen from Ockseu but not examined. N.N.E. 12 1/2 miles from Ockseu is the largest of the Lamyit 南日 islands,
  4. ^ Edward Stanford (1908). Atlas of the Chinese Empire (1 ed.). pp. 24, 83 – via Internet Archive. Ockseu I (Wochiu){...}Ockseu Island, Fukien 25.0 N 119.26 E
  5. ^ 增廣英語撮要 [The Classified List of Miscellaneous Important Terms] (in Chinese and English) (24 ed.). The Commercial Press. 1917. p. 23. Name of Place. 地方名 Open Port. 通商口岸 Prefecture. District. {...}烏邱嶼,烏龜嶼 Ockseu ...... Foochow .... 興化府 蒲田縣
  6. ^ W. Z. Mulder (1942). "The "Wu Pei Chih" Charts". T'oung Pao. 37 (1): 1–14. doi:10.1163/156853242X00013. JSTOR 4527221. (From) Nantai Pagoda one steers 45° during 7 watches (which will bring) the ship off Ockseu island. From Ockseu island shaping a 55° course{...}Nantai Pagoda - Ockseu 7 80 11.4 Ockseu -Turnabout 4 36 9
  7. ^ a b "Australia Station Intelligence Summary" (PDF). Naval Intelligence Division Navy Office Melbourne. 5 December 1952. pp. 13–14. Retrieved 17 August 2019. Chinese Nationalist and Anti-Communist Guerilla-held Islands off the Mainland of China.
    The Chinese Nationalist Government in Formosa has direct control of four islands between 20 degs 40 mins N and 24 degs 30 mins N, namely, Quemoy, Little Kinmen, Matsu and Pratas. It also shares with anti-Communist guerillas the control of four islands between 25 degs {?} mins N and 28 degs 30 mins N, namely, Ockseu Islands, White Dog Islands, Pe Shan and Tai Chau Islands.
    Anti-Communist guerillas control an additional 15 islands and or island groups between 23 degs 48 mins N and 29 degs 05 mins N. The local Generals commanding these islands appear to be completely autonomous but they do visit Formosa from time to time; a fact which indicates that they have some connection with the Chinese Nationalist High Command.
  8. ^ a b "NG 50-16 CHIN-CHIANG" (in English and Chinese). Washington, D. C.: Army Map Service. 1954 – via Perry–Castañeda Library Map Collection. 烏坵嶼 Wu-ch'iu Hsü (Ockseu) Light 下嶼 Hsia Hsü
  9. ^ Theresa Levitt (April 2014). "The Lighthouse at the End of the World Illuminating the French and British Empires". Itinerario. 38: 81–102. doi:10.1017/S0165115314000060. Henderson even went so far as to circumvent protocol in 1874 and ask the French firm Barbier and Fenestre directly for two lenses needed for the Fisher Island and Ockseu lights.
  10. ^ Van de Ven, Hans (2014). Breaking with the Past: The Maritime Customs Service and the Global Origins of Modernity in China. New York: Columbia University Press. p. 86. More were also established on Turnabout (牛山, Niushan), Lamocks (东澎岛, Dongpengdao) near Shantou in northern Guandong [sic], and Ockseu (乌邱屿, Wuqiuyu) near Xiamen, as well as on the dangerous Shandong Promontory and on West Volcano Island (鱼腥脑, Yuxingnao) near Hangzhou Bay to aid ships traveling on the busy Shanghai-Ningbo Route.
  11. ^ 小米粥 (26 August 2015). "Don't tell my mother that I'm in Ockseu!". Kinmen Daily News (in Chinese and English). Retrieved 17 August 2019. 抗戰勝利七十週年的夏天,再次來到曾被日軍佔領的烏坵(Ockseu),再次來到曾遭美軍轟炸的燈塔,再一次來到了被遺忘的島嶼,見到了三十年前的同學,完成了傳說中不可能的任務,心中有著說不出的感動!
  12. ^ "Wuqiu Island Lighthouse: A Woman's Battlefield in Life 一個女人的生命戰場 - 烏坵燈塔". SOAS University of London (in English and Chinese). 2017. Retrieved 17 August 2019. Wuqiu 烏坵 Island (aka. Ockseu, Wuchiu, Wuchiou) is on Taiwan’s most remote border. Wuqiu is small, only 1.2 square kilometres, and it is the smallest island in Taiwan.
  13. ^ a b c d e "Wuqiu Township". Kinmen County Government. Retrieved 17 August 2019. Wuchiou Township consists of two villages, namely, Dachiou and Xiaochiou,{...}Most of the residents had immigrated from Putien and speak Xinghua dialect and Chinese.{...}At present, only 553 people are registered at this island, with only 40 persons living there. Most of them are middle-aged and silver-haired. People prefer to come back during winter or summer vacations, as well as laver season, for a temporary visit{...}Transportation 1. Personnel and materials: The people of the township and civilians who desire to visit the county government for business would ride the Kinmen Ferrier, which is owned by the military and departs every 15 days. The delivery of drinking water or household substances is transported to Dachiou by Dahua Ferrier every 15 days, which is further delivered to Xiaochiou by a skiff. Transportation between Dachiou and Xiaochiou: With a distance of 900m, people at Dachiou and Xiaochiou relied on shanpan in the past. Otherwise, they had to depend on the military skiff. The county government had won a subsidy in 2008 and built “Wuchiou No. 1” boat for Wuchiou Township in an attempt to solve the transportation issue and improve the safety of the residents.
  14. ^ "kinmen awareness". Kinmen County Government. 8 December 2017. Retrieved 17 August 2019. In addition, Kinmen County Government helps administer all level agencies in two villages of Wuquiu Township in Futian County of Fujian Province to exercise regular government affairs.
  15. ^ 臺灣歷史地圖 增訂版} [Taiwan Historical Maps, Expanded and Revised Edition] (in Chinese). Taipei: National Museum of Taiwan History. February 2018. pp. 146, 169, 170, 172, 173, 174, 181. ISBN 978-986-05-5274-4. 烏坵(金門){...}(金門縣代管)烏坵)
  16. ^ a b 金門縣土地段名代碼表 (in Chinese). Department of Land Administration. 8 August 2002. Retrieved 17 August 2019. 地政事務所名稱(代碼) 金門(WA) 鄉鎮市區名稱(代碼) 烏坵鄉(06)段 小段 代碼 備註 大坵 0261 增編 小坵 0262 增編
  17. ^ "Wuqiu Township". Kinmen County Government. Retrieved 6 October 2019. To the east is Taichung (with a distance of 73 nautical miles)
  18. ^ 海岛资源. 莆田市秀屿区人民政府 (in Chinese). 7 September 2017. Retrieved 11 October 2019. (二)海岛分布 境内海岛主要分布在三大海湾内。兴化湾南部(包括埭头半岛)有海岛32个,其中居民岛3个。南日群岛(包括十八列岛)有海岛65个,其中居民岛5个;平海湾有海岛9个,全为无居民岛;湄洲湾有海岛14个,其中居民岛1个;湄洲湾周边(包括湄洲岛、虎狮列岛)有海岛13个,其中居民岛1个;鸬鹚周边(包括鸬鹚岛)有海岛4个,全为无居民岛;乌丘屿周边(包括乌丘屿)有海岛4个,其中居民岛1个。
  19. ^ 海岛避暑游胜地——鸬鹚岛. 莆田市秀屿区人民政府 (in Chinese). 31 August 2018. Retrieved 11 October 2019. 位于平海镇外海约6海里处的鸬鹚岛,岛上有漂亮的沙滩,奇特的礁石,是难得的避暑休闲旅游胜地。图为上周末知行户外运动倶乐部组织户外爱好者上岛游玩,享受海岛避暑游乐趣。本报记者 陈永忠摄
  20. ^ 第一節 金門、烏坵、馬祖 (PDF) (in Chinese). 中華民國海洋委員會, Ocean Affairs Council. p. 80. Retrieved 11 October 2019. 一、島嶼位置 烏坵嶼東離台灣新竹約 81 浬 (約 150 公里)、西距中國大陸湄 洲島約 20 浬(約 37 公里)、離大 陸(鷺鷥島)最近距離約 9 浬(約 17 公里)、南下金門約 70 浬(約 130 公里)、北至馬祖約 72 浬(約 133 公里)、位處金門與馬祖中心 點,與中國大陸南日島相隔 10.6 浬 (約 20 公里)。
  21. ^ 地理位置. 金門縣烏坵鄉公所 Wuqiu Township Office, Kinmen County (in Chinese). 28 July 2017. Retrieved 11 October 2019. 東距台灣省台中七十三海浬、東北距基隆一八○海浬、東南距澎湖九十三海浬、左營一四五海浬、高雄一八二海浬、西距湄洲島十八海浬、西北距鷺鷥島九海浬、西南距金門七十二海浬、北距南日島十二海浬、馬祖八十六海浬、位處金門縣與連江縣中心點。
  22. ^ a b c 金門縣烏坵鄉歷史建築清查計畫 (PDF) (in Chinese). Kinmen: 舜程印刷有限公司. January 2005. pp. 5, 11. 福建往琉球,太武放羊,用甲寅針七更船取烏坵{...}根據田野調查顯示,實際常住於島上之居民僅30-40人,當中以老年人口居多,冬季並有自台灣返鄉、專門為了採收紫菜的回流人口。表一:烏坵人口歷年統計表
  23. ^ a b "Wuqiu Lighthouse resumes service after 6 decades in Kinmen". Taiwan Today. 24 July 2017. Retrieved 18 August 2019. The historic lighthouse in Wuqiu Township returned to service July 23 in outlying Kinmen County after standing idle for more than 60 years, according to the Maritime Port Bureau under the Ministry of Transportation and Communications.{...}Constructed in 1874 during the Qing dynasty (1644-1911), the 17.3-meter-tall lighthouse was designed by British engineer David Marr Henderson.
  24. ^ a b Stephen Livingstone Baldwin (12 November 1874). "Correspondence". Chinese Recorder and Missionary Journal. 5: 366 – via Internet Archive. From Lam-yit, we crossed in three hours to 烏嶼 Wu-hsü, (Ockseu) where we spent six hours with the keepers of the lighthouse. This island is probably not excelled by any on the whole coast of China in interest for the geologist and mineralogist. Iron ore, copperas, mica, quartz, and probably cinnabar abound. Evidences of powerful volcanic action are manifest. It is well worth a visit from gentlemen who make mineralogy a special study. There are very few Chinese on the island now; but in the deep-fishing season, there are large numbers of them. They will begin to collect within a month from this time.{...}FOOCHOW, November 12th 1874.
  25. ^ Rev. José Coronas, S. J. (1919). The "Quantico" Typhoon December 25, 1918. Manila: Bureau of Printing. p. 10 – via Internet Archive. The centre swept over Turnabout and Ockseu, or a few miles to the SE;
  26. ^ a b c 歷史沿革. 金門縣烏坵鄉公所 Wuqiu Township Office, Kinmen County (in Chinese). 31 July 2017. Retrieved 20 August 2019. 烏坵鄉原隸屬於福建省莆田縣,居民主要從閩中莆田地區遷居而來,母語為興化語。由於大陸淪陷,於民國四十三年奉國防部命令設鄉,劃歸金門縣政府指揮監督,
  27. ^ a b 李錫南 (25 January 2018). 「認識烏坵」是金門人共同學習的功課 (in Chinese). Kinmen Daily News. Retrieved 19 August 2019. 自1954(民國43)年政府指示劃歸金門代管迄今已逾一甲子,{...}原隸屬於福建省莆田縣,現階段由我方海軍陸戰隊烏坵守備大隊駐守,
  28. ^ "CHINESE OFFSHORE ISLANDS". 1 December 1954. Retrieved 18 August 2019 – via Internet Archive. IV. Commie action against Wuchiu--isolated and unimportant island between Quemoys and Matsus--was greatly exaggerated by press.{redacted}C. Was third such shelling Wuchiu this year.
  29. ^ Herman R. Allen. "North Anchor of Chiang's Outposts". Daily Colonist. p. 6 – via Internet Archive. Just last week the Reds made a foray against the tiny islet of Wuchiu, 63 miles northeast of Quemoy. The Nationalist defense ministry said the raiders were repulsed by troops and planes from Formosa.
  30. ^ 1955 Britannica Book of the Year. Encyclopaedia Britannica. 1955. p. 79 – via Internet Archive. NOVEMBER{...}26 Chinese Nationalist defense ministry announced the repulsion of a small-scale communist raid on Wuchiu Island in Formosa strait.
  31. ^ "Nationalists Sink Two Red Chinese Ships". Kansas State Collegian. 13 December 1954. p. 2 – via Internet Archive.
  32. ^ "CHINESE OFFSHORE ISLANDS". 2 March 1955. Retrieved 18 August 2019 – via Internet Archive. B. ChiNats fear early invasion Wuchius, midway between Matsus and Quemoy. Wuchiu shelled by ChiCom ships 25 Feb.
  33. ^ "Damage Claim Is Made on Gunboat". Times-News (Idaho). 22 June 1955. p. 2 – via Internet Archive. And a related report said a 40-ton tugboat was heavily damaged by nationalist planes yesterday at Wuchiu, midway between Quemoy and Matsu islands.
  34. ^ "Current Intelligence Bulletin". CIA. 7 February 1956. p. 3. Retrieved 18 August 2019 – via Internet Archive.
  35. ^ "British Ship Feared Lost Near China". The Times (53776). London. 27 February 1957. col D, p. 7.
  36. ^ "British Ship's Crew Safe in China". The Times (53777). London. 28 February 1957. col A, p. 8.
  37. ^ a b "Translations on People's Republic of China No. 445". United States Joint Publications Research Service. 24 July 1978. pp. 11, 47. Retrieved 18 August 2019 – via Internet Archive.
  38. ^ Burce A. Elleman (April 2012). "High Seas Buffer The Taiwan Patrol Force, 1950-1979". Newport: Naval War College Press. p. 115. Retrieved 18 August 2019 – via Internet Archive. In November 1965, while parolling the Taiwan Strait, USS O'Brien arrived near Wuchiu Island just after an attack on two Nationalist patrol boats by PLAN torpedo boats and gunboats. One Nationalist vessel, PCE 61, had been sunk. O'Brien rescued survivors and transported them back to land. The PRC's 14 November "serious warning" about the incident was number 395.
  39. ^ "Township Office".
  40. ^ Chong-Pin Lin (June 1996). "The Military Balance in the Taiwan Straits". The China Quarterly (146): 584. JSTOR 655481. The November 1994 suicide of General Li Kai, Commander of the Wuqiu offshore island troops facing the mainland, called into question the reliability and the resolve of Taiwan's armed forces.55{...}55 "Taiwan suicide shows effect of 'independence' movement," Beijing Xinhua, 24 November 1994, in FBIS, 30 November 1994, p.62; "Junfang lianlian chushi Sun Zhen daoqian" ("Defence Minister Sun Zhen aplogizes for recurrent accidents"), Shijie ribao, 16 November 1994, p. A 10.
  41. ^ "Report: China expected to attack island". Times-News. 25 February 1996. p. C6 – via Internet Archive. The most likely target would be Wuchiu, above five miles off the eastern coast of China, the report said. The island has a garrison of 500 soldiers. To prepare for an attack, outlying islands have been placed on high alert, it said.
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External linksEdit


Coordinates: 24°58′59″N 119°27′00″E / 24.983°N 119.450°E / 24.983; 119.450