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Rābigh (Arabic: رَابِغ‎) is an ancient Hejazi town on the Red Sea coast of the Arabian Peninsula, now within the province of Makkah in Saudi Arabia. It is located 17 kilometres (11 miles) northwest of Masjid Mīqāt Al-Juḥfah (مَسْجِد مِيْقَات ٱلْجُحْفَة).[1]

Rabigh

رَابِغ

Mīqāt Al-Juḥfah (مِيْقَات ٱلْجُحْفَة)
Masjid Miqat Al-Juhfah, Wadi Rabigh
Masjid Miqat Al-Juhfah, Wadi Rabigh
Nickname(s): 
One of the Miqat
Location of al Juhfah is ES. of Rabigh
Location of al Juhfah is ES. of Rabigh
Coordinates: Coordinates: 22°48′N 39°02′E / 22.800°N 39.033°E / 22.800; 39.033
Country Saudi Arabia
ProvinceMakkah
Time zoneUTC+3 (AST)

HistoryEdit

Ubaydah's expeditionEdit

According to Islamic historical sources, in April 623 CE, the Prophet Muhammad sent Ubaydah ibn al-Harith with a party of sixty armed Muhajirun to the baṭn (Arabic: بَطْن‎, lit. 'valley') of Rabigh. They expected to intercept a Qurayshi caravan that was returning from Syria under the protection of Abu Sufyan ibn Harb and 200 armed riders.[2][3][4][5][6] The Muslim party travelled as far as the wells at Thanyat al-Murra,[2][5] where Ubaydah ibn al-Harith shot an arrow at the Quraysh. This is known as the first arrow of Islam.[7][8] Despite this surprise attack, "they did not unsheath a sword or approach one another," and the Muslims returned empty-handed;[3][4][5] however, two Meccan traders left their caravan, became Muslim, and went with the expedition back to Medina.[9]

Ghadir KhummEdit

The hadith of the pond of Khumm narrates that Muhammad is reported to have pronounced Ali ibn Abi Talib as the Mawla of those for whom Muhammad was the Mawla.[10] Shi'ite Muslims take and claim this hadith as an announcement and investiture of Ali bin Abi Talib as the first caliph or successor after the Prophet's death and they celebrate this announcement each year as Eid al-Ghadeer. Many Sunnis also accept that the Prophet did actually declare Ali as the Mawla, however they refuse to believe that this meant succession to the Prophet.

During a part of the sermon, he raised Ali's arm and asked the people, "Who has more priority over you than yourself?" They responded, "Allah and his messenger."[11] Muhammad then said:

Behold! Whosoever I am his Mawla, this Ali is his Mawla. O Allah! Stay firm in supporting those who stay firm in following him, be hostile to those who are hostile to him, help those who help him, and forsake those who forsake him. O people! This Ali is my brother, the executor of my [affairs], the container of my knowledge, my successor over my nation, and over the interpretation the Book of Allah, the mighty and the majestic, and the true inviter to its [implications]. He is the one who acts according to what pleases Him, fights His enemies, causes to adhere to His obedience, and advises against His disobedience. Surely, He is the successor of the Messenger of Allah, the commander of the believers, the guiding Imam, and the killer of the oath breakers, the transgressors, and the apostates. I speak by the authority of Allah. The word with me shall not be changed.

— Hadith of Ghadir Khumm.[12]

The event has been documented in Shi'ite and Sunni sources. After the sermon, Abu Bakr, Umar, and Uthman are all said to have given their allegiance to Ali, also documented in the sources of both Islamic denominations.[13][14][15]

TransportEdit

Rabigh is connected by Highway 60 to Yanbu and Thuwal.[16]

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Al-Juhfah | Hajj & Umrah Planner". hajjumrahplanner.com. Retrieved 2017-04-10.
  2. ^ a b Ibn Ishaq/Guillaume, p. 281.
  3. ^ a b Ibn Saad/Bewley, p. 37.
  4. ^ a b Haykal, M. H. (1935). Translated by al-Faruqi, I. R. A. (1976). The Life of Muhammad, p. 256. Chicago: North American Trust Publications.
  5. ^ a b c Mubarakpuri, S. R. (1979). Ar-Raheeq Al-Maktum (The Sealed Nectar), p. 92. Riyadh: Darussalem Publishers.
  6. ^ Hawarey, Dr. Mosab (2010). The Journey of Prophecy; Days of Peace and War (Arabic). Islamic Book Trust. ISBN 9789957051648.Note: Book contains a list of battles of Muhammad in Arabic, English translation available here
  7. ^ Razwy, Sayed Ali Asgher. A Restatement of the History of Islam & Muslims. p. 128.
  8. ^ Muir, Sir William (1877). The Life of Mohammed. London.
  9. ^ Razwy, Sayed Ali Asgher. A Restatement of the History of Islam & Muslims. p. 128.
  10. ^ "Ghadir Khumm". oxfordislamicstudies.com.
  11. ^ Majd, Vahid. The Sermon of Prophet Muhammad (saww) at Ghadir Khum. p. 151.
  12. ^ Majd, Vahid. The Sermon of Prophet Muhammad (saww) at Ghadir Khum. pp. 152–154.
  13. ^ "A Shi'ite Encyclopedia". Al-Islam.org. Ahlul Bayt Digital Islamic Library Project. Retrieved 27 February 2018.
  14. ^ Musnad Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, Volume 4. p. 281.
  15. ^ al-Razi, Fakhr. Tafsir al-Kabir, Volume 12. pp. 49–50.
  16. ^ الأمير عبدالله يدشن طريق القصيم ـ المدينة المنورة ـ ينبع ـ رابغ ـ ثول السريع غدا. Al-Yaum (in Arabic). 2003-09-23.

External linksEdit